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In this exercise, I'm going to show you to work with two alternate varieties of text that are available to you inside of Illustrator. The first is point text, test that emanates from a single point, and this is great for displaying type and logos and so forth as you'll see. The second is text on a path in which the text actually follows a path outline. I've saved my progress as a bit of text.ai and I'm going to go ahead and spacebar+Drag up a little bit to this text that says CALIFORNIA GROUNDSWELL.
Note that it's set in a font called Hobo which you may or may not have on your system. If you don't, then you can work along with me using an alternate font of your choice. I'm going to go ahead and click on the Baseline. Notice when I hover my Arrow Cursor over the text, I see this line underneath the letters. That is the invisible baseline upon which the letters rest. And if you click on that baseline, then you're going to select the text. Now it looks as if the text is set inside of a frame, but that's because we have the Bounding Box turned on.
Notice if I drag this Bounding Box, I don't change the size of the text frame, I actually stretch the letters. So I'll press Ctrl+Z to undo that change, then I'll go up to the View menu and choose Hide Bounding Box so that we get a more realistic view of our point text. There's the point right there, and that point determines the point of alignment. So in other words, our text is centered with respect to that point. All right! Let me show how I created that text by pressing the Backspace key to get rid of it; that would be the Delete key on the Mac. And then I'm going to switch to my Type tool, and instead of dragging with the tool to create a text frame, I'm just going to click with the tool to create a point.
So we've got a point and a blinking insertion marker, and that's it. And I'm going to type in my text california and then press the Enter or Return key, groundswell. Now the reason I had to press Enter or Return is because since I'm not working inside of a text frame, Illustrator has no idea where to wrap the text and it only wraps the text to the next line, when I press Enter or Return; that's it. Otherwise, you're going to create the super-long line of text that can stretch across the entire artboard or even farther. Anyway, I've created two lines of type, so all is well.
And now I'm going to format that type by pressing Ctrl+A or Command+A on the Mac in order to select all it. Notice it's currently set at Myriad Pro. Now I was telling you about that trick where you can highlight the font name and type in a different font, and so I'm going to type in Hobo, and then Illustrator automatically grabs Standard (Std). So I think I'm in good shape and if I press the Enter key or the Return key, it doesn't take. That sometimes happens, especially with font names that are overly long and complex which is a case with our Hobo font.
I'm going to go ahead and click the down-pointing arrowhead and then just scroll up the list until I eventually find this guy right there Hob Standard Medium (Hobo Std Medium). Again, it's installed on my system, it might not be on yours. And that goes ahead and formats the type as you see it there. I want my type to be set in all caps, so I'll click on the word Character up here in the panel. It would be nice if there was an All Caps icon right there, but there isn't one of course. So what you do instead when there's a missing function in Illustrator and you can't figure out why, look to the flyout menus.
Notice this tiny little icon in the upper right-hand corner of the panel, click on it; that'll bring up a flyout menu of options. And then in my case, I'll choose All Caps in order to format the type accordingly. Now that I can go ahead and change the size of my text to 28 points which is what I actually want to use, you also have a size option over here in the Control panel. You can select it, you can dial in any size you want accurate to a decimal place, for example, I could enter 30.5. But I don't want that; I'll go ahead and press Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac to restore my 28 point type.
The text is flush left, that is it's aligned to the left; don't want that either, I want it to be Centered, so I'll go ahead and click on Align Center. And what that does is it centers the type with respect to that point. We can't currently see the point, but the point is located at that exact position that I originally clicked. All right! Now I'm going to go ahead and just select the second word by double-clicking on it because I want to reduce its size, so that its width more or less matches the width of the word CALIFORNIA. And I can do that by dialing in a different font size, but much better to do it on-the-fly dynamically, and from the keyboard, so I'm going to show you little bit of a keyboard trick.
You can choose to memorize it or not, up to you. If you press Ctrl+Shift+<, and of course that's the same as Command+Shift+Comma then you'll reduce the size of the type incrementally. To increase the size of the type incrementally, you press Ctrl+Shift+> or Command+Shift+> on the Mac; that's the same as Ctrl+Shift+Period or Command+Shift+Period. All right! I'm going to take the type down to about this size here which turns out to be 22 point; fine. Now I want to change the amount of space between these lines of type, and this is a function known as leading.
You may know what is line-spacing, but in the world of design, it's called leading, after the lead that used to be inserted between the lines of hot metal type back in the old days, and that's what Illustrator calls it as well. So I'll bring up the Character panel, you can see this leading option right there. And in case, you've ever wondered how to pronounce that word, that is the pronunciation; it's not leading, it's leading. So I could change this value if I want, or I can change it once again, incrementally from the keyboard by pressing Alt+Up Arrow to raise the type, or Alt+Down Arrow to lower that line of type.
I'm going to press Alt+Up Arrow or Option+Up Arrow a couple of times in order to tighten the leading, like so. And then finally, I'll press the Escape key in order to return to my Selection tool. Notice there's my alignment point and I can now drag the text either by the point or by the baseline or what have you into its proper position. All right! So that's point text, now let's take a look at path type. I'll go ahead and scroll my way down to the surfboard in the lower left corner of the artboard. Notice if you click and hold on the Type tool, you'll get this flyout menu of additional options.
You've got the Type tool, you've got the Area Type tool which allows you to create type inside of a frame like we did in the previous exercise. We've got Type on a Path which allows you to create type on a path, but really you don't need any of these because the Type tool does the work of all of them. So I'll just grab the standard Type tool and then position your Cursor near to an open path outline. That is a standard line that is not meat up all the way around to create a shape. If you move your Cursor over an open path like this one here, you'll get the Path tool on-the-fly, then just click to create that blinking insertion marker.
And now, if I enter some text such as SURF'S UP here, it automatically aligns to that path outline. Now my text is too big, and so we have some overset text. And by overset, I mean it's basically hanging out in space, it's still there but we can't see it. And I know that the text is overset because I can see that tiny red Plus sign. So in order to select all the type that I entered, I press Ctrl+A once again, Command+A on the Mac, and now I'm going to press Ctrl+Shift+< until all of my text appears on screen. All right! My text is looking good.
I might want to align it to the left however, so alignment does matter with path text, I'll go ahead and click on Align Left and you'll see that the text scoots over just a little bit there. And then I'll press the Escape key in order to accept my modifications and return to the Selection tool. And now notice that I have these little handles that are showing up here and these lines as well. If I drag this line to the left of the word SURF, then I'm actually going to move the words back and forth. Until I get them in exactly the desired location, I might move them over just a little bit to the right.
That looks good to me; I'll click off the text to deselect it. And that's how you create point type and path type here inside Illustrator.
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