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Protecting patterns from transformations

From: Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Advanced

Video: Protecting patterns from transformations

All right gang, I don't know if you have noticed but I went ahead and made a few alterations to that circle filled with a tile pattern illustration that we saw in the previous exercise and then I went ahead and saved my modifications as Big pattern circles.ai and this file is just oozing with vector based goodness here. I am going to go ahead and click on the star shape right there and I want you to see, this star shape is part of a rather intricate compound path that involves three concentric circles. Nothing is filled at this point.

Protecting patterns from transformations

All right gang, I don't know if you have noticed but I went ahead and made a few alterations to that circle filled with a tile pattern illustration that we saw in the previous exercise and then I went ahead and saved my modifications as Big pattern circles.ai and this file is just oozing with vector based goodness here. I am going to go ahead and click on the star shape right there and I want you to see, this star shape is part of a rather intricate compound path that involves three concentric circles. Nothing is filled at this point.

They are just stroked. Three concentric circles and a star and I was able to combine these paths together using that command under the Object menu > Compound Path > Make and incidentally you can apply that command in waves if you wanted to. So the first thing I did was I combined the outermost circle with the star and then I added another circle and combined it with Make and then added another circle and combined it with Make. So, in other words, you can use this command to add a standard path to an existing compound path if you want to or even to marry two compound paths together.

All right, so anyway, that said, I'm going over to the Appearance palette because I want you to see how these Fills and Strokes were put together. Notice there is no fill. The entire compound path has a Drop Shadow associated with it. That's why we have this little bit of darkness over on the bottom right edge. And then we have got a big 60 point stroke right there which is that Arabian gradient pattern and then behind that, we have another 60 point stroke that's entirely white and it's offset slightly so that we have this white highlight edge up-left.

I was able to create that offset using this Transform function. So if you click on Transform, you will bring up the Transform effect dialog box and you will see that I moved on the fly and dynamically, I moved the Stroke 2 points over to left and then 2 points up. And that's what we are seeing there and if you ever decide to apply that command on your own, you find it up here under the Effect menu > Distort & Transform and there it is, the Transform command and it is an utterly wonderful command. We'll explore in it all kinds of detail in a future chapter, part of the Mastery series, here inside One-on-One.

Anyway, I just want you to get a sense of what's going on. If you want to try to see what effect each one of these items has, you can turn On and Off the eyeballs here inside of Illustrator CS4, I'm so glad they gave us eyeballs in the Appearance palette. It makes it much easier to tear apart an effect and see how it's put together and also just see what contribution is being made by different attributes, so you can decide if you want them or not. Anyway, here is my larger point. I want you to look at this graphic and notice that whatever is going on, that all of the tile patterns, even though we have three different tile patterns in all, working together in different objects, all of the tile patterns merge together perfectly.

So you know how, when you have a really nicely tailored shirt and you button-up the shirt, why then, one half of the shirt matches up perfectly with the other half of the shirt, you know what I mean. So the pattern flows across beautifully instead of getting interrupted. That's what we have going on here except, we have got circles instead of shirts. Now the reason I bring it up is because this is very fragile and you can muck it up really easily if you are not careful. Check this out for example. Let's say I decide to grab this circle and I want to move it to a different location. I'll go ahead and drag it over here and now the pattern is out of alignment because I moved both the object and the pattern at the same time.

So it's unlikely that I would want to make a mess of things to the extent I have here, but it's possible and it's probable that you might want to scale some of these objects. So I'll go ahead and press Ctrl+Z, Command+Z in order to put that circle back where it was. Let's say I want to move this circle or a copy of this circle toward the inner ring right here and I would do that using the Scale tool. So, I'll go ahead and grab the Scale tool and the center is right there in the center of the shape. So that's fine and then I'll go ahead and drag from down, right inward like so, and I'll press the Shift key so that I'm constraining the proportions and then I'll press Alt or Option and so I have got Shift+Alt down here on the PC, Shift+Option on the Mac, so that I'm creating a clone. Release and then release my keys and oh, my goodness! What have I done? This is a complete and utter catastrophe.

I have got this tiny little iddy-biddy tile pattern and everything is out of alignment. So that's no good. What do I do? Well I'll go ahead and press Ctrl+Z, Command+Z on the Mac. When you are working with a lot of objects that have tile patterns associated with them like this. You can either double-click on a Scale tool icon in order to bring up the Scale dialog box and you can turn Off Patterns. You might also decide that you want to turn of Scales Strokes & Effects so that you are not making an iddy-biddy stroke right there. You may have noticed that the stroke got thinner and then we could go over to our Uniform Scale option and I could enter something like 68%, I don't know, I'm just shooting in the dark here and we'll see what happens even though that's not the right Amount I want to make it smaller than that. Let's try 48%.

Notice that not only is my object smaller but it's still the same thickness, thanks to the fact that I turned Off Scale Strokes & Effects. And the pattern did not scaled at all thanks to the fact that I turned Off the Patterns checkboxes, so only the Objects checkbox is turned on and only the object got scaled. Then if I click OK then look at that, it looks great. All right, so what if however, you want to use the Scale tool. We'll go ahead and press Ctrl+Z, or Command+Z on the Mac. Then in that case what you do is you press Ctrl+K or Command+K in order to bring up the Preferences dialog box and you turn off these checkboxes right here.

Now they are turned off now for us because I just turned them off inside the Scale dialog box. So once you turned them off inside one of the dialog boxes, they're off globally inside the software, then if you end up turning them back on inside the dialog boxes they get turned On globally as well. However, if you did not bring up that dialog box in the first place and you just want to use the tools, then you'd press Ctrl+K, Command+K to bring up the Preferences dialog box and then turn Off Transform Pattern Tiles and turn Off Scale, Strokes & Effects if you don't want to scale the strokes, of course, and the effects being things like Drop Shadows and so on.

All right, so I'll just click OK because that is what I want and then I'm going to go ahead and drag with the tool press, the Shift key and the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac release my mouse button and then release the keys and it looks dandy. All right, so that's how you go about ensuring that you can apply transformations to objects without affecting the tiles and incidentally now notice if I were to drag the object to a different place then the pattern remains the same. So the pattern remains aligned across all of these objects and I can put these guys anywhere I want and I'm still going to have aligned patterns like so. So that's the function of turning off that checkbox.

Now, what if you want the opposite? I'll go ahead and press Ctrl+Z a few times by the way or Command+Z on a Mac several times to get back to this appearance right here. What if I want to take all of these tile patterns, every single one of them, and I want to move this star so it's right there in the center of the entire illustration? How do I move the pattern without moving the objects? I'll show you how that works in the next and last exercise.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Advanced
Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Advanced

149 video lessons · 21492 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 28m 41s
    1. Welcome
      1m 7s
    2. Installing the dekeKeys keyboard shortcuts
      8m 59s
    3. Resetting the Function keys on a Mac
      4m 47s
    4. Installing the CS4 color settings
      4m 20s
    5. Loading the CS4 color settings in Illustrator
      6m 3s
    6. Loading the CS4 color settings in Bridge CS4
      3m 25s
  2. 1h 53m
    1. From the simple emerges the complex
      42s
    2. Introducing Pathfinder operations
      4m 17s
    3. Editing a compound shape
      4m 39s
    4. Adding to a compound shape
      3m 11s
    5. Inserting a subpath into a compound shape
      3m 56s
    6. Expanding a compound shape
      4m 53s
    7. Assembling primitives
      4m 42s
    8. Preparing a template in Photoshop
      7m 0s
    9. Uniting paths permanently
      5m 40s
    10. Minus Front vs. Minus Back
      1m 55s
    11. Working with compound paths
      6m 49s
    12. When in doubt, divide
      3m 54s
    13. Divide and Unite
      3m 2s
    14. Open path pitfalls
      5m 35s
    15. Strokes bad, fills good
      4m 38s
    16. Advanced Divide and Unite
      8m 59s
    17. Using the Crop operation
      8m 30s
    18. Expert Divide and Unite
      8m 45s
    19. "Ghosting" shapes with Fill Opacity
      6m 45s
    20. Anticipating and troubleshooting
      8m 16s
    21. Exclude and Intersect
      7m 24s
  3. 44m 59s
    1. Familiar one moment, different the next
      1m 3s
    2. Snapping to anchor points
      5m 41s
    3. Aligning a group to the artboard
      3m 34s
    4. Distributing objects on the artboard
      4m 16s
    5. Setting the key object
      4m 54s
    6. Distributing objects by space
      3m 6s
    7. Distributing objects by selections
      3m 19s
    8. Aligning point text
      6m 7s
    9. Aligning live text vs. using outlines
      4m 58s
    10. Aligning key letters
      3m 35s
    11. Aligning to key objects
      4m 26s
  4. 1h 4m
    1. CS4’s gradient renaissance
      1m 7s
    2. Applying a gradient
      6m 0s
    3. Dragging and dropping color swatches
      2m 55s
    4. Using the Gradient palette
      6m 27s
    5. Designing a shaded gradient
      5m 9s
    6. Saving a gradient swatch and adding a texture
      4m 2s
    7. Introducing the new Gradient tool
      4m 39s
    8. Editing color stops inside a shape
      3m 26s
    9. Setting multiple gradients to the same angle
      5m 0s
    10. Adding and adjusting radial gradients
      7m 20s
    11. Making a transparent gradient
      7m 6s
    12. Adding drop shadows (a kind of gradient)
      6m 28s
    13. Blends vs. blend modes
      4m 38s
  5. 1h 17m
    1. Creating freeform color flows
      1m 0s
    2. The power of CS4's transparent gradients
      10m 25s
    3. Creating a gradient mesh
      4m 30s
    4. Expanding a gradient to a gradient mesh
      7m 40s
    5. Adding and deleting rows and columns
      6m 13s
    6. Selecting and coloring points
      6m 5s
    7. Assigning colors with the Eyedropper tool
      7m 42s
    8. Cool mesh editing techniques
      3m 56s
    9. Warping and puckering a mesh
      7m 24s
    10. Applying precise finishing touches
      5m 48s
    11. Gradient strokes
      9m 45s
    12. Gradient text
      6m 50s
  6. 55m 35s
    1. The first of the dynamic functions
      1m 4s
    2. Making a blend automatically
      5m 48s
    3. Fixing problem blends
      3m 56s
    4. Making a blend with the Blend tool
      3m 6s
    5. Cloning and coloring a blended path
      4m 37s
    6. Creating a mask
      3m 53s
    7. Blending between translucent shapes
      5m 30s
    8. Blending along a curve
      4m 34s
    9. Adjusting the speed of a blend
      2m 58s
    10. Filling and stroking a mask
      4m 36s
    11. Creating a compound clipping mask
      6m 3s
    12. Nesting one clipping mask inside another
      6m 7s
    13. Ghosting nested masks and blends
      3m 23s
  7. 1h 13m
    1. Patterns that repeat forever and ever
      51s
    2. Introducing tile patterns
      6m 36s
    3. Beginning a core design
      5m 6s
    4. Building an interlocking element
      6m 25s
    5. Achieving precise radial symmetry
      4m 46s
    6. Rotating duplicates around a common center
      3m 10s
    7. Determining how a pattern repeats
      9m 54s
    8. Coloring the core objects
      5m 0s
    9. Identifying the rectangular tile
      7m 14s
    10. Saving tile patterns
      7m 19s
    11. Applying tile patterns to a shape
      3m 25s
    12. Protecting patterns from transformations
      7m 36s
    13. Moving patterns without paths
      5m 51s
  8. 1h 19m
    1. Illustrator gets natural
      1m 15s
    2. Introducing the vector painting tools
      3m 16s
    3. Calligraphic brush options
      4m 3s
    4. Pressure sensitivity
      5m 17s
    5. Editing a calligraphic brush
      5m 53s
    6. Repainting and smoothing paths
      5m 30s
    7. Making the paintbrush behave
      6m 16s
    8. Erasing stroked paths
      3m 17s
    9. Painting with the new Blob brush
      6m 24s
    10. Refining filled paths with the Eraser
      4m 14s
    11. Painting independent paths
      3m 53s
    12. The Selection Limits Merge options
      3m 20s
    13. Applying and scaling an art brush
      6m 23s
    14. Snipping a brushed path
      4m 55s
    15. Colorizing an art brush
      4m 9s
    16. Heaping a stroke on an art brush effect
      4m 32s
    17. Creating a custom art brush
      6m 51s
  9. 1h 44m
    1. The computer art world’s dynamic duo
      1m 7s
    2. Copying and pasting pixels from Photoshop
      7m 21s
    3. Linking is efficient, embedding is not
      2m 47s
    4. Editing an image in Illustrator
      7m 30s
    5. Filtering an image in Photoshop
      6m 34s
    6. Adding a filter mask in Photoshop
      6m 25s
    7. Masking a woman from the background
      3m 49s
    8. Creating a sepia effect
      6m 37s
    9. Adding a second gradient map layer
      2m 13s
    10. Achieving a graphic effect with Levels
      8m 10s
    11. Preparing an image for use in Illustrator
      5m 46s
    12. The importance of image resolution
      9m 40s
    13. Placing and linking images
      4m 43s
    14. Managing linked images
      6m 18s
    15. Integrating an image into a design
      5m 12s
    16. A better way to wrap text
      7m 28s
    17. Previewing the trim size
      4m 25s
    18. Layer comps and editable text
      8m 42s
  10. 2h 11m
    1. Transparency is safe and fun
      1m 27s
    2. Introducing the translucent composition
      4m 39s
    3. Assigning opacity to an Appearance attribute
      3m 41s
    4. Creating a knockout group
      5m 7s
    5. Defining an opacity mask
      7m 15s
    6. Using the Clip checkbox
      2m 41s
    7. Opacity mask tips and tricks
      3m 20s
    8. The Multiply blend mode
      6m 8s
    9. Adding to an existing opacity mask
      7m 53s
    10. Blending between parallel groups
      7m 27s
    11. Creating a gradient opacity mask
      4m 54s
    12. Employing an opposing gradient mask
      7m 57s
    13. Combining Multiply and Screen
      3m 49s
    14. Blend mode roundup
      5m 24s
    15. Mixing blend modes inside a single path
      3m 48s
    16. Blend mode and transparent gradient
      3m 49s
    17. Masking an entire layer
      7m 0s
    18. Combining Screen with 100K Black
      7m 43s
    19. Knocking out a drop shadow
      5m 18s
    20. But will it print?
      3m 8s
    21. Working with the Flattener preview
      8m 44s
    22. Rasterizing an illustration in Photoshop
      9m 16s
    23. Super-rich blacks and raster effects
      3m 35s
    24. Exporting TIFF artwork from Illustrator
      7m 48s
  11. 58s
    1. Until next time
      58s

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