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Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials
Illustration by John Hersey

Moving, adding, and deleting points


From:

Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials

with Deke McClelland

Video: Moving, adding, and deleting points

All right so here we are still inside the Base template.ai file that I opened up in the previous exercise. And I have drawn this straight-sided freeform polygon that's tracing around this canoe shape with little skinny guys that are pursuing the dangerous critter, the underwater panther over there. And what we're going to do in this exercise, I'm going to show you how you can modify a path after you get done creating it. Now the first way that you modify a path is to grab your white arrow tool, not your black arrow tool, because if you get your black arrow tool and you start dragging the path around, notice that you move the entire path, even if originally just one point was selected, as was my case here, Illustrator overrides that and says, Wow, you've got the big path selector tool, so you want to modify the entire path at a time. Of course that's wrong, so then you go and you grab your white arrow tool or your Direct Selection Tool if you prefer. Click off the shape in order to deselect it and then select the offending point.
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  1. 59m 53s
    1. Welcome to Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials
      2m 0s
    2. The unwelcome Welcome screen
      6m 35s
    3. Browsing Illustrator artwork
      4m 53s
    4. Bridge workspaces and favorites
      6m 8s
    5. The anatomy of an illustration
      7m 2s
    6. Examining a layered illustration
      5m 38s
    7. Customizing an illustration
      5m 21s
    8. Creating a new document
      6m 12s
    9. Changing the document setup
      6m 51s
    10. Saving a document
      6m 14s
    11. Closing multiple files
      2m 59s
  2. 1h 3m
    1. Preferences, color settings, and workspaces
      55s
    2. Keyboard Increment and Object Selection
      5m 52s
    3. Scratch Disks and Appearance of Black
      6m 43s
    4. Establishing the best color settings
      5m 35s
    5. Synchronizing color settings in Bridge
      4m 3s
    6. The new CS3 interface
      3m 55s
    7. Organizing the palettes
      9m 4s
    8. Saving your workspace
      2m 33s
    9. Zooming and scrolling
      3m 39s
    10. Using the Zoom tool
      5m 27s
    11. The Navigator palette
      3m 37s
    12. Nudging the screen image
      2m 50s
    13. Scroll wheel tricks
      3m 11s
    14. Cycling between screen modes
      5m 56s
  3. 1h 4m
    1. Why learn Illustrator from a Photoshop guy?
      1m 32s
    2. Introducing layers
      4m 37s
    3. Creating ruler guides
      6m 34s
    4. Creating a custom guide
      3m 28s
    5. Organizing your guides
      5m 50s
    6. Making a tracing template
      3m 34s
    7. Drawing a line segment
      4m 10s
    8. Drawing a continuous arc
      4m 17s
    9. Drawing a looping spiral
      5m 17s
    10. Cutting lines with the Scissors tool
      6m 45s
    11. Aligning and joining points
      7m 58s
    12. Drawing concentric circles
      3m 45s
    13. Cleaning up overlapping segments
      6m 21s
  4. 1h 9m
    1. The anatomy of a shape
      1m 1s
    2. Meet the Tonalpohualli
      4m 8s
    3. Meet the geometric shape tools
      3m 47s
    4. Drawing circles
      6m 36s
    5. Snapping and aligning shapes
      7m 0s
    6. Polygons and stars
      7m 0s
    7. Rectangles and rounded rectangles
      6m 16s
    8. The amazing constraint axes
      6m 30s
    9. Grouping a flipping
      7m 37s
    10. Combining simple shapes into complex ones
      6m 36s
    11. Drawing with Scissors and Join
      6m 3s
    12. Cutting and connecting in Illustrator CS3
      3m 49s
    13. Tilde key goofiness
      2m 55s
  5. 1h 22m
    1. Three simple ingredients, one complex result
      33s
    2. Introducing Fill and Stroke
      3m 42s
    3. Accessing color libraries and sliders
      7m 8s
    4. Using the CMYK sliders for print output
      5m 6s
    5. Using the RGB sliders for screen output
      4m 39s
    6. Color palette tips and tricks
      4m 46s
    7. Creating and saving color swatches
      4m 14s
    8. Trapping gaps with rich blacks
      7m 58s
    9. Filling and stacking shapes
      5m 17s
    10. Dragging and dropping swatches
      6m 16s
    11. Paste in Back, Paste in Front
      5m 43s
    12. Filling shapes inside groups
      5m 16s
    13. Pasting between layers
      3m 34s
    14. Joins, caps, and dashes
      5m 50s
    15. Fixing strokes and isolating your edits
      7m 35s
    16. Creating a pattern fill
      4m 38s
  6. 1h 22m
    1. The power of transformations
      1m 25s
    2. From primitives to polished art
      4m 4s
    3. Clone and Duplicate
      6m 15s
    4. Moving by the numbers
      4m 16s
    5. Using the Reshape tool
      6m 30s
    6. Modifying, aligning, and uniting paths
      7m 0s
    7. Using the Offset Path command
      4m 25s
    8. Styling and eyedropping
      4m 11s
    9. The wonders of the translucent group
      5m 37s
    10. Making a black-and-white template
      3m 48s
    11. Scaling and cloning shapes
      4m 26s
    12. Enlarging and stacking shapes
      5m 6s
    13. Positioning the origin point
      6m 50s
    14. Using the Rotate and Reflect tools
      5m 16s
    15. Series rotation (aka power duplication)
      4m 3s
    16. Rotating by the numbers
      5m 15s
    17. Rotating repeating pattern fills
      4m 32s
  7. 1h 4m
    1. Points are boys, control handles are girls
      2m 16s
    2. Tracing a scanned image or photograph
      4m 34s
    3. Placing an image as a template
      5m 32s
    4. Drawing a straight-sided path
      5m 36s
    5. Moving, adding, and deleting points
      5m 51s
    6. Drawing spline curves with Round Corners
      7m 56s
    7. Smooth points and Bézier curves
      8m 12s
    8. Defining a cusp between two curves
      4m 37s
    9. Adjusting handles and converting points
      7m 4s
    10. Cutting, separating, and closing paths
      7m 31s
    11. Eyedropping template colors
      5m 11s
  8. 1h 28m
    1. Paths never rest
      1m 42s
    2. Meet Uzz, Cloying Corporate Mascot
      2m 22s
    3. Exploring the Appearance palette
      5m 37s
    4. Snip and Spin
      7m 28s
    5. Adding a center point
      3m 57s
    6. Keeping shape intersections
      3m 8s
    7. Lifting fills and selecting through shapes
      4m 14s
    8. Saving and recalling selections
      5m 18s
    9. Rotating is a circular operation
      7m 35s
    10. Lassoing and scaling points
      6m 8s
    11. Using the Transform Each command
      5m 9s
    12. Using the Magic Wand tool
      6m 46s
    13. Converting paths and text to rich black
      2m 27s
    14. The overwrought lace pattern
      3m 21s
    15. Eyedropping Live Effects
      5m 39s
    16. Merging strokes with a compound path
      6m 32s
    17. Selecting and scaling independent segments
      6m 30s
    18. Pucker & Bloat
      4m 49s
  9. 1m 59s
    1. See ya for now
      1m 59s

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Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials
9h 36m Beginner May 18, 2007

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Adobe Illustrator has long been the most popular and viable vector-drawing program on the market but, for many, the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials , author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland teaches the key features of Illustrator in a way that anyone can understand. He also goes beyond that, showing users how to get into the Illustrator "mindset" to make mastering Illustrator simple and easy. The training covers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text and gradients, and color management and printing features. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this time it is going to make sense. Exercise files accompany the training.

Subject:
Design
Software:
Illustrator
Author:
Deke McClelland

Moving, adding, and deleting points

All right so here we are still inside the Base template.ai file that I opened up in the previous exercise. And I have drawn this straight-sided freeform polygon that's tracing around this canoe shape with little skinny guys that are pursuing the dangerous critter, the underwater panther over there. And what we're going to do in this exercise, I'm going to show you how you can modify a path after you get done creating it. Now the first way that you modify a path is to grab your white arrow tool, not your black arrow tool, because if you get your black arrow tool and you start dragging the path around, notice that you move the entire path, even if originally just one point was selected, as was my case here, Illustrator overrides that and says, Wow, you've got the big path selector tool, so you want to modify the entire path at a time. Of course that's wrong, so then you go and you grab your white arrow tool or your Direct Selection Tool if you prefer. Click off the shape in order to deselect it and then select the offending point.

Notice that you get that nice little highlight there that's showing you that you are hovering over an anchor point in the shape, and then you drag it to a better position like so. And you can drag your points around as much as you want. You have infinite reshaping control inside of Illustrator just as you should. What kind of vector-based drawing application, would it be if it didn't give you this kind of control? Now let's say that you want to add a point to the path. Why then you'd go to your Pen Tool right here. Notice the flyout menu. You've got an Add Anchor Point Tool and a Delete Anchor Point Tool and so on. I'll show you what that tool does later, but you don't need these tools, because you can get to them all, you can get to their functionality from the Pen Tool by itself, which is a wonderful thing. So just switch over to the Pen Tool and notice if you hover over an existing segment inside of the shape, you get that little Pen Tool cursor with a + next to it. Click and that adds a point to the shape. Then you can drag it to a new location by pressing and holding the Control key or the Command key on the Mac.

That gets you your last active arrow tool. Then just go ahead and drag the point to a different location, and notice for me it snaps to the edge of the artwork right there. Not really absolutely necessary that I take things to the edge of the artwork, but it produces a pleasing effect. I think it follows more or less the contours of this canoe nicely, and so I still have the Control key down and I'm still moving points around here. This would be Command-dragging on the Mac of course. As soon as I release that Command or Control key, I return to my Pen Tool cursor. Now let's say I add a point at this location and Control- drag it over here and then Control-drag this point there and then I go, you know what, I don't need this anchor point anymore.

I can delete it by moving my cursor over the point, notice it now gets a minus sign, and then clicking. So if you move your Pen Tool cursor over an existing anchor point, then you can click to subtract that anchor point. If you move it over an existing segment, you can click to add a point. All right I'm going to go ahead and Control-drag this point over to a different location, drag this one up a little bit as well with the Control key down. Actually, I am thinking that it would be nice to have that point back over here, so I will click at this location, without pressing the Control key, then Control-drag it to a different location, thusly.

A few other things, what if you, notice by the way when you click on a point, you not only delete the point you fuse the segments back together so you don't have a gap in the path. What if you want to create a gap in the path? Why then you go ahead and grab your white arrow tool, might as well just be using the white arrow tool at this point instead of Control or Command-clicking, you click on the point that you want to delete and then you press the Backspace key or the Delete key on a Mac and that not only deletes the point, but it deletes the two neighboring segments as well, and you get a hole inside of your path. In our case we converged what used to be a closed path into an open path.

All right I'm going to undo that modification because I definitely want to a closed path here. That's how you go about modifying a path that you've drawn with the Pen Tool. What if you have a path that you've drawn with some other tool? For example, I'm going to just switch over here to my favorite tool ever, of course the Ellipse Tool, because I'm circle crazy. Anyway I'm going to grab that Ellipse Tool and I'm going to draw an ellipse and this is a simple shape of course, but insofar as Illustrator is concerned, it's a full-fledged path with all the rights and privileges of any other path inside the program. So if you go over here and grab the Pen Tool and you click on a segment, you add a point to the segment.

And I could add as many points as I want. I could delete previously existing points inside of the path. I can switch to the white arrow tool and I could move these points around. I can also move the control handles but I haven't told you about control handles yet, these guys right here that are floating off, these levers that are floating off the path, I'll tell you about them later. Right now I just want you to notice that you can edit any path you like using the Pen and white arrow tools. So it doesn't have to have been created with the Pen Tool in the first place. I obviously don't want to his blobbular path outline here, so there's one point selected, notice that. I'm going to press the Backspace key or the Delete key on a Mac in order to get rid of it and then that goes ahead and selects the entire remaining path. I'm going to press the Backspace key again or the Delete key again in order to get rid of the remainder of the path.

So at any point in time, as long as one point is selected inside the path, one anchor point, you can press Backspace twice in a row or Delete twice in a row to get rid of the entire path. There we have it. In the next exercise, you may notice so far that our path is a little bit too angular, we've got too many straight sides and this canoe is more rounded. We are going to round off the path coming up next.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials.


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Q: When trying to synchronize color settings between all Creative Suite programs in Bridge, the Creative Suite Color Settings command either does not appear in the Edit menu or does not work. What is causing this?
A: If the Color Setting command is not available or does not function, it's because Bridge thinks that a single application (such as Photoshop or Illustrator), is installed and not one of the many versions of the Creative Suite.
If only Photoshop or Illustrator is installed, skip the exercise and move on.
If the entire Creative Suite is installed, then, unfortunately, there is no easy fix. Either contact Adobe or completely reinstall the Creative Suite.
 
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