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Selecting and scaling independent segments

From: Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials

Video: Selecting and scaling independent segments

Now it's time for what I think is safe to call the most thrilling and satisfying portion of this project, where we take these three circles on the Just circles layer, these three concentric circles here, and we utterly and completely transform them into this final intricate least pattern here. I happen to be working inside of the Selecting segments.ai document that I've included for you inside of the 08_select_enhance folder. And if you'd like to follow along with me, then I want you, for now, to turn off the Just circles and One shy layers.

Selecting and scaling independent segments

Now it's time for what I think is safe to call the most thrilling and satisfying portion of this project, where we take these three circles on the Just circles layer, these three concentric circles here, and we utterly and completely transform them into this final intricate least pattern here. I happen to be working inside of the Selecting segments.ai document that I've included for you inside of the 08_select_enhance folder. And if you'd like to follow along with me, then I want you, for now, to turn off the Just circles and One shy layers.

Turn on the Final lace layer, and let's go ahead and meatball that layer. I want to convert it into a tracing template so that we can keep an eye on it here. So go ahead and meatball that layer by clicking on it's circle and then go up to the Opacity value here in the Control palette and let's change the Opacity value to 25%. I'm going to leave the One shy layer turned off for now, so that we have no problem seeing through it because it won't even be there. Then I'm going to turn on the Just circles layer. I'm going to lock the Final lace layer so that I don't mess it up and I'm going to click on the Just circles layer to make it active. Now I'm going to grab the innermost of the three concentric circles, and I'm going to go up to the Edit menu, and I'm going to use the Copy command because I want to keep it around. I'm going to want to bring it back in just a moment. Next I'm going to go up to the Select menu and I'm going to choose Object and then I'm going to choose Direction Handles.

Now Direction Handles are one of Adobe's terms for what I call control handles, those Bezier control handles that control the curvature of a segment. And I suppose it's safe to say they control the direction of a segment as well. But this command does not select control handles because it can't. Instead what it does is it deselects the anchor points and selects the curved segments in between. Check it out. That's what it's done right here. So the anchor points are no longer selected and the segments are selected, and as if to prove that to you, I'm going to go ahead and grab my Scale Tool by clicking on the Scale Tool icon in the toolbox or pressing the S key, and then I'm going to move my cursor above and to the right of the shape, as you can see right about here.

And I'm going to drag outward while pressing the Shift key and notice what I'm doing. I'm curling the segment on itself in each of the four different directions there. So they're all curling around on themselves. When I get it to about this location so it matches the template, I'll release and we have something that resembles the Command key on the Macintosh keyboard. In fact, had they had Illustrator back in those days this might have been the approach that they took. They being the designers at Apple. Anyway so we've got a nice loop-the-loop shape going on.

Awesome. Look at those control handles, too. They're totally out of control. They're all over the map here. Now I'm going to press Control+F or Command+F on the Mac in order to paste the original version of that circle in front of the curly cue Command key variation. We're done with the innermost circle. Now let's get the next circle out by Control-clicking on it or Command-clicking on it in order to select it, then I'm going to go up to the Edit menu and copy it again, by choosing the Copy command. Now one of the things you may have noticed about curling the segments outward was that they curled 45-degrees away from their anchor point. So where the anchor points resided, the path did not move, they remained anchored in place. So the segments were allowed to move where there was no anchor point. So I want to now curl up and around like tracing this path right here, and in order to do that I need to rotate my circle. I need to displace, I need to move my anchor points. So I'm going to do that by grabbing my Rotate Tool. I'm just, in fact I'm going to double-click on my Rotate Tool here inside the toolbox.

I'm going to enter an Angle value of 45-degrees and I'm going to press the Tab key, and do you see what happened? The circle doesn't seem to have rotated of course, cause it's a circle, and rotation as we learned earlier is a circular operation. However I did move each one of the anchor points 45-degrees. Nicely done. Now I'll click the OK button. Then I'll go up to the Select menu, choose Object and choose Direction Handles in order to select the segments independently of the anchor points. And now I'll get my Scale Tool, and once again I'll start dragging about 45-degrees away from the center of the shape, and I'll drag from about here while I press the Shift key, drag up and out, away from the shape until I get this sort of loop-the-loop shape going right here. Then I'll release the mouse button in order to create the shape. Excellent. Now press Control+F again, in order to once again paste that shape in front. That would be of course Command+F on the Mac.

This time, I want to do a little more damage to my shape. Ha ha ha. So I'm going to go up to the Object menu. I'm going to choose Path and I'm going to choose Add Anchor Points. The reason being, I want to double the number of anchor points inside of the shape. The reason being that gives me twice as many segments to work with. So if you choose anchor points you just double the number of anchor points. Notice now we have eight anchor points that are tracing around the circle. Now let's go to the Select menu, choose Object, choose Direction Handles once again. What kind of surprise is that? None whatsoever.

And that selects all the segments in between the anchor points. I still have my Scale Tool active. That's a wonderful thing. I'm going to start dragging from right about here and this time I'm going to drag into the center of the shape while pressing the Shift key. Look at that right there, is that not cool? What a cool spirograph effect we have now, and once you get a match with your template, and notice you are dragging from upper right toward the center actually past the center of the shape, in order to get this effect right here. Then release the mouse button and you create this collection of completely out of control control handles.

Nicely done. Press Control+Shift+A or Command+Shift+A on the Mac in order to deselect things. We have just one more wacky path to create and that's this one right here with the scalloped edges. We are going to create that wacky path in the next and last exercise of this chapter.

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This video is part of

Image for Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials
Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials

114 video lessons · 36997 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
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  1. 59m 53s
    1. Welcome to Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials
      2m 0s
    2. The unwelcome Welcome screen
      6m 35s
    3. Browsing Illustrator artwork
      4m 53s
    4. Bridge workspaces and favorites
      6m 8s
    5. The anatomy of an illustration
      7m 2s
    6. Examining a layered illustration
      5m 38s
    7. Customizing an illustration
      5m 21s
    8. Creating a new document
      6m 12s
    9. Changing the document setup
      6m 51s
    10. Saving a document
      6m 14s
    11. Closing multiple files
      2m 59s
  2. 1h 3m
    1. Preferences, color settings, and workspaces
      55s
    2. Keyboard Increment and Object Selection
      5m 52s
    3. Scratch Disks and Appearance of Black
      6m 43s
    4. Establishing the best color settings
      5m 35s
    5. Synchronizing color settings in Bridge
      4m 3s
    6. The new CS3 interface
      3m 55s
    7. Organizing the palettes
      9m 4s
    8. Saving your workspace
      2m 33s
    9. Zooming and scrolling
      3m 39s
    10. Using the Zoom tool
      5m 27s
    11. The Navigator palette
      3m 37s
    12. Nudging the screen image
      2m 50s
    13. Scroll wheel tricks
      3m 11s
    14. Cycling between screen modes
      5m 56s
  3. 1h 4m
    1. Why learn Illustrator from a Photoshop guy?
      1m 32s
    2. Introducing layers
      4m 37s
    3. Creating ruler guides
      6m 34s
    4. Creating a custom guide
      3m 28s
    5. Organizing your guides
      5m 50s
    6. Making a tracing template
      3m 34s
    7. Drawing a line segment
      4m 10s
    8. Drawing a continuous arc
      4m 17s
    9. Drawing a looping spiral
      5m 17s
    10. Cutting lines with the Scissors tool
      6m 45s
    11. Aligning and joining points
      7m 58s
    12. Drawing concentric circles
      3m 45s
    13. Cleaning up overlapping segments
      6m 21s
  4. 1h 9m
    1. The anatomy of a shape
      1m 1s
    2. Meet the Tonalpohualli
      4m 8s
    3. Meet the geometric shape tools
      3m 47s
    4. Drawing circles
      6m 36s
    5. Snapping and aligning shapes
      7m 0s
    6. Polygons and stars
      7m 0s
    7. Rectangles and rounded rectangles
      6m 16s
    8. The amazing constraint axes
      6m 30s
    9. Grouping a flipping
      7m 37s
    10. Combining simple shapes into complex ones
      6m 36s
    11. Drawing with Scissors and Join
      6m 3s
    12. Cutting and connecting in Illustrator CS3
      3m 49s
    13. Tilde key goofiness
      2m 55s
  5. 1h 22m
    1. Three simple ingredients, one complex result
      33s
    2. Introducing Fill and Stroke
      3m 42s
    3. Accessing color libraries and sliders
      7m 8s
    4. Using the CMYK sliders for print output
      5m 6s
    5. Using the RGB sliders for screen output
      4m 39s
    6. Color palette tips and tricks
      4m 46s
    7. Creating and saving color swatches
      4m 14s
    8. Trapping gaps with rich blacks
      7m 58s
    9. Filling and stacking shapes
      5m 17s
    10. Dragging and dropping swatches
      6m 16s
    11. Paste in Back, Paste in Front
      5m 43s
    12. Filling shapes inside groups
      5m 16s
    13. Pasting between layers
      3m 34s
    14. Joins, caps, and dashes
      5m 50s
    15. Fixing strokes and isolating your edits
      7m 35s
    16. Creating a pattern fill
      4m 38s
  6. 1h 22m
    1. The power of transformations
      1m 25s
    2. From primitives to polished art
      4m 4s
    3. Clone and Duplicate
      6m 15s
    4. Moving by the numbers
      4m 16s
    5. Using the Reshape tool
      6m 30s
    6. Modifying, aligning, and uniting paths
      7m 0s
    7. Using the Offset Path command
      4m 25s
    8. Styling and eyedropping
      4m 11s
    9. The wonders of the translucent group
      5m 37s
    10. Making a black-and-white template
      3m 48s
    11. Scaling and cloning shapes
      4m 26s
    12. Enlarging and stacking shapes
      5m 6s
    13. Positioning the origin point
      6m 50s
    14. Using the Rotate and Reflect tools
      5m 16s
    15. Series rotation (aka power duplication)
      4m 3s
    16. Rotating by the numbers
      5m 15s
    17. Rotating repeating pattern fills
      4m 32s
  7. 1h 4m
    1. Points are boys, control handles are girls
      2m 16s
    2. Tracing a scanned image or photograph
      4m 34s
    3. Placing an image as a template
      5m 32s
    4. Drawing a straight-sided path
      5m 36s
    5. Moving, adding, and deleting points
      5m 51s
    6. Drawing spline curves with Round Corners
      7m 56s
    7. Smooth points and Bézier curves
      8m 12s
    8. Defining a cusp between two curves
      4m 37s
    9. Adjusting handles and converting points
      7m 4s
    10. Cutting, separating, and closing paths
      7m 31s
    11. Eyedropping template colors
      5m 11s
  8. 1h 28m
    1. Paths never rest
      1m 42s
    2. Meet Uzz, Cloying Corporate Mascot
      2m 22s
    3. Exploring the Appearance palette
      5m 37s
    4. Snip and Spin
      7m 28s
    5. Adding a center point
      3m 57s
    6. Keeping shape intersections
      3m 8s
    7. Lifting fills and selecting through shapes
      4m 14s
    8. Saving and recalling selections
      5m 18s
    9. Rotating is a circular operation
      7m 35s
    10. Lassoing and scaling points
      6m 8s
    11. Using the Transform Each command
      5m 9s
    12. Using the Magic Wand tool
      6m 46s
    13. Converting paths and text to rich black
      2m 27s
    14. The overwrought lace pattern
      3m 21s
    15. Eyedropping Live Effects
      5m 39s
    16. Merging strokes with a compound path
      6m 32s
    17. Selecting and scaling independent segments
      6m 30s
    18. Pucker & Bloat
      4m 49s
  9. 1m 59s
    1. See ya for now
      1m 59s

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