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Rotating is a circular operation


Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals

with Deke McClelland

Video: Rotating is a circular operation

All right in this exercise, I want to show you how we assemble the eyelashes. You may recall that Zorble has eyelashes, the final version in the Articulates layer right there. He has got these eyelashes around his head and that's because that's the way the Anasazi made him. They wanted those eyelashes in the first place. That petroglyph that we were working from. I will go ahead and turn off Articulates here. Even though Zorble is I guess kind of a dangerous guy, sort of evil, since he wants to absorb us. He still is fairly dapper and he is pretty. So how are we going to create the eyelashes? Well, I'm going to go ahead and turn on this Circle eye layer right here and turn off Primitives. And I can leave Other stuff on for now.
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  1. 42m 8s
    1. Welcome to One-on-One
      1m 58s
    2. The Welcome screen
      3m 3s
    3. Creating a new document
      5m 6s
    4. Advanced document controls
      4m 43s
    5. Saving a custom New Document Profile
      8m 46s
    6. Changing the document setup
      4m 21s
    7. Special artboard controls
      4m 58s
    8. Accepting artboard changes
      2m 19s
    9. Saving a document
      4m 33s
    10. Closing a document
      2m 21s
  2. 1h 0m
    1. Adobe Bridge
    2. Opening an illustration
      4m 45s
    3. Modifying an illustration
      6m 27s
    4. Saving changes
      4m 58s
    5. Introducing Adobe Bridge
      8m 41s
    6. The all-important file type associations
      3m 20s
    7. Navigating inside Bridge
      4m 23s
    8. Previewing and collecting
      5m 55s
    9. Using workspaces
      6m 41s
    10. Customizing a workspace
      6m 14s
    11. Cool Bridge tricks
      8m 17s
  3. 1h 4m
    1. Preferences, color settings, and workspaces
    2. Keyboard increments
      5m 12s
    3. Scratch disks
      3m 48s
    4. Changing the user interface and setting Appearance of Black
      4m 14s
    5. Best workflow color settings
      9m 17s
    6. Synchronizing settings across CS4
      3m 2s
    7. Working inside tabbed windows
      7m 6s
    8. Organizing palettes
      5m 4s
    9. Saving a custom workspace
      4m 12s
    10. Zooming and panning
      4m 19s
    11. Using the Zoom tool
      3m 3s
    12. Navigating the artboards
      5m 5s
    13. Nudging the screen image
      3m 3s
    14. Scroll-wheel tricks
      2m 8s
    15. Cycling between screen modes
      4m 35s
  4. 1h 22m
    1. The Wedjat (or Eye of Horus)
    2. The line tools
      2m 57s
    3. Introducing layers
      5m 10s
    4. Creating ruler guides
      6m 18s
    5. Creating custom guides
      5m 16s
    6. Snap-to points
      5m 25s
    7. Organizing guides
      5m 44s
    8. Making a tracing template
      3m 42s
    9. Drawing a line segment
      4m 29s
    10. Drawing a continuous arc
      5m 28s
    11. Drawing a looping spiral
      6m 5s
    12. Cutting lines with the Scissors tool
      6m 20s
    13. Joining open paths
      7m 31s
    14. Aligning and joining points
      6m 34s
    15. Drawing concentric circles
      4m 41s
    16. Cleaning up overlapping segments
      5m 34s
  5. 1h 4m
    1. The anatomy of a shape
      1m 1s
    2. Meet the shape tools
      3m 5s
    3. The traceable Tonalpohualli
      2m 52s
    4. Drawing circles
      4m 38s
    5. Enhanced Smart Guides
      4m 1s
    6. Aligning to a key object
      4m 29s
    7. Creating polygons and stars
      5m 4s
    8. Using the Measure tool
      3m 47s
    9. The Select Similar and Arrange commands
      3m 56s
    10. Rectangles and rounded rectangles
      6m 8s
    11. The amazing constraint axes
      5m 26s
    12. Grouping and ungrouping
      3m 35s
    13. Flipping and duplicating
      4m 12s
    14. Combining simple shapes into complex ones
      5m 24s
    15. Cutting and connecting with Scissors and Join
      3m 31s
    16. Tilde-key goofiness
      2m 53s
  6. 1h 41m
    1. The ingredients of life
    2. Fill and Stroke settings
      4m 22s
    3. Transparency grid and paper color
      5m 47s
    4. The None attribute
      5m 4s
    5. Color libraries and sliders
      3m 39s
    6. Industry-standard colors
      4m 38s
    7. Using CMYK for commercial output
      6m 39s
    8. Using RGB for the web
      7m 23s
    9. Color palette tips and tricks
      7m 18s
    10. Creating and saving color swatches
      4m 35s
    11. Trapping gaps with rich blacks
      6m 46s
    12. Filling and stacking shapes
      5m 39s
    13. Dragging and dropping swatches
      5m 0s
    14. Paste in Front, Paste in Back
      4m 54s
    15. Filling shapes inside groups
      5m 28s
    16. Pasting between layers
      4m 41s
    17. Joins, caps, and dashes
      6m 50s
    18. Fixing strokes and isolating edits
      7m 12s
    19. Creating a pattern fill
      4m 57s
  7. 1h 50m
    1. The power of transformations
      1m 20s
    2. From primitive to polished art
      2m 42s
    3. Using the Blob brush
      5m 46s
    4. Resizing the brush and erasing
      4m 15s
    5. Selection limits and methods of merging
      6m 39s
    6. Cloning and auto-duplicating
      6m 45s
    7. Customizing keyboard shortcuts
      3m 7s
    8. Moving by the numbers
      5m 15s
    9. Using the Reshape tool
      7m 47s
    10. Modifying, aligning, and uniting paths
      7m 14s
    11. Using the Offset Path command
      4m 43s
    12. Styling and eyedropping
      5m 29s
    13. Making a black-and-white template
      2m 27s
    14. Scale and clone
      4m 57s
    15. Enlarge and stack
      5m 46s
    16. Positioning the origin point
      6m 59s
    17. Using the Rotate tool
      3m 55s
    18. Using the Reflect tool
      4m 15s
    19. Series rotation (aka power duplication)
      6m 48s
    20. Rotating by the numbers
      6m 12s
    21. Transforming the tile patterns
      7m 52s
  8. 2h 4m
    1. Next-generation text wrangling
    2. Placing a text document
      5m 38s
    3. Creating a new text block
      6m 1s
    4. Working with point text
      3m 57s
    5. Selecting the perfect typeface
      5m 44s
    6. Scaling and positioning type
      8m 57s
    7. Leading, tracking, and lots of shortcuts
      5m 54s
    8. Adjusting pair kerning
      6m 55s
    9. Eyedropping formatting attributes
      3m 54s
    10. Flowing text from one block to another
      8m 28s
    11. Creating and applying a paragraph style
      7m 39s
    12. Rendering the text in graphite
      5m 55s
    13. Creating a scribbly drop shadow
      5m 17s
    14. Advanced formatting and bullets
      7m 43s
    15. Setting Area Type options
      4m 57s
    16. Justification and the Every-line Composer
      5m 52s
    17. OpenType and ligatures
      7m 19s
    18. Fractions, numerals, and ordinals
      9m 7s
    19. Swashes and small caps
      5m 40s
    20. The amazing Glyphs palette
      8m 12s
  9. 1h 18m
    1. Points are boys, handles are girls
      1m 20s
    2. Placing an image as a tracing template
      6m 56s
    3. Drawing a straight-sided path
      6m 8s
    4. Moving, adding, and deleting points
      6m 50s
    5. Drawing spline curves with Round Corners
      9m 7s
    6. Smooth points and Bézier curves
      8m 29s
    7. Defining a cusp between two curves
      6m 59s
    8. Replicating and reshaping segments
      8m 31s
    9. Converting anchor points
      7m 55s
    10. Deleting stray anchor points
      5m 1s
    11. Separating and closing paths
      5m 43s
    12. Eyedropping template colors
      5m 55s
  10. 1h 40m
    1. Paths never rest
      1m 34s
    2. Exploring the Appearance palette
      9m 54s
    3. Snip and Spin
      8m 3s
    4. Adding a center point
      4m 12s
    5. Keeping shape intersections
      3m 42s
    6. Lifting fills and selecting through shapes
      5m 54s
    7. Saving and recalling selections
      6m 20s
    8. Rotating is a circular operation
      8m 32s
    9. Lassoing and scaling points
      5m 28s
    10. Using the Transform Each command
      4m 11s
    11. Using the Magic Wand tool
      8m 1s
    12. Eyedropping live effects
      9m 58s
    13. Merging strokes with a compound path
      6m 50s
    14. Selecting and scaling independent segments
      7m 59s
    15. Scalloped edges with Pucker & Bloat
      5m 16s
    16. Expand before you merge
      4m 17s
  11. 1h 26m
    1. The new pleasures of printing
    2. Outlines and artboards in CS4
      7m 35s
    3. Setting trim size and bleed
      7m 17s
    4. Creating custom dynamic crop marks
      3m 41s
    5. Working with the Separations Preview palette
      7m 42s
    6. Trapping an object with an overprint stroke
      8m 20s
    7. Placing multiple artboards into InDesign
      5m 17s
    8. Working with the Print Tiling tool
      4m 56s
    9. Setting the General Print options
      6m 9s
    10. Setting printer marks
      5m 16s
    11. PostScript-only output and graphics
      9m 10s
    12. The Color Management options
      6m 56s
    13. Adjusting the Flattener settings
      7m 32s
    14. Setting the Raster Effects resolution
      5m 33s
  12. 1h 32m
    1. Illustrator does pixels
    2. Illustrator, PDF, and Save As formats
      8m 15s
    3. Saving an illustration for the web
      6m 13s
    4. Saving a continuous-tone JPEG image
      10m 2s
    5. Saving a high-contrast GIF graphic
      6m 27s
    6. The versatile PNG format
      4m 45s
    7. Saving a scaleable Flash (SWF) graphic
      11m 0s
    8. Opening and placing an Illustrator file in Photoshop
      12m 44s
    9. Exporting a layered PSD from Illustrator
      12m 57s
    10. Exporting to Microsoft Office and PowerPoint
      7m 24s
    11. Sharing with InDesign, Flash, and Photoshop
      12m 12s
  13. 1m 4s
    1. Until next time
      1m 4s

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Watch the Online Video Course Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals
16h 48m Beginner Feb 06, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Adobe Illustrator has long been a popular vector–based drawing program, but for many the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals, author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland shows users how to get in to the Illustrator mindset and overcome this learning curve. He covers the application's key features in a new way, making it simple and easy to master Illustrator. Deke teaches viewers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text, and the Pen tool. He also explains how to export and print. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this training can help make sense of it. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Creating continuous arcs and looping spirals
  • Building with geometric shapes
  • Selecting, placing, and scaling type
  • Creating spine curves with round corners
  • Using the new Blob brush to quickly draw and merge paths
  • Working with flattener and raster effects
  • Saving illustrations for the web
Deke McClelland

Rotating is a circular operation

All right in this exercise, I want to show you how we assemble the eyelashes. You may recall that Zorble has eyelashes, the final version in the Articulates layer right there. He has got these eyelashes around his head and that's because that's the way the Anasazi made him. They wanted those eyelashes in the first place. That petroglyph that we were working from. I will go ahead and turn off Articulates here. Even though Zorble is I guess kind of a dangerous guy, sort of evil, since he wants to absorb us. He still is fairly dapper and he is pretty. So how are we going to create the eyelashes? Well, I'm going to go ahead and turn on this Circle eye layer right here and turn off Primitives. And I can leave Other stuff on for now.

And let's go ahead just for laughs, let's go ahead and lock down that Other stuff layer once again. I'm working by the way inside of a document that I created for you called Saved found inside the 10_select_enhance folder and it does contain the saved selections. There they are. We've got eye-head and buttons and fleshy bits all there ready and waiting for you if you like. Now here is the Circle eye layer. All right, so these are obviously the eyelashes around a circle. Why in the world did I create them around a circle instead of around an ellipse? Because obviously Zorble's head is elliptical.

Well, the reason is because in order to create the rotated eyelashes, if you are going to duplicate the eyelashes by rotating them which of course you are. Then you are going to have to work with the circle. Rotating is a circular operation, always is, always will be, there is nothing you can do about that because you are rotating around a central origin there. So the idea is to assemble these eyelashes or whatever you would be assembling here they don't have to be eyelashes. You would assemble them for starters around a circle and then you would modify them to fit in an ellipse or some other shape as we will be doing. So you will see that in later exercise, some really great techniques coming your way. But let's go ahead and create these eyelashes for starters.

So I'm going to go ahead and select the right-hand eyelashes like so by marqueeing around them with the Black Arrow tool and so I select not only the lashes, but also the circle on the inside. If I press the Shift key and marquee these lashes everybody but the top lash notice that. I'm going to not only add the eyelashes on the left-hand side to the selections, I'm also going to take away the circle from the selection like so because when you have the Shift key down, you are always inverting that selection the area inside your marquee anyway.

And so I have selected all these eyelashes now, let's get rid of them by pressing the Backspace key or the Delete key on the Mac and we are just left with this cute little hair coming out up the top of this circle. So it's either a pumpkin or a bomb or something else cute like that. Now let's go ahead and click on that top hair, this is the one that we are going to duplicate over and over again. I want to duplicate it around the center point. I can't really see the center point unless I click on the shape to select it and even then Illustrator's ability to show you the center point that's frankly a little bit buggy. It doesn't always work in the Preview mode. You can see it right there, but it kind of flashed up on screen and then kind of went away and it's fairly typical actually of the way Illustrator works.

So let's click off of this shape. The better thing to do is to switch over to the Outline mode and assuming we want to switch over to the Outline mode for just this layer, then you Ctrl-click or Command-click on that eyeball. So we get the little Orphan Annie eyeball and there it is. There is the center point. Now we can see it. Now click on this little sort of hair right there and grab your Rotate tool of course and then we want to Alt-click or Option-click on that center point right on it. So that's an Alt-click on the PC and Option-click on the Mac. I just happen to know that I want to rotate this guy 15.5 degrees. Let's turn on Preview, so we can see.

So I kept track of that when I was actually applying my manual adjustments. I did this manually originally and now we are just doing it from the dialog box to make it easier to replicate and then I'm going to click on the Copy button in order to copy the hair. All right I want five more copies of that hair. So I'm going to press Ctrl+D or Command+D on the Mac five times in a row. So one, two, three, four, five again that was Ctrl+D on the PC Command+D on the Mac. Now let's go ahead and save those eyelashes off as a selection because these are the left-hand lashes, we are going to want flip them to make the right-hand lashes and I want to show you something about saving selections out how, you know some other situations you can run into when you are taking advantage of that function.

So I'm going to go ahead and Shift+Drag around those lashes taking care not to get the top one. I did get the circle though of course. So I'll just Shift-click on it to turn it off then go on to the Select menu, choose Save Selection and I'll call this left lashes even though they are his right lashes. But still for us they are left. Click OK in order to save out that selection. All right, now I'm going to go over to the Rotate tool, click and hold and choose the Reflect tool instead. I can also press the O key if I wanted to. And I'm going to Alt-click once again right there at that center point that's an Option-click on the Mac and make sure your Axis is set to Vertical as it is for me and that Preview is turned on. So you can see what you are doing and then click Copy in order to copy those over.

Now here is an interesting thing for you. If I were to get my Black Arrow tool, click off the paths in order to deselect them, go up to the Select menu and choose left lashes. Notice what happens, it goes ahead and selects all of those lashes except for the top ones because it keep track of not only the original saved selected paths, but also any clones of them. So you are essentially changing your Save Selection on the fly. So what you do if you want to keep them separate from each other. Well, let's say that I want to go ahead and save these guys as the right-hand lashes which is what I'm going to do I'll go ahead and marquee these right-hand lashes, Shift-click on the eyeball in order to turn it off. Then I'll go up to the Select menu and I'll choose Save Selection and I'll call it right lashes. So that's fairly straight forward click OK.

Then there is no way to go to some command like Edit Selection just lets you rename a selection or delete it. That's all you can do. You can't change the context of a selection, you can't say this is now the selection for left lashes. So I would just make a new one, I would just go ahead and marquee these guys right here and Shift-click on the circle in order to deselect it. So I have the left-hand lashes. I'm not selecting the top one. Go up to the Select menu, choose Save Selection. Now you would think if you name this left lashes that you would at least get an error message from Illustrator saying, hey we already got left lashes, you want to replace it instead, you get nothing.

So you can create as many selections called left lashes as you like. All right, and meanwhile if I choose the original left lashes, it's still all lashes. Oh! So why don't we rename that. I'll go ahead and click off of those shapes to deselect them not necessary, but I'm just doing that. Go up to Select menu choose Edit Selection there is my first left lashes item right there, let's just go ahead and rename it all lashes and click OK. And that renamed those lashes as you can see right there, well they are now called all lashes.

So we can choose all lashes to select all the lashes. You can choose right lashes to choose just the right-hand ones and of course you can choose that final command left lashes, choose just the left-hand one. Now what if you want to change the order. What if you decide, I wanted to be left lashes than right lashes than all lashes. You can choose Edit Selection, but it ain't going to do anything for you here. You can choose all lashes and delete it if you want to. If you are feeling fastidious, let's just say you are for whatever reason you have got to set up the file properly and you want things to be in a right order. Then what you would do is you would choose for example all lashes in order to make sure that you have all the lashes selected and then you go up to the Select menu and in this case we are just assuming, I want all lashes at the end.

So it's okay to have right and then left and then all at the end. Then you would go to Edit Selection and you would click on all lashes and you will click Delete. Then you will click OK but you have got those all lashes selected, they are ready and waiting. So then you would go back to the Select menu, choose Save Selection and choose all lashes and that's tedious. Yes, it is. I admit that. Click OK. But that's the way it is. if you just for some reason need to be fastidious, you can do it. It just takes some extra legwork on your part. All right, so we are now blessed with a bunch of lashes here. I'll Ctrl-click or Command-click on this eyeball once again in order to view those lashes in the Preview mode.

In the next exercise, we are going to take a look at lassoing and scaling points, which is what we are going to need to do to scale these lashes to fit the ellipse.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals .

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Q: Adobe Bridge CS4 is not previewing files in the same way for me as it is in the tutorial. All I am seeing is a low-quality thumbnail of the image, not previews of each artboard.  Why is there a difference between the tutorial and what I am seeing?
A: There is a different view in the tutorial because the author used a beta version of Bridge during the recording. The final release of Bridge CS4 displays thumbnails as you describe.
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