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Working with fills and strokes

From: Illustrator for Web Design

Video: Working with fills and strokes

Now that we've seen how to effectively create color inside of Adobe Illustrator, it's time now to learn how to apply it to various objects that we might encounter. In this movie I'll be exploring the differences between fills and strokes, and how to use them inside of Adobe Illustrator. So I have opened here a document, and I want to first go to the finished product. So I'm going to jump over to my Artboards panel--and you can do that by going to Window and selecting Artboards or just finding it over here on the right. And I'm going to double-click on where it says Artboard 2, and when I get to Artboard 2, it should jump me to this.

Working with fills and strokes

Now that we've seen how to effectively create color inside of Adobe Illustrator, it's time now to learn how to apply it to various objects that we might encounter. In this movie I'll be exploring the differences between fills and strokes, and how to use them inside of Adobe Illustrator. So I have opened here a document, and I want to first go to the finished product. So I'm going to jump over to my Artboards panel--and you can do that by going to Window and selecting Artboards or just finding it over here on the right. And I'm going to double-click on where it says Artboard 2, and when I get to Artboard 2, it should jump me to this.

So this is the finished product that we are working on here. It's a robot logo that is going to come into play later in the course, but for now we are just getting the outline of it going. And so I have a circle with two other circles on top of it, just like this. And the appearance of these objects is controlled through something called fills and strokes. The rings that surround the orange circle have a stroke applied to them, and a stroke is nothing more than a border that goes on top of a shape and surrounds the outside of it. You can see here, when I click on one of those, the fill is actually set to None.

You can tell it's set to None because it's got a white and a red line through it, indicating there's nothing there. And then the stroke is behind it right there, and the stroke is this light gray color. If I want to work on the stroke, I have to click on it. The stroke then comes forward and I'm now working directly on the stroke. If you want serious options when it comes to controlling the stroke, you need to go up to the control panel and either click here on the Stroke panel to activate it, or go over to the right-hand side and find your Stroke panel in your workspace and you'll have access to all the controls for strokes as well.

Inside of the Stroke panel you have access to things like the weight of the stroke. The weight of the stroke refers to how thick or thin the stroke actually is. In this case I've got it set to 7 points. If I wanted to push that up to a nice even number like 8, I could do so. Then I could click on the other one and up it to 8 as well. You can control the cap, whether or not there's a Butt Cap, Round Cap or a Projecting Cap. Again, this is totally up to you. The corners, you can say whether or not that they are rounded or beveled. You can align the stroke to different areas, like Align the Stroke to the Center--that means that half of the stroke will be on the inside, half of it will be on the outside.

You can align it all to the inside. When I click this, you'll notice the stroke shifts inside the path. If I click the Outside button, it shifts to the outside of the path. Again this is totally up to you and how your artwork is supposed to look in your eyes. So for this one I actually think that aligning the stroke to the inside looks a little better. It makes it look a little cleaner. And I'll select the other one and I'll set that to the Inside as well. You also have the option to add in dashed lines if you want to. When you add in dashed lines, you can then add in dashes and gap widths, but we are not going to worry about that for now.

The circle in the background actually has no stroke, but it has a fill applied to it. When I see that, I can click on the gill here to make it active. That just means that the interior portion of it is filled with a solid color and there's no border around the outside of it. You don't get any options in the Stroke panel for this necessarily. You don't really get any options period for this, other than applying the color or the overall opacity of it. But in order to select a fill, you just select the object and then go to your Swatches panel and pick a swatch or go to the color picker and double-click and select your color there.

I'm going to now navigate back to my Artboards and I'll double-click out to the right-hand side of Artboard 1. And Artboard 1 may appear to be blank to you, but if you go and mouse over it, you'll see that the shapes are indeed there. And if I drag out a selection with my Selection tool, you can actually see, this is the blank logo that we had over there on the right. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to come out here and I'm just going to find one of the circles and find the other one and hold down shift and click it as well. You have to do that with your Selection tool. And once I have both of those selected, I'm then going to target the stroke of both of those simultaneously by clicking on the stroke here and then I'll come over to the Swatches panel, I'll select the light gray color--it doesn't matter which gray you select-- and then in the Control panel, I'll increase the size to 8 points, just like I did before.

I'll open up the Stroke panel, set the stroke to Inside. So I'm doing all of the things I talked about earlier but just in one fell swoop right here in this little box. Then when I'm finished with it, I can click away, and it will close the box and then I can come in and I'll click away from these. Then I'll find the circle. And by the way, if you don't see the circle when I'm mouse over it like this, you don't see that, that means you have Smart Guides turned off. And so you may want to go up to the View menu and go and make sure there's a check mark next to Smart Guides, because that's going to enable you to see these little shapes.

So once I have the shape selected, remember no stroke here, so we are just going to click on the fill to activate it. Go over to the Swatches and I'll pick a nice burnt orange color just like that. And so now if I compare the two, I'll zoom out a little bit, pan over, it looked pretty good, almost exactly the same. I think the gray on the right-hand side is a little lighter than the one on the left, but that's okay. So hopefully by now you have a better understanding of what fills and strokes are and how you can easily apply them and modify them using the tools that are available to you inside of Adobe Illustrator.

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This video is part of

Image for Illustrator for Web Design
Illustrator for Web Design

67 video lessons · 24830 viewers

Justin Seeley
Author

 
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  1. 1m 13s
    1. Welcome
      50s
    2. Using the exercise files
      23s
  2. 43m 51s
    1. Designing for screens
      1m 57s
    2. Decoding screen size and resolution
      2m 40s
    3. Exploring the Illustrator to HTML workflow
      3m 42s
    4. Setting up Illustrator for web work
      6m 55s
    5. Creating a new document for web
      6m 25s
    6. Creating a new document for mobile
      3m 31s
    7. Using artboards for responsive layouts
      7m 42s
    8. Creating email newsletter documents
      4m 31s
    9. Working with Pixel Preview and anti-aliasing
      6m 28s
  3. 25m 28s
    1. Adjusting color settings
      6m 47s
    2. Understanding web color
      3m 47s
    3. Creating a color palette
      5m 4s
    4. Creating custom swatches
      4m 50s
    5. Working with fills and strokes
      5m 0s
  4. 13m 15s
    1. Exploring the Layers panel
      5m 21s
    2. Renaming and grouping layers
      7m 54s
  5. 24m 5s
    1. Drawing simple shapes
      4m 16s
    2. Working with Pathfinder
      5m 4s
    3. Using the Shape Builder tool
      4m 33s
    4. Creating symbols
      6m 24s
    5. Editing and replacing symbols
      3m 48s
  6. 20m 22s
    1. Planning your project
      2m 56s
    2. Using guides and rulers
      5m 56s
    3. Developing a layout with shapes
      6m 21s
    4. Using a grid system
      5m 9s
  7. 25m 53s
    1. Exploring the rules of typography
      4m 1s
    2. Using text as text vs. using text as an image
      3m 37s
    3. Understanding web-safe fonts
      1m 46s
    4. Creating and using paragraph styles
      5m 16s
    5. Creating and using character styles
      3m 2s
    6. Simulating the CSS box model
      8m 11s
  8. 21m 17s
    1. Understanding object appearance
      4m 43s
    2. Applying and editing live effects
      3m 34s
    3. Creating and using drop shadows
      3m 13s
    4. Creating more flexible rounded rectangles
      3m 17s
    5. Saving appearance as graphic styles
      6m 30s
  9. 35m 57s
    1. Starting with a wireframe
      5m 23s
    2. Adding master elements
      6m 45s
    3. Creating navigation buttons
      13m 34s
    4. Working with photographs
      5m 50s
    5. Simulating pages with artboards
      4m 25s
  10. 54m 45s
    1. Creating video placeholders
      10m 33s
    2. Creating buttons
      13m 1s
    3. Creating form fields
      8m 15s
    4. Creating radio boxes and checkboxes
      5m 11s
    5. Creating progress bars
      10m 12s
    6. Creating tabbed interfaces
      7m 33s
  11. 35m 28s
    1. Understanding slicing
      3m 26s
    2. Slicing up a mockup
      3m 6s
    3. Understanding web file formats
      5m 33s
    4. Exploring the Save for Web dialog
      3m 50s
    5. Optimizing photographs
      4m 29s
    6. Optimizing transparent graphics
      4m 43s
    7. Saving Retina display graphics
      3m 46s
    8. Exporting SVG graphics
      6m 35s
  12. 9m 29s
    1. Understanding image sprites
      3m 4s
    2. Creating a sprite grid
      4m 36s
    3. Optimizing sprites for the web
      1m 49s
  13. 15m 29s
    1. Placing Illustrator Smart Objects
      3m 22s
    2. Sharing color swatches between apps
      2m 9s
    3. Exporting Illustrator artwork as a PSD
      3m 49s
    4. Importing artwork into Fireworks
      2m 41s
    5. Exporting HTML from Illustrator
      3m 28s
  14. 1m 19s
    1. Taking the next step
      1m 1s
    2. Goodbye
      18s

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