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All right in this exercise we're going to be scaling and cloning inside of Illustrator. And I'm working inside of a document called Ready to work. ai for those of you who are just joining us. If you're still working inside the previous exercise file stick with it by all means, and I've already gone ahead and converted the calendar layer to a grayscale tracing template and we're working on the progress layer right here. And what I want you to do at this point, what we're going to be doing specifically by the way, is we're going to be adding more circles to this calendar, and I know you're sitting there thinking, Oh good thing Deke, because the one thing this illustration doesn't have is enough circles. It can really use some more circles. And I agree and just in case you think I'm serious. I don't really think you're thinking it doesn't enough circles. It's got tons of circles, but it does need more for aesthetic reasons. I beg you to indulge me, we need more circles. So here's what we're going to do. Go ahead and click on this circle, this one right here, and I'm not seeing my selection edges because they're hidden, so I'll press Control+H or Command+H on the Mac in order to see those selection edges in blue as it turns out, and now I'm going to zoom in on my god a little bit here. This is one happy god, you must've done something right. Now let's go grab the Scale Tool, which is available right here. You can get to it by pressing the S key.
If you're not seeing the Scale Tool at this location, if for example you're seeing the Reshape Tool, cause you were working along with me in Chapter 5, why then go to the flyout menu and choose the Scale Tool. Now here's how the Scale tool works. You scale something down, you reduce its size, by dragging toward the center of the shape. You expand its size by dragging away from the center of the shape. And if you're coming from a different program that may sound really foreign but it's actually really intuitive. It really works very nicely once you come to terms with it.
So what I'm going to do is I'm going to start down here, see where my cursor is right there, down in the lower right quadrant of the illustration. You can see this cross cursor that I'm wiggling a little bit back-and-forth here. I want you to begin dragging from this location. It's important that you start your drag from a diagonal location, that gives you the most control. So you want to be arranged diagonally from the center of the shape. So you could be down here, you could be in the upper right corner, you could be over here in the upper left corner, any of the corners is fine. All right, but I'm starting lower right, for what it's worth.
Then I'm going to drag inward and notice that the circle gets smaller as I drag inward and it gets larger as I drag outward. As I'm drawing if I want to constrain the proportions of my scaling, then I would press and hold the Shift key. if I want to create a clone as I'm scaling, then I'd go ahead and add Alt. So I'm now pressing both Shift and Alt. On the Macintosh side you would press Shift and Option and you'll see that double arrow cursor going on, on screen that shows you that you're going to create a clone.
As soon as your circle looks about as big as mine does, look at my blue outline right there, then go ahead and release. So we want a slightly smaller circle that remains a circle. So you have to have that Shift key down, and of course it's cloned. We have a clone of the circle because we pressed the Alt or Option key. Now let's go ahead and assign some fill and stroke attributes here. My fill is currently active, I can see that down at the bottom of the toolbox. Go ahead and make your fill active as well. And let's replace the fill here in the Swatches palette. Make sure that your Swatches palette is open because I've given you a bunch of swatches to work with here.
Go to your Swatches palette and I want you to click on this guy right there: Imported beetle, because after all the Aztecs didn't have beetles this color. They had to import them from the Inca culture. I'm going to go ahead and apply this Imported beetle color. Then I'm going to switch to the stroke by pressing the X key and I'm going to replace the stroke color with this guy right there: Stone violet. And finally I'm going to reduce the stroke weight to 1 point. These are all aesthetic decisions of course, but I've, you know, I've taken a little bit of time to create this really cool looking Vegas Aztec calendar, so I want to keep that looking its absolute best. So that's the basics of how you scale and clone an object inside if Illustrator.
We're going to take a look at a slightly more complex example in the next exercise.
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