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Working with small caps, superscript, and subscript

From: Illustrator Insider Training: Type and Text

Video: Working with small caps, superscript, and subscript

In addition to the settings that you already see here inside of the Character panel, there are a few options that are kind of hidden here inside of the flyout menu from that panel. Let's explore a few of those. One of them is Small Caps. It's actually used quite often. Small caps are when you have capital letters or capital letterforms, but they are not taking up the full height of a capital letter. If you want to get that look when working with text, simply select your text, go to the Character panel in the flyout menu, and choose Small Caps. Now in this case, with this typeface Chaparral Pro, there happens to be a Small Caps font that's specifically part of this OpenType font.

Working with small caps, superscript, and subscript

In addition to the settings that you already see here inside of the Character panel, there are a few options that are kind of hidden here inside of the flyout menu from that panel. Let's explore a few of those. One of them is Small Caps. It's actually used quite often. Small caps are when you have capital letters or capital letterforms, but they are not taking up the full height of a capital letter. If you want to get that look when working with text, simply select your text, go to the Character panel in the flyout menu, and choose Small Caps. Now in this case, with this typeface Chaparral Pro, there happens to be a Small Caps font that's specifically part of this OpenType font.

If I take my Type tool and I highlight the letter O here, for example, I can go to the Type menu and choose Glyphs, open up my Glyphs panel, and I'll see that this is not just a regular O that's been set to a small cap height. It actually is using the real small caps letter O. As you can see here at the top of the menu over here, as I mouse over different letters, you'll actually see what it's being used as. You can see that Illustrator is using the real Small Caps version that the type designer created inside of this font, and again that will happen automatically when I'm using OpenType fonts.

Now there are some other options as well, for example, the famous equation of e=mc2. So in this case, here the 2 needs to be a superscript, and I can simply highlight that 2 here with my Type tool, go to the flyout menu of the Character panel, and choose Superscript. If I need to have a subscript--that's where characters sit below the baseline-- for example, when writing h2O, I can again highlight the 2 in this case, and then from the same flyout menu choose Subscript to allow that to happen. Of course, if I decide that I want to shift things around just a little bit, I can always use the Baseline Shift to make continuous adjustments.

But these are some common uses for both Small Caps, Superscripts, and Subscripts.

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This video is part of

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Illustrator Insider Training: Type and Text

52 video lessons · 14656 viewers

Mordy Golding
Author

 
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  1. 6m 13s
    1. Welcome
      1m 24s
    2. Art, typography, and Illustrator
      4m 23s
    3. Using the exercise files
      26s
  2. 38m 30s
    1. Knowing Illustrator's limitations
      5m 47s
    2. The three type objects in Illustrator
      11m 18s
    3. Area type, point type, and the bounding box
      4m 35s
    4. The difference between type and text
      3m 42s
    5. Unicode: consistent type for all
      4m 23s
    6. Bringing text from Microsoft Word into Illustrator
      8m 45s
  3. 39m 51s
    1. Understanding font types
      6m 28s
    2. Using the Glyphs panel
      8m 30s
    3. OpenType support and automatic glyph replacement
      9m 43s
    4. Previewing fonts as you use them
      5m 0s
    5. Converting text into editable vector paths
      6m 19s
    6. Using the Find Font feature
      3m 51s
  4. 49m 4s
    1. Setting up the document
      12m 26s
    2. Basic character settings and keyboard shortcuts
      7m 28s
    3. Kerning, tracking, and optical kerning
      13m 6s
    4. Using horizontal and vertical scaling
      4m 38s
    5. Using the Baseline Shift and Character Rotation options
      7m 28s
    6. Using underlines and strikethroughs
      2m 5s
    7. Working with small caps, superscript, and subscript
      1m 53s
  5. 46m 36s
    1. Basic paragraph settings and keyboard shortcuts
      6m 47s
    2. Setting tabs and leaders
      11m 51s
    3. Setting indents and spacing
      9m 6s
    4. Understanding hyphenation and justification settings
      10m 28s
    5. Understanding the composers in Illustrator
      8m 24s
  6. 16m 7s
    1. Threading text across multiple objects
      8m 17s
    2. Adding multiple text columns in a single object
      3m 29s
    3. Specifying an inset for area type objects
      4m 21s
  7. 32m 53s
    1. Text styles in Illustrator
      7m 6s
    2. Defining and modifying character styles
      10m 40s
    3. Defining and modifying paragraph styles
      5m 0s
    4. Understanding the style override
      5m 3s
    5. Sharing styles across documents
      2m 10s
    6. Changing default type settings
      2m 54s
  8. 37m 9s
    1. Aligning text margins and indents optically
      3m 53s
    2. Creating non-breaking text
      2m 36s
    3. Changing case
      1m 39s
    4. Using smart punctuation
      5m 12s
    5. Selecting type objects easily
      3m 20s
    6. Understanding hidden text codes
      2m 20s
    7. Checking spelling
      3m 3s
    8. Using language support to your advantage
      3m 41s
    9. Changing text with Find and Replace
      3m 54s
    10. Finding substituted fonts and glyphs
      3m 55s
    11. Wrapping text around objects
      3m 36s
  9. 16m 47s
    1. Setting type along a path
      10m 22s
    2. The difference between open and closed paths
      6m 25s
  10. 10m 57s
    1. Understanding legacy text
      4m 23s
    2. Updating legacy text
      6m 34s
  11. 1m 16s
    1. Next steps
      1m 16s

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