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All right, here is my document so far. I have gone ahead and saved my progress as a file called Consistent margins.ai found inside the 08_type folder and we are approaching the problems with this document in order of magnitude. So in other words, we took care of the biggest problem first; now we are going to take care of the second and third biggest problems and so on. And I would say the second biggest problem that we have with this document is that we have overset text. You will notice down here this little red plus sign and it's even more noticeable if I go ahead and click on the text to make it active.
So there it is. We have a few words that are hanging off the edge and of course, our text doesn't look all that great. I don't really like the fact that it's flushed left. I would rather have it justified for example and you can change the justification as follows. I am going to go up here with the text selected with my Black Arrow tool because I want to affect all of the text inside of this text block at a time here. I'm going to go up to the Control palette, click on the Paragraph option in order to bring up the Paragraph palette and then notice we have got these Alignment Options right here. So we could center the text if we want to, we could make the text flush right if we wanted to and we are affecting all of the text at a time because we have it selected with the Black Arrow tool. These are normally paragraph by paragraph options however.
So if I just had my blinking insertion marker inside of the text, for example, I'll just go ahead and double click inside of this text, apparently I triple clicked for a moment there. So I just have my blinking insertion marker in this one paragraph and then I were to go up to Paragraph and change it to centered, for example. I would just affect this text and not the byline or the title or this information up here at the top. All right, so I'm going to change this back though. I'm going to go ahead and select all of the text with the Black Arrow tool. Go back to the Paragraph palette and the reason I'm bringing these up, really they are pretty obvious I think. We have the option to justify the type like so and that went ahead and got rid of the overset text. Notice that the plus sign here is almost all but disappeared. We have a little bit of a vestige of a plus sign but that's a screen refresh problem right there.
And we are now of course, pulling the type apart in order to, so in other words, expanding the letter spacing and the word spacing in order to make the text fill up the entire width of the column. So that it is both flush left and flush right, thanks to the justification, except for the last line. So if there is a last line of text or a line by itself that will be flush left and if you wanted to change that you could try one of these other options. For example, you could make the last line centered like so. So now we have centered the byline and centered this last line right there or you can make it flush right or finally you could justify all lines and that is going to pull apart that last line of text as well. And notice that it expands the byline along with its little ornament there.
And the reason that the byline incidentally doesn't quite fill up the entire width of the column is because that text right there, if I were to double click inside of it in order to make it active and go back up to the Paragraph palette here. You would see that I have both a left hand indent and a right hand indent. So I was squishing the text 18 points in from the left and 18 points in from the right. All right, now what I really want to show you however is the keyboard shortcut that you should be aware of, because all of that stuff I think most of us know about justification. Here is the keyboard shortcut you should know about. I'll go ahead and switch back to my Black Arrow tool. If you press Ctrl+Shift+L or Command+Shift+L on the Mac, you will make your text flush left. If you press Ctrl+Shift+C or Command+Shift+C on the Mac, it's going to centered; Ctrl+Shift+R or Command+Shift+R on the Mac is going to make it flush right. So, so far, very familiar stuff. This works across all the Adobe applications and it makes perfect sense of course.
If you want to justify your text, it's going to be Ctrl+Shift+J or Command+Shift+J. And if you want it to be force justified so that all lines of type are justified, folks. Then you press Ctrl+Shift+F or Command+Shift+F for forced. Now the remaining problem I have with my justified text here is that it's unevenly justified. So some lines are fairly tight. For example, this line right here, "and freezes off. Your feet won't adds to." That is very tight whereas this last line is very loose. And that's because currently Illustrator is looking at the text and trying to justify it on a line byline basis and this is the way it used to work in the old days all the time, you had no other option.
There is now this thing called the Every-line Composer that came out a few years back and its part of Illustrator and InDesign and some of the other apps that will go through and take a look at all of the lines in the paragraph when trying to determine how these lines are to be justified and as a result it ensures more consistent spacing. Now not always better spacing but usually better spacing and to take advantage of it, I'm going to apply it to my entire document once again, by clicking on it with the Black Arrow tool. Go to the Paragraph palette here. Then you go to this little palette menu icon, click on it to bring up the flyout menu and notice right there, there is your Single-line Composer which is enforced right now, not by default by the way.
The default setting is the Every-line Composer. I just want you to see the difference between the two. So that you know what's going on under the hood. I will go ahead and choose the Every- line Composer and when I do I want you to keep an eye on this text here and watch it shift. And notice that it goes ahead and changes the alignment of that text so it's much, much more even. So this "and freezes off. Your feet won't adds" now too dropped down to the next line. So this line is looser and this line is tighter as a result. So what it means by Every-line Composer is not that it's looking at every line inside of your document. It's looking at every line in a paragraph. So it's considering one paragraph at a time when it's making its determinations because what's happening with this line up here has nothing to do with this line down here.
So it's just a paragraph by paragraph item. If you find that your text doesn't look right thanks to the Every-line Composer. Note that you can switch a single paragraph back if you care to, to the Single-line Composer just by selecting that paragraph and then going up to this option here off the Paragraph palette. All right, but I'm very happy with what I'm seeing here. This looks great to me. In the next exercise, we are going to take a look at the wonders of OpenType. Join me.
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