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Illustrator CS4 Essential Training

Outlining strokes


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Illustrator CS4 Essential Training

with Mordy Golding

Video: Outlining strokes

So we know that in Illustrator there are two possible attributes that you can apply to any vector path. One of them is a Fill and then as we discussed one of them is also a Stroke. Now we didn't go into detail about each setting of the stroke itself, but we do know that there were certain basic settings for strokes. For example, if I were to click on this particular stroke right here and select it. If I look at my Stroke panel, I see that the stroke Weight of the thickness of that is 1 point and I have no other fancy settings here. I just have regular plain, Butt Cap settings. Miter Joint is set for corners here and there is no Dashed setting whatsoever.
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  1. 59s
    1. Welcome
      59s
  2. 33m 17s
    1. Why use Illustrator?
      2m 22s
    2. What are vector graphics?
      8m 4s
    3. Understanding paths
      4m 13s
    4. Fill and Stroke attributes
      5m 32s
    5. Selections and stacking order
      8m 31s
    6. Isolation mode
      4m 35s
  3. 23m 43s
    1. The Welcome screen
      1m 11s
    2. New Document Profiles
      4m 36s
    3. Using multiple artboards
      7m 17s
    4. Libraries and content
      3m 52s
    5. Illustrator templates
      2m 56s
    6. Adding XMP metadata
      3m 51s
  4. 43m 55s
    1. Exploring panels
      4m 18s
    2. Using the Control panel
      5m 25s
    3. Navigating within a document
      5m 27s
    4. Using rulers and guides
      5m 23s
    5. Using grids
      2m 12s
    6. Utilizing the bounding box
      3m 3s
    7. Using Smart Guides
      4m 59s
    8. The Hide Edges command
      3m 31s
    9. Preview and Outline modes
      2m 18s
    10. Using workspaces
      7m 19s
  5. 38m 3s
    1. The importance of modifier keys
      1m 9s
    2. Drawing closed-path primitives
      7m 15s
    3. Drawing open-path primitives
      5m 5s
    4. Simple drawing with the Pen tool
      7m 28s
    5. Advanced drawing with the Pen tool
      10m 33s
    6. Drawing with the Pencil tool
      6m 33s
  6. 46m 37s
    1. Editing anchor points
      13m 7s
    2. Creating compound shapes
      5m 55s
    3. Utilizing Pathfinder functions
      5m 11s
    4. Joining and averaging paths
      5m 37s
    5. Outlining strokes
      3m 24s
    6. Simplifying paths
      5m 41s
    7. Using Offset Path
      2m 43s
    8. Dividing an object into a grid
      1m 41s
    9. Cleaning up errant paths
      3m 18s
  7. 35m 23s
    1. Creating point text
      4m 4s
    2. Creating area text
      4m 19s
    3. Applying basic character settings
      6m 27s
    4. Applying basic paragraph settings
      4m 4s
    5. Creating text threads
      5m 28s
    6. Creating text on open paths
      5m 18s
    7. Creating text on closed paths
      3m 57s
    8. Converting text to outlines
      1m 46s
  8. 20m 15s
    1. Using the basic selection tools
      7m 53s
    2. Using the Magic Wand and Lasso tools
      6m 34s
    3. Selecting objects by attribute
      2m 38s
    4. Saving and reusing selections
      3m 10s
  9. 40m 35s
    1. Using the Appearance panel
      6m 48s
    2. Targeting object attributes
      3m 26s
    3. Adding multiple attributes
      7m 6s
    4. Applying Live Effects
      8m 9s
    5. Expanding appearances
      4m 48s
    6. Appearance panel settings
      6m 51s
    7. Copying appearances
      3m 27s
  10. 37m 15s
    1. Defining groups
      7m 2s
    2. Editing groups
      5m 28s
    3. Working with layers
      8m 10s
    4. Layer and object hierarchy
      6m 57s
    5. Creating template layers
      2m 3s
    6. Object, group, and layer attributes
      7m 35s
  11. 44m 4s
    1. Applying colors
      3m 18s
    2. Creating solid color swatches
      4m 48s
    3. Creating global process swatches
      5m 1s
    4. Using spot color swatches
      4m 27s
    5. Creating swatch groups and libraries
      6m 50s
    6. Working with linear gradient fills
      6m 34s
    7. Working with radial gradient fills
      2m 19s
    8. Applying and manipulating pattern fills
      4m 51s
    9. Defining simple patterns
      5m 56s
  12. 22m 43s
    1. Moving and copying objects
      2m 1s
    2. Scaling objects
      4m 49s
    3. Rotating objects
      3m 14s
    4. Reflecting and skewing objects
      2m 27s
    5. Using the Free Transform tool
      2m 9s
    6. Aligning objects
      5m 15s
    7. Distributing objects
      2m 48s
  13. 25m 13s
    1. Using a pressure-sensitive tablet
      1m 38s
    2. Using the Calligraphic brush
      6m 10s
    3. Using the Scatter brush
      4m 0s
    4. Using the Art brush
      2m 26s
    5. Using the Pattern brush
      3m 21s
    6. Using the Paintbrush tool
      1m 41s
    7. Using the Blob Brush tool
      3m 42s
    8. Using the Eraser tool
      2m 15s
  14. 16m 36s
    1. Using symbols
      3m 9s
    2. Defining your own symbols
      2m 1s
    3. Editing symbols
      4m 4s
    4. Using the Symbol Sprayer tool
      2m 32s
    5. Using the Symbolism toolset
      4m 50s
  15. 35m 37s
    1. Minding your resolution settings
      6m 15s
    2. Applying basic 3D extrusions
      6m 43s
    3. Applying basic 3D revolves
      2m 31s
    4. Basic artwork mapping
      5m 9s
    5. Using the Stylize effects
      5m 35s
    6. Using the Scribble effect
      5m 43s
    7. Using the Warp effect
      3m 41s
  16. 21m 37s
    1. Placing images
      4m 51s
    2. Using the Links panel
      2m 47s
    3. The Edit Original workflow
      2m 0s
    4. Converting images to vectors with Live Trace
      5m 29s
    5. Rasterizing artwork
      1m 55s
    6. Cropping images with a mask
      4m 35s
  17. 10m 35s
    1. Saving your Illustrator document
      8m 18s
    2. Printing your Illustrator document
      2m 17s
  18. 6m 25s
    1. Exporting files for use in QuarkXPress
      1m 8s
    2. Exporting files for use in InDesign
      39s
    3. Exporting files for use in Word/Excel/PowerPoint
      45s
    4. Exporting files for use in Photoshop
      1m 25s
    5. Exporting files for use in Flash
      1m 15s
    6. Exporting files for use in After Effects
      19s
    7. Migrating from FreeHand
      54s
  19. 2m 23s
    1. Finding additional help
      2m 0s
    2. Goodbye
      23s

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Illustrator CS4 Essential Training
8h 25m Beginner Oct 13, 2008

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Illustrator can be used to accomplish many different design tasks. For this reason, Illustrator CS4 Essential Training teaches core concepts and techniques that can be applied to any workflow for print, the web, or assets that will find their way into other applications. Mordy Golding explains the elements that make up vector graphics—paths, strokes, and fills—and shows how to use each of Illustrator's drawing tools. He demonstrates how to combine and clean up paths, and organize them into groups and layers. Mordy also covers text editing, working with color, expressive brush drawing, effects, and much more. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Making efficient use of the Illustrator interface
  • Creating text on a path
  • Using the Magic Wand and Lasso selection tools
  • Working with a pressure-sensitive tablet
  • Applying 3D extrusions and resolves
  • Converting images to vectors with Live Trace
  • Exporting files for use in Photoshop, Flash, and other applications
Subject:
Design
Software:
Illustrator
Author:
Mordy Golding

Outlining strokes

So we know that in Illustrator there are two possible attributes that you can apply to any vector path. One of them is a Fill and then as we discussed one of them is also a Stroke. Now we didn't go into detail about each setting of the stroke itself, but we do know that there were certain basic settings for strokes. For example, if I were to click on this particular stroke right here and select it. If I look at my Stroke panel, I see that the stroke Weight of the thickness of that is 1 point and I have no other fancy settings here. I just have regular plain, Butt Cap settings. Miter Joint is set for corners here and there is no Dashed setting whatsoever.

If I click on this one though, this is the same exact path but it has a different appearance because I set the stroke weight to 20 point, which is much thicker. In fact, all these are the exact same paths. If I go into Outline mode by pressing Command+Y or Ctrl+Y on Windows, I'll see that they are all just regular plain paths, each to have anchor points on either end of it and that's all that it is, but the appearance is very different based on the Stroke settings that I have applied to them. For example, this one right over here as a stroke weight of 10, which means that the weight or the thickness of the stroke is 10 points, but then I also have a Dash Line setting and I basically have a Dashed setting of 10, which means that the stroke is on for 10 points, and then it has a Gap setting of 4, which means that the stroke is turned off for 4 points, and then it goes back to 10 point dash again. If you don't specify any other settings here, it just simply repeats itself as if you had done 10-4, 10-4, 10-4. Got it? 10-4.

So what I have over here is a stroke that I have applied to those particular settings too, but maybe times when I actually want to physically go ahead and maybe delete one of these particular shapes or these rectangles. I can't really access them. They are not regular physical shapes that I could click on; they are just Stroke Attributes, they are a type of a stroke. Let me show you some of these others that I have created here as well. This one here is a little dot pattern. Again it's a regular stroke that I have applied, if I click on it. But the difference is that it has 10-point weight, but rather than a Butt Cap it has a Round Cap. It also has a Dashed setting of zeros. It's a nice little tip by the way. If you want to create a perfect circle for a dash, set your settings to have a Round Cap, but have a Dashed setting of 0, and that basically creates a perfect circle, then I have a gap of 20 points at the center in the next particular one that's here as well.

Then I have let's say this one over here, which just has a longer Dash and Gap setting that's here and this one over here actually has alternating dashes and gaps, so it has 5, there is a little short Dash and then 10 point Gap. Then it has 20-point Dash and then 10 point Gap so on and so forth. Then that way it repeats itself over-and-over again as well. But let's say, like I said before I won't be able to access or work with these as if they were actually regular objects, not just the attributes from a stroke per se. So the way that I can do that is I can use a command inside of Illustrator called Outline Stroke. I'll say select this one right here for now.

I'll go to the Object menu, I'll choose Path and then I'll choose Outline Stroke. In doing so you see that I no longer have a stroke anymore, but I have actually created a whole bunch of rectangles. This is similar to as if I had drawn one little rectangle that's 10 point? 10 point and then duplicated it and made copies of it, basically over and over and over again. I can do the same thing for each of these. I can go to this one over here and choose Object, choose Path and then choose Outline Stroke, and again get individual ones. Let's say I decide that I want to delete every other one for example or every once in a while I just want to have one that I can just delete and work with.

So in this way I could really go ahead and treat things as I need to, and that's the way that I can turn the Stroke Attribute, which is normally just something that you can't really physically work with inside of Illustrator, but now you can simply go ahead and convert them to outlines and then use them as you wish.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Illustrator CS4 Essential Training.


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Q: I cannot get the new brush dropdown to allow me to create either a New Scatter Brush or a New Art Brush; the only ones I can click on are New Calligraphic Brush and New Pattern Brush. When I go to Windows > Brush Library and choose New Brush, again the only ones I can click on are New Calligraphic Brush and New Pattern Brush. How do I make these work like they should?
A: In order to create a new Scatter or Art brush, you must first have artwork selected on the artboard.
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