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The None attribute

From: Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals

Video: The None attribute

In this exercise, I'm going to introduce you to the None attribute, which allows you to either turn off a fill or turn off a stroke so that it becomes transparent. You can even make an object entirely transparent if you want to. I want to go ahead and restore the version of this document that does not have a special paper color and has the original Transparency Grid, because those were all specifications that we setup here in the Document Setup dialog box; both the fact that we are simulating the paper color and what that paper color is and how it affects the Transparency Grid, go ahead and cancel out.

The None attribute

In this exercise, I'm going to introduce you to the None attribute, which allows you to either turn off a fill or turn off a stroke so that it becomes transparent. You can even make an object entirely transparent if you want to. I want to go ahead and restore the version of this document that does not have a special paper color and has the original Transparency Grid, because those were all specifications that we setup here in the Document Setup dialog box; both the fact that we are simulating the paper color and what that paper color is and how it affects the Transparency Grid, go ahead and cancel out.

That means that information is saved along with the document, and I can overwrite my modifications by going up to the File menu and choosing the Revert command, or pressing the F12 key. I'll get a warning that's going to tell me, hey, you cannot undo the Revert command, it's going to wipe out all of your changes, and that would be just fine with me, because they weren't good changes. So let's go ahead and Revert, and we get back our original version of this illustration. All right. I'm going to turn the Calendar layer once again-- we have seen this before-- into a template by meatballing it here inside the Layers palette. And then I'll go ahead and change the Transparency to 25% and I'll lock down that layer so that we can't modify it, and then I'll turn on the Paths layer.

Let's go ahead and zoom in on the Paths layer here, and notice that I have this green Stroke right there, on one of the circles. Now, if I were to switch over to the Appearance palette here, we can see that I have got a Stroke, but I don't have any Fill. So the Fill is set to Transparent, which is once indicated by that red slash. So I click on Fill to make it active and then click again to bring up the Swatches palette, and I'll choose white as my Fill color. That goes ahead and covers up a few of the objects in the Template layer. But also, we can tell that it is now filled. Of course, if we were to go to the View menu and choose Show Transparency Grid. So we can see Transparency outside the object, but not inside the object.

Now, if you want to get rid of an attribute so that it becomes transparent, there is a couple of different ways to work. One is to grab that attribute; I'll grab the Stroke, and throw it in the Trash Can. You can actually drag it to the Trash Can here inside the Appearance palette, and notice then that Stroke becomes Transparent, it becomes None, and we lose any ability to specify a Line Weight, that is, we lose the Line Weight pop-up menu right there. We could still click on Stroke and specify a Weight this way if we wanted to; if we wanted to go ahead and add a Stroke back in.

Illustrator is smart enough to bring up the last Stroke color as well. But I'm going to go ahead and undo that modification, and now I'll switch to the Fill. So you can drag it to the Trash Can; that's an awful lot of work, especially since you can just click on the attribute and set it to None if you want to, or here is a great keyboard shortcut. Notice the angle of that red slash. It looks just like the Slash key, the key that has the slash and question mark on it. So if I were to just click on the Fill attribute and press the Slash key, you are going to change that attribute to None as well.

So now this object is completely invisible. If I click off it, it goes away. Even better I think, I'm going to go to the Layers palette and turn off that Calendar layer so we can't see it, and so now that object has completely disappeared from view. It's still there so we can still do things with it, but it's not visible. Now, watch my cursor, notice that it's a little black arrow cursor right now, notice what happens if I hover over the object. Once I have hovered over it so that I can select it, I get a little square next to my cursor, telling me, hey, there is something going on here, click, and you will see what it is.

Or another way to find a Transparent object-- I'll click off it to deselect it-- is to go up to the View menu and choose the Outline command or Ctrl+Y, Command+Y on the Mac, and that's going to switch you to what sometimes is known as they Keyline Mode. These are the various actual paths that make up your illustration, without any Fill or Stroke attributes assigned to them. We are not seeing the Transparency Grid anymore; the Outline Mode is just not that fancy. We are just seeing the paths represented as thin single pixel outlines, and that's it.

Then if you want to see your illustration again, then you would go up to the View menu and choose the Preview command. It's still Ctrl+Y, Command+Y on the Mac. So that's a great keyboard shortcut to know about. Just right next door to Ctrl+Z for Undo, so Command+Z on the Mac. So it's pretty memorable actually, once you start working inside of Illustrator for a while. All right. So we have got this invisible guy. I think I'll go ahead and make it moderately visible, just so that we can see it, by clicking on it. I was able to find it of course because of that little square next to my cursor. I'll go ahead and click on it, and then I'll give it a black outline; either from the Appearance palette or just for the sake of variety here, I'll just go ahead and go to the Stroke pop-up menu up here in the Control palette and I'll choose 1 point. Or even better, let's give it a 2 point Stroke, just to make it a little thicker, and then I'll change the color assigned to that Stroke to black.

All right. So that's the None attribute. That's what's going on with it. In the next exercise, we are going to be taking a look at Color Libraries and the Color slider bars.

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This video is part of

Image for Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals
Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals

182 video lessons · 37911 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
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  1. 42m 7s
    1. Welcome to One-on-One
      1m 58s
    2. The Welcome screen
      3m 2s
    3. Creating a new document
      5m 6s
    4. Advanced document controls
      4m 43s
    5. Saving a custom New Document Profile
      8m 46s
    6. Changing the document setup
      4m 21s
    7. Special artboard controls
      4m 58s
    8. Accepting artboard changes
      2m 19s
    9. Saving a document
      4m 33s
    10. Closing a document
      2m 21s
  2. 1h 0m
    1. Adobe Bridge
      56s
    2. Opening an illustration
      4m 45s
    3. Modifying an illustration
      6m 27s
    4. Saving changes
      4m 58s
    5. Introducing Adobe Bridge
      8m 41s
    6. The all-important file type associations
      3m 20s
    7. Navigating inside Bridge
      4m 23s
    8. Previewing and collecting
      5m 55s
    9. Using workspaces
      6m 41s
    10. Customizing a workspace
      6m 14s
    11. Cool Bridge tricks
      8m 17s
  3. 1h 4m
    1. Preferences, color settings, and workspaces
      35s
    2. Keyboard increments
      5m 12s
    3. Scratch disks
      3m 48s
    4. Changing the user interface and setting Appearance of Black
      4m 14s
    5. Best workflow color settings
      9m 17s
    6. Synchronizing settings across CS4
      3m 2s
    7. Working inside tabbed windows
      7m 14s
    8. Organizing palettes
      5m 4s
    9. Saving a custom workspace
      4m 12s
    10. Zooming and panning
      4m 19s
    11. Using the Zoom tool
      3m 3s
    12. Navigating the artboards
      5m 5s
    13. Nudging the screen image
      3m 3s
    14. Scroll-wheel tricks
      2m 8s
    15. Cycling between screen modes
      4m 39s
  4. 1h 22m
    1. The Wedjat (or Eye of Horus)
      55s
    2. The line tools
      2m 57s
    3. Introducing layers
      5m 10s
    4. Creating ruler guides
      6m 18s
    5. Creating custom guides
      5m 16s
    6. Snap-to points
      5m 25s
    7. Organizing guides
      5m 43s
    8. Making a tracing template
      3m 42s
    9. Drawing a line segment
      4m 29s
    10. Drawing a continuous arc
      5m 28s
    11. Drawing a looping spiral
      6m 5s
    12. Cutting lines with the Scissors tool
      6m 20s
    13. Joining open paths
      7m 31s
    14. Aligning and joining points
      6m 34s
    15. Drawing concentric circles
      4m 41s
    16. Cleaning up overlapping segments
      5m 34s
  5. 1h 4m
    1. The anatomy of a shape
      1m 1s
    2. Meet the shape tools
      3m 5s
    3. The traceable Tonalpohualli
      2m 52s
    4. Drawing circles
      4m 38s
    5. Enhanced Smart Guides
      4m 1s
    6. Aligning to a key object
      4m 29s
    7. Creating polygons and stars
      5m 4s
    8. Using the Measure tool
      3m 47s
    9. The Select Similar and Arrange commands
      3m 56s
    10. Rectangles and rounded rectangles
      6m 8s
    11. The amazing constraint axes
      5m 26s
    12. Grouping and ungrouping
      3m 35s
    13. Flipping and duplicating
      4m 12s
    14. Combining simple shapes into complex ones
      5m 24s
    15. Cutting and connecting with Scissors and Join
      3m 31s
    16. Tilde-key goofiness
      2m 53s
  6. 1h 41m
    1. The ingredients of life
      54s
    2. Fill and Stroke settings
      4m 22s
    3. Transparency grid and paper color
      5m 47s
    4. The None attribute
      5m 4s
    5. Color libraries and sliders
      3m 39s
    6. Industry-standard colors
      4m 38s
    7. Using CMYK for commercial output
      6m 39s
    8. Using RGB for the web
      7m 23s
    9. Color palette tips and tricks
      7m 18s
    10. Creating and saving color swatches
      4m 35s
    11. Trapping gaps with rich blacks
      6m 46s
    12. Filling and stacking shapes
      5m 38s
    13. Dragging and dropping swatches
      5m 0s
    14. Paste in Front, Paste in Back
      4m 54s
    15. Filling shapes inside groups
      5m 28s
    16. Pasting between layers
      4m 41s
    17. Joins, caps, and dashes
      6m 50s
    18. Fixing strokes and isolating edits
      7m 12s
    19. Creating a pattern fill
      4m 57s
  7. 1h 50m
    1. The power of transformations
      1m 20s
    2. From primitive to polished art
      2m 42s
    3. Using the Blob brush
      5m 46s
    4. Resizing the brush and erasing
      4m 15s
    5. Selection limits and methods of merging
      6m 39s
    6. Cloning and auto-duplicating
      6m 45s
    7. Customizing keyboard shortcuts
      3m 7s
    8. Moving by the numbers
      5m 15s
    9. Using the Reshape tool
      7m 47s
    10. Modifying, aligning, and uniting paths
      7m 14s
    11. Using the Offset Path command
      4m 43s
    12. Styling and eyedropping
      5m 28s
    13. Making a black-and-white template
      2m 27s
    14. Scale and clone
      4m 57s
    15. Enlarge and stack
      5m 46s
    16. Positioning the origin point
      6m 59s
    17. Using the Rotate tool
      3m 55s
    18. Using the Reflect tool
      4m 15s
    19. Series rotation (aka power duplication)
      6m 48s
    20. Rotating by the numbers
      6m 12s
    21. Transforming the tile patterns
      7m 52s
  8. 2h 4m
    1. Next-generation text wrangling
      55s
    2. Placing a text document
      5m 38s
    3. Creating a new text block
      6m 1s
    4. Working with point text
      3m 57s
    5. Selecting the perfect typeface
      5m 48s
    6. Scaling and positioning type
      8m 57s
    7. Leading, tracking, and lots of shortcuts
      5m 54s
    8. Adjusting pair kerning
      6m 55s
    9. Eyedropping formatting attributes
      3m 54s
    10. Flowing text from one block to another
      8m 28s
    11. Creating and applying a paragraph style
      7m 39s
    12. Rendering the text in graphite
      5m 55s
    13. Creating a scribbly drop shadow
      5m 17s
    14. Advanced formatting and bullets
      7m 43s
    15. Setting Area Type options
      4m 57s
    16. Justification and the Every-line Composer
      5m 52s
    17. OpenType and ligatures
      7m 19s
    18. Fractions, numerals, and ordinals
      9m 7s
    19. Swashes and small caps
      5m 40s
    20. The amazing Glyphs palette
      8m 12s
  9. 1h 18m
    1. Points are boys, handles are girls
      1m 20s
    2. Placing an image as a tracing template
      6m 56s
    3. Drawing a straight-sided path
      6m 8s
    4. Moving, adding, and deleting points
      6m 50s
    5. Drawing spline curves with Round Corners
      9m 7s
    6. Smooth points and Bézier curves
      8m 29s
    7. Defining a cusp between two curves
      6m 59s
    8. Replicating and reshaping segments
      8m 30s
    9. Converting anchor points
      7m 55s
    10. Deleting stray anchor points
      5m 1s
    11. Separating and closing paths
      5m 43s
    12. Eyedropping template colors
      5m 55s
  10. 1h 40m
    1. Paths never rest
      1m 34s
    2. Exploring the Appearance palette
      9m 54s
    3. Snip and Spin
      8m 3s
    4. Adding a center point
      4m 12s
    5. Keeping shape intersections
      3m 42s
    6. Lifting fills and selecting through shapes
      5m 54s
    7. Saving and recalling selections
      6m 20s
    8. Rotating is a circular operation
      8m 32s
    9. Lassoing and scaling points
      5m 28s
    10. Using the Transform Each command
      4m 11s
    11. Using the Magic Wand tool
      8m 1s
    12. Eyedropping live effects
      9m 58s
    13. Merging strokes with a compound path
      6m 50s
    14. Selecting and scaling independent segments
      7m 59s
    15. Scalloped edges with Pucker & Bloat
      5m 16s
    16. Expand before you merge
      4m 17s
  11. 1h 26m
    1. The new pleasures of printing
      44s
    2. Outlines and artboards in CS4
      7m 35s
    3. Setting trim size and bleed
      7m 17s
    4. Creating custom dynamic crop marks
      3m 41s
    5. Working with the Separations Preview palette
      7m 42s
    6. Trapping an object with an overprint stroke
      8m 20s
    7. Placing multiple artboards into InDesign
      5m 17s
    8. Working with the Print Tiling tool
      4m 55s
    9. Setting the General Print options
      6m 9s
    10. Setting printer marks
      5m 16s
    11. PostScript-only output and graphics
      9m 10s
    12. The Color Management options
      6m 56s
    13. Adjusting the Flattener settings
      7m 32s
    14. Setting the Raster Effects resolution
      5m 32s
  12. 1h 32m
    1. Illustrator does pixels
      51s
    2. Illustrator, PDF, and Save As formats
      8m 15s
    3. Saving an illustration for the web
      6m 13s
    4. Saving a continuous-tone JPEG image
      10m 1s
    5. Saving a high-contrast GIF graphic
      6m 26s
    6. The versatile PNG format
      4m 45s
    7. Saving a scaleable Flash (SWF) graphic
      11m 0s
    8. Opening and placing an Illustrator file in Photoshop
      12m 44s
    9. Exporting a layered PSD from Illustrator
      12m 57s
    10. Exporting to Microsoft Office and PowerPoint
      7m 24s
    11. Sharing with InDesign, Flash, and Photoshop
      12m 12s
  13. 1m 4s
    1. Until next time
      1m 4s

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