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As you're no doubt aware, the perceived size of an object depends not only on its actual physical size, but also on its distance from you; the viewer. For example, regarded through a magnifying glass, an ant appears exceedingly large. Witness from the balcony of a very tall building an ant is invisible, while a typical human being bustling across a distant plaza looks like an ant. It all depends on your perspective. The rules of perspective drawing define quite exactly, how distant object shrink in size toward an ultimate and infinite horizon.
At the horizon, even the largest objects disappear. People and trees and skyscrapers and unbelievably large things; the Sun, everything becomes ever more tiny as it recedes into the distance. But to capture that to convey that sense of reality in your artwork, it's not enough to just make distance that's smaller. You have to follow the rules of perspective drawing. Back in Chapter 15, I showed you how to set up a Perspective Grid using a few lines and the one tool, which is the great technique in so far its goes, but Illustrator CS5 goes too better, there is a Perspective Grid tool and then there's a Perspective Selection tool.
The first lets you establish a few perspective planes onto which you can draw your scene. The second lets you select objects and move them around these planes. Now I'm not going to kid you and say that this is easy, if it was, the High Renaissance would have been a big snore-fest. Think of perspective as a kind of 3D brainteaser. The artists ultimate challenge, the world at your very real fingertips, this is how the pros do it.
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