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Adobe Illustrator has long been a popular vector–based drawing program, but for many the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals, author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland shows users how to get in to the Illustrator mindset and overcome this learning curve. He covers the application's key features in a new way, making it simple and easy to master Illustrator. Deke teaches viewers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text, and the Pen tool. He also explains how to export and print. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this training can help make sense of it. Exercise files accompany the course.
In this very special after-school exercise, I want to show you how to use the Magic Wand tool here inside of Illustrator, which may lead many of you to go, Oh! Are you thinking of Photoshop because that's the program that has a Magic Wand in it? To which I would say No, look, right there, Magic Wand tool inside Illustrator, been there for years. Nobody knows about it because nobody uses it and it's easy just to sort of not even acknowledge that it's there in the toolbox but it is there and what we are going to do is we are going to use it to select all of the black items in Uzz here and turn them to white, so he has a white hot glow associated with him.
So, I have gone ahead and saved my progress so far. It's this document Black Zorble.ai found inside of the 10_select _enhance folder and I want to use the Magic Wand tool to select all of the black elements here and as I said, we are going to turn them to white. Now, before we can select them, however, we have a lot of locked layers. Notice that right here. I want you to unlock all of the layers just by dragging up across the Lock icons and all of the layers except for Articulate should be visible. All right, now I want you to go to the Magic Wand tool and the Magic Wand tool has a palette and to get to the palette, you double-click on the Magic Wand.
That's the easiest thing to do. You can also go to the Window menu and you can choose Magic Wand command. That's another option. But typically easier, just double-click on the tool and I want you to see something here. Notice that the Magic Wand tool has a keyboard shortcut of Y, whereas in Photoshop, the keyboard shortcut is W and then Photoshop was the one that inspired Illustrator to have a Magic Wand. The tool appeared in Photoshop first. So, you might wonder, well, why doesn't Illustrator use the W key instead of the Y key and the reason it doesn't use the W key is because the W key is busily being assigned to the Blend tool, which has no W in it, and you never need that tool. The only thing you ever do with that tool, you will see when we come to the Blend tool in later chapter, you double-click on it in order to edit the existing blends, otherwise, it's not terribly useful. So, anyway, we have got the Y key which also of course, does not appear anywhere on Magic Wand, so that makes sense, in the wacky world of Illustrator.
Here is what you need to do though, double-click on the tool to bring up the Magic Wand palette and I want you to click this guy until you can see everybody inside of the palette. Just so you can see that, you can select on its base, Fill Color, Stroke Color, Stroke Weight, Opacity and Blending Mode, just amazing and you can also select objects across layers as long as go over here to the palette menu icon and make sure that Use All Layers is turned on, so that you can select across layers. Okay, in my case, if I were to click on the outline for this eye, for example, I would select the lips and the hands, which is okay, but I want to select everything that's stroked with black. Well, the reason I'm getting everything that's filled with red is because I have Fill Color turned on. So I'm going to turn off Fill Color and I'm going to turn on Stroke Color and I have to do it again because this is a static function. So I'm going to go ahead and click on an eyelash this time and that gets everybody notice that everybody who is stroked with black and that's great and then I could go ahead and stroke all those guys with white, if I wanted to, by making sure the stroke is active or you know what, I could just go up here to the Control palette and click on this second icon right there and change it from black to white.
Now, this isn't looking too good. I want to warn you upfront, it's going to look worse before it looks better. How about that? So, I'll click off in order to deselect. Now, let's turn on Fill Color, turn off Stroke Color. We need to get the items that are filled with black, click inside or actually we need to click on the path for the pupil right there and that's going to select not only the pupil but also the arms and of course his festive pants right there and we need to change the Fill this time to white and that also looks truly hideous, don't worry about him, we are going to take care of that. How are we going to take care of the hideousness? Well, in a couple of different ways. First of all, I think, we need to be able to see those buttons. Notice that the buttons have gone away.
So, I'm going to go up to the Select menu and I'm going to choose Buttons and the buttons are currently just white. They have white strokes and they don't have any fill at all. So, let's go ahead and change the fill to red to make them sort of match the hands and then I'm also going to change the stroke to red and that's going to make those buttons look a lot better, I think. All right, let' go ahead and escape out of that palette, let's switch back to the Black Arrow tool because we don't need the Magic Wand anymore. What we do need at this point is the ability to select all of these shapes. What I want to do is I want to stroke everything now with a black stroke to set off the whiteness. It doesn't look terribly great against the background currently. So, I'm going to select one of these white objects here, and I'm going to go up to the Select Similar function and I'm going to say that I want to select things based on Stroke Color as it is selected. So I could just click on this icon right there as well. That will go ahead and select all similarly stroked items.
Now, what's the difference between this and the Magic Wand? Well, the Magic Wand, notice I'll bring back up the palette, has a Tolerance option, so it's going to go searching for things that fall inside of a range. So it would select not only white strokes or in this case, Fills because that's the way we have got it setup, but it would select not only white fills but also things that are very close to white that fall within 20% within white. So things that are very light for example, will also get selected. Whereas this guy only selects things that are absolutely the same color. So just little bit more information for you. If you want to select things in a range in Magic Wand, otherwise, you can get most of your selecting done using this option, to be quite honest with you.
In addition to the items that I have selected here, I also need to Shift-click on this pants thing right there. So, I need to select it as well and that was with the Black Arrow tool, by the way, and I Shift-click. Now I'm going to go up to the Edit menu and choose the Copy command, Ctr+C, Command+C on the Mac. All right, now let's go down to the text layer right there and let's press Ctrl+Shift+A or Command+Shift+A on the Mac to deselect everything. Let's create a new layer inside the palette, so I'm going to Alt-click or Option-click on this little Layer icon. And I'll call this one Black outlines and I'll click OK in order to create the Black Outlines layer. And then, I'm going to press Ctr+F or Command+F on the Mac in order to invoke the Paste in Front command. As long as nothing is selected, everything will go on this new layer as we are seeing right here.
Now, I want you to outline all of these strokes. This is going to be the best way to work. So, go up to the Object menu, choose Path and remember this command that we gave a shortcut to right there, Outline Stroke, so if you gave it a keyboard shortcut, way back when and you went ahead and saved off that keyboard shortcut is Deke key, or what have you, then it's Ctrl+/ on a PC, Command+/ on the Mac or whatever key stroke you chose. Anyway, let's choose the command. That goes an outlines all of those items. Now, we want one continuous shape that is all of this whiteness together. So, I'm going to take you over to the Pathfinder palette, which you an get to by choosing Pathfinder from the Window menu as well, and then you just need to click on Unite to unite all these shapes into a single overarching Uber shape like so.
And that looks great. Of course, it doesn't look any different than it looked before. Now though, we can apply a stroke to it and I'm going to go ahead and give it a nice rich black stroke. That's what we want for this. So, click on the Rich Black swatch there, after you click on Stroke of course up here on the Control palette, and then change the Stroke Weight to something like six points, like so. That looks pretty darn good. And then I'm just going to press the right arrow key a few times to nudge this stroked item over to the right and then the down arrow key a few times as well, and then we get kind of this double effect as we are seeing here. And then I'm going to click off the shape in order to deselect it and that is the final threatening Zorble. Zorble the horrible. Now thanks to the fact that we have made him white instead of black, he is just completely a hazardous material at this point and that wraps up the first project in this chapter.
In the next project, the next exercise as well, we are going to take a look at how to create an overwrought lace pattern. Join me.
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