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Transforming patterns without paths

From: Illustrator CS5 One-on-One: Advanced

Video: Transforming patterns without paths

In this exercise I am going to show you how to do the opposite of what we learned in the previous exercise, that is, how to scale and move an otherwise transform tile patterns independently of their objects. So you don't change the objects, you change the tile patterns instead. I have saved my progress as Green man in circle.ai. And I am going to go ahead and zoom in on this graphic a little bit here. And I will select all the objects on this layer by clicking on the black wedge in the upper left corner of the test shape layer. And now everything is selected.

Transforming patterns without paths

In this exercise I am going to show you how to do the opposite of what we learned in the previous exercise, that is, how to scale and move an otherwise transform tile patterns independently of their objects. So you don't change the objects, you change the tile patterns instead. I have saved my progress as Green man in circle.ai. And I am going to go ahead and zoom in on this graphic a little bit here. And I will select all the objects on this layer by clicking on the black wedge in the upper left corner of the test shape layer. And now everything is selected.

And I'm going to double-click on the Scale tool, because let's say I want to go ahead and scale my tile pattern at this point. But I don't want to scale the objects. So I'm going to turn off Objects and that's going to automatically turn on Patterns for me. And this is what I should see. I should see all of my tile patterns changed, including inside of the strokes. So inside the circle, along the stroke of the circle, outside in the rectangle as well, all of those items should change. And note that I've applied a scale value of 86%.

Now if you don't see everything changed, I am going to Cancel out here. For example, if your stroke does not scale, then what you need to do is go to your Appearance panel, press Ctrl+ Shift+A, Cmd+Shift+A on the Mac to deselect everything. Press the V key in order to get your black arrow tool. Click on that path outline right there on the circle, and just go ahead and click on the top stroke. Before you do anything else, just make that stroke active, so Illustrator is not confused about whether this stroke is part of the equation or not. Then go back to Layers panel and click on that black wedge in the upper left hand corner of test shape and try again, go over to the Scale tool, double-click on it to bring up the Scale dialog box, turn off Objects, that will automatically turn on Patterns.

Leave Scale Stroke & Effects off for this effect. And I'm applying again a Scale value of 86%. I will click OK. And the same thing can be done with Rotate and Slant as well by the way. So if I grab my Rotate tool, double- click on it to bring up the Rotate dialog box, notice that the Rotate dialog box is remembering that I don't want to rotate the objects and I do want to rotate the Patterns. So it goes ahead and respects the selection of the options inside the other transformation dialog boxes as well.

I will click OK to accept that modification. Another thing you can do is apply the Shear tool, which slants objects inside of Illustrator. So I will go ahead and select that tool from the scale tool flyout menu, then I will double-click on it to bring up the shear dialog box, and you can apply any amount of slant that you want to. A positive value is going to slant everything forward; a negative value is going to slant it backward. Right now we are slanting along the Horizontal axis, but you could change that if you want to. You can even slant along an angled axis.

For example, I am going to say I want to slant along a 30 degree axis, like so. And I might slant a little more than this. I'll take up the slant value to 15 degrees, let's say, click OK. And now let's say I want to move this green guy back into the center of the circle, then I would do that by double-clicking on the Selection tool. And now notice Objects is off, Patterns is on, Preview is on, I am going to have to feel my way through this modification. So I am going to change the vertical value to -60, let's say, I am not exactly sure what I need for this. Actually, we are going to have to go lower with this value.

So I am pressing Shift+Down Arrow in order to scoot that guy up. So it doesn't make that much sense, that negative values scoot things up, but that's the way it works. And then I'll have to change the Horizontal value to a negative value as well to scoot things to the right. So I will try -20, maybe, and press the tab key; that's not enough, so I will press Shift+ Down Arrow in order to scoot him over, like so. And that looks pretty darn good to me. And watch, by the way, to make sure that your stroke moves along with everything else. The thing that you have to bear in mind, as soon as you click OK, if you decide now, gosh, you know what, I want to move this circle independently of the background.

So I'll click off the circle, then I'll click on it to select it, and of course, when I click on it I'm looking for that little black square next to my cursor to show me that's where the path outline is. As soon as I click on it and I start dragging, notice that I will go ahead and move the tile pattern along with the object. And so that totally ruins the alignment between the stroke of the circle in particular, and the background. I will Press Ctrl+Z, Cmd+ Z on a Mac to undo that move. What you need to do is go back into the move dialog box or one of the others. But I will double-click on the Selection tool to bring up the Move dialog box.

And I am just going to change these two values to 0. So just zero everything out, and say that you want to move the Objects and not the Patterns. Notice that Illustrator automatically turned Objects back on, because I dragged inside of the illustration. So any time you perform a manual adjustment, a manual transformation, then you are going to change those objects, just note that. So if you want to change the patterns you have to do it from inside the dialog box. Anyway, I will turn Objects on, turn Patterns off, click OK, that doesn't do anything, because I didn't apply any values. Now though, as soon as I start dragging - and I missed, I will go ahead and try that again.

When I drag that circle to a different location, then the circle moves and the tile patterns do not. And that way I maintain alignment between my various objects and the tile pattern throughout my modifications. And that, my friends, is not only how you master the mind of M.C. Escher, and how you create seamlessly interlocking crazy objects like these, but this is also how you create and use and manipulate tile patterns inside of Illustrator.

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This video is part of

Image for Illustrator CS5 One-on-One: Advanced
Illustrator CS5 One-on-One: Advanced

153 video lessons · 28576 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 38m 35s
    1. Welcome
      1m 48s
    2. Linking AI and EPS files to Illustrator
      6m 48s
    3. Installing the dekeKeys keyboard shortcuts
      7m 43s
    4. Remapping Mac OS shortcuts
      6m 56s
    5. Installing the Best Workflow color settings
      4m 54s
    6. The color settings explained
      7m 4s
    7. Preserve Numbers vs. embedded profiles
      3m 22s
  2. 1h 40m
    1. Converting pixels to vectors
      1m 2s
    2. Tracing an imported image
      6m 17s
    3. Other ways to trace
      3m 17s
    4. Raster and vector previews
      7m 2s
    5. Threshold, Min Area, and Max Colors
      5m 27s
    6. Tracing options: The raster functions
      8m 2s
    7. Using the Ignore White option
      5m 3s
    8. Tracing options: The vector functions
      6m 40s
    9. Expanding traced artwork
      5m 6s
    10. Sketching and drawing for Illustrator
      6m 24s
    11. Editing scanned line art
      9m 23s
    12. Adding contrast and color
      10m 32s
    13. Live Trace and resolution
      9m 8s
    14. Expanding and separating paths
      8m 43s
    15. Scaling and editing traced art
      8m 4s
  3. 1h 8m
    1. Gradients are good
      1m 15s
    2. Assigning a gradient fill
      6m 9s
    3. Using the gradient annotator
      7m 31s
    4. Editing multiple gradients
      4m 37s
    5. Establishing symmetrical gradients
      5m 28s
    6. Creating a radial gradient
      5m 46s
    7. Adjusting the midpoint skew
      3m 23s
    8. Mixing gradients with blend modes
      6m 11s
    9. Making a transparent gradient
      6m 42s
    10. Drop shadows and dynamic effects
      5m 58s
    11. Assigning a gradient to editable text
      5m 42s
    12. Editing text that includes dynamic effects
      2m 56s
    13. Assigning a gradient to a stroke
      6m 46s
  4. 1h 37m
    1. The earliest dynamic functions
      1m 10s
    2. The gradient-intensive illustration
      5m 26s
    3. Creating a multi-color blend
      7m 39s
    4. Establishing a clipping mask
      3m 34s
    5. Reinstating the mask colors
      9m 7s
    6. Editing blended paths
      6m 50s
    7. Adjusting the number of blended steps
      6m 49s
    8. Using the Blend tool
      4m 33s
    9. Blending between levels of opacity
      7m 32s
    10. Editing the path of the blend
      6m 22s
    11. Adding a custom path of the blend
      5m 4s
    12. Placing one mask inside another
      8m 33s
    13. Blending groups and adjusting the speed
      6m 1s
    14. Rotating objects in 3D space
      10m 21s
    15. Creating custom perspective guides
      8m 31s
  5. 1h 37m
    1. What was old is new again
      39s
    2. Introducing tile patterns
      6m 11s
    3. Determining the points of intersection
      6m 51s
    4. Extending paths from the intersections
      5m 40s
    5. Crafting symmetrical subpaths
      5m 38s
    6. The final flawed subpaths
      5m 52s
    7. Reconciling misaligned paths
      5m 34s
    8. Completing the core path outline
      6m 14s
    9. Making a symmetrical modification
      6m 47s
    10. Adjusting the interior elements
      8m 26s
    11. Coloring paths and testing the interlock
      9m 29s
    12. Establishing a rectangular tile
      6m 22s
    13. Defining a tile pattern
      3m 43s
    14. Creating a few color variations
      8m 50s
    15. Protecting patterns from transformations
      6m 9s
    16. Transforming patterns without paths
      5m 30s
  6. 1h 12m
    1. Filling and stroking virtual areas
      44s
    2. Introducing Live Paint
      7m 57s
    3. Stroking with the Live Paint Bucket tool
      5m 30s
    4. Using the Live Paint Selection tool
      7m 18s
    5. Adding a path to a Live Paint group
      4m 33s
    6. Building a classic Celtic knot
      8m 28s
    7. Constructing the base objects
      5m 31s
    8. Weaving one object into another
      6m 13s
    9. Creating a path that overlaps itself
      7m 15s
    10. Painting a path that overlaps itself
      5m 34s
    11. Creating knots inside knots
      5m 2s
    12. Adding gradients and depth
      8m 22s
  7. 1h 4m
    1. Dynamic effects and OpenType
      1m 12s
    2. Applying a dynamic effect to type
      5m 43s
    3. Creating a basic bevel effect
      4m 12s
    4. Building up a multi-stroke effect
      4m 49s
    5. Best practices for 3D type
      6m 34s
    6. Applying a "path wiggler" to type
      6m 14s
    7. Drop shadows and Raster Effects settings
      4m 52s
    8. Duplicating attributes and effects
      7m 8s
    9. Editing type with dynamic effects
      7m 27s
    10. Ligatures, swashes, ordinals, and fractions
      5m 45s
    11. Small caps and the Glyphs panel
      4m 25s
    12. Warping text and increasing resolution
      6m 9s
  8. 1h 44m
    1. A world of colors at your beck and call
      1m 32s
    2. Customizing a letterform to make a logo
      8m 37s
    3. Creating a custom drop shadow effect
      6m 26s
    4. Introducing the Color Guide panel
      9m 3s
    5. Harmonies and Color Guide settings
      5m 39s
    6. Lifting harmony rules from color groups
      7m 21s
    7. Harmony layouts and the Lab color wheel
      8m 15s
    8. Working inside the Edit Color dialog box
      6m 36s
    9. Limiting a color group to spot colors
      5m 47s
    10. Recoloring selected artwork
      5m 50s
    11. Recoloring with custom color groups
      6m 1s
    12. Swapping colors with the Color Bars feature
      5m 18s
    13. Using the options in the Assign panel
      8m 41s
    14. Moving color groups between documents
      7m 17s
    15. Distilling your artwork to one spot-color ink
      7m 45s
    16. Recoloring artwork that contains gradients
      4m 17s
  9. 1h 21m
    1. How symbols work
      1m 2s
    2. The power of symbols
      5m 1s
    3. Creating new symbols
      6m 0s
    4. Enabling the new 9-slice scaling
      4m 24s
    5. Adjusting your 9-slice scaling guides
      6m 54s
    6. Previewing and acquiring symbols
      4m 12s
    7. Finding a symbol and creating an instance
      4m 13s
    8. Duplicating and replacing instances
      4m 19s
    9. Breaking a symbol link and envelope fidelity
      5m 26s
    10. Distorting and expanding a symbol
      4m 54s
    11. Updating an existing symbol definition
      3m 40s
    12. Recoloring a symbol definition
      4m 13s
    13. Applying a basic "local" color adjustment
      5m 20s
    14. Applying a more elaborate local color adjustment
      5m 4s
    15. Laying down a random symbol set
      5m 35s
    16. The eight symbolism tools
      6m 55s
    17. Editing selected instances
      4m 11s
  10. 1h 32m
    1. Illustrator needs Photoshop
      1m 1s
    2. Two ways to place a pixel-based image
      6m 6s
    3. Working with linked images
      6m 6s
    4. Linking versus embedding
      9m 38s
    5. Stroking and blending an image
      6m 16s
    6. Adding a clipping mask and page curl
      6m 51s
    7. Creating a blended border effect
      7m 10s
    8. Rasterizing your artwork in Photoshop
      8m 0s
    9. Saving a flat raster file from Photoshop
      4m 58s
    10. Restoring cropped border elements
      5m 39s
    11. Copying and pasting into Photoshop
      6m 27s
    12. Working with Photoshop Smart Objects
      5m 26s
    13. Adding a pixel-based layer effect
      4m 12s
    14. Editing a Vector Smart Object in Illustrator
      7m 20s
    15. Creating and placing a transparent image
      7m 1s
  11. 1h 15m
    1. The many forms of transparency
      1m 29s
    2. Real-world blending modes
      7m 57s
    3. Exporting transparency from Illustrator
      6m 24s
    4. Opacity and blending modes
      6m 18s
    5. The Darken and Lighten modes
      7m 17s
    6. The Contrast, Inversion, and HSL modes
      6m 12s
    7. Blending modes in action
      5m 11s
    8. Creating a knockout group
      6m 14s
    9. Confirming the viability of your artwork
      6m 8s
    10. Introducing the opacity mask
      4m 6s
    11. Making an opacity mask
      5m 25s
    12. Drawing inside an opacity mask
      3m 34s
    13. Creating a gradient opacity mask
      5m 29s
    14. Adding an opacity mask to a single object
      3m 22s
  12. 1m 13s
    1. Until next time
      1m 13s

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