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Using the CMYK sliders for print output

From: Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials

Video: Using the CMYK sliders for print output

In this exercise I'm going to show you how to dial in custom colors using cyan, magenta, yellow, and black, the CMYK sliders so that you have a little bit of passing knowledge in that department, and you can figure out how to color an object green for example, or purple or whatever. And before we do that, though I want you to note, I'm working here inside the Ton-po shapes.ai file that's available to you inside of the 05_Fill_strokes folder. And if you go to the File menu and you choose Document Color Mode, you'll notice that I'm working in CMYK color. Illustrator asks you to make a choice whether you're going to print, in which case you want to be working with CMYK color, or whether you're going to screen or you're going to be creating a presentation or you're going to film output or something along those lines, in which case you want to work with RGB color.

Using the CMYK sliders for print output

In this exercise I'm going to show you how to dial in custom colors using cyan, magenta, yellow, and black, the CMYK sliders so that you have a little bit of passing knowledge in that department, and you can figure out how to color an object green for example, or purple or whatever. And before we do that, though I want you to note, I'm working here inside the Ton-po shapes.ai file that's available to you inside of the 05_Fill_strokes folder. And if you go to the File menu and you choose Document Color Mode, you'll notice that I'm working in CMYK color. Illustrator asks you to make a choice whether you're going to print, in which case you want to be working with CMYK color, or whether you're going to screen or you're going to be creating a presentation or you're going to film output or something along those lines, in which case you want to work with RGB color.

We're doing print, so we're going to stick with CMYK right here. Then I'm going to go up to this Fill icon, I'm going to Shift-click on it up here in the Control palette in order to bring up my CMYK sliders. And there they are. They allow us to make cyan, magenta and yellow inks. Those are our three primary colors along with the key color black, which allows you to make colors either darker or lighter. And those are the four standard inks in process color printing and process color printing is employed by just about every commercial print house out there.

So how do you go about dialing in colors using these inks? Well let's take a look at what these inks look like on their own. First of all here I'm going to change the cyan value to 100 and the other values to 0. So this is what 100% cyan looks like on screen, and it's basically a light blue with a little bit of green in it, and its whole purpose in life, the reason cyan ink exists, is it's taking white light, so you shine white light on your cyan ink that's on a page, real cyan ink layed down on a real page, and that cyan absorbs the red light out of the white light and it reflects back green and blue, hence it looks to you like a combination of green and blue, which is what you see here. That'scyan. Magenta meanwhile reflects back red and blue light, hence it looks like hot pink, and it absorbs green light. And then finally we've got yellow which of course is yellow. We all know what yellow is, but it's there, from a commercial printing standard, it's to absorb blue light and reflect back red and green. All right so. Interesting theory, how does it work? Let's say that you want to dial in green, you want to actually fill the shape that I have selected here with green. Then you would go ahead and maximize your yellow value all the way to 100% and then you'd raise your cyan value.

At about a cyan value of 50% here, you get something resembling a chartreuse color. If you want to make it more of an emerald color, you add more cyan to the mix. Now one of the great things is that these sliders actually update for you on-the-fly. Notice that they're showing you what colors you're going to achieve, so that if I move this slider triangle, watch the other sliders. They all update to show me what different colors I can achieve after I release at this location, then I can move the slider to this location and get that color and they're all constantly updating on-the-fly. Very handy feature.

Reviewing the colors that are available to us. Let's go ahead and take yellow out of the picture here and notice at this point with just half values of cyan and magenta, that is about 50% each, we get this sort of low saturation blue-gray color going here. If I was to raise the cyan value I would get more blue. If I wanted a really rich, deep blue I would go ahead and raise the magenta value as well, and then at this point, if I wanted more of a violet color, I would strip out some of my cyan and the lower I go with my cyan value, the more of a purple I end up getting.

And then finally if you want something like a red, let's say. You go ahead and take cyan out of the equation, leave magenta full on, go ahead and raise that yellow value. So 100% magenta plus 100% yellow gets you a nice scarlet red. If you want it to be more of a rose color then you take some of the yellow out. If you want it to be more of an orange color, you take some of the magenta out, and that's all that's going on there. Then of course, you just add black if you want to darken that color up. Now adding black sometimes makes the color muddier, it depends on which color you're working with. If you want to darken up the color and add richness to it as well, then you probably want to add some opposing color like in this case we had an orange going, the opposing color would be cyan and I'm going to go ahead and take up these values in order to create something like a rich chocolatey brown, at this point here. Isn't that nice? So that's a function of using those CMYK sliders. That's one way to work inside of Illustrator, one of the more common ways to dial in colors. In the next exercise I'll show you how to dial in colors using red and green and blue.

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This video is part of

Image for Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials
Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials

114 video lessons · 36997 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
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  1. 59m 53s
    1. Welcome to Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials
      2m 0s
    2. The unwelcome Welcome screen
      6m 35s
    3. Browsing Illustrator artwork
      4m 53s
    4. Bridge workspaces and favorites
      6m 8s
    5. The anatomy of an illustration
      7m 2s
    6. Examining a layered illustration
      5m 38s
    7. Customizing an illustration
      5m 21s
    8. Creating a new document
      6m 12s
    9. Changing the document setup
      6m 51s
    10. Saving a document
      6m 14s
    11. Closing multiple files
      2m 59s
  2. 1h 3m
    1. Preferences, color settings, and workspaces
      55s
    2. Keyboard Increment and Object Selection
      5m 52s
    3. Scratch Disks and Appearance of Black
      6m 43s
    4. Establishing the best color settings
      5m 35s
    5. Synchronizing color settings in Bridge
      4m 3s
    6. The new CS3 interface
      3m 55s
    7. Organizing the palettes
      9m 4s
    8. Saving your workspace
      2m 33s
    9. Zooming and scrolling
      3m 39s
    10. Using the Zoom tool
      5m 27s
    11. The Navigator palette
      3m 37s
    12. Nudging the screen image
      2m 50s
    13. Scroll wheel tricks
      3m 11s
    14. Cycling between screen modes
      5m 56s
  3. 1h 4m
    1. Why learn Illustrator from a Photoshop guy?
      1m 32s
    2. Introducing layers
      4m 37s
    3. Creating ruler guides
      6m 34s
    4. Creating a custom guide
      3m 28s
    5. Organizing your guides
      5m 50s
    6. Making a tracing template
      3m 34s
    7. Drawing a line segment
      4m 10s
    8. Drawing a continuous arc
      4m 17s
    9. Drawing a looping spiral
      5m 17s
    10. Cutting lines with the Scissors tool
      6m 45s
    11. Aligning and joining points
      7m 58s
    12. Drawing concentric circles
      3m 45s
    13. Cleaning up overlapping segments
      6m 21s
  4. 1h 9m
    1. The anatomy of a shape
      1m 1s
    2. Meet the Tonalpohualli
      4m 8s
    3. Meet the geometric shape tools
      3m 47s
    4. Drawing circles
      6m 36s
    5. Snapping and aligning shapes
      7m 0s
    6. Polygons and stars
      7m 0s
    7. Rectangles and rounded rectangles
      6m 16s
    8. The amazing constraint axes
      6m 30s
    9. Grouping a flipping
      7m 37s
    10. Combining simple shapes into complex ones
      6m 36s
    11. Drawing with Scissors and Join
      6m 3s
    12. Cutting and connecting in Illustrator CS3
      3m 49s
    13. Tilde key goofiness
      2m 55s
  5. 1h 22m
    1. Three simple ingredients, one complex result
      33s
    2. Introducing Fill and Stroke
      3m 42s
    3. Accessing color libraries and sliders
      7m 8s
    4. Using the CMYK sliders for print output
      5m 6s
    5. Using the RGB sliders for screen output
      4m 39s
    6. Color palette tips and tricks
      4m 46s
    7. Creating and saving color swatches
      4m 14s
    8. Trapping gaps with rich blacks
      7m 58s
    9. Filling and stacking shapes
      5m 17s
    10. Dragging and dropping swatches
      6m 16s
    11. Paste in Back, Paste in Front
      5m 43s
    12. Filling shapes inside groups
      5m 16s
    13. Pasting between layers
      3m 34s
    14. Joins, caps, and dashes
      5m 50s
    15. Fixing strokes and isolating your edits
      7m 35s
    16. Creating a pattern fill
      4m 38s
  6. 1h 22m
    1. The power of transformations
      1m 25s
    2. From primitives to polished art
      4m 4s
    3. Clone and Duplicate
      6m 15s
    4. Moving by the numbers
      4m 16s
    5. Using the Reshape tool
      6m 30s
    6. Modifying, aligning, and uniting paths
      7m 0s
    7. Using the Offset Path command
      4m 25s
    8. Styling and eyedropping
      4m 11s
    9. The wonders of the translucent group
      5m 37s
    10. Making a black-and-white template
      3m 48s
    11. Scaling and cloning shapes
      4m 26s
    12. Enlarging and stacking shapes
      5m 6s
    13. Positioning the origin point
      6m 50s
    14. Using the Rotate and Reflect tools
      5m 16s
    15. Series rotation (aka power duplication)
      4m 3s
    16. Rotating by the numbers
      5m 15s
    17. Rotating repeating pattern fills
      4m 32s
  7. 1h 4m
    1. Points are boys, control handles are girls
      2m 16s
    2. Tracing a scanned image or photograph
      4m 34s
    3. Placing an image as a template
      5m 32s
    4. Drawing a straight-sided path
      5m 36s
    5. Moving, adding, and deleting points
      5m 51s
    6. Drawing spline curves with Round Corners
      7m 56s
    7. Smooth points and Bézier curves
      8m 12s
    8. Defining a cusp between two curves
      4m 37s
    9. Adjusting handles and converting points
      7m 4s
    10. Cutting, separating, and closing paths
      7m 31s
    11. Eyedropping template colors
      5m 11s
  8. 1h 28m
    1. Paths never rest
      1m 42s
    2. Meet Uzz, Cloying Corporate Mascot
      2m 22s
    3. Exploring the Appearance palette
      5m 37s
    4. Snip and Spin
      7m 28s
    5. Adding a center point
      3m 57s
    6. Keeping shape intersections
      3m 8s
    7. Lifting fills and selecting through shapes
      4m 14s
    8. Saving and recalling selections
      5m 18s
    9. Rotating is a circular operation
      7m 35s
    10. Lassoing and scaling points
      6m 8s
    11. Using the Transform Each command
      5m 9s
    12. Using the Magic Wand tool
      6m 46s
    13. Converting paths and text to rich black
      2m 27s
    14. The overwrought lace pattern
      3m 21s
    15. Eyedropping Live Effects
      5m 39s
    16. Merging strokes with a compound path
      6m 32s
    17. Selecting and scaling independent segments
      6m 30s
    18. Pucker & Bloat
      4m 49s
  9. 1m 59s
    1. See ya for now
      1m 59s

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