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Targeting object attributes

From: Illustrator CS5 Essential Training

Video: Targeting object attributes

Back in chapter 4, we learned all about making selections inside of Illustrator. In other words, if I click on this object with my Selection tool, I can say that I've now selected that object. However, when it comes to appearances, we're going to learn a new term, something called Targeting. When I make a selection, I'm referring to the path itself. But when I'm targeting something, I'm talking about the appearance of that object. In this case, with this object that would mean I'm targeting the Fill and the Stroke.

Targeting object attributes

Back in chapter 4, we learned all about making selections inside of Illustrator. In other words, if I click on this object with my Selection tool, I can say that I've now selected that object. However, when it comes to appearances, we're going to learn a new term, something called Targeting. When I make a selection, I'm referring to the path itself. But when I'm targeting something, I'm talking about the appearance of that object. In this case, with this object that would mean I'm targeting the Fill and the Stroke.

So let's understand what that means. When I click on an object to select it with my Selection tool, I'm selecting the path, meaning if I now hold down my Option key and create a copy of that path, I am doing so, or if press Command+C, go to another document and press Command+V to copy and paste that object, I'm dealing with the path itself. However, say I wanted to change the opacity of this object. I wanted to make it transparent. Well, I'm not making that path transparent.

Remember, the path itself has no appearance. So what I'm doing is I'm making the Fill and Stroke attribute transparent. So while I have the path selected, I need to have the Fill and the Stroke targeted for me to make that opacity change. The good news is is that you don't need a separate tool, or you don't even have to do anything to target these attributes because Illustrator does it automatically. Whenever you select an object, Illustrator uses some kind of internal intelligence, something called Smart Targeting where Illustrator figures out what needs to get targeted.

In this case here, since I've clicked on this path to select it, Illustrator also went ahead and targeted both the Fill and the Stroke of that object so that should I make some kind of a change to the appearance, I can do so. For example, in this case here, I'm going to go to my opacity slider. I'm going to change to about 50% and click Return. And now you can see that my entire object, or in this case here, the Fill and Stroke, now have an opacity setting of 50%. However, what would happen if I only want to change the opacity of one of those attributes? For example, I want the stroke to be full strength.

But I want to be able to see through just the fill of my object. I would need some kind of a way to select the path but then only target just the fill without targeting the stroke. We can actually do this directly through the Appearance panel. So I'm going to press Undo and then taking a look at the Appearance panel, I'm going to click right here on the Fill to select the Fill. What I've actually done right now is not selected the Fill, but I have targeted the Fill. So remember, my object, the path itself is selected.

I used the Selection tool to click on it. But I then went to the Appearance panel. And I targeted specifically the Fill of the object. What this means is if I make an appearance change now, that appearance change only happens to whatever is targeted, in this case, the fill. So with the Fill right now targeted, I'm now going to go to the Opacity slider. Change it to 50%. And you'll notice that right now just the Fill itself became transparent. However, the Stroke remains unchanged and at full strength.

You can see that in the Appearance panel by clicking on these little triangles that appear next to the Fill and the Stroke. You can see here the Stroke has Default Opacity. However, the fill has its own separate opacity setting, which is currently set to 50%. I was able to do this, because I targeted just the Fill itself. Now this concept of targeting is going to be very important, and it's really going to become more easy to understand as we start using the appearances more and more. But at this point, you should have a solid understanding that even though we have separate objects inside of Illustrator, we can also treat each attribute, or the appearance of every object, completely on its own.

So I can have one setting applied to the Fill and a completely different setting applied to the Stroke. And I'm not referring to Color here, but I'm referring to other attributes as well. In the next movie, we'll see why this is so important because we'll find out that inside of Illustrator, a single object can contain multiple attributes. And I don't mean just one Fill and one Stroke, but maybe two or three strokes, or two or three fills, or a combination of those. So remember, we can select objects.

and we can also - manually, if we want to - target individual attributes for those objects.

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This video is part of

Image for Illustrator CS5 Essential Training
Illustrator CS5 Essential Training

126 video lessons · 81581 viewers

Mordy Golding
Author

 
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  1. 3m 35s
    1. Welcome
      1m 18s
    2. What is Illustrator CS5?
      1m 46s
    3. Using the exercise files
      31s
  2. 12m 37s
    1. What are vector graphics?
      6m 3s
    2. Path and appearance
      3m 42s
    3. Stacking
      2m 52s
  3. 32m 6s
    1. The Welcome screen
      2m 23s
    2. Creating files for print
      6m 7s
    3. Creating files for the screen
      2m 55s
    4. Using prebuilt templates
      2m 40s
    5. Adding XMP metadata
      4m 18s
    6. Exploring the panels
      6m 33s
    7. Using the Control panel
      3m 11s
    8. Using workspaces
      3m 59s
  4. 43m 44s
    1. Navigating within a document
      9m 15s
    2. Using rulers and guides
      7m 26s
    3. Using grids
      3m 6s
    4. Using the bounding box
      3m 37s
    5. Using Smart Guides
      5m 56s
    6. The Hide Edges command
      3m 22s
    7. Various preview modes
      3m 47s
    8. Creating custom views
      4m 3s
    9. Locking and hiding artwork
      3m 12s
  5. 28m 46s
    1. Using the basic selection tools
      8m 50s
    2. Using the Magic Wand tool
      5m 22s
    3. Using the Lasso tool
      2m 28s
    4. Selecting objects by attribute or type
      3m 37s
    5. Saving and reusing selections
      2m 15s
    6. Selecting artwork beneath other objects
      2m 13s
    7. Exploring selection preferences
      4m 1s
  6. 1h 16m
    1. The importance of modifier keys
      1m 52s
    2. Drawing closed path primitives
      11m 38s
    3. Drawing open path primitives
      5m 47s
    4. Understanding anchor points
      3m 43s
    5. Drawing straight paths with the Pen tool
      7m 37s
    6. Drawing curved paths with the Pen tool
      9m 47s
    7. Drawing freeform paths with the Pencil tool
      5m 33s
    8. Smoothing and erasing paths
      3m 8s
    9. Editing anchor points
      7m 21s
    10. Joining and averaging paths
      10m 9s
    11. Simplifying paths
      4m 55s
    12. Using Offset Path
      2m 17s
    13. Cleaning up errant paths
      2m 32s
  7. 48m 26s
    1. The Draw Inside and Draw Behind modes
      7m 34s
    2. Creating compound paths
      5m 56s
    3. Creating compound shapes
      8m 0s
    4. Using the Shape Builder tool
      10m 28s
    5. Using Pathfinder functions
      8m 6s
    6. Splitting an object into a grid
      1m 16s
    7. Using the Blob Brush and Eraser tools
      7m 6s
  8. 49m 5s
    1. Creating point text
      4m 2s
    2. Creating area text
      8m 13s
    3. Applying basic character settings
      7m 44s
    4. Applying basic paragraph settings
      4m 28s
    5. Creating text threads
      8m 25s
    6. Setting text along an open path
      6m 29s
    7. Setting text along a closed path
      6m 24s
    8. Converting text into paths
      3m 20s
  9. 18m 55s
    1. Create a logo mark
      11m 26s
    2. Add type to your logo
      7m 29s
  10. 42m 42s
    1. Using the Appearance panel
      8m 21s
    2. Targeting object attributes
      4m 42s
    3. Adding multiple attributes
      4m 25s
    4. Applying Live Effects
      5m 18s
    5. Expanding appearances
      4m 42s
    6. Appearance panel settings
      4m 33s
    7. Copying appearances
      4m 51s
    8. Saving appearances as graphic styles
      5m 50s
  11. 34m 0s
    1. Applying color to artwork
      5m 57s
    2. Creating process and global process swatches
      8m 54s
    3. Creating spot color swatches
      3m 19s
    4. Loading PANTONE and other custom color libraries
      4m 49s
    5. Organizing colors with Swatch Groups
      3m 31s
    6. Finding color suggestions with the Color Guide panel
      4m 24s
    7. Loading the Color Guide with user-defined colors
      3m 6s
  12. 50m 23s
    1. Creating gradients with the Gradient panel
      8m 12s
    2. Modifying gradients with the Gradient Annotator
      4m 37s
    3. Applying and manipulating pattern fills
      5m 33s
    4. Defining your own custom pattern fills
      9m 13s
    5. Applying basic stroke settings
      5m 22s
    6. Creating strokes with dashed lines
      3m 41s
    7. Adding arrowheads to strokes
      2m 45s
    8. Creating variable-width strokes
      4m 35s
    9. Working with width profiles
      2m 36s
    10. Turning strokes into filled paths
      3m 49s
  13. 32m 46s
    1. Creating and editing groups
      8m 18s
    2. Adding attributes to groups
      12m 17s
    3. The importance of using layers
      5m 9s
    4. Using and "reading" the Layers panel
      7m 2s
  14. 12m 13s
    1. Creating and using multiple artboards
      7m 52s
    2. Modifying artboards with the Artboards panel
      2m 2s
    3. Copy and paste options with Artboards
      2m 19s
  15. 31m 10s
    1. Moving and copying artwork
      3m 55s
    2. Scaling or resizing artwork
      6m 47s
    3. Rotating artwork
      2m 44s
    4. Reflecting and skewing artwork
      2m 34s
    5. Using the Free Transform tool
      2m 15s
    6. Repeating transformations
      3m 39s
    7. Performing individual transforms across multiple objects
      2m 10s
    8. Aligning objects and groups precisely
      4m 27s
    9. Distributing objects and spaces between objects
      2m 39s
  16. 35m 40s
    1. Placing pixel-based content into Illustrator
      5m 14s
    2. Managing images with the Links panel
      4m 49s
    3. Converting pixels to paths with Live Trace
      8m 44s
    4. Making Live Trace adjustments
      6m 9s
    5. Controlling colors in Live Trace
      6m 4s
    6. Using Photoshop and Live Trace together
      4m 40s
  17. 14m 42s
    1. Managing repeating artwork with symbols
      4m 38s
    2. Modifying and replacing symbol instances
      3m 8s
    3. Using the Symbol Sprayer tool
      6m 56s
  18. 16m 57s
    1. Cropping photographs
      1m 59s
    2. Clipping artwork with masks
      3m 22s
    3. Clipping the contents of a layer
      3m 31s
    4. Defining masks with soft edges
      8m 5s
  19. 26m 2s
    1. Defining a perspective grid
      7m 48s
    2. Drawing artwork in perspective
      8m 46s
    3. Moving flat art onto the perspective grid
      9m 28s
  20. 25m 8s
    1. Printing your Illustrator document
      3m 26s
    2. Saving your Illustrator document
      6m 39s
    3. Creating PDF files for clients and printers
      7m 30s
    4. Exporting Illustrator files for use in Microsoft Office
      1m 4s
    5. Exporting Illustrator files for use in Photoshop
      2m 31s
    6. Exporting artwork for use on the web
      3m 3s
    7. Exporting high-resolution raster files
      55s
  21. 2m 18s
    1. Additional Illustrator learning resources
      1m 36s
    2. Goodbye
      42s

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