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Adobe Illustrator has long been the most popular and viable vector-drawing program on the market but, for many, the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials , author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland teaches the key features of Illustrator in a way that anyone can understand. He also goes beyond that, showing users how to get into the Illustrator "mindset" to make mastering Illustrator simple and easy. The training covers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text and gradients, and color management and printing features. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this time it is going to make sense. Exercise files accompany the training.
At the end of the previous exercise I told you something that might have left you going, what? I said there's a Magic Wand Tool inside of Illustrator and some of you might have thought, Ahh you're thinking of Photoshop, that's the Magic Wand program. No, look up here, right there. It's a Magic Wand Tool inside of Illustrator. You know why you don't know it's there? Because nobody uses it. But it's actually kind of useful. You decide, you know you're the one who is going to decide whether this is the kind of tool you're going to pick up on a regular basis. You are your own barometer friend.
But I want to show it to you so you have an idea of why and when and where you might use it. Now I'm working inside of a document called Plain black Uzz .ai, available to you inside the 08_select_enhance folder. And this is Uzz, filled and stroked with plain blacks, and what's that mean? That means that each and every one of these items, if I go ahead and click for example, on his elliptical head here in order to select it. I can't because my Primitives layer is locked. So let's go ahead and unlock, in fact let's unlock all the layers. We need them all unlocked at this point.
And I'm going to take that Articulates layer right there, we don't need it anymore. So I'm going to throw it away, I'm just going to trash it so that it doesn't clutter up what we're about to do here. All right, so all of the layers are unlocked, awesome. Now I'm going to click on his elliptical head. And I'm going to refer to the Color palette here by clicking above the Color tab so that I can see it. And if I switch to the Stroke I can see that it is a plain black, meaning that it's 100% K, black the key color, but it' zero for CMY. And that's the problem because? Anybody? Anybody? Trapping. Yes trapping. We could end up with the gaps between this orange for example, which has no black in it whatsoever, but it's got a bunch of other different colors going on, and this black, which is going to print to a separate plate if we were to commercially reproduce it, and therefore we might have tiny white gaps between the stroke and the stuff in back of it.
So best to go ahead and make a rich black, and that's what we're going to do. Now problem is, if I go over here to the Swatches palette, and I've made my swatches really big, and there's a lot of them by the way, but you can see that the black swatch is active, but it doesn't have a little white triangle in the lower right corner so it's not a global swatch. That means I can't just double-click on it and make all of my strokes and fills change. And there is a workaround here. We are going to eventually do that, but we've got to convert the swatch into a global swatch first.
So here's what we're going to do. We've got to select all the objects that are stroked with black and then we've got to turnaround and select all the objects that are filled with black and we've got to deal with them independently and then we've got to deal with the text, it turns out. All different options here, all different operations. So here's what I want you to do. We're going to select these various objects using the Magic Wand Tool. So I'll go ahead and select the Magic Wand Tool to make it active and it's got a keyboard shortcut of Y, totally different than its keyboard shortcut in Photoshop, which is W. All right, well that's the way it is.
And you might say, Well why is that Deke? Well, because W is the keyboard shortcut that's assigned to the Blend Tool of course. Blend which has no W's in in. Just the wacky ways of Illustrator I'm afraid. So in order to know what you're going to select with the Magic Wand Tool you need to bring up the Magic Wand palette and my Magic Wand palette is right here, but you can also go to the Magic Wand command under the Window menu, and the reason I'm bringing up the palette is I need to see what it is I'm going to select with the Magic Wand. Now you may see it like this. You may see a reduced version of the Magic Wand palette. If so then I want you to click on this little expansion icon a couple of times to see the entire thing.
Notice right now Fill Color is the only thing checked. That means if I click on the outline to one of these objects here, I'm just going to select all of the items inside of the illustration on different layers notice, as long as Use All Layers is turned on here inside the Magic Wand palette menu, but it's just going to get items that have the same fill color throughout the illustration. So that's not really what I want. In my case, if I'm going to click on the stroke here, I want to select things that have the same stroke color.
So I'm going to turn on Stroke Color, turn off Fill Color. This is a static control, meaning that I have to invoke a new selection. So I'll click on, like one of the eyelashes this time, and I select everything that's stroked with black, or mostly everything that's stroked with black. What gives with these guys? They're not stroked with black. These are the elements that make up the talk balloon here, and the reason that we're seeing them selected is because they're part of a compound shape to which I've assigned a stroke and inside of that compound shape are separate paths that have different strokes assigned to them and they're all black. So just in case you run into this kind of situation, just know that Illustrator's doing its best with what you've given it and what you need to do in this case is go get that black arrow tool and Shift-click on this item in order to deselect it.
So the program's not malfunctioning. It's just functioning in a weird way, and I can show you. We could twirl open this text layer and I can find these individual paths and show you how they're stroked with black but just take my word for it they are. So anyway we've got all the legitimately black stroked items inside of the document and you can I've got my stroke active in the Color palette. Right there, it's active, and so the black swatch is active inside the Swatches palette. So I'm going to double-click on that black swatch and I'm going to switch it to a global swatch so that in the future these strokes will be affected by any modifications to this swatch. Good for me, phew. So I'm going to go ahead and click OK.
And so these guys are associated with this global swatch. What about the fills though? If I now click on one of the items that's filled with black such as the pupil and I press the X key so the fill is active, I'm not seeing this swatch active anymore, because they weren't selected when I switched the swatch to global. I know it's painful that it works this way. It's painful that there's this sort of omission inside of Illustrator, but this is the way things work. So you've got to now grab your Magic Wand palette here. Switch to Fill Color, turn off Stroke Color. Then get the Magic Wand, click along the outline of this pupil for example and get all of the things that are filled with black, that were formerly filled with the plain black, and then link them to this black global color right now.
So we haven't actually changed the color of black. We haven't changed the color of the swatch. That's something that we're going to do in the next exercise.
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