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Adobe Illustrator has long been a popular vector–based drawing program, but for many the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals, author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland shows users how to get in to the Illustrator mindset and overcome this learning curve. He covers the application's key features in a new way, making it simple and easy to master Illustrator. Deke teaches viewers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text, and the Pen tool. He also explains how to export and print. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this training can help make sense of it. Exercise files accompany the course.
All right, we have got a couple of quick exercises coming up and in the first one, we are going to find the intersection of these two shapes using a Pathfinder operation and then in the next exercise we are going to color in all of these eye shapes here and in all cases we are going to be taking advantage of some new and different techniques. Now I have saved my progress so far as the document called Big pupil.ai found inside of the 10_select_enhance folder and the problem that we have with this illustration is that the pupil is too darn big, just as the name of the document implies. The pupil is too big for the eye and so what we need to do is we need to take these two shapes and find the intersection between them, so we just keep the part of the pupil that's in the eye.
Now that is going to mean harming the current shapes. Any time you apply what's known as a Pathfinder operation, you are getting rid of the old shapes and replacing them with a new shape. So we are going to want to keep one or more of these shapes in the future. So before we embark on the Pathfinder operation you go up to the Edit menu and you choose the Copy command or you press Ctrl+C or Command+C on the Mac, just so you have got a backup. All right, next you can go to the Pathfinder palette right here. Now the Pathfinder palette is so extraordinarily useful that I devote an entire chapter to it in a future part of this series, but for now I just want to give you a preview of upcoming events and also arm you with some knowledge in case this is as far as you get through things. One way to bring up the Pathfinder palette is click on this little icon right there. Another way is to go up to the Window menu and choose the Pathfinder command. It's also got a keyboard shortcut.
Whatever. Memorize it, don't memorize it. I can't remember that one. So Ctrl+Shift+F9, Command+Shift+F9 on the Mac, I'll just mention it. Anyway, extraordinarily useful palette however. And notice these Shape Modes are up here. If you click Unite you will add these two shapes to each other and you will create a flying saucer which is really cool but it has no business in this graphic. So I'll press Ctrl+ Z or Command+Z on the Mac. Then we have got this next one, which will go ahead and subtract the front shape from the rear shape and so we will end up getting a pupil shaped hole like this. Also very cool; also not what we want. Press Ctrl+Z, Command+Z on the Mac. This guy is the one we want, but as long as we are on this rope, we might as well try out the next one first Exclude. This one is going to rule out the intersection and just keep the areas that don't intersect like so. Again, nifty shape and not what we want, Ctrl+Z, Command+Z on the Mac this is the guy right there. We just want intersect these two shapes and we get this pupil shape right here.
Now in the old days there are always tips that are coming up about Alt-clicking or Option-clicking here. It used to be the other way around. It used to create this thing called a compound shape unless you were to press the Alt or Option key. Now in CS4 you have to press the Alt or Option key to create the compound shape. I think that's a really great change that they made because normally you don't want a compound shape and we don't, we just want this cut shape that we have got right here, but note, I'm just going to go ahead and put away the Pathfinder palette. Note that we are left with the pupil but we got rid of the eye. So thankfully, we had gone ahead and copy those shapes to the clipboard. So we can now press Ctrl+F or Command+F on the Mac to paste those shapes right there in front. So we have easy access to them. The shape we want to keep is this outer shape here. So I'm going to Shift -click on it with the Black Arrow tool to deselect it and then I'm going to press the Backspace key to get rid of the old pupil and reveal the new pupil inside and that, my friends, is a new pupil, thanks to the intersect Pathfinder operation. Pathfinder operations allow you to take simple shapes, combine them into more complicated shapes as we have done here and in the next exercise we are going to use the Eyedropper and some selection techniques to fill in the eyes. Stick with me.
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