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Grouping a flipping

From: Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials

Video: Grouping a flipping

In this exercise we're going to take this little collection of five rectangles here that we drew at an angle in the previous exercise, thanks to that crazy constrain axis, and we're going to take these five rectangles and we're going to clone and flip them so that we can create the other collections of rectangles that are symmetrical about the god's face at the center of this 260-day spiritual Aztec calendar known to us as the Tonalpohualli. So if you want to catch on up with me I am working inside the Time to flip.ai I document that's available to you inside the 04_Geometric_Shapes folder.

Grouping a flipping

In this exercise we're going to take this little collection of five rectangles here that we drew at an angle in the previous exercise, thanks to that crazy constrain axis, and we're going to take these five rectangles and we're going to clone and flip them so that we can create the other collections of rectangles that are symmetrical about the god's face at the center of this 260-day spiritual Aztec calendar known to us as the Tonalpohualli. So if you want to catch on up with me I am working inside the Time to flip.ai I document that's available to you inside the 04_Geometric_Shapes folder.

And things are starting to get a little busy here inside of this illustration so I suggest we go ahead and assign our rectangles a fill just so that we can distinguish them from everything else that's going on inside of the document. So I want you to go ahead and grab all five of these rectangles by marqueeing around them, in the way you see me marqueeing around them with the black arrow tool on screen right now. So then I'd release and then I've selected all five of these guys. If you accidentally select some other stuff, let's say you draw a bigger marquee and you end up getting these shapes selected as well, like this star right here and this circle, why then just Shift-click on them in order to turn them off and that will go ahead and deselect those items, and if you select too few items, for example you only get this many rectangles for some reason, then you can Shift-click on the other rectangles in order to select them as well. So Shift- clicking changes whether an object is selected or not, in addition to the other objects that are going on.

So we have a total of five rectangles selected at this point. I want you to fill them all with white by going up to this first option here inside of the Control palette. I want you to click the down pointing arrowhead and I want you to choose white as your fill color. That fills them all with white. Now I want you to go to the Object menu, and I want you to choose the Group command or press Control+G or Command+G. Pretty standard way of grouping objects inside of an illustration program. And that goes ahead and makes sure that all the objects are clustered together, so that if I click off the shapes and then click on them again, they all get selected with the black arrow tool.

But got a problem, this one rectangle, notice this guy is supposed to be on top of these guys. So what do I do about that? Well I'll go ahead and switch to the white arrow tool and I clicked off the shapes to deselect them by the way, so nothing's selected right now. I'll get my white arrow tool, I'll Alt-click or Option-click, remember how you can select into groups with the white arrow tool and if you Alt or Option click you'll select an entire shape at a time inside the group. And that's what I've done here and then I'm going to go ahead and right-click on the shape, and I'm going to choose Arrange and I'm going to choose Bring to Front or I can press that keyboard shortcut, Control+Shift+] Command+Shift+]on the Mac and notice that that goes ahead and brings that shape to front inside of the group. So it brings it to the front of the group not the front of the entire illustration or anything.

Although that does happen to be the case cause there's nothing in front of it, but just to the front of the group. Now switch back to your black arrow tool by pressing the V key or selecting the tool from the palette. Then click on the outer rectangle or one of the other rectangles in order to select the entire group. Now then, notice these white points, these big white points around the parameter of the outer rectangle here. Those are the handles on the bounding box, and the nice thing about this automatic bounding box is that you can drag one of these handles in order to scale the shape, and you can also, if you move your cursor slightly outside like this you get a little rotation cursor and you can go ahead and rotate the object as well, like so.

And I'm going to undo those last two modifications by pressing Control+Z or Command+Z a couple of times. I happen to hate the bounding box, even though it's so utterly convenient and it allows you to scale and rotate objects on the fly without having to switch tools. I just hate it, and I'll tell you why, because it interferes with just moving shapes around and editing them in more normal ways. So what I recommend you do, because you're working with me these days. I recommend you go up to the View menu and you choose Hide Bounding Box in order to get rid of that intrusive bounding box.

You can also press the keyboard shortcut. Control+Shift+B or Command+Shift+B on the Mac. And notice the big handles go away and you can no longer do that thing where you drag a corner handle to scale. If you drag a corner handle you're going to move to shape. But the nice thing is, you can now move the shape and like snap it to another shape in order to make sure that these corners are exactly aligned with each other. So you have access to a function that the bounding box interfered with. See and you can still get to all that scale and rotate stuff, you just have to switch tools. So this is a better way to work, if you're an expert user and I hope you aspire to be an expert, that's what I'm here for. All right anyway. Now we want to flip this guy, flip it down here, don't we? Clone and flip it.

And that's something you do by way of a tool inside Illustrator as opposed, notice that there's no options that are immediately available to us. There is this Transform option, you can go up to it, click it and then you could click on this palette menu right there and you could choose Flip Horizontal or Flip Vertical or something along those lines, but the tool is your best bet. Let me show you that tool. Go over here to the Rotate Tool inside the toolbox, click and hold, choose the Reflect Tool or you can press the O key. Why O? Because O is a totally symmetrical shape. You flip O any direction, and it's still an O man, that's why. So I got the Reflect Tool. Now you can drag with this tool, there's things you can do, but for now I'm just going to tell you the easiest way to work with it.

I want you to make sure that the tool is basically at the intersection of these guides here. So position the cursor right at that intersection. Alt-click or Option-click on the Mac in order to set the center point of what will be our reflection. You can reflect the selected objects across a vertical axis, which means a horizontal flip or you can flip it across a horizontal axis, which means a vertical flip. I know that's just like, twisted, but that's Illustrator for you.

Turn on Preview is my suggestion. If you turn on the Preview checkbox then you can get a sense of what it is you're really doing. And I'm going to suggest that we start things off, well heck this is just fine. We might as well flip it across a vertical axis, which means a horizontal flip for starters. But click Copy. Don't click OK, click Copy so that we make a clone of our rectangles and then grab your black arrow tool, Shift- click in order to select the other one there, go back to the flip tool, Alt or Option-click at the intersection of those two guides again.

And this time Preview should still be on, excellent. This time select Horizontal as your axis and notice that it does a vertical flip this time. So imagine that this is the axis of the flip and these guys are pirouetting around this axis. That's what's meant by the whole flipping axis here. All right, then go ahead and click Copy. I was saying flipping because we're flipping. Anyway click the Copy button, and we now have a total of four different rectangular ornaments that we've created inside of Illustrator.

Ts that not a beautiful thing? Yes it is. We are covering up a few, you know, important items inside of this illustration, but we're going to take care of that and more in the next exercise.

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This video is part of

Image for Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials
Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials

114 video lessons · 37070 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 59m 53s
    1. Welcome to Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials
      2m 0s
    2. The unwelcome Welcome screen
      6m 35s
    3. Browsing Illustrator artwork
      4m 53s
    4. Bridge workspaces and favorites
      6m 8s
    5. The anatomy of an illustration
      7m 2s
    6. Examining a layered illustration
      5m 38s
    7. Customizing an illustration
      5m 21s
    8. Creating a new document
      6m 12s
    9. Changing the document setup
      6m 51s
    10. Saving a document
      6m 14s
    11. Closing multiple files
      2m 59s
  2. 1h 3m
    1. Preferences, color settings, and workspaces
      55s
    2. Keyboard Increment and Object Selection
      5m 52s
    3. Scratch Disks and Appearance of Black
      6m 43s
    4. Establishing the best color settings
      5m 35s
    5. Synchronizing color settings in Bridge
      4m 3s
    6. The new CS3 interface
      3m 55s
    7. Organizing the palettes
      9m 4s
    8. Saving your workspace
      2m 33s
    9. Zooming and scrolling
      3m 39s
    10. Using the Zoom tool
      5m 27s
    11. The Navigator palette
      3m 37s
    12. Nudging the screen image
      2m 50s
    13. Scroll wheel tricks
      3m 11s
    14. Cycling between screen modes
      5m 56s
  3. 1h 4m
    1. Why learn Illustrator from a Photoshop guy?
      1m 32s
    2. Introducing layers
      4m 37s
    3. Creating ruler guides
      6m 34s
    4. Creating a custom guide
      3m 28s
    5. Organizing your guides
      5m 50s
    6. Making a tracing template
      3m 34s
    7. Drawing a line segment
      4m 10s
    8. Drawing a continuous arc
      4m 17s
    9. Drawing a looping spiral
      5m 17s
    10. Cutting lines with the Scissors tool
      6m 45s
    11. Aligning and joining points
      7m 58s
    12. Drawing concentric circles
      3m 45s
    13. Cleaning up overlapping segments
      6m 21s
  4. 1h 9m
    1. The anatomy of a shape
      1m 1s
    2. Meet the Tonalpohualli
      4m 8s
    3. Meet the geometric shape tools
      3m 47s
    4. Drawing circles
      6m 36s
    5. Snapping and aligning shapes
      7m 0s
    6. Polygons and stars
      7m 0s
    7. Rectangles and rounded rectangles
      6m 16s
    8. The amazing constraint axes
      6m 30s
    9. Grouping a flipping
      7m 37s
    10. Combining simple shapes into complex ones
      6m 36s
    11. Drawing with Scissors and Join
      6m 3s
    12. Cutting and connecting in Illustrator CS3
      3m 49s
    13. Tilde key goofiness
      2m 55s
  5. 1h 22m
    1. Three simple ingredients, one complex result
      33s
    2. Introducing Fill and Stroke
      3m 42s
    3. Accessing color libraries and sliders
      7m 8s
    4. Using the CMYK sliders for print output
      5m 6s
    5. Using the RGB sliders for screen output
      4m 39s
    6. Color palette tips and tricks
      4m 46s
    7. Creating and saving color swatches
      4m 14s
    8. Trapping gaps with rich blacks
      7m 58s
    9. Filling and stacking shapes
      5m 17s
    10. Dragging and dropping swatches
      6m 16s
    11. Paste in Back, Paste in Front
      5m 43s
    12. Filling shapes inside groups
      5m 16s
    13. Pasting between layers
      3m 34s
    14. Joins, caps, and dashes
      5m 50s
    15. Fixing strokes and isolating your edits
      7m 35s
    16. Creating a pattern fill
      4m 38s
  6. 1h 22m
    1. The power of transformations
      1m 25s
    2. From primitives to polished art
      4m 4s
    3. Clone and Duplicate
      6m 15s
    4. Moving by the numbers
      4m 16s
    5. Using the Reshape tool
      6m 30s
    6. Modifying, aligning, and uniting paths
      7m 0s
    7. Using the Offset Path command
      4m 25s
    8. Styling and eyedropping
      4m 11s
    9. The wonders of the translucent group
      5m 37s
    10. Making a black-and-white template
      3m 48s
    11. Scaling and cloning shapes
      4m 26s
    12. Enlarging and stacking shapes
      5m 6s
    13. Positioning the origin point
      6m 50s
    14. Using the Rotate and Reflect tools
      5m 16s
    15. Series rotation (aka power duplication)
      4m 3s
    16. Rotating by the numbers
      5m 15s
    17. Rotating repeating pattern fills
      4m 32s
  7. 1h 4m
    1. Points are boys, control handles are girls
      2m 16s
    2. Tracing a scanned image or photograph
      4m 34s
    3. Placing an image as a template
      5m 32s
    4. Drawing a straight-sided path
      5m 36s
    5. Moving, adding, and deleting points
      5m 51s
    6. Drawing spline curves with Round Corners
      7m 56s
    7. Smooth points and Bézier curves
      8m 12s
    8. Defining a cusp between two curves
      4m 37s
    9. Adjusting handles and converting points
      7m 4s
    10. Cutting, separating, and closing paths
      7m 31s
    11. Eyedropping template colors
      5m 11s
  8. 1h 28m
    1. Paths never rest
      1m 42s
    2. Meet Uzz, Cloying Corporate Mascot
      2m 22s
    3. Exploring the Appearance palette
      5m 37s
    4. Snip and Spin
      7m 28s
    5. Adding a center point
      3m 57s
    6. Keeping shape intersections
      3m 8s
    7. Lifting fills and selecting through shapes
      4m 14s
    8. Saving and recalling selections
      5m 18s
    9. Rotating is a circular operation
      7m 35s
    10. Lassoing and scaling points
      6m 8s
    11. Using the Transform Each command
      5m 9s
    12. Using the Magic Wand tool
      6m 46s
    13. Converting paths and text to rich black
      2m 27s
    14. The overwrought lace pattern
      3m 21s
    15. Eyedropping Live Effects
      5m 39s
    16. Merging strokes with a compound path
      6m 32s
    17. Selecting and scaling independent segments
      6m 30s
    18. Pucker & Bloat
      4m 49s
  9. 1m 59s
    1. See ya for now
      1m 59s

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