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Adobe Illustrator has long been a popular vector–based drawing program, but for many the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals, author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland shows users how to get in to the Illustrator mindset and overcome this learning curve. He covers the application's key features in a new way, making it simple and easy to master Illustrator. Deke teaches viewers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text, and the Pen tool. He also explains how to export and print. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this training can help make sense of it. Exercise files accompany the course.
In this exercise, I'm going to show you how to fill in these two eye shapes using a couple of eyedropper techniques that are a little bit familiar, but a little bit unfamiliar as well. I am still working inside that Big pupil.ai graphic that I opened in the previous exercise. It's found inside the 10_select_enhance folder and let's start with this outer eye. You may recall, or you might not-- I'll bring up the Articulates layer here so that you do recall that the outer eye or flesh or head or whatever that is, is colored in red and then the inner eye which is most certainly the eye is colored yellow. But I think the outer thing's an eye too because it has eyelashes on it.
Anyway, maybe that's the lid, whatever. We've got red, we've got yellow. So that's what we are going for here, but let's imagine instead of already having this built that we are creating this graphic as we go and what we want to do is we want match this head shape that's selected right now or the eyelids or whatever. We want to match it to the color of the lips. So I would switch to my Eyedropper, which I could do by clicking on the tool or pressing the I key, and then I would click in ellipse in order to lift their attributes. Now let's go ahead and zoom in so we can see what happens there.
If I press Ctrl+H or Command+H on the Mac and then I press Ctrl+Z, this is before and then Ctrl+Shift+Z, this is after. Of course that would be Command+Z and Command+Shift+Z on the Mac. Now only did we change the color of the fill we changed it to red, but we also changed the thickness of the stroke and I like the big thick stroke right there. So I want to keep that big thick stroke. So instead of just clicking in ellipse, I'm going to make sure that my Fill is active which it is and then I'm going to Shift-click in ellipse in order to load just the Fill and ignore the stroke as I have done here.
Now that is a familiar technique. We already saw that artwork back into previous chapter when we were lifting colors from the original acrylic painting and putting it inside of the underwater panther creatures, you may recall. All right, let's see something that's a little different here because that technique I just showed you, can sometimes throw you. So Ctrl+H, Command+H on the Mac to bring back the selection outline, get the Black Arrow tool, click on that inner eye thing and we want to lift the yellow. Well, we don't have much yellow to lift from. Really the only area of yellow is this way behind Zorble.
So let's go ahead and grab the Eyedropper and obviously, you can't just click in it right because you are going to lift both the Fill and the Stroke attributes, but this is what is weird about this. If I click in this yellow area, I change this entire thing to that purple color. Now why in the world is that? Well, that's because-- let's go ahead and unlock this Sand art layer, twirl it open, click in that thing to look at it. I meatballed it, that is to say. So I have gone ahead and selected that rectangle. Let's go over to the Appearance palette, and notice that the bottommost stroke and the bottommost fill, those are your core fill and stroke attributes. Those are the ones that the eyedropper sees by default are set both to this purple color and so that's why we ended up getting that purple and we got a six point stroke because that's the bottommost stroke right there.
Okay, so that's not the way to work. Go ahead and press Ctrl+Z a couple of times Ctrl+Z again Command+Z, Command+Z on the Mac. So obviously, the thing to do is to press the Shift key and click in the yellow area. Nope, I'm afraid not. That changes the Fill to the fill that the Eyedropper sees which is violet, which is that purple color. So here is what we are going to do instead I'm going to press Ctrl+Z, Command+Z on the Mac to undo that. Let's go ahead and zoom out and see if we can find some other yellow item and yes, some of you might say well why don't you just go over the Swatches palette and get that yellow right there. Wouldn't that be easier, back this way please? I'm trying to show you how to use the Eyedropper. Notice down here in the text we have got some yellow text and you can use the yellow from the text. Notice if you hover your cursor over that text if you looked very closely, you will see that there is a T above the Eyedropper cursor. You will see it even better if I move it above this text up here, but it's the wrong color. I just want you to see that T.
Now I'm going to move it down here and I'm going to Shift-click and that goes ahead and lifts the color of the text, you don't even have to exactly click on those letters just make sure you can see the T above the eyedropper. When you Shift-click, you lift the fill color or lift the color of the text, which happens to be the fill, and you impart it to the active attribute which is the fill of the eye. So you can even get colors from the text if you want to. And yes, you can go over here to the Swatch's palette that does happened to be the color right there, but again, I'm trying to show you how to use this Eyedropper tool, come on. All right so one other thing we have covered up. The pupil, have we not? So let's go ahead and zoom in there. I'm going to go ahead and grab my Black Arrow tool and it's very important--- let's just go ahead and do this-- just to make sure press Ctrl+K, Command+K on the Mac. I have already referenced this option several times, but that brings up the Preferences dialog box, switch to the Selection & Anchor Display and I need to make sure that Object Selection by Path Only is turned on. That's the better setting. That's the setting we need right now. Click OK, if it was not known. Click Cancel if it was, and then I need to go ahead and select through this yellow eye to the pupil below and how do I know when I have reached the pupil below? Because I'll see a little square next to my arrow cursor.
So at this point right there and also, you know, I have a sense of where the outline of this pupil is. I just saw it a few minutes ago. So it's around this region some place and there it is. Click and as soon as you see that little square right there, little black square, that tells you that you are just right there above that path outline, click on it to select it and then press Ctrl+Shift+Right bracket on the PC or Command+Shift+Right bracket on the Mac. All right gang, the next thing that we need to do is we need to create the eyelashes. Remember those eyelashes, I'll go back here, these eyelashes that are hovering around the eye flesh thing and we are going to begin to create those eyelashes, starting in the next exercise.
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