Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals
Illustration by Don Barnett

Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals

with Deke McClelland

Video: Lassoing and scaling points

In this exercise, I'm going to show you how to lasso and scale points, which is going to allow us to at least attempt to match the eyelashes to the elliptical head. So I'm working inside of a document that I just saved that's called Eyelashes.ai. If you want to catch up with me it's found inside of the 10_select_enhance folder and in addition to the Circle Eye layer, which is currently active, we also have the Primitives layer. I want you to turn that back on. Then I want you to lock that layer down, just to make sure that we don't harm it for now.
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  1. 42m 8s
    1. Welcome to One-on-One
      1m 58s
    2. The Welcome screen
      3m 3s
    3. Creating a new document
      5m 6s
    4. Advanced document controls
      4m 43s
    5. Saving a custom New Document Profile
      8m 46s
    6. Changing the document setup
      4m 21s
    7. Special artboard controls
      4m 58s
    8. Accepting artboard changes
      2m 19s
    9. Saving a document
      4m 33s
    10. Closing a document
      2m 21s
  2. 1h 0m
    1. Adobe Bridge
      56s
    2. Opening an illustration
      4m 45s
    3. Modifying an illustration
      6m 27s
    4. Saving changes
      4m 58s
    5. Introducing Adobe Bridge
      8m 41s
    6. The all-important file type associations
      3m 20s
    7. Navigating inside Bridge
      4m 23s
    8. Previewing and collecting
      5m 55s
    9. Using workspaces
      6m 41s
    10. Customizing a workspace
      6m 14s
    11. Cool Bridge tricks
      8m 17s
  3. 1h 4m
    1. Preferences, color settings, and workspaces
      35s
    2. Keyboard increments
      5m 12s
    3. Scratch disks
      3m 48s
    4. Changing the user interface and setting Appearance of Black
      4m 14s
    5. Best workflow color settings
      9m 17s
    6. Synchronizing settings across CS4
      3m 2s
    7. Working inside tabbed windows
      7m 6s
    8. Organizing palettes
      5m 4s
    9. Saving a custom workspace
      4m 12s
    10. Zooming and panning
      4m 19s
    11. Using the Zoom tool
      3m 3s
    12. Navigating the artboards
      5m 5s
    13. Nudging the screen image
      3m 3s
    14. Scroll-wheel tricks
      2m 8s
    15. Cycling between screen modes
      4m 35s
  4. 1h 22m
    1. The Wedjat (or Eye of Horus)
      55s
    2. The line tools
      2m 57s
    3. Introducing layers
      5m 10s
    4. Creating ruler guides
      6m 18s
    5. Creating custom guides
      5m 16s
    6. Snap-to points
      5m 25s
    7. Organizing guides
      5m 44s
    8. Making a tracing template
      3m 42s
    9. Drawing a line segment
      4m 29s
    10. Drawing a continuous arc
      5m 28s
    11. Drawing a looping spiral
      6m 5s
    12. Cutting lines with the Scissors tool
      6m 20s
    13. Joining open paths
      7m 31s
    14. Aligning and joining points
      6m 34s
    15. Drawing concentric circles
      4m 41s
    16. Cleaning up overlapping segments
      5m 34s
  5. 1h 4m
    1. The anatomy of a shape
      1m 1s
    2. Meet the shape tools
      3m 5s
    3. The traceable Tonalpohualli
      2m 52s
    4. Drawing circles
      4m 38s
    5. Enhanced Smart Guides
      4m 1s
    6. Aligning to a key object
      4m 29s
    7. Creating polygons and stars
      5m 4s
    8. Using the Measure tool
      3m 47s
    9. The Select Similar and Arrange commands
      3m 56s
    10. Rectangles and rounded rectangles
      6m 8s
    11. The amazing constraint axes
      5m 26s
    12. Grouping and ungrouping
      3m 35s
    13. Flipping and duplicating
      4m 12s
    14. Combining simple shapes into complex ones
      5m 24s
    15. Cutting and connecting with Scissors and Join
      3m 31s
    16. Tilde-key goofiness
      2m 53s
  6. 1h 41m
    1. The ingredients of life
      54s
    2. Fill and Stroke settings
      4m 22s
    3. Transparency grid and paper color
      5m 47s
    4. The None attribute
      5m 4s
    5. Color libraries and sliders
      3m 39s
    6. Industry-standard colors
      4m 38s
    7. Using CMYK for commercial output
      6m 39s
    8. Using RGB for the web
      7m 23s
    9. Color palette tips and tricks
      7m 18s
    10. Creating and saving color swatches
      4m 35s
    11. Trapping gaps with rich blacks
      6m 46s
    12. Filling and stacking shapes
      5m 39s
    13. Dragging and dropping swatches
      5m 0s
    14. Paste in Front, Paste in Back
      4m 54s
    15. Filling shapes inside groups
      5m 28s
    16. Pasting between layers
      4m 41s
    17. Joins, caps, and dashes
      6m 50s
    18. Fixing strokes and isolating edits
      7m 12s
    19. Creating a pattern fill
      4m 57s
  7. 1h 50m
    1. The power of transformations
      1m 20s
    2. From primitive to polished art
      2m 42s
    3. Using the Blob brush
      5m 46s
    4. Resizing the brush and erasing
      4m 15s
    5. Selection limits and methods of merging
      6m 39s
    6. Cloning and auto-duplicating
      6m 45s
    7. Customizing keyboard shortcuts
      3m 7s
    8. Moving by the numbers
      5m 15s
    9. Using the Reshape tool
      7m 47s
    10. Modifying, aligning, and uniting paths
      7m 14s
    11. Using the Offset Path command
      4m 43s
    12. Styling and eyedropping
      5m 29s
    13. Making a black-and-white template
      2m 27s
    14. Scale and clone
      4m 57s
    15. Enlarge and stack
      5m 46s
    16. Positioning the origin point
      6m 59s
    17. Using the Rotate tool
      3m 55s
    18. Using the Reflect tool
      4m 15s
    19. Series rotation (aka power duplication)
      6m 48s
    20. Rotating by the numbers
      6m 12s
    21. Transforming the tile patterns
      7m 52s
  8. 2h 4m
    1. Next-generation text wrangling
      55s
    2. Placing a text document
      5m 38s
    3. Creating a new text block
      6m 1s
    4. Working with point text
      3m 57s
    5. Selecting the perfect typeface
      5m 44s
    6. Scaling and positioning type
      8m 57s
    7. Leading, tracking, and lots of shortcuts
      5m 54s
    8. Adjusting pair kerning
      6m 55s
    9. Eyedropping formatting attributes
      3m 54s
    10. Flowing text from one block to another
      8m 28s
    11. Creating and applying a paragraph style
      7m 39s
    12. Rendering the text in graphite
      5m 55s
    13. Creating a scribbly drop shadow
      5m 17s
    14. Advanced formatting and bullets
      7m 43s
    15. Setting Area Type options
      4m 57s
    16. Justification and the Every-line Composer
      5m 52s
    17. OpenType and ligatures
      7m 19s
    18. Fractions, numerals, and ordinals
      9m 7s
    19. Swashes and small caps
      5m 40s
    20. The amazing Glyphs palette
      8m 12s
  9. 1h 18m
    1. Points are boys, handles are girls
      1m 20s
    2. Placing an image as a tracing template
      6m 56s
    3. Drawing a straight-sided path
      6m 8s
    4. Moving, adding, and deleting points
      6m 50s
    5. Drawing spline curves with Round Corners
      9m 7s
    6. Smooth points and Bézier curves
      8m 29s
    7. Defining a cusp between two curves
      6m 59s
    8. Replicating and reshaping segments
      8m 31s
    9. Converting anchor points
      7m 55s
    10. Deleting stray anchor points
      5m 1s
    11. Separating and closing paths
      5m 43s
    12. Eyedropping template colors
      5m 55s
  10. 1h 40m
    1. Paths never rest
      1m 34s
    2. Exploring the Appearance palette
      9m 54s
    3. Snip and Spin
      8m 3s
    4. Adding a center point
      4m 12s
    5. Keeping shape intersections
      3m 42s
    6. Lifting fills and selecting through shapes
      5m 54s
    7. Saving and recalling selections
      6m 20s
    8. Rotating is a circular operation
      8m 32s
    9. Lassoing and scaling points
      5m 28s
    10. Using the Transform Each command
      4m 11s
    11. Using the Magic Wand tool
      8m 1s
    12. Eyedropping live effects
      9m 58s
    13. Merging strokes with a compound path
      6m 50s
    14. Selecting and scaling independent segments
      7m 59s
    15. Scalloped edges with Pucker & Bloat
      5m 16s
    16. Expand before you merge
      4m 17s
  11. 1h 26m
    1. The new pleasures of printing
      44s
    2. Outlines and artboards in CS4
      7m 35s
    3. Setting trim size and bleed
      7m 17s
    4. Creating custom dynamic crop marks
      3m 41s
    5. Working with the Separations Preview palette
      7m 42s
    6. Trapping an object with an overprint stroke
      8m 20s
    7. Placing multiple artboards into InDesign
      5m 17s
    8. Working with the Print Tiling tool
      4m 56s
    9. Setting the General Print options
      6m 9s
    10. Setting printer marks
      5m 16s
    11. PostScript-only output and graphics
      9m 10s
    12. The Color Management options
      6m 56s
    13. Adjusting the Flattener settings
      7m 32s
    14. Setting the Raster Effects resolution
      5m 33s
  12. 1h 32m
    1. Illustrator does pixels
      51s
    2. Illustrator, PDF, and Save As formats
      8m 15s
    3. Saving an illustration for the web
      6m 13s
    4. Saving a continuous-tone JPEG image
      10m 2s
    5. Saving a high-contrast GIF graphic
      6m 27s
    6. The versatile PNG format
      4m 45s
    7. Saving a scaleable Flash (SWF) graphic
      11m 0s
    8. Opening and placing an Illustrator file in Photoshop
      12m 44s
    9. Exporting a layered PSD from Illustrator
      12m 57s
    10. Exporting to Microsoft Office and PowerPoint
      7m 24s
    11. Sharing with InDesign, Flash, and Photoshop
      12m 12s
  13. 1m 4s
    1. Until next time
      1m 4s

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Watch the Online Video Course Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals
16h 48m Beginner Feb 06, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Adobe Illustrator has long been a popular vector–based drawing program, but for many the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals, author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland shows users how to get in to the Illustrator mindset and overcome this learning curve. He covers the application's key features in a new way, making it simple and easy to master Illustrator. Deke teaches viewers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text, and the Pen tool. He also explains how to export and print. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this training can help make sense of it. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Creating continuous arcs and looping spirals
  • Building with geometric shapes
  • Selecting, placing, and scaling type
  • Creating spine curves with round corners
  • Using the new Blob brush to quickly draw and merge paths
  • Working with flattener and raster effects
  • Saving illustrations for the web
Subject:
Design
Software:
Illustrator
Author:
Deke McClelland

Lassoing and scaling points

In this exercise, I'm going to show you how to lasso and scale points, which is going to allow us to at least attempt to match the eyelashes to the elliptical head. So I'm working inside of a document that I just saved that's called Eyelashes.ai. If you want to catch up with me it's found inside of the 10_select_enhance folder and in addition to the Circle Eye layer, which is currently active, we also have the Primitives layer. I want you to turn that back on. Then I want you to lock that layer down, just to make sure that we don't harm it for now.

All right, I want to select everything that's on the Circle Eye layer, so I'm just going to go ahead and click on one of the items on the layer like so, then I'll go up to the Select menu, choose the Object command and choose All On Same Layers and that will go ahead and select everything that is on the same layer as that originally selected item, which is everything on the Circle Eye layer, Another way to work, of course, we have seen this in the past, I'll click off of those items there, is to Alt-click or to Option-click some place in the neutral area of the layer there.

Alt-click on the PC, Option-click on the Mac. That goes ahead and selects those eyelashes there. Now let's zoom out just a little bit here. Actually, that's too far. Let me show you something about zooming. If you click inside of this option there, you can press Shift+Down arrow in order to reduce that value in increments of 10, which sometimes is more useful. And then I can take it down to 250%, for example, and then press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac, in order to accept that modification. We have zoomed in enough to see what's going on without being too far zoomed in. Now I'm going to go ahead and grab my Scale tool, which I can get by pressing the S key, of course. I'm going to click right there in the center just to make sure that I'm scaling with respect to the center point that is the default but I'm just confirming and then I'm going to start dragging just to the right or it could be to the left of that center point and this way I'll get an exclusively Horizontal Scaling. Of course, that doesn't seem to be going with my strange scaling that I'm applying right now.

It's kind of like a bug or something and that's because I need to press the Shift key. So if I have the Shift key down as well, I'll constraint the angle of my scaling so that it's only horizontal. That's what I want and this looks really great to me, I just want to make sure I'm matching that highlighted ellipse to the big ellipse in the background and then I'll go ahead and release the mouse button and then release the Shift key in order to create this result right there. Now we do have problems, one problem is we now have one ellipse on top of another ellipse, so we have got the ellipse from the Circle Eye layer on top of the ellipse from the Primitives layer. Let's just click out for a moment, then click on that Circle Eye ellipse, you can see that an element on the Circle Eye layer is active.

So I have gone ahead and selected that, then press the Backspace key or the Delete key on the Mac. Now our problem is we have got a little bit of dimpling, notice that a little bit of these strokes coming down into the eye and that's something we will solve in the next exercise, it's really easy actually to solve, so that's not a big deal. The larger problem is that these eyelashes are just too darn wide and so there is a couple of different of ways to work. By the way, I can't just go ahead and select all of these eyelashes, just Alt- click, for example, or Option-click on the Circle Eye layer. I can't just grab all the eyelashes and somehow use the Scale tool in order to scale the back. That's not going to work because that will just undo the work that we already did. It's going to move everybody with respect to that one origin point right there.

So instead what we could do is we could just select the outer points and scale them inward. That's an option and the easiest way to do that is to take advantage of another Selection tool, very easy to overlook tool inside of Illustrator and that's this guy, the Lasso tool and notice that it's got a keyboard equivalent of Q which is essentially, if you look at the letter Q, it's a backward version of the Lasso, so that's how you can remember, if you want to or just click on it in the toolbox, of course works. I am going to grab the Lasso tool and I'm going to drag around these outer points like so and I'm not pressing any special key or anything like that, I'm just dragging around those points and then when I release, I select only those points because everything on the other layers is locked. So I just get these points right there. That is the easiest way to select those points, far easier than going in with the Direct Selection tool and Clicking and Shift-clicking on everything but one of them, which would be presumably your other option.

Now I'm going to go ahead and grab my Scale tool and make sure that that origin point in some place in the center which it is, and then I'm going to drag inward and press the Shift key about there, it looks pretty good. That does allow me to go ahead and scale the outer points while keeping the inner points in their proper places, so we now have these eyelashes that are tracing around the edge of the ellipse. The problem is it doesn't look like eyelashes very much any more. If I were to press Ctrl+H or Command+H on the Mac, we end up getting this sort of little elbow finger things going on. So it's really kind of creased each one of these paths, especially the ones that are on the Horizontal Mean Line here, the ones that were stretched the most with our Scale operation.

So that's not really the best way to work. I'm going to go ahead and press Ctl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac. How in the world do we take care of this problem? I'll press Ctrl+H or Command+H as well, so that we can see those selection edges again and then I'm just going to deselect them. How do we take care of this problem? Well, we use the Transform Each command and I'm going to explain how that works in the next exercise.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals .


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Q: Adobe Bridge CS4 is not previewing files in the same way for me as it is in the tutorial. All I am seeing is a low-quality thumbnail of the image, not previews of each artboard.  Why is there a difference between the tutorial and what I am seeing?
A: There is a different view in the tutorial because the author used a beta version of Bridge during the recording. The final release of Bridge CS4 displays thumbnails as you describe.
 
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