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Adobe Illustrator has long been a popular vector–based drawing program, but for many the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals, author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland shows users how to get in to the Illustrator mindset and overcome this learning curve. He covers the application's key features in a new way, making it simple and easy to master Illustrator. Deke teaches viewers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text, and the Pen tool. He also explains how to export and print. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this training can help make sense of it. Exercise files accompany the course.
In this exercise, I'm going to show you how to lasso and scale points, which is going to allow us to at least attempt to match the eyelashes to the elliptical head. So I'm working inside of a document that I just saved that's called Eyelashes.ai. If you want to catch up with me it's found inside of the 10_select_enhance folder and in addition to the Circle Eye layer, which is currently active, we also have the Primitives layer. I want you to turn that back on. Then I want you to lock that layer down, just to make sure that we don't harm it for now.
All right, I want to select everything that's on the Circle Eye layer, so I'm just going to go ahead and click on one of the items on the layer like so, then I'll go up to the Select menu, choose the Object command and choose All On Same Layers and that will go ahead and select everything that is on the same layer as that originally selected item, which is everything on the Circle Eye layer, Another way to work, of course, we have seen this in the past, I'll click off of those items there, is to Alt-click or to Option-click some place in the neutral area of the layer there.
Alt-click on the PC, Option-click on the Mac. That goes ahead and selects those eyelashes there. Now let's zoom out just a little bit here. Actually, that's too far. Let me show you something about zooming. If you click inside of this option there, you can press Shift+Down arrow in order to reduce that value in increments of 10, which sometimes is more useful. And then I can take it down to 250%, for example, and then press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac, in order to accept that modification. We have zoomed in enough to see what's going on without being too far zoomed in. Now I'm going to go ahead and grab my Scale tool, which I can get by pressing the S key, of course. I'm going to click right there in the center just to make sure that I'm scaling with respect to the center point that is the default but I'm just confirming and then I'm going to start dragging just to the right or it could be to the left of that center point and this way I'll get an exclusively Horizontal Scaling. Of course, that doesn't seem to be going with my strange scaling that I'm applying right now.
It's kind of like a bug or something and that's because I need to press the Shift key. So if I have the Shift key down as well, I'll constraint the angle of my scaling so that it's only horizontal. That's what I want and this looks really great to me, I just want to make sure I'm matching that highlighted ellipse to the big ellipse in the background and then I'll go ahead and release the mouse button and then release the Shift key in order to create this result right there. Now we do have problems, one problem is we now have one ellipse on top of another ellipse, so we have got the ellipse from the Circle Eye layer on top of the ellipse from the Primitives layer. Let's just click out for a moment, then click on that Circle Eye ellipse, you can see that an element on the Circle Eye layer is active.
So I have gone ahead and selected that, then press the Backspace key or the Delete key on the Mac. Now our problem is we have got a little bit of dimpling, notice that a little bit of these strokes coming down into the eye and that's something we will solve in the next exercise, it's really easy actually to solve, so that's not a big deal. The larger problem is that these eyelashes are just too darn wide and so there is a couple of different of ways to work. By the way, I can't just go ahead and select all of these eyelashes, just Alt- click, for example, or Option-click on the Circle Eye layer. I can't just grab all the eyelashes and somehow use the Scale tool in order to scale the back. That's not going to work because that will just undo the work that we already did. It's going to move everybody with respect to that one origin point right there.
So instead what we could do is we could just select the outer points and scale them inward. That's an option and the easiest way to do that is to take advantage of another Selection tool, very easy to overlook tool inside of Illustrator and that's this guy, the Lasso tool and notice that it's got a keyboard equivalent of Q which is essentially, if you look at the letter Q, it's a backward version of the Lasso, so that's how you can remember, if you want to or just click on it in the toolbox, of course works. I am going to grab the Lasso tool and I'm going to drag around these outer points like so and I'm not pressing any special key or anything like that, I'm just dragging around those points and then when I release, I select only those points because everything on the other layers is locked. So I just get these points right there. That is the easiest way to select those points, far easier than going in with the Direct Selection tool and Clicking and Shift-clicking on everything but one of them, which would be presumably your other option.
Now I'm going to go ahead and grab my Scale tool and make sure that that origin point in some place in the center which it is, and then I'm going to drag inward and press the Shift key about there, it looks pretty good. That does allow me to go ahead and scale the outer points while keeping the inner points in their proper places, so we now have these eyelashes that are tracing around the edge of the ellipse. The problem is it doesn't look like eyelashes very much any more. If I were to press Ctrl+H or Command+H on the Mac, we end up getting this sort of little elbow finger things going on. So it's really kind of creased each one of these paths, especially the ones that are on the Horizontal Mean Line here, the ones that were stretched the most with our Scale operation.
So that's not really the best way to work. I'm going to go ahead and press Ctl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac. How in the world do we take care of this problem? I'll press Ctrl+H or Command+H as well, so that we can see those selection edges again and then I'm just going to deselect them. How do we take care of this problem? Well, we use the Transform Each command and I'm going to explain how that works in the next exercise.
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