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Illustrator CS5 One-on-One: Mastery
Illustration by John Hersey

Switching between the kinds of graphs


From:

Illustrator CS5 One-on-One: Mastery

with Deke McClelland

Video: Switching between the kinds of graphs

Over the course of the next few exercises, I'll show you the many ways that you can edit graphs inside of Illustrator. In this exercise, I'll show you how to switch between the various kinds of graphs that Illustrator has to offer. I've saved my progress as Baby's first column graph.ai. It's found inside the 27_graphs folder. I am going to go ahead and click anywhere in the graph with the Black Arrow tool to select the entire thing, because it's a kind of grouped object--it's another one of these specialty objects inside of Illustrator. Now, to switch between different graph types, what you do is you can go up to the Object menu if you want to make life unpleasant for yourself, and you go all the way down here to Graph, and then you go back up here to Type.
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  1. 37m 22s
    1. Welcome
      45s
    2. Linking AI and EPS files to Illustrator
      6m 34s
    3. Installing the dekeKeys keyboard shortcuts
      7m 43s
    4. Remapping Mac OS shortcuts
      6m 56s
    5. Installing the Best Workflow color settings
      4m 56s
    6. The color settings explained
      7m 4s
    7. Preserve Numbers vs. embedded profiles
      3m 24s
  2. 1h 35m
    1. My favorite features in all of Illustrator
      1m 21s
    2. Introducing the Transform effect
      5m 30s
    3. Repeating the last effect you applied
      4m 52s
    4. Applying multiple passes of a single effect
      5m 21s
    5. The wonders of editing dynamic artwork
      7m 13s
    6. Applying effects inside effects
      5m 11s
    7. Assigning an effect to an entire layer
      5m 42s
    8. Building a complex bevel effect
      5m 44s
    9. Placing artwork as a Photoshop Smart Object
      4m 55s
    10. Editing that Smart Object in Illustrator
      4m 21s
    11. Rotating continuously overlapping objects
      5m 34s
    12. Adjusting a dynamic transformation origin
      6m 22s
    13. Vector vs. raster effects
      5m 46s
    14. Introducing the Scribble effect
      5m 23s
    15. Copying effects between layers
      4m 20s
    16. Introducing Graphic Styles
      6m 50s
    17. Controlling the Filter Gallery preview
      2m 28s
    18. Document Raster Effects Settings
      4m 31s
    19. Combining and saving styles
      4m 32s
  3. 1h 25m
    1. Airbrushing with points and handles
      1m 45s
    2. Introducing the gradient mesh
      6m 10s
    3. Working with the Mesh tool
      6m 12s
    4. Lifting colors from a tracing template
      5m 47s
    5. Finessing the colors of mesh points
      4m 17s
    6. Creating a mesh with the Mesh tool
      7m 19s
    7. Adding a gradient mesh to a circle
      4m 37s
    8. Adding a gradient mesh to a slender shape
      8m 7s
    9. Creating soft and sharp transitions
      6m 56s
    10. Converting a linear gradient to a mesh
      7m 29s
    11. Editing a linear gradient mesh
      5m 6s
    12. Converting a radial gradient to a mesh
      8m 19s
    13. Editing a radial gradient mesh
      8m 15s
    14. Creating credible cast shadows
      5m 32s
  4. 1h 15m
    1. The best of static and dynamic adjustments
      58s
    2. Adding wings to a horse in Photoshop
      6m 52s
    3. Introducing the Warp tool
      6m 29s
    4. Brush size, Detail, and Simplify
      8m 24s
    5. The Twirl, Pucker, and Bloat tools
      6m 13s
    6. The Scallop, Crystallize, and Wrinkle tools
      5m 55s
    7. Creating a mind-blowing custom starburst
      4m 29s
    8. Introducing Envelope Distort
      5m 21s
    9. Editing the contents of an envelope
      5m 20s
    10. Warping an envelope mesh
      5m 20s
    11. Liquifying the contents of an envelope
      7m 7s
    12. Creating and editing an envelope mesh
      7m 59s
    13. Blending an envelope into a background
      4m 35s
  5. 2h 1m
    1. Outlines along a path
      1m 13s
    2. Weaving a pattern throughout an illustration
      6m 24s
    3. Introducing the Brushes panel
      4m 21s
    4. Applying and editing a calligraphic brush
      8m 28s
    5. Applying and scaling art brushes
      6m 6s
    6. Applying and editing a scatter brush
      5m 29s
    7. Formatting and scaling brushed text
      5m 40s
    8. Editing the path outlines of an art brush
      6m 2s
    9. Replacing an existing art brush
      6m 46s
    10. Creating and refining an art brush
      8m 3s
    11. Tiling pattern vs. pattern brushes
      5m 12s
    12. Creating a pattern brush
      8m 20s
    13. Designing the perfect side pattern
      7m 1s
    14. Start, end, and corner tiles
      8m 58s
    15. Expanding and filling brush outlines
      6m 49s
    16. Text brushes vs. type on a path
      6m 55s
    17. Combining a text brush with the Width tool
      8m 43s
    18. Introducing the bristle brushes
      5m 43s
    19. Adjusting the hairs in a bristle brush
      5m 24s
  6. 1h 32m
    1. Charts can be beautiful
      1m 17s
    2. Adding a gradient mesh to a complex path
      8m 9s
    3. Importing and graphing data
      5m 22s
    4. Switching between the kinds of graphs
      6m 8s
    5. Changing the Graph Type settings
      8m 7s
    6. Correcting and editing data
      6m 51s
    7. Selecting and coloring graph elements
      6m 29s
    8. Making nuanced changes to a graph
      8m 6s
    9. The pitfalls of manual adjustments
      8m 45s
    10. Creating and applying graph designs
      6m 28s
    11. Making a basic pictograph
      6m 47s
    12. Assembling sliding graph designs
      8m 33s
    13. Making last-minute tweaks and edits
      5m 37s
    14. Composing and customizing a graph
      5m 44s
  7. 2h 6m
    1. Perspective is all about real life
      1m 44s
    2. Assembling an isometric projection
      8m 5s
    3. Introducing Illustrator's Perspective Grid
      6m 8s
    4. Drawing a basic perspective cube
      8m 1s
    5. One-point, two-point, and three-point perspective
      8m 25s
    6. Creating automatically scaling box labels
      4m 41s
    7. Setting up a Perspective Grid
      6m 45s
    8. Perspective Grid tips and tricks
      6m 39s
    9. Drawing and editing a perspective shape
      5m 20s
    10. Shifting between planes on the fly
      5m 24s
    11. Creating a freeform shape in perspective
      7m 8s
    12. Working with perspective symbols
      8m 57s
    13. Matching perspective with the Shear tool
      2m 50s
    14. Rendering an off-plane path in perspective
      5m 7s
    15. Replicating symbols in perspective
      8m 12s
    16. Mass-modifying perspective instances
      2m 56s
    17. Adding and editing perspective text
      5m 37s
    18. Duplicating perpendicular shapes
      7m 17s
    19. Adjusting multiple shapes on a single plane
      4m 48s
    20. Creating a perspective column
      9m 23s
    21. Duplicating a series of perspective paths
      3m 20s
  8. 1h 25m
    1. Just another dynamic effect
      1m 10s
    2. Introducing the 3D Revolve effect
      5m 1s
    3. The 3D Revolve settings
      7m 24s
    4. Fixing 3D rendering problems
      6m 32s
    5. Establishing symbols for 3D art
      6m 50s
    6. Mapping symbols onto 3D surfaces
      6m 14s
    7. Adjusting shading and light
      6m 25s
    8. Toning down 3D art in Photoshop
      5m 43s
    9. Adding a photographic texture
      7m 36s
    10. Converting from Illustrator paths to Photoshop masks
      4m 50s
    11. Making 3D droplets in Photoshop
      5m 58s
    12. Unifying textures with Smart Filters
      5m 48s
    13. Creating 3D type with Extrude & Bevel
      6m 44s
    14. Coloring and correcting extruded edges
      9m 15s
  9. 1h 3m
    1. Take action today, save effort tomorrow
      33s
    2. Introducing the Actions panel
      4m 16s
    3. Initiating a new action
      5m 33s
    4. Recording a practical action
      4m 56s
    5. Four ways to play an action
      4m 27s
    6. Streamlining by disabling dialog boxes
      5m 48s
    7. Editing an action set in a text editor
      7m 20s
    8. Inserting an unresponsive menu item
      6m 16s
    9. Match-processing a folder of files
      5m 42s
    10. Recording a transformation sequence
      6m 11s
    11. Editing and troubleshooting an action
      5m 6s
    12. Recording actions within actions
      7m 21s
  10. 1m 36s
    1. See Ya
      1m 36s

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Illustrator CS5 One-on-One: Mastery
13h 5m Advanced Jan 28, 2011

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Illustrator CS5 One-on-One: Mastery, the third and final part of the comprehensive Illustrator One-on-One series, author and industry expert Deke McClelland shows how to take advantage of the wide array of dynamic effects in Illustrator CS5. Deke explores Illustrator’s powerful Gradient Mesh feature, great for creating photorealistic airbrushing effects. He also covers graphic styles, the liquify tools, envelope-style distortions, the new Bristle Brushes, 3D text, and perspective drawing. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Working with dynamic effects
  • Placing artwork as a Photoshop Smart Object
  • Creating and editing a Gradient Mesh
  • Distorting artwork with an Envelope Mesh
  • Using the Calligraphic, Art, and Scatter Brushes
  • Creating an intricate Pattern Brush
  • Importing and graphing data
  • Creating a complex pictograph
  • Drawing and editing a perspective shape
  • Working with the new Perspective Grid tool
  • Using the 3D Revolve effect
  • Creating 3D type with Extrude & Bevel
  • Recording and playing automated actions
Subject:
Design
Software:
Illustrator
Author:
Deke McClelland

Switching between the kinds of graphs

Over the course of the next few exercises, I'll show you the many ways that you can edit graphs inside of Illustrator. In this exercise, I'll show you how to switch between the various kinds of graphs that Illustrator has to offer. I've saved my progress as Baby's first column graph.ai. It's found inside the 27_graphs folder. I am going to go ahead and click anywhere in the graph with the Black Arrow tool to select the entire thing, because it's a kind of grouped object--it's another one of these specialty objects inside of Illustrator. Now, to switch between different graph types, what you do is you can go up to the Object menu if you want to make life unpleasant for yourself, and you go all the way down here to Graph, and then you go back up here to Type.

So that's one way to work. The easier way to get to that Type command, however, is, when the graph is selected, right-click any old place inside the illustration window and then go ahead and choose Type. And the Type command brings up the Graph Type dialog box, which is where you make all of your parametric adjustments. By that I mean you can switch between the various graph types, and you also have control over the placement of the legend, the size of the columns, and so forth; you'll see. Right now we're just going to focus on the graph types that are available to us. I'm not going to show you every single variety; I'll just show you a few of the most common ones.

Now, notice right here we have Stacked Columns. So removing from Column to Stacked Column. If you click on Stacked Column, it would be really super-great if you had this thing called a Preview check box and you could see what in the world you are doing back here inside the illustration window. But this is a very old, sometimes rickety feature inside of Illustrator, and one of the things that we're lacking is a preview. So here is how you preview your changes. You click on the OK button in order to see what in the world happened. And then if you don't like it, you right- click in the Graph and choose Type again.

All right, so with the stacked graph, we're seeing the various columns stacked on top of each other, so we're seeing cumulative data, which can be interesting. It might be what you're looking for. It's not what I'm looking for at all. In fact, the column graph was just fine, but we're just racing through a few of the alternatives. I am going to go ahead and right-click again, choose the Type command, and this time let's check out a bar graph. Now, what we were seeing a moment ago, that column graph, the vertical bars, that's what many of us think as being a bar graph, those of us who are not graphing experts. But in the presentation business, that's a column graph when we're seeing vertical bars, and a bar graph is horizontal bars.

So if you click on Bar, you're going to switch to Horizontal bars. Click OK in order to see what that looks like. Obviously that's not what we're interested in, but that does go ahead and entirely flip the graph. So we're seeing the percentage values down here along the bottom axis, and we're seeing the years over here on the left-hand axis. Go ahead and right-click again and choose Type once again. Now let's try out a pie chart, just for laughs here. Go ahead and click on Pie. And this time if you click OK, you're actually going to see three separate pies, one for each year.

They're actually growing in size over the course of the years, because the data is getting bigger and bigger. It's just that the data is not getting that much bigger over time. So the final pie graph for 2032 doesn't look that much bigger than the first one, but in fact it is. Now, I am going to right- click once again and choose Type. This is one of the sort of confusing items about how graphs work in Illustrator. You've got a stacked column graph; we saw that a moment ago. You have a stacked bar graph, so you can stack the bars horizontally if you like. What if you wanted a stacked pie graph? That is to say you want one graph with the various values stacked around each other.

Then you switch down here. Instead of switching to a different variety of graph, you go down here to the bottom of the dialog box and you change the Position value, of all things, from Ratio-- Even, by the way, would give you evenly sized pie graphs, so every single graph is exactly the same size-- you go ahead and switch, however, to stacked and then click OK in order to see the modification, and that's what it's going to look like. Now, I am not sure I find this to be all that useful, because what is 2012, what is 2022, what is 2032? Of course they go to the first, second, and third rings, but the placement of these labels doesn't really make any sense.

Anyway, I am going to right- click once again, choose Type. Probably the most useful way to represent this data--beyond the column graph, that is--is as a line graph. So I am going to go ahead and click on Line, and then click OK, so you can see what that line graph looks like. Illustrator has even gone ahead and automatically scaled the graph, so it no longer starts at a percentage point of 0; it starts at 80 and then goes up to 100. So we're zooming in on the data, which is quite nice. Now, notice that you have these various axis points that are connected by lines, and you know what, I'm going to press Ctrl+H, or Command+H, on the Mac to hide the selection edges, so we can just focus in on our artwork.

And notice again, we've got the square axis points. They are connected by segments, these line segments. I'll go ahead and right-click again and choose Type. And you'll find yourself doing this an awful lot, if you haven't gotten that sense already. Let's say that I want to go ahead and draw in filled lines. What that means is you're going to thicken up those lines, and by default, they'll be 3 points thick, which means they'll be roughly as thick as the data points themselves. You can also create edge-to-edge lines, so that Illustrator extrapolates the data all the way to the far left- and right-hand sides of the graph.

Then go ahead and click OK to see what that looks like, and you end up getting this effect right here. Now, after all this work, I still want a column graph. So you might figure, well, the thing to do is to go up to the File menu and choose the Revert command in order to get back to where we were a moment ago. In fact, all you have to do--the graph is still selected, by the way--is right-click once again inside the illustration window, choose Type, and just go ahead and switch back to the column graph, and we'll get the default settings that we had just a moment ago. Click OK and we're back to those vertical bars.

So you really have a lot of flexibility there, which is the good news. You can switch back and forth between these varieties of graph as much as you like. The only thing to bear in mind is you have no preview, so you're going to be choosing that Type command an awful lot. So remember, it's a right-click, then you choose the Type command. It brings up this dialog box. There is a bunch of other options that are available to us as well. We've got these various settings down here at the bottom of the dialog box. We also have two other full panels of settings to choose from, and I'll show you how those work in the next exercise.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Illustrator CS5 One-on-One: Mastery.


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Q: The instructions for installing the dekeKeys don't work on my computer (which is running Mac OS X Lion). Is there an update to these?
A: The dekeKeys distributed with this course will still work for Lion. You just need to add them to a slightly different folder than in previous versions of OS X.

Open a new Finder window and choose Go > Go to Folder. Type the following file path exactly as written below. Copying and pasting may result in an error.

~/Library/Preferences/Adobe Illustrator CS5 Settings/en_US

Move and/or copy/paste the dekeKeys to this folder and follow the rest of the instructions as outlined in the video, "Installing the dekeKeys keyboard shortcuts."
 
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