Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals
Illustration by Don Barnett

Illustrator, PDF, and Save As formats


Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals

with Deke McClelland

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Video: Illustrator, PDF, and Save As formats

This chapter is all about sharing your illustrations with other applications and other users because, after all, once you have created an illustration, you want to be able to re-purpose it six ways to Sunday, just as I'm doing here. This is a variation on that same illustration we saw in the previous chapter. It's called Alternative found inside the 12_exporting folder. It uses those same fonts: Lithos Pro, Lithos Pro Bold and Vivaldi Standard Italic. If you don't have those fonts, then you go ahead and open the alternative version of this file, which is called Alternative, also found inside that same 12_exporting folder.
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  1. 42m 8s
    1. Welcome to One-on-One
      1m 58s
    2. The Welcome screen
      3m 3s
    3. Creating a new document
      5m 6s
    4. Advanced document controls
      4m 43s
    5. Saving a custom New Document Profile
      8m 46s
    6. Changing the document setup
      4m 21s
    7. Special artboard controls
      4m 58s
    8. Accepting artboard changes
      2m 19s
    9. Saving a document
      4m 33s
    10. Closing a document
      2m 21s
  2. 1h 0m
    1. Adobe Bridge
    2. Opening an illustration
      4m 45s
    3. Modifying an illustration
      6m 27s
    4. Saving changes
      4m 58s
    5. Introducing Adobe Bridge
      8m 41s
    6. The all-important file type associations
      3m 20s
    7. Navigating inside Bridge
      4m 23s
    8. Previewing and collecting
      5m 55s
    9. Using workspaces
      6m 41s
    10. Customizing a workspace
      6m 14s
    11. Cool Bridge tricks
      8m 17s
  3. 1h 4m
    1. Preferences, color settings, and workspaces
    2. Keyboard increments
      5m 12s
    3. Scratch disks
      3m 48s
    4. Changing the user interface and setting Appearance of Black
      4m 14s
    5. Best workflow color settings
      9m 17s
    6. Synchronizing settings across CS4
      3m 2s
    7. Working inside tabbed windows
      7m 6s
    8. Organizing palettes
      5m 4s
    9. Saving a custom workspace
      4m 12s
    10. Zooming and panning
      4m 19s
    11. Using the Zoom tool
      3m 3s
    12. Navigating the artboards
      5m 5s
    13. Nudging the screen image
      3m 3s
    14. Scroll-wheel tricks
      2m 8s
    15. Cycling between screen modes
      4m 35s
  4. 1h 22m
    1. The Wedjat (or Eye of Horus)
    2. The line tools
      2m 57s
    3. Introducing layers
      5m 10s
    4. Creating ruler guides
      6m 18s
    5. Creating custom guides
      5m 16s
    6. Snap-to points
      5m 25s
    7. Organizing guides
      5m 44s
    8. Making a tracing template
      3m 42s
    9. Drawing a line segment
      4m 29s
    10. Drawing a continuous arc
      5m 28s
    11. Drawing a looping spiral
      6m 5s
    12. Cutting lines with the Scissors tool
      6m 20s
    13. Joining open paths
      7m 31s
    14. Aligning and joining points
      6m 34s
    15. Drawing concentric circles
      4m 41s
    16. Cleaning up overlapping segments
      5m 34s
  5. 1h 4m
    1. The anatomy of a shape
      1m 1s
    2. Meet the shape tools
      3m 5s
    3. The traceable Tonalpohualli
      2m 52s
    4. Drawing circles
      4m 38s
    5. Enhanced Smart Guides
      4m 1s
    6. Aligning to a key object
      4m 29s
    7. Creating polygons and stars
      5m 4s
    8. Using the Measure tool
      3m 47s
    9. The Select Similar and Arrange commands
      3m 56s
    10. Rectangles and rounded rectangles
      6m 8s
    11. The amazing constraint axes
      5m 26s
    12. Grouping and ungrouping
      3m 35s
    13. Flipping and duplicating
      4m 12s
    14. Combining simple shapes into complex ones
      5m 24s
    15. Cutting and connecting with Scissors and Join
      3m 31s
    16. Tilde-key goofiness
      2m 53s
  6. 1h 41m
    1. The ingredients of life
    2. Fill and Stroke settings
      4m 22s
    3. Transparency grid and paper color
      5m 47s
    4. The None attribute
      5m 4s
    5. Color libraries and sliders
      3m 39s
    6. Industry-standard colors
      4m 38s
    7. Using CMYK for commercial output
      6m 39s
    8. Using RGB for the web
      7m 23s
    9. Color palette tips and tricks
      7m 18s
    10. Creating and saving color swatches
      4m 35s
    11. Trapping gaps with rich blacks
      6m 46s
    12. Filling and stacking shapes
      5m 39s
    13. Dragging and dropping swatches
      5m 0s
    14. Paste in Front, Paste in Back
      4m 54s
    15. Filling shapes inside groups
      5m 28s
    16. Pasting between layers
      4m 41s
    17. Joins, caps, and dashes
      6m 50s
    18. Fixing strokes and isolating edits
      7m 12s
    19. Creating a pattern fill
      4m 57s
  7. 1h 50m
    1. The power of transformations
      1m 20s
    2. From primitive to polished art
      2m 42s
    3. Using the Blob brush
      5m 46s
    4. Resizing the brush and erasing
      4m 15s
    5. Selection limits and methods of merging
      6m 39s
    6. Cloning and auto-duplicating
      6m 45s
    7. Customizing keyboard shortcuts
      3m 7s
    8. Moving by the numbers
      5m 15s
    9. Using the Reshape tool
      7m 47s
    10. Modifying, aligning, and uniting paths
      7m 14s
    11. Using the Offset Path command
      4m 43s
    12. Styling and eyedropping
      5m 29s
    13. Making a black-and-white template
      2m 27s
    14. Scale and clone
      4m 57s
    15. Enlarge and stack
      5m 46s
    16. Positioning the origin point
      6m 59s
    17. Using the Rotate tool
      3m 55s
    18. Using the Reflect tool
      4m 15s
    19. Series rotation (aka power duplication)
      6m 48s
    20. Rotating by the numbers
      6m 12s
    21. Transforming the tile patterns
      7m 52s
  8. 2h 4m
    1. Next-generation text wrangling
    2. Placing a text document
      5m 38s
    3. Creating a new text block
      6m 1s
    4. Working with point text
      3m 57s
    5. Selecting the perfect typeface
      5m 44s
    6. Scaling and positioning type
      8m 57s
    7. Leading, tracking, and lots of shortcuts
      5m 54s
    8. Adjusting pair kerning
      6m 55s
    9. Eyedropping formatting attributes
      3m 54s
    10. Flowing text from one block to another
      8m 28s
    11. Creating and applying a paragraph style
      7m 39s
    12. Rendering the text in graphite
      5m 55s
    13. Creating a scribbly drop shadow
      5m 17s
    14. Advanced formatting and bullets
      7m 43s
    15. Setting Area Type options
      4m 57s
    16. Justification and the Every-line Composer
      5m 52s
    17. OpenType and ligatures
      7m 19s
    18. Fractions, numerals, and ordinals
      9m 7s
    19. Swashes and small caps
      5m 40s
    20. The amazing Glyphs palette
      8m 12s
  9. 1h 18m
    1. Points are boys, handles are girls
      1m 20s
    2. Placing an image as a tracing template
      6m 56s
    3. Drawing a straight-sided path
      6m 8s
    4. Moving, adding, and deleting points
      6m 50s
    5. Drawing spline curves with Round Corners
      9m 7s
    6. Smooth points and Bézier curves
      8m 29s
    7. Defining a cusp between two curves
      6m 59s
    8. Replicating and reshaping segments
      8m 31s
    9. Converting anchor points
      7m 55s
    10. Deleting stray anchor points
      5m 1s
    11. Separating and closing paths
      5m 43s
    12. Eyedropping template colors
      5m 55s
  10. 1h 40m
    1. Paths never rest
      1m 34s
    2. Exploring the Appearance palette
      9m 54s
    3. Snip and Spin
      8m 3s
    4. Adding a center point
      4m 12s
    5. Keeping shape intersections
      3m 42s
    6. Lifting fills and selecting through shapes
      5m 54s
    7. Saving and recalling selections
      6m 20s
    8. Rotating is a circular operation
      8m 32s
    9. Lassoing and scaling points
      5m 28s
    10. Using the Transform Each command
      4m 11s
    11. Using the Magic Wand tool
      8m 1s
    12. Eyedropping live effects
      9m 58s
    13. Merging strokes with a compound path
      6m 50s
    14. Selecting and scaling independent segments
      7m 59s
    15. Scalloped edges with Pucker & Bloat
      5m 16s
    16. Expand before you merge
      4m 17s
  11. 1h 26m
    1. The new pleasures of printing
    2. Outlines and artboards in CS4
      7m 35s
    3. Setting trim size and bleed
      7m 17s
    4. Creating custom dynamic crop marks
      3m 41s
    5. Working with the Separations Preview palette
      7m 42s
    6. Trapping an object with an overprint stroke
      8m 20s
    7. Placing multiple artboards into InDesign
      5m 17s
    8. Working with the Print Tiling tool
      4m 56s
    9. Setting the General Print options
      6m 9s
    10. Setting printer marks
      5m 16s
    11. PostScript-only output and graphics
      9m 10s
    12. The Color Management options
      6m 56s
    13. Adjusting the Flattener settings
      7m 32s
    14. Setting the Raster Effects resolution
      5m 33s
  12. 1h 32m
    1. Illustrator does pixels
    2. Illustrator, PDF, and Save As formats
      8m 15s
    3. Saving an illustration for the web
      6m 13s
    4. Saving a continuous-tone JPEG image
      10m 2s
    5. Saving a high-contrast GIF graphic
      6m 27s
    6. The versatile PNG format
      4m 45s
    7. Saving a scaleable Flash (SWF) graphic
      11m 0s
    8. Opening and placing an Illustrator file in Photoshop
      12m 44s
    9. Exporting a layered PSD from Illustrator
      12m 57s
    10. Exporting to Microsoft Office and PowerPoint
      7m 24s
    11. Sharing with InDesign, Flash, and Photoshop
      12m 12s
  13. 1m 4s
    1. Until next time
      1m 4s

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Watch the Online Video Course Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals
16h 48m Beginner Feb 06, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Adobe Illustrator has long been a popular vector–based drawing program, but for many the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals, author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland shows users how to get in to the Illustrator mindset and overcome this learning curve. He covers the application's key features in a new way, making it simple and easy to master Illustrator. Deke teaches viewers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text, and the Pen tool. He also explains how to export and print. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this training can help make sense of it. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Creating continuous arcs and looping spirals
  • Building with geometric shapes
  • Selecting, placing, and scaling type
  • Creating spine curves with round corners
  • Using the new Blob brush to quickly draw and merge paths
  • Working with flattener and raster effects
  • Saving illustrations for the web
Deke McClelland

Illustrator, PDF, and Save As formats

This chapter is all about sharing your illustrations with other applications and other users because, after all, once you have created an illustration, you want to be able to re-purpose it six ways to Sunday, just as I'm doing here. This is a variation on that same illustration we saw in the previous chapter. It's called Alternative found inside the 12_exporting folder. It uses those same fonts: Lithos Pro, Lithos Pro Bold and Vivaldi Standard Italic. If you don't have those fonts, then you go ahead and open the alternative version of this file, which is called Alternative, also found inside that same 12_exporting folder.

The idea is that she spells her name with a K, which I did because I really liked the way the K descends into the card right there. I decided it didn't make any sense for her to be the Q card. She should be the K card, but if she is the K card, then she must really be the King, in which case of course she is a he. That throws the whole concept on its head and that's why he is alternative, but the file still contains the same three pages. So if I were to go down here to the bottom-left corner of the illustration window, I could advance to page 2 right here and there is page 3 with a t-shirt. So all of our artboards are there.

Let's go back to page 1 and we are going to see that these really are pages where the rest of the world is concerned. Illustrator might consider them to be artboards. In InDesign 2, we saw how to place the artboards as individual graphics, spot graphics inside of InDesign, but where something like Acrobat is concerned, these are most definitely pages. So I'm going to go up to the File menu, choose the Save As command, because we are going to start things off by looking at the file formats that are supported by the Save As command. There are these file formats right here, starting with the .AI format. Now 90% of the time that you are in this dialog box, you are going to be saving out an .AI file.

The reason being that's what the rest of the modern Adobe applications expect from Illustrator. Even Photoshop can directly rasterize a .ai file as a flat image file, but InDesign, we saw how InDesign wants .AI files in the previous chapter, supports all the layers, and so on. No reason to go to encapsulate a postscript here, .EPS for InDesign. Any version of InDesign is going to accept an .AI file. Also .AI files are, by default, compatible with Adobe Acrobat and a free Adobe Reader. Let me show you what's going on there. I'll go ahead and choose the .AI format of course, and then I'll change the file name to, let's say Alternative king, and click Save. Up comes the big old Illustrator Options dialog box. Make sure that Create PDF Compatible File is turned on, as by default. That's available to you, when you select from a variety of different formats here.

Then you would click OK. I have of course already done it. So I'll cancel out of here. Then let's go ahead and switch over to the free Adobe Reader that I just happened to have open right now. This is not even the most recent version of the Adobe Reader. This is Adobe Reader 8 and by the way, you can download Adobe Reader for free from Adobe Reader 8 came out, when Illustrator CS3 was out. So there was no such thing as a multi-page Illustrator document. It supports the multi-page Illustrator document. This is that same Alternative file. I just happen to have opened it inside of Adobe Reader. If I go to this little Pages icon, there is page 1, there is page 2, there is page 3, everything is completely intact. It's about Illustrator saving PDF files that are compatible with older versions of the Acrobat software.

Something to know, by the way, if you are interested in opening, for whatever reason, or having somebody else open a .AI file inside of something like the free Adobe Reader, then you need to know, you go to the File menu and choose the Open command. Then on the PC, anyway, you need to change Files of Type from PDF to All Files and then you can see your .ai files right there. You can open either one of them. You don't have to convert the fonts to outlines in order to make them compatible with Adobe Reader and Adobe Acrobat. Unless you are going to be editing the text, you don't need the fonts in order to view them. So they are still viewable inside of these applications, whether you have the fonts on your system or not. You can try that out yourself to verify. I'm going to switch back to Illustrator.

So the question becomes, if a .ai file can be opened up by Acrobat or Adobe Reader, what's the reason for support here in the Save As dialog box for the PDF file format? There's a couple of reasons. First of all, it's less confusing. If you are just trying to put a PDF file out there for general use by the general public, then PDF is the better way to go because then it's got a PDF extension and it will open right up inside of Adobe Reader without any fussing around, like we just did. Also, you can save printer marks. So your printer may prefer a .PDF file.

Now notice that you can save your artboard. So I'll just say that I want to save all of my artboards, but you can also specify a range, if you want to. I'll click Save in order to save out this PDF file. Then I'll get this big whopping dialog box. By default, the Preset is set to Illustrator Default, which is great for just saving out general illustrations. Now your printer may want you to do something else. They may tell you to select one of these other presets by all means. Go with the recommendation, but when in doubt, stick with Illustrator Default. Then the only other change I would make, make sure that Preserve Illustrator Editing Capabilities is turned on, so you can modify the file inside of Illustrator, if you want to. That is going to increase the size of the file though. Just something you should be aware of, but something I would change.

I'd go over to Mark and Bleeds and I would turn on All Printer's Marks and then leave everything else alone. Notice that it's going to go ahead and support my Bleeds settings, which are set to a quarter inch all the way around, fantastic. Then I would go ahead and click on Save PDF and I'm saving that out to that same 12_exporting folder. Now let's take a look at the contents of that 12_exporting folder here inside of the Bridge. I'll go ahead and double click on Alternative queen.pdf in order to open them on up here inside the Adobe Reader. I'll zoom out so that I can see the entire page with its printer marks. Notice that. So all printer marks intact, as well as all pages intact inside of this document. Some of you are probably just saying or going, "Oh my god! Finally, Illustrator can do this." It is amazing and it is finally as well.

If we go back to Illustrator, this is the PDF document. If I were to close it and open it on up, it would look just like this again, the PDF document not the Illustrator document. They look the same. That is to say inside of Illustrator. We are not seeing the printer marks here inside of Illustrator. They are not editable printer marks, in other words. They are not appearing on some other layer, where we can modify them. They are essentially invisible to Illustrator. All right, so one else is available to us. Let's go to the File menu, choose Save As. The other file format is not quite so incredibly useful. They are there, if you need them. We have got the FXG format, which is a new one.

It's an XML based Graphics Interchange Format for the Flash platform. Beyond that, I don't really have anything to tell you. It was designed with Flex in mind. The guy that's probably going to be able to help you out right now, better than me, on this specific file format is Mordy Golding. Mordy has available here inside the Online Training Library, a series on Illustrator and the web that you would check out, or Illustrator and Flash. He's got it all covered. Then next in the list is Illustrator EPS. This is only there just for backwards compatibility. If you are trying to save out an illustration, this could be just one artboard for use inside of QuarkXpress or inside of Gwiz Page Maker, then you would go with EPS.

Then we have got the Illustrator Template format, which saves a template. So the file would open up untitled. Then SVG, which is the Scalable Vector Graphic format, is an open source format, just as FXG is incidentally. FXG is kind of an updated version of SVG, as I understand it. SVG was originally created when Adobe was working on their Live Motion application, as an alternative to Flash's SWF format. The thing is it was a great idea, but it didn't really catch on. Of course, Adobe has since purchased Flash and killed Live Motion. You might find yourself using these on some occasion, but it had to research and find out why. I would say, as I said at the beginning, 99% of the time you are going to be sticking with the .AI format.

All right, so there it is. In the next exercise, we are going to be talking about exporting our illustrations, our vectors based graphics, as image files for use on the web.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals .

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Q: Adobe Bridge CS4 is not previewing files in the same way for me as it is in the tutorial. All I am seeing is a low-quality thumbnail of the image, not previews of each artboard.  Why is there a difference between the tutorial and what I am seeing?
A: There is a different view in the tutorial because the author used a beta version of Bridge during the recording. The final release of Bridge CS4 displays thumbnails as you describe.
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