Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals
Illustration by Don Barnett

Series rotation (aka power duplication)


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Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals

with Deke McClelland

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Video: Series rotation (aka power duplication)

In this exercise I'm going to show you how to take an object, namely this guy right there, this group of objects, and duplicated over-and-over again in order to create a pattern of those objects throughout this illustration, and this is alternatively known as Series Rotation or if you prefer Power Duplication. Now the latter, Power Duplication, sounds far sexier, but Series Rotation is more accurate as we will see. I have gone ahead and saved my progress so far as Power duplication so as to keep it sexy, there inside the edit_transform folder.
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  1. 42m 8s
    1. Welcome to One-on-One
      1m 58s
    2. The Welcome screen
      3m 3s
    3. Creating a new document
      5m 6s
    4. Advanced document controls
      4m 43s
    5. Saving a custom New Document Profile
      8m 46s
    6. Changing the document setup
      4m 21s
    7. Special artboard controls
      4m 58s
    8. Accepting artboard changes
      2m 19s
    9. Saving a document
      4m 33s
    10. Closing a document
      2m 21s
  2. 1h 0m
    1. Adobe Bridge
      56s
    2. Opening an illustration
      4m 45s
    3. Modifying an illustration
      6m 27s
    4. Saving changes
      4m 58s
    5. Introducing Adobe Bridge
      8m 41s
    6. The all-important file type associations
      3m 20s
    7. Navigating inside Bridge
      4m 23s
    8. Previewing and collecting
      5m 55s
    9. Using workspaces
      6m 41s
    10. Customizing a workspace
      6m 14s
    11. Cool Bridge tricks
      8m 17s
  3. 1h 4m
    1. Preferences, color settings, and workspaces
      35s
    2. Keyboard increments
      5m 12s
    3. Scratch disks
      3m 48s
    4. Changing the user interface and setting Appearance of Black
      4m 14s
    5. Best workflow color settings
      9m 17s
    6. Synchronizing settings across CS4
      3m 2s
    7. Working inside tabbed windows
      7m 6s
    8. Organizing palettes
      5m 4s
    9. Saving a custom workspace
      4m 12s
    10. Zooming and panning
      4m 19s
    11. Using the Zoom tool
      3m 3s
    12. Navigating the artboards
      5m 5s
    13. Nudging the screen image
      3m 3s
    14. Scroll-wheel tricks
      2m 8s
    15. Cycling between screen modes
      4m 35s
  4. 1h 22m
    1. The Wedjat (or Eye of Horus)
      55s
    2. The line tools
      2m 57s
    3. Introducing layers
      5m 10s
    4. Creating ruler guides
      6m 18s
    5. Creating custom guides
      5m 16s
    6. Snap-to points
      5m 25s
    7. Organizing guides
      5m 44s
    8. Making a tracing template
      3m 42s
    9. Drawing a line segment
      4m 29s
    10. Drawing a continuous arc
      5m 28s
    11. Drawing a looping spiral
      6m 5s
    12. Cutting lines with the Scissors tool
      6m 20s
    13. Joining open paths
      7m 31s
    14. Aligning and joining points
      6m 34s
    15. Drawing concentric circles
      4m 41s
    16. Cleaning up overlapping segments
      5m 34s
  5. 1h 4m
    1. The anatomy of a shape
      1m 1s
    2. Meet the shape tools
      3m 5s
    3. The traceable Tonalpohualli
      2m 52s
    4. Drawing circles
      4m 38s
    5. Enhanced Smart Guides
      4m 1s
    6. Aligning to a key object
      4m 29s
    7. Creating polygons and stars
      5m 4s
    8. Using the Measure tool
      3m 47s
    9. The Select Similar and Arrange commands
      3m 56s
    10. Rectangles and rounded rectangles
      6m 8s
    11. The amazing constraint axes
      5m 26s
    12. Grouping and ungrouping
      3m 35s
    13. Flipping and duplicating
      4m 12s
    14. Combining simple shapes into complex ones
      5m 24s
    15. Cutting and connecting with Scissors and Join
      3m 31s
    16. Tilde-key goofiness
      2m 53s
  6. 1h 41m
    1. The ingredients of life
      54s
    2. Fill and Stroke settings
      4m 22s
    3. Transparency grid and paper color
      5m 47s
    4. The None attribute
      5m 4s
    5. Color libraries and sliders
      3m 39s
    6. Industry-standard colors
      4m 38s
    7. Using CMYK for commercial output
      6m 39s
    8. Using RGB for the web
      7m 23s
    9. Color palette tips and tricks
      7m 18s
    10. Creating and saving color swatches
      4m 35s
    11. Trapping gaps with rich blacks
      6m 46s
    12. Filling and stacking shapes
      5m 39s
    13. Dragging and dropping swatches
      5m 0s
    14. Paste in Front, Paste in Back
      4m 54s
    15. Filling shapes inside groups
      5m 28s
    16. Pasting between layers
      4m 41s
    17. Joins, caps, and dashes
      6m 50s
    18. Fixing strokes and isolating edits
      7m 12s
    19. Creating a pattern fill
      4m 57s
  7. 1h 50m
    1. The power of transformations
      1m 20s
    2. From primitive to polished art
      2m 42s
    3. Using the Blob brush
      5m 46s
    4. Resizing the brush and erasing
      4m 15s
    5. Selection limits and methods of merging
      6m 39s
    6. Cloning and auto-duplicating
      6m 45s
    7. Customizing keyboard shortcuts
      3m 7s
    8. Moving by the numbers
      5m 15s
    9. Using the Reshape tool
      7m 47s
    10. Modifying, aligning, and uniting paths
      7m 14s
    11. Using the Offset Path command
      4m 43s
    12. Styling and eyedropping
      5m 29s
    13. Making a black-and-white template
      2m 27s
    14. Scale and clone
      4m 57s
    15. Enlarge and stack
      5m 46s
    16. Positioning the origin point
      6m 59s
    17. Using the Rotate tool
      3m 55s
    18. Using the Reflect tool
      4m 15s
    19. Series rotation (aka power duplication)
      6m 48s
    20. Rotating by the numbers
      6m 12s
    21. Transforming the tile patterns
      7m 52s
  8. 2h 4m
    1. Next-generation text wrangling
      55s
    2. Placing a text document
      5m 38s
    3. Creating a new text block
      6m 1s
    4. Working with point text
      3m 57s
    5. Selecting the perfect typeface
      5m 44s
    6. Scaling and positioning type
      8m 57s
    7. Leading, tracking, and lots of shortcuts
      5m 54s
    8. Adjusting pair kerning
      6m 55s
    9. Eyedropping formatting attributes
      3m 54s
    10. Flowing text from one block to another
      8m 28s
    11. Creating and applying a paragraph style
      7m 39s
    12. Rendering the text in graphite
      5m 55s
    13. Creating a scribbly drop shadow
      5m 17s
    14. Advanced formatting and bullets
      7m 43s
    15. Setting Area Type options
      4m 57s
    16. Justification and the Every-line Composer
      5m 52s
    17. OpenType and ligatures
      7m 19s
    18. Fractions, numerals, and ordinals
      9m 7s
    19. Swashes and small caps
      5m 40s
    20. The amazing Glyphs palette
      8m 12s
  9. 1h 18m
    1. Points are boys, handles are girls
      1m 20s
    2. Placing an image as a tracing template
      6m 56s
    3. Drawing a straight-sided path
      6m 8s
    4. Moving, adding, and deleting points
      6m 50s
    5. Drawing spline curves with Round Corners
      9m 7s
    6. Smooth points and Bézier curves
      8m 29s
    7. Defining a cusp between two curves
      6m 59s
    8. Replicating and reshaping segments
      8m 31s
    9. Converting anchor points
      7m 55s
    10. Deleting stray anchor points
      5m 1s
    11. Separating and closing paths
      5m 43s
    12. Eyedropping template colors
      5m 55s
  10. 1h 40m
    1. Paths never rest
      1m 34s
    2. Exploring the Appearance palette
      9m 54s
    3. Snip and Spin
      8m 3s
    4. Adding a center point
      4m 12s
    5. Keeping shape intersections
      3m 42s
    6. Lifting fills and selecting through shapes
      5m 54s
    7. Saving and recalling selections
      6m 20s
    8. Rotating is a circular operation
      8m 32s
    9. Lassoing and scaling points
      5m 28s
    10. Using the Transform Each command
      4m 11s
    11. Using the Magic Wand tool
      8m 1s
    12. Eyedropping live effects
      9m 58s
    13. Merging strokes with a compound path
      6m 50s
    14. Selecting and scaling independent segments
      7m 59s
    15. Scalloped edges with Pucker & Bloat
      5m 16s
    16. Expand before you merge
      4m 17s
  11. 1h 26m
    1. The new pleasures of printing
      44s
    2. Outlines and artboards in CS4
      7m 35s
    3. Setting trim size and bleed
      7m 17s
    4. Creating custom dynamic crop marks
      3m 41s
    5. Working with the Separations Preview palette
      7m 42s
    6. Trapping an object with an overprint stroke
      8m 20s
    7. Placing multiple artboards into InDesign
      5m 17s
    8. Working with the Print Tiling tool
      4m 56s
    9. Setting the General Print options
      6m 9s
    10. Setting printer marks
      5m 16s
    11. PostScript-only output and graphics
      9m 10s
    12. The Color Management options
      6m 56s
    13. Adjusting the Flattener settings
      7m 32s
    14. Setting the Raster Effects resolution
      5m 33s
  12. 1h 32m
    1. Illustrator does pixels
      51s
    2. Illustrator, PDF, and Save As formats
      8m 15s
    3. Saving an illustration for the web
      6m 13s
    4. Saving a continuous-tone JPEG image
      10m 2s
    5. Saving a high-contrast GIF graphic
      6m 27s
    6. The versatile PNG format
      4m 45s
    7. Saving a scaleable Flash (SWF) graphic
      11m 0s
    8. Opening and placing an Illustrator file in Photoshop
      12m 44s
    9. Exporting a layered PSD from Illustrator
      12m 57s
    10. Exporting to Microsoft Office and PowerPoint
      7m 24s
    11. Sharing with InDesign, Flash, and Photoshop
      12m 12s
  13. 1m 4s
    1. Until next time
      1m 4s

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Watch the Online Video Course Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals
16h 48m Beginner Feb 06, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Adobe Illustrator has long been a popular vector–based drawing program, but for many the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals, author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland shows users how to get in to the Illustrator mindset and overcome this learning curve. He covers the application's key features in a new way, making it simple and easy to master Illustrator. Deke teaches viewers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text, and the Pen tool. He also explains how to export and print. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this training can help make sense of it. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Creating continuous arcs and looping spirals
  • Building with geometric shapes
  • Selecting, placing, and scaling type
  • Creating spine curves with round corners
  • Using the new Blob brush to quickly draw and merge paths
  • Working with flattener and raster effects
  • Saving illustrations for the web
Subject:
Design
Software:
Illustrator
Author:
Deke McClelland

Series rotation (aka power duplication)

In this exercise I'm going to show you how to take an object, namely this guy right there, this group of objects, and duplicated over-and-over again in order to create a pattern of those objects throughout this illustration, and this is alternatively known as Series Rotation or if you prefer Power Duplication. Now the latter, Power Duplication, sounds far sexier, but Series Rotation is more accurate as we will see. I have gone ahead and saved my progress so far as Power duplication so as to keep it sexy, there inside the edit_transform folder.

If you are still working along inside that Tonalpohualli document, why then stick with it. All right, then using the Black Arrow tool click inside of this group of objects here in order to select it. And we want to rotate a second version of this object into this location right there, and in order to see what I'm talking about, Ctrl-click or Command- click on the eyeball in front of the progress layer so that you switch that layer to the keyline mode and you can see through to the grayscale calendar layer there and there is that object as well as several other pairs of these objects around the perimeter of the calendar.

Next, I want you to go up to the Window menu and I want you to choose the Info command or you can press Ctrl+F8, Command+F8 on the Mac in order to bring up the Info palette, and the reason I'm having you bring up this palette is this is the palette that allows you to track a transformation as it's occurring inside Illustrator. So why don't we actually take these two palettes right there and drag them into this list, and this is my one-on-one workspace by the way. And I'm going even update my Workspace, I'm going to go up to the words One-on-One, choose Save Workspace, and then I'll call this One-on-One once again, and click OK, it will ask me, hey, do you want to overwrite the original? And I say yes, and that's how you update a workspace in Illustrator, interesting! All right, so I'm going to click on the eye so that my Info palette is up on screen. I'm going to switch over to the Rotate tool. I'm going to click to position the origin point, right now it's right there in the center of the group, I don't want that, I want to click at the intersection of the two guidelines in order to set the origin point there, and I'm not sure I've got it right. So I'm going to Ctrl+Shift+ Drag or Command+Shift+Drag around this location, and sure enough I don't have the transformation origin in the right location. I'm going to go up and make sure under the View menu that Snap to Point is turned on, and it is. All right, so I'll go ahead and escape out of there.

I need to change the position of this origin and it's not an easy thing to do because basically Illustrator is now setup ready to rotate. If I were to drag or click with this tool I would end up running the risk of rotating those objects that are far far away now. So I'll just click in order to say all right, forget about the rotation I want to go back to being able to change the transformation origin and now click again, I know that doesn't make a heck of a lot of sense, but that's the way it works. If you get this Arrow cursor right there that Arrow-head cursor and you don't want to take advantage of it, in other words you don't want to rotate, you want to reset that transformation origin instead, then click and you are back to transformation origin mode then click and you are back to rotate mode. I know, it's weird, but again it's from Illustrator 1.0. It's all right, so sometimes may be the 1.0 way of working isn't the best way, but it's pretty good.

All right, now I'm going to go ahead and drag in order to rotate this group of objects and keep your eye on the Info palette. We want to of course align the objects with those similar objects inside the Calendar template. However, I also want to make sure my rotate angle is about 15 degrees, so the closer you can get to 15 degrees the better. And notice, if you drag really close to the origin it's hard to do very subtle fine- tuned rotations. It's better if you are far away from the origin, so the farther you get away the smaller differences that larger movements make. In other words the more accuracy you can achieve, and you can even move the cursor outside of the illustration window in order to invoke an auto-scroll like I just did, and give yourself even more room for accuracy.

So anyway I'm just going to get as close as I can to 15 degrees, just for the sake of doing it, just for the sake of testing out how much accuracy you can achieve here inside of Illustrator, and I have gone pretty close a couple of times and then missed it actually, so I'll go farther away and see if I can get very close, there we are, at 15.02 degrees or really actually -15.0 degrees, same def, and then press-and-hold the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac and then release in order to create a clone. All right, now you can put the Info palette away, we are done with it. I just wanted you to see how that works for the sake of the exercise of course.

Now go ahead and press Ctrl+Shift or Command+Shift on the Mac and click on this original group right here in order to select it as well, so now we have both of these items selected. I also want you to Ctrl+Shift-click on each one of these squares right here, that's a Command+ Shift-click on each of the squares on the Mac, and of course we are pressing the Control or Command key in order to get that Black Arrow tool on the fly and we're pressing Shift in order to add objects to the selection. Now with these four objects selected, that is, two groups and then the two rectangles, two squares actually. I want you to go to the Object menu and choose Group or press Ctrl+G, Command +G on the Mac in order to group them together so that they stick with each other as we rotate these objects around the Calendar.

Now zoom out, like so, in order to take in more of the Calendar at a time. I'm also going to press Ctrl+Y or Command +Y on the Mac to switch back to the Preview Mode so that we can see what we are doing in living color here. And I'm going to click at the intersection of the guides to once again reset that origin point, and then I'm going to drag with Rotate tool and press the Shift key in order to rotate the objects exactly 45 degrees. I'm also going to press the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac in order to clone the object. So I have Shift+Alt+Down on the PC, Shift+ Option+Down on the Mac, release, and we create another set of these objects.

Now I want one, two, three, four, five, six more sets of these objects, so what do we do? Well, now that we have defined the angle of rotation and the fact that we are cloning these objects I want you to go up to the Objects menu, choose Transform, and choose Transform again, or press Ctrl+D, Command+D on the Mac and there is our next group. Then Ctrl+D or Command+D again, Ctrl+D, Ctrl+D, Ctrl+D, Ctrl+D. That would be Command+D, Command+D, Command+D, Command+D on the Mac in order to complete this series rotation. And you can see why people call it Power Duplication because it is indeed powerful and it does allow you to fill out a symmetrical piece of artwork in record time.

In the next exercise I'm going to show you how to rotate by the numbers.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals .


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Q: Adobe Bridge CS4 is not previewing files in the same way for me as it is in the tutorial. All I am seeing is a low-quality thumbnail of the image, not previews of each artboard.  Why is there a difference between the tutorial and what I am seeing?
A: There is a different view in the tutorial because the author used a beta version of Bridge during the recording. The final release of Bridge CS4 displays thumbnails as you describe.
 
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