New Feature: Playlist Center! Pick a topic and let our playlists guide the way—like a learning mixtape.

Start learning with our library of video tutorials taught by experts. Get started

Illustrator Insider Training: Type and Text
Illustration by John Hersey

Using horizontal and vertical scaling


From:

Illustrator Insider Training: Type and Text

with Mordy Golding

Video: Using horizontal and vertical scaling

We already know that when working with text we have the ability to scale that text. We can increase the point size or we can reduce the point size. However, there is another kind of scaling that also applies specifically to text, something called vertical scaling and horizontal scaling. And you can actually see those settings here inside of the Character panel. And if you don't have these settings inside of your Character panel, you may not be looking at the fully expanded version of the panel. If you go to where it says Character here and you see these little arrows that appear on the left side, you can click on those to toggle between different various states of the Character panel.
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 6m 13s
    1. Welcome
      1m 24s
    2. Art, typography, and Illustrator
      4m 23s
    3. Using the exercise files
      26s
  2. 38m 30s
    1. Knowing Illustrator's limitations
      5m 47s
    2. The three type objects in Illustrator
      11m 18s
    3. Area type, point type, and the bounding box
      4m 35s
    4. The difference between type and text
      3m 42s
    5. Unicode: consistent type for all
      4m 23s
    6. Bringing text from Microsoft Word into Illustrator
      8m 45s
  3. 39m 51s
    1. Understanding font types
      6m 28s
    2. Using the Glyphs panel
      8m 30s
    3. OpenType support and automatic glyph replacement
      9m 43s
    4. Previewing fonts as you use them
      5m 0s
    5. Converting text into editable vector paths
      6m 19s
    6. Using the Find Font feature
      3m 51s
  4. 49m 4s
    1. Setting up the document
      12m 26s
    2. Basic character settings and keyboard shortcuts
      7m 28s
    3. Kerning, tracking, and optical kerning
      13m 6s
    4. Using horizontal and vertical scaling
      4m 38s
    5. Using the Baseline Shift and Character Rotation options
      7m 28s
    6. Using underlines and strikethroughs
      2m 5s
    7. Working with small caps, superscript, and subscript
      1m 53s
  5. 46m 36s
    1. Basic paragraph settings and keyboard shortcuts
      6m 47s
    2. Setting tabs and leaders
      11m 51s
    3. Setting indents and spacing
      9m 6s
    4. Understanding hyphenation and justification settings
      10m 28s
    5. Understanding the composers in Illustrator
      8m 24s
  6. 16m 7s
    1. Threading text across multiple objects
      8m 17s
    2. Adding multiple text columns in a single object
      3m 29s
    3. Specifying an inset for area type objects
      4m 21s
  7. 32m 53s
    1. Text styles in Illustrator
      7m 6s
    2. Defining and modifying character styles
      10m 40s
    3. Defining and modifying paragraph styles
      5m 0s
    4. Understanding the style override
      5m 3s
    5. Sharing styles across documents
      2m 10s
    6. Changing default type settings
      2m 54s
  8. 37m 9s
    1. Aligning text margins and indents optically
      3m 53s
    2. Creating non-breaking text
      2m 36s
    3. Changing case
      1m 39s
    4. Using smart punctuation
      5m 12s
    5. Selecting type objects easily
      3m 20s
    6. Understanding hidden text codes
      2m 20s
    7. Checking spelling
      3m 3s
    8. Using language support to your advantage
      3m 41s
    9. Changing text with Find and Replace
      3m 54s
    10. Finding substituted fonts and glyphs
      3m 55s
    11. Wrapping text around objects
      3m 36s
  9. 16m 47s
    1. Setting type along a path
      10m 22s
    2. The difference between open and closed paths
      6m 25s
  10. 10m 57s
    1. Understanding legacy text
      4m 23s
    2. Updating legacy text
      6m 34s
  11. 1m 16s
    1. Next steps
      1m 16s

Watch this entire course now—plus get access to every course in the library. Each course includes high-quality videos taught by expert instructors.

Become a member
please wait ...
Illustrator Insider Training: Type and Text
4h 55m Intermediate Feb 29, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In this installment of Illustrator Insider Training, author Mordy Golding shows how to create type that’s both beautiful and communicative, whether it’s destined for logos, brochures, signs, infographics, or simple documents. This course covers core typography concepts, such as working with Unicode and OpenType fonts, applying character and paragraph settings, managing text with styles and text threads, placing text along a path, and wrapping text around graphics.

Topics include:
  • Understanding the three type objects in Illustrator
  • Importing text from Microsoft Word
  • Using the Glyphs panel
  • Converting text into editable vector paths
  • Kerning and scaling characters
  • Setting indents and spacing
  • Threading text across multiple objects
  • Sharing styles across multiple documents
  • Understanding style overrides
  • Changing text with Find and Replace
  • Wrapping text
  • Setting type along a path
  • Updating legacy text
Subjects:
Design Typography
Software:
Illustrator
Author:
Mordy Golding

Using horizontal and vertical scaling

We already know that when working with text we have the ability to scale that text. We can increase the point size or we can reduce the point size. However, there is another kind of scaling that also applies specifically to text, something called vertical scaling and horizontal scaling. And you can actually see those settings here inside of the Character panel. And if you don't have these settings inside of your Character panel, you may not be looking at the fully expanded version of the panel. If you go to where it says Character here and you see these little arrows that appear on the left side, you can click on those to toggle between different various states of the Character panel.

So in its fully expanded state, you will see these values there for Horizontal Scale and Vertical Scale. Now initially, these settings were used to try to get fonts to fit into areas that maybe they didn't fit into. Like maybe have a very, very narrow space and I want this word "Perfect for," to fit into that very narrow space, and I want it to be a large point size so that people can see it, but it's maybe too wide. So what I might do is come here to the Horizontal Scaling and change that to like maybe 70%. And if I do that, you can now see I have like almost like a condensed version of that typeface here.

Now, be aware that if a type designer ever saw you do that, they might cringe in horror. I mean after all, one of the main reasons why type designers create condensed and extended versions of typefaces is because if you go ahead and apply the scaling here, it's scales the entire letterform, which can distort it. And it really does not make for some nice characters, especially in some beautiful fonts. However, this is a great excuse just in case you don't have a condensed or an extended version of a typeface, of yif ou want to make a small adjustment to get it to fit somewhere, like 98% where no one else really can see the difference.

However, you might avoid using it in this way. Let me press undo for a second. One thing that I do find a lot of use for when working with horizontal and vertical scaling is when you have certain characters that maybe aren't letters themselves. Take a look at this bullet list over here where it says Birthdays, Anniversaries, Graduations, and Get Well Soon. The character that's been used over here is a bullet character, which is just a little round dot. I am actually going to double-click here and just highlight that little bullet character. By the way, if you are not familiar with adding a bullet character to your document, on a Mac you would choose Option+8 to get a bullet character, and on Windows that will Alt+8.

And of course, you could always just simply take your blinking cursor at any point, choose Type, go to your Glyphs panel, and find that bullet character. You can see it's right over here and simply double-click to add that character to your document. I'm going to press Undo though. I am actually going to move my Glyphs panel here to this side. And let's just highlight this one bullet over here. I could increase the point size to maybe 14 point and instead of having a circle, if I wanted to have it an oval, I might go ahead and change the Horizontal Scale here to maybe 200%.

Now instead of a regular bullet, I have some that looks little bit different. It's more closer to maybe a graphic. So I am starting to use fonts, but in some kind of graphic form. In this case, I am not really worried about distorting letterforms. I'm getting a specific shape by using a regular bullet character and then using the Scaling option here. Now of course, there are many benefits to using fonts in this way by simulating the actual look of graphics, because I don't have to draw the graphics myself. It's easy to copy and paste them and move them around my document because they act like type.

In fact, they are type. And you know there are certain typefaces that are just made up entirely of pictures, for example Zapf Dingbats. Let me move my cursor over here. I am actually going to delete this bullet right here. And I'm going to go over here to my Glyphs panel, and I am going to change my typeface to Zapf Dingbats. I am going to type in Zap. It will jump straight to Zapf Dingbat. This is a picture font. I will press Tab to accept that. And now I will see all the characters that exist inside of the Zapf Dingbats font. If you don't have Zapf Dingbats on your computer, maybe you have Webdings or some other picture font, and maybe instead of a bullet character, I want to use a box.

Well, I have this nice square over here that I can use. I'm going to double-click on it to insert it into my type, and if I don't want a perfect square, maybe I want to have a rectangle shape, I can actually select this rectangle and change its horizontal scale, maybe make it 500%, and now I get a nice wide rectangle here. Again, that's a character inside of a font. It's not that I took my rectangle tool inside of Illustrator and drew a box, so it moves just like the text does. Whenever I move my text object, that moves along with it. I can change the point size, so on and so forth.

So you might find it beneficial to actually work with some picture fonts and then use horizontal and vertical scale to get things to look just the way you need them to.

There are currently no FAQs about Illustrator Insider Training: Type and Text.

 
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.
Upgrade now


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

join now Upgrade now

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Illustrator Insider Training: Type and Text.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Notes cannot be added for locked videos.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.