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Illustrator CS4 Essential Training
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Using the Pattern brush


From:

Illustrator CS4 Essential Training

with Mordy Golding

Video: Using the Pattern brush

Of all the four types of brushes, Pattern brushes are by far the most powerful. They are also the most difficult to define, but that's okay, because Illustrator ships with a whole range of Pattern brushes that you can use, and they are also pretty easy to modify. Let's take a look. I go to the Brushes panel, and then from the bottom over here I'll choose to open up some Borders, and then choose for example, Borders_Decorative. Let me click on a few of these just to add them to my current Brushes panel in this document, for example, this one here, and maybe this one, and maybe this one as well. Now what I'm going to do, is I'm going to draw out a regular shape. Let's say for example, the Rectangle tool. Click and drag and draw out a shape, and what's great about brushes is that, and this applies by the way to all brushes, you don't need to use the paint brush tool to paint with a brush. You can actually apply a brush, because if you think about it, we discussed before that every time you used the brush, it was simply a path that you created, and then you had some kind of appearance that applied to a particular path.
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  1. 59s
    1. Welcome
      59s
  2. 33m 17s
    1. Why use Illustrator?
      2m 22s
    2. What are vector graphics?
      8m 4s
    3. Understanding paths
      4m 13s
    4. Fill and Stroke attributes
      5m 32s
    5. Selections and stacking order
      8m 31s
    6. Isolation mode
      4m 35s
  3. 23m 43s
    1. The Welcome screen
      1m 11s
    2. New Document Profiles
      4m 36s
    3. Using multiple artboards
      7m 17s
    4. Libraries and content
      3m 52s
    5. Illustrator templates
      2m 56s
    6. Adding XMP metadata
      3m 51s
  4. 43m 55s
    1. Exploring panels
      4m 18s
    2. Using the Control panel
      5m 25s
    3. Navigating within a document
      5m 27s
    4. Using rulers and guides
      5m 23s
    5. Using grids
      2m 12s
    6. Utilizing the bounding box
      3m 3s
    7. Using Smart Guides
      4m 59s
    8. The Hide Edges command
      3m 31s
    9. Preview and Outline modes
      2m 18s
    10. Using workspaces
      7m 19s
  5. 38m 3s
    1. The importance of modifier keys
      1m 9s
    2. Drawing closed-path primitives
      7m 15s
    3. Drawing open-path primitives
      5m 5s
    4. Simple drawing with the Pen tool
      7m 28s
    5. Advanced drawing with the Pen tool
      10m 33s
    6. Drawing with the Pencil tool
      6m 33s
  6. 46m 37s
    1. Editing anchor points
      13m 7s
    2. Creating compound shapes
      5m 55s
    3. Utilizing Pathfinder functions
      5m 11s
    4. Joining and averaging paths
      5m 37s
    5. Outlining strokes
      3m 24s
    6. Simplifying paths
      5m 41s
    7. Using Offset Path
      2m 43s
    8. Dividing an object into a grid
      1m 41s
    9. Cleaning up errant paths
      3m 18s
  7. 35m 23s
    1. Creating point text
      4m 4s
    2. Creating area text
      4m 19s
    3. Applying basic character settings
      6m 27s
    4. Applying basic paragraph settings
      4m 4s
    5. Creating text threads
      5m 28s
    6. Creating text on open paths
      5m 18s
    7. Creating text on closed paths
      3m 57s
    8. Converting text to outlines
      1m 46s
  8. 20m 15s
    1. Using the basic selection tools
      7m 53s
    2. Using the Magic Wand and Lasso tools
      6m 34s
    3. Selecting objects by attribute
      2m 38s
    4. Saving and reusing selections
      3m 10s
  9. 40m 35s
    1. Using the Appearance panel
      6m 48s
    2. Targeting object attributes
      3m 26s
    3. Adding multiple attributes
      7m 6s
    4. Applying Live Effects
      8m 9s
    5. Expanding appearances
      4m 48s
    6. Appearance panel settings
      6m 51s
    7. Copying appearances
      3m 27s
  10. 37m 15s
    1. Defining groups
      7m 2s
    2. Editing groups
      5m 28s
    3. Working with layers
      8m 10s
    4. Layer and object hierarchy
      6m 57s
    5. Creating template layers
      2m 3s
    6. Object, group, and layer attributes
      7m 35s
  11. 44m 4s
    1. Applying colors
      3m 18s
    2. Creating solid color swatches
      4m 48s
    3. Creating global process swatches
      5m 1s
    4. Using spot color swatches
      4m 27s
    5. Creating swatch groups and libraries
      6m 50s
    6. Working with linear gradient fills
      6m 34s
    7. Working with radial gradient fills
      2m 19s
    8. Applying and manipulating pattern fills
      4m 51s
    9. Defining simple patterns
      5m 56s
  12. 22m 43s
    1. Moving and copying objects
      2m 1s
    2. Scaling objects
      4m 49s
    3. Rotating objects
      3m 14s
    4. Reflecting and skewing objects
      2m 27s
    5. Using the Free Transform tool
      2m 9s
    6. Aligning objects
      5m 15s
    7. Distributing objects
      2m 48s
  13. 25m 13s
    1. Using a pressure-sensitive tablet
      1m 38s
    2. Using the Calligraphic brush
      6m 10s
    3. Using the Scatter brush
      4m 0s
    4. Using the Art brush
      2m 26s
    5. Using the Pattern brush
      3m 21s
    6. Using the Paintbrush tool
      1m 41s
    7. Using the Blob Brush tool
      3m 42s
    8. Using the Eraser tool
      2m 15s
  14. 16m 36s
    1. Using symbols
      3m 9s
    2. Defining your own symbols
      2m 1s
    3. Editing symbols
      4m 4s
    4. Using the Symbol Sprayer tool
      2m 32s
    5. Using the Symbolism toolset
      4m 50s
  15. 35m 37s
    1. Minding your resolution settings
      6m 15s
    2. Applying basic 3D extrusions
      6m 43s
    3. Applying basic 3D revolves
      2m 31s
    4. Basic artwork mapping
      5m 9s
    5. Using the Stylize effects
      5m 35s
    6. Using the Scribble effect
      5m 43s
    7. Using the Warp effect
      3m 41s
  16. 21m 37s
    1. Placing images
      4m 51s
    2. Using the Links panel
      2m 47s
    3. The Edit Original workflow
      2m 0s
    4. Converting images to vectors with Live Trace
      5m 29s
    5. Rasterizing artwork
      1m 55s
    6. Cropping images with a mask
      4m 35s
  17. 10m 35s
    1. Saving your Illustrator document
      8m 18s
    2. Printing your Illustrator document
      2m 17s
  18. 6m 25s
    1. Exporting files for use in QuarkXPress
      1m 8s
    2. Exporting files for use in InDesign
      39s
    3. Exporting files for use in Word/Excel/PowerPoint
      45s
    4. Exporting files for use in Photoshop
      1m 25s
    5. Exporting files for use in Flash
      1m 15s
    6. Exporting files for use in After Effects
      19s
    7. Migrating from FreeHand
      54s
  19. 2m 23s
    1. Finding additional help
      2m 0s
    2. Goodbye
      23s

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Illustrator CS4 Essential Training
8h 25m Beginner Oct 13, 2008

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Illustrator can be used to accomplish many different design tasks. For this reason, Illustrator CS4 Essential Training teaches core concepts and techniques that can be applied to any workflow for print, the web, or assets that will find their way into other applications. Mordy Golding explains the elements that make up vector graphics—paths, strokes, and fills—and shows how to use each of Illustrator's drawing tools. He demonstrates how to combine and clean up paths, and organize them into groups and layers. Mordy also covers text editing, working with color, expressive brush drawing, effects, and much more. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Making efficient use of the Illustrator interface
  • Creating text on a path
  • Using the Magic Wand and Lasso selection tools
  • Working with a pressure-sensitive tablet
  • Applying 3D extrusions and resolves
  • Converting images to vectors with Live Trace
  • Exporting files for use in Photoshop, Flash, and other applications
Subject:
Design
Software:
Illustrator
Author:
Mordy Golding

Using the Pattern brush

Of all the four types of brushes, Pattern brushes are by far the most powerful. They are also the most difficult to define, but that's okay, because Illustrator ships with a whole range of Pattern brushes that you can use, and they are also pretty easy to modify. Let's take a look. I go to the Brushes panel, and then from the bottom over here I'll choose to open up some Borders, and then choose for example, Borders_Decorative. Let me click on a few of these just to add them to my current Brushes panel in this document, for example, this one here, and maybe this one, and maybe this one as well. Now what I'm going to do, is I'm going to draw out a regular shape. Let's say for example, the Rectangle tool. Click and drag and draw out a shape, and what's great about brushes is that, and this applies by the way to all brushes, you don't need to use the paint brush tool to paint with a brush. You can actually apply a brush, because if you think about it, we discussed before that every time you used the brush, it was simply a path that you created, and then you had some kind of appearance that applied to a particular path.

Well, if you have a path selected, you can then click on any brush and apply that to that path. So I'll click on this one called Accordion Fold, and what it does is it creates basically a border, but notice that no matter what size I make my particular rectangle, let me go ahead and switch to my Regular Selection tool. I'll turn on my bounding box, to Show Bounding Box, and as I go ahead and I stretch this, and I basically adjust the way that the shape of the rectangle is, the borders simply adjust itself to fit that particular shape. That's the beauty of working with the Pattern brush. The Pattern brush adapts itself, to automatically repeat as many patterns as much as possible, in order to make it fit to the path that you have selected.

For example, I'll switch to this one over here, and I'll see how I get a beautiful border, notice that the corners meet up very well. It doesn't make any difference how I adjust it; the border will always adjust itself automatically to fit that particular path. The way that this works is that the Pattern brush itself has a setting inside of it that will automatically allow it to adjust itself to fit the right path. Let's see how that works. Let me move this particular item down here. I'm going to go to my Brushes panel, and say let's go to this Baroque pattern and double-click on it. You notice that right now for Pattern Brush Options. Let's click on the Preview button here. I see that there are five, what we call Tiles that can be assigned to a particular Pattern brush. These are regular pattern swatches, and we learned how to create pattern swatches before, if you wanted to create your own pattern brush, you would simply create a pattern swatch and drag it in to this particular area. Now when you have a Side Tile here, the Side Tile are the areas along the sides of a shape, and they simply repeat itself over and over again.

Then you have other ones here, for example, Outer Corner and Inner Corner. These are the swatches that are used for whenever you come with a particular corner in your path. Then you also have Start and End points as well. These are used when you are working with paths that are open, not closed. But the most important settings are right here where it says Fit. You can either choose to have your particular pattern Stretched to fit the path or you can choose Add space to fit, which would basically add spaces in between each of the tiles, or you could choose Approximate path, which basically changes the size of your path, so that it best fits the actual pattern tiles in the Pattern brush.

But obviously the one you use most often is Stretch to fit. This will automatically adjust the pattern tiles just a little bit, to make sure that it fits perfectly in a path. I'll click OK over here, and remember that there are plenty of Decorative borders, and other kinds of pattern brushes that come with Illustrator, and if you want to reverse engineer them, simply take any brush whatsoever from the brushes panel, drag it out on to your desktop, and you will see the actual artwork that was used to define those pattern tiles.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Illustrator CS4 Essential Training.


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Q: I cannot get the new brush dropdown to allow me to create either a New Scatter Brush or a New Art Brush; the only ones I can click on are New Calligraphic Brush and New Pattern Brush. When I go to Windows > Brush Library and choose New Brush, again the only ones I can click on are New Calligraphic Brush and New Pattern Brush. How do I make these work like they should?
A: In order to create a new Scatter or Art brush, you must first have artwork selected on the artboard.
 
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