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Now there is one more OpenType option that we haven't seen so far that's not available inside the OpenType panel. Instead, you get to it from the Character panel and that's small caps and I'll show you how that works. And also introduce you to the Glyps panel, which is one of the most useful panels I think where text is concerned inside Illustrator. I've saved my progress as OpenType changes.ai, and I am going to click on this text up above here, because I want to convert it all to Small Caps. Small Caps as you probably know, means that the real capital letters remain big caps, and then all lowercase letters change to smaller capitals.
Now many OpenType fonts include entire small-cap alphabets. The reason they include these, because you might think, well, why would there be special characters for small caps, why not just make little capital letters? Because if you make the capital letter smaller, they also decline in weight, so the big capital letters look massive by comparison, they are actually heavier. And so are the lowercase characters. The lowercase characters would be heavier than reduced capital letters as well, unless they are especially small caps provided. To get to the small-caps you go the Character panel.
What's interesting is inside of Photoshop, inside of InDesign, inside many products there are keyboard shortcuts for All Caps and Small Caps. Well, these do not exist inside of Illustrator. You have to go to the Character panel, you have to bring up the flyout menu and you have to choose All Caps if that's what you want, or in our case Small Caps, and that's going to replace those lowercase letters with specially designed small capitals. Now I do have a problem, notice over here the one guy converted to some sort of Small Cap as well. So, I am going to have to select that one right there, the ordinal, with the Type tool and I am going to have to go ahead and turn off Small Caps for it.
Now, you might say, well, why did that one get changed and the one and the two and the fraction didn't? Well, because the one and the two and the fraction is protected, because it's a special character, whereas, the one is just your standard everyday average character that went ahead and gotten converted to some kind of crazy small cap. Anyway, how do I know that the small caps are even available? I was telling you some open type fonts have specially these small caps, others don't. How can I find which is which? Well, I'll go ahead and switch back to my Black Arrow tool, I'll hide the Character panel and I'll go to the Type menu and I'll choose Glyphs, and that brings up the giant enormous Glyps panel.
I've actually scaled it to make it larger. You just do that by dragging the sides of the panel or the bottom or what have you, you can scale to any size want. You can also zoom in on the characters by clicking on these little mountains as well or zoom out if you prefer. But what I can do, is I can specify the font that I am using, and that will come up by default if you've got some text selected in Adobe Caslon Pro for example. That will be the font that's selected down here at the bottom of the Glyphs panel. Although, you can change to some other font as well and this panel is very useful for looking up characters which is what glyphs are.
Characters inside of specialty fonts like Zapf Dingbats and Wingdings and that jazz. So choose whatever font you want from this list, choose whatever style you want as well. Then you can check out the characters just by scrolling up and down the list. Notice that I've got a ton of fractions, I've got 1/2, I've got all the 1/4, I've got all the 1/3, all the ? as well, and a bunch of mathematical symbols. You can click and hold on any character to see the alternates for that character. So there is the P, there's the p, there is a pointing finger. I don't know what in the world that has to do with the p but it is part of the font and also you can limit the amount of characters that you're seeing at any given time.
So right now I am showing the entire font, but I could look at just the Standard Ligatures, if I wanted to. So I'll go ahead and choose Standard Ligatures and there they are. All of these character combinations get replaced. I don't know how often I run into a lowercase ffj, fh or one of those character combinations, but they would get replaced. I can also choose something like Ornaments if I want to see all the ornaments inside of this font. So every single one of these guys is part of Adobe Caslon Pro. However in my case I am going to go ahead and switch to Small Capitals, and that way I can see that I have an entire small-cap alphabet, as well as some ligatures AE, OE, SS, FI and FL.
So this is a very helpful panel. All you have to do in order to insert one of these characters assuming you are in the text entry mode. You just double-click on one of them and that character is added to your text. All right, I'll go ahead and hide the Glyphs panel. In a next exercise, we are going to ahead and style this top text so it matches the rest of the illustration.
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