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Illustrator CS6 Essential Training
Illustration by John Hersey

Repeating transformations


From:

Illustrator CS6 Essential Training

with Justin Seeley

Video: Repeating transformations

As you continue to work with transformations, there may come a time when you need to repeat a certain transformation or create multiple copies of a transformed object. In this movie, I'll show you how to work with multiple copies and also how to repeat transformations using both a keyboard shortcut and an effect. First of all, let's see how to perform basic repeatable transformations. I am going to select this piece of artwork on my artboard right here by clicking and dragging a selection around it. Once I have it selected, I can come over the top of it, hold down the Option key on Mac, the Alt key on PC, and once I see the double cursors appear, I can click and drag it to the right.
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  1. 1m 15s
    1. What is Illustrator?
      1m 15s
  2. 2m 17s
    1. Welcome
      58s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 19s
  3. 41m 25s
    1. Understanding vector graphics
      5m 0s
    2. Setting preferences
      9m 24s
    3. Touring the interface
      9m 41s
    4. Exploring the panels
      6m 54s
    5. Working with the Control panel
      4m 25s
    6. Creating and saving workspaces
      6m 1s
  4. 43m 42s
    1. Creating files for print
      4m 42s
    2. Creating files for the web
      3m 36s
    3. Managing multiple documents
      3m 25s
    4. Navigating within a document
      5m 21s
    5. Using rulers, guides, and grids
      6m 59s
    6. Changing units of measurement
      1m 50s
    7. Using preview modes
      3m 10s
    8. Creating and using custom views
      3m 12s
    9. Locking and hiding artwork
      3m 43s
    10. Creating and using artboards
      7m 44s
  5. 1h 1m
    1. Setting your selection preferences
      5m 57s
    2. Using the Direct Selection and Group Selection tools
      4m 6s
    3. Using the Magic Wand tool
      5m 45s
    4. Using the Lasso tool
      4m 9s
    5. Selecting objects by attribute
      6m 48s
    6. Grouping objects
      3m 7s
    7. Using isolation mode
      4m 48s
    8. Resizing your artwork
      3m 55s
    9. Rotating objects
      2m 10s
    10. Distorting and transforming objects
      6m 26s
    11. Repeating transformations
      5m 6s
    12. Reflecting and skewing objects
      4m 54s
    13. Aligning and distributing objects
      4m 38s
  6. 29m 27s
    1. RGB vs. CMYK
      1m 46s
    2. Adjusting Illustrator color settings
      5m 10s
    3. Process vs. global swatches
      5m 6s
    4. Creating spot colors
      3m 40s
    5. Using the swatch groups
      2m 33s
    6. Working with color libraries
      3m 17s
    7. Importing swatches
      4m 4s
    8. Using the Color Guide panel
      3m 51s
  7. 57m 36s
    1. Understanding fills and strokes
      4m 18s
    2. Working with fills
      4m 58s
    3. Working with strokes
      8m 46s
    4. Creating dashes and arrows
      8m 1s
    5. Creating variable-width strokes
      4m 3s
    6. Using width profiles
      3m 31s
    7. Outlining strokes
      3m 51s
    8. Creating and editing gradients
      5m 45s
    9. Applying gradients to strokes
      3m 8s
    10. Applying and editing pattern fills
      4m 52s
    11. Creating your own pattern fill
      6m 23s
  8. 20m 20s
    1. Understanding paths
      2m 41s
    2. Understanding anchor points
      4m 20s
    3. Working with open and closed paths
      5m 28s
    4. Joining and averaging paths
      4m 9s
    5. Using the Scissors tool and the Knife tool
      3m 42s
  9. 37m 56s
    1. Understanding drawing modes
      4m 23s
    2. Creating compound paths
      5m 15s
    3. Creating compound shapes
      4m 11s
    4. Working with the Shape Builder tool
      6m 32s
    5. Working with the Blob Brush and Eraser tools
      5m 26s
    6. Working with the Paintbrush and Pencil tools
      7m 8s
    7. Smoothing and erasing paths
      5m 1s
  10. 35m 53s
    1. Exploring the Pen tool
      2m 39s
    2. Drawing straight lines
      5m 12s
    3. Drawing simple curves
      5m 23s
    4. Understanding the many faces of the Pen tool
      6m 10s
    5. Converting corners and curves
      1m 46s
    6. Your keyboard is your friend
      2m 14s
    7. Tracing artwork with the Pen tool
      12m 29s
  11. 35m 33s
    1. Adjusting your type settings
      4m 10s
    2. Creating point and area text
      3m 36s
    3. Basic text editing
      2m 14s
    4. Creating threaded text
      4m 59s
    5. Using the type panels
      9m 48s
    6. Creating text on a path
      5m 11s
    7. Converting text into paths
      1m 43s
    8. Saving time with keyboard shortcuts
      3m 52s
  12. 27m 25s
    1. Exploring the Appearance panel
      4m 44s
    2. Explaining attribute stacking order
      1m 40s
    3. Applying multiple fills
      3m 1s
    4. Applying multiple strokes
      4m 20s
    5. Adjusting appearance with live effects
      4m 46s
    6. Saving appearances as graphic styles
      8m 54s
  13. 20m 44s
    1. Exploring the Layers panel
      4m 18s
    2. Creating and editing layers
      3m 27s
    3. Targeting objects in the Layers panel
      3m 3s
    4. Working with sublayers
      3m 0s
    5. Hiding, locking, and deleting layers
      4m 14s
    6. Using the Layers panel menu
      2m 42s
  14. 46m 0s
    1. Placing images into Illustrator
      2m 53s
    2. Working with the Links panel
      6m 5s
    3. Embedding images into Illustrator
      3m 12s
    4. Cropping images with a mask
      5m 8s
    5. Exploring the Image Trace panel
      12m 14s
    6. Tracing photographs
      8m 6s
    7. Tracing line art
      4m 33s
    8. Converting pixels to paths
      3m 49s
  15. 19m 21s
    1. What are symbols?
      2m 45s
    2. Using prebuilt symbols
      3m 3s
    3. Using the Symbol Sprayer tool
      4m 19s
    4. Creating new symbols
      3m 50s
    5. Breaking the symbol link
      3m 19s
    6. Redefining symbols
      2m 5s
  16. 12m 9s
    1. Defining a perspective grid
      4m 29s
    2. Drawing artwork in perspective
      3m 49s
    3. Applying artwork to the grid
      3m 51s
  17. 35m 7s
    1. Printing your artwork
      6m 16s
    2. Saving your artwork
      2m 2s
    3. Saving in legacy formats
      3m 0s
    4. Saving templates
      4m 18s
    5. Creating PDF files
      5m 23s
    6. Saving for the web
      4m 46s
    7. Creating high-res bitmap images
      3m 58s
    8. Using Illustrator files in Photoshop and InDesign
      5m 24s
  18. 56s
    1. Next steps
      56s

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Illustrator CS6 Essential Training
8h 48m Beginner May 07, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Adobe Illustrator can be used to accomplish many different design tasks, from illustration to app development. This course demonstrates core concepts and techniques that can be applied to any workflow—for print, the web, or building assets that will find their way into other applications. Author Justin Seeley explains the elements that make up vector graphics (paths, strokes, and fills) while showing how to use each of the drawing tools, and demonstrates how to combine and clean up paths and organize them into groups and layers. The course also covers text editing, working with color, effects, and much more.

Topics include:
  • Understanding vector graphics
  • Creating and setting up files for print or web destinations
  • Selecting and transforming objects on the page
  • Creating spot colors
  • Applying fills, strokes, and gradients to artwork
  • Adjusting appearances and effects
  • Working with anchor points and paths
  • Drawing with the Pen tool
  • Creating text
  • Managing layers
  • Creating and using symbols
  • Printing, saving, and exporting artwork
Subject:
Design
Software:
Illustrator
Author:
Justin Seeley

Repeating transformations

As you continue to work with transformations, there may come a time when you need to repeat a certain transformation or create multiple copies of a transformed object. In this movie, I'll show you how to work with multiple copies and also how to repeat transformations using both a keyboard shortcut and an effect. First of all, let's see how to perform basic repeatable transformations. I am going to select this piece of artwork on my artboard right here by clicking and dragging a selection around it. Once I have it selected, I can come over the top of it, hold down the Option key on Mac, the Alt key on PC, and once I see the double cursors appear, I can click and drag it to the right.

Once I have it where I want it, I'll release the mouse and release my Option or Alt key and I've created a duplicate copy just like you see there. If I hold down the keyboard shortcut, Ctrl+D or Command+D on the Mac, it automatically creates a duplicate of that object with the same transformation that I just applied. This could be spacing it out, rotating it, whatever it is that I just did, it goes ahead and remembers it and transforms it just like I had before. You can see it's the same distance from here to here as this one is from here to here.

Pretty cool! So I can go and create several different copies all the way across the screen. These are individual objects and they are not linked to the original one whatsoever. If I undo that by hitting Command+Z or Ctrl+Z and come right back to my original. Let's resize this a little bit, and I'll stick it right there. And let's go into the Effect menu and choose Distort & Transform and then select the Transform command. Inside of the Transform command, you can actually perform multiple transformations at a time and create copies simultaneously.

So in this case, what I am going to do is I am going to scale the object down 80%. That means each time that I recreate the object, the next one that I create will be 80% smaller than the one before. I'm also going to adjust the Horizontal and Vertical spacing, but I'll wait on that for just a moment. Finally, I'll rotate at 15 degrees and I am going to turn on my Preview. You'll notice when I turn on my Preview that it rotates the apple and it shrinks it down. But it's not exactly what I wanted; I wanted the original to still be there.

So I'll create a copy. Right here, I just hit the Up Arrow key and it creates a copy. Now if I wanted to change where this apple is positioned, I change the vertical positioning. So I'll just bump this up and I am just holding down my arrow key right now, until this gets exactly where I want it to go. Once it's cleared, I'll go ahead and create some more copies. You can kind of see the little swooping action that I am creating here. I can also change the horizontal alignment if I wanted to as well.

So I'll change that by moving it over a little bit. Now if I move my dialog box out of the way, you can see by creating these copies exactly what I'm able to do. So I'll create ten copies and let's actually shrink the scale down just a little bit as well; 75 and 75. If I change the Rotation amount, they rotate around like so. So I've created something where it looks like it's spiraling from the background all the way up into the foreground.

When I'm ready to commit to this change, I'll hit OK. You'll notice that when I do that, I still only got this one apple selected. That's because these are technically not individual objects as of yet. There's still one object merely transformed and repeated all the way around. If I were to make a change to this original object here, since all of these are linked to it, they would change as well. Watch what happens when I rotate it; they all rotate as well. If I scale it, they are going to get smaller as well.

It isn't until you break the link between these and the original that they become active objects that you can then manipulate on their own. In order to do that, what you're going to have to do is go up to the Object menu and choose Expand Appearance. Basically this means, take any of these live effects that I have applied to it and expand them out to be their own separate object. If I click that, everything becomes its own editable path. Once I've done that, I can then edit them individually and also transform them one at a time as well.

The unfortunate thing once you've broken the link is if I work on this first one, I can't automatically update the rest of them. So until you are absolutely sure that you're ready to break that link, I would just leave it alone. So in this case, I'll use Command+Z or Ctrl+Z to undo that expansion and now everything is completely tied to this one apple again. As you can see, when I rotate it here, all the rest of them follow suit. So again, this is how you create multiple transformations and repeatable transformations inside of Illustrator, utilizing some of the basic transformation tools as well as a live effect.

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