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Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials
Illustration by John Hersey

Fixing strokes and isolating your edits


From:

Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials

with Deke McClelland

Video: Fixing strokes and isolating your edits

I'm still working inside the Calendar face.ai document that I opened the inside of the previous exercise. Since opening the document I lowered the line weight associated with the mouth and the nose to 1 point thick, and I also went ahead and assigned rounded joins to the nose. In this exercise we need to fix the tongue. Notice that the tongue is too high to really go inside the mouth. So it looks like it's sitting on the mouth instead of going into the lips and we need to fix that problem.
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  1. 59m 53s
    1. Welcome to Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials
      2m 0s
    2. The unwelcome Welcome screen
      6m 35s
    3. Browsing Illustrator artwork
      4m 53s
    4. Bridge workspaces and favorites
      6m 8s
    5. The anatomy of an illustration
      7m 2s
    6. Examining a layered illustration
      5m 38s
    7. Customizing an illustration
      5m 21s
    8. Creating a new document
      6m 12s
    9. Changing the document setup
      6m 51s
    10. Saving a document
      6m 14s
    11. Closing multiple files
      2m 59s
  2. 1h 3m
    1. Preferences, color settings, and workspaces
      55s
    2. Keyboard Increment and Object Selection
      5m 52s
    3. Scratch Disks and Appearance of Black
      6m 43s
    4. Establishing the best color settings
      5m 35s
    5. Synchronizing color settings in Bridge
      4m 3s
    6. The new CS3 interface
      3m 55s
    7. Organizing the palettes
      9m 4s
    8. Saving your workspace
      2m 33s
    9. Zooming and scrolling
      3m 39s
    10. Using the Zoom tool
      5m 27s
    11. The Navigator palette
      3m 37s
    12. Nudging the screen image
      2m 50s
    13. Scroll wheel tricks
      3m 11s
    14. Cycling between screen modes
      5m 56s
  3. 1h 4m
    1. Why learn Illustrator from a Photoshop guy?
      1m 32s
    2. Introducing layers
      4m 37s
    3. Creating ruler guides
      6m 34s
    4. Creating a custom guide
      3m 28s
    5. Organizing your guides
      5m 50s
    6. Making a tracing template
      3m 34s
    7. Drawing a line segment
      4m 10s
    8. Drawing a continuous arc
      4m 17s
    9. Drawing a looping spiral
      5m 17s
    10. Cutting lines with the Scissors tool
      6m 45s
    11. Aligning and joining points
      7m 58s
    12. Drawing concentric circles
      3m 45s
    13. Cleaning up overlapping segments
      6m 21s
  4. 1h 9m
    1. The anatomy of a shape
      1m 1s
    2. Meet the Tonalpohualli
      4m 8s
    3. Meet the geometric shape tools
      3m 47s
    4. Drawing circles
      6m 36s
    5. Snapping and aligning shapes
      7m 0s
    6. Polygons and stars
      7m 0s
    7. Rectangles and rounded rectangles
      6m 16s
    8. The amazing constraint axes
      6m 30s
    9. Grouping a flipping
      7m 37s
    10. Combining simple shapes into complex ones
      6m 36s
    11. Drawing with Scissors and Join
      6m 3s
    12. Cutting and connecting in Illustrator CS3
      3m 49s
    13. Tilde key goofiness
      2m 55s
  5. 1h 22m
    1. Three simple ingredients, one complex result
      33s
    2. Introducing Fill and Stroke
      3m 42s
    3. Accessing color libraries and sliders
      7m 8s
    4. Using the CMYK sliders for print output
      5m 6s
    5. Using the RGB sliders for screen output
      4m 39s
    6. Color palette tips and tricks
      4m 46s
    7. Creating and saving color swatches
      4m 14s
    8. Trapping gaps with rich blacks
      7m 58s
    9. Filling and stacking shapes
      5m 17s
    10. Dragging and dropping swatches
      6m 16s
    11. Paste in Back, Paste in Front
      5m 43s
    12. Filling shapes inside groups
      5m 16s
    13. Pasting between layers
      3m 34s
    14. Joins, caps, and dashes
      5m 50s
    15. Fixing strokes and isolating your edits
      7m 35s
    16. Creating a pattern fill
      4m 38s
  6. 1h 22m
    1. The power of transformations
      1m 25s
    2. From primitives to polished art
      4m 4s
    3. Clone and Duplicate
      6m 15s
    4. Moving by the numbers
      4m 16s
    5. Using the Reshape tool
      6m 30s
    6. Modifying, aligning, and uniting paths
      7m 0s
    7. Using the Offset Path command
      4m 25s
    8. Styling and eyedropping
      4m 11s
    9. The wonders of the translucent group
      5m 37s
    10. Making a black-and-white template
      3m 48s
    11. Scaling and cloning shapes
      4m 26s
    12. Enlarging and stacking shapes
      5m 6s
    13. Positioning the origin point
      6m 50s
    14. Using the Rotate and Reflect tools
      5m 16s
    15. Series rotation (aka power duplication)
      4m 3s
    16. Rotating by the numbers
      5m 15s
    17. Rotating repeating pattern fills
      4m 32s
  7. 1h 4m
    1. Points are boys, control handles are girls
      2m 16s
    2. Tracing a scanned image or photograph
      4m 34s
    3. Placing an image as a template
      5m 32s
    4. Drawing a straight-sided path
      5m 36s
    5. Moving, adding, and deleting points
      5m 51s
    6. Drawing spline curves with Round Corners
      7m 56s
    7. Smooth points and Bézier curves
      8m 12s
    8. Defining a cusp between two curves
      4m 37s
    9. Adjusting handles and converting points
      7m 4s
    10. Cutting, separating, and closing paths
      7m 31s
    11. Eyedropping template colors
      5m 11s
  8. 1h 28m
    1. Paths never rest
      1m 42s
    2. Meet Uzz, Cloying Corporate Mascot
      2m 22s
    3. Exploring the Appearance palette
      5m 37s
    4. Snip and Spin
      7m 28s
    5. Adding a center point
      3m 57s
    6. Keeping shape intersections
      3m 8s
    7. Lifting fills and selecting through shapes
      4m 14s
    8. Saving and recalling selections
      5m 18s
    9. Rotating is a circular operation
      7m 35s
    10. Lassoing and scaling points
      6m 8s
    11. Using the Transform Each command
      5m 9s
    12. Using the Magic Wand tool
      6m 46s
    13. Converting paths and text to rich black
      2m 27s
    14. The overwrought lace pattern
      3m 21s
    15. Eyedropping Live Effects
      5m 39s
    16. Merging strokes with a compound path
      6m 32s
    17. Selecting and scaling independent segments
      6m 30s
    18. Pucker & Bloat
      4m 49s
  9. 1m 59s
    1. See ya for now
      1m 59s

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Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials
9h 36m Beginner May 18, 2007

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Adobe Illustrator has long been the most popular and viable vector-drawing program on the market but, for many, the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials , author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland teaches the key features of Illustrator in a way that anyone can understand. He also goes beyond that, showing users how to get into the Illustrator "mindset" to make mastering Illustrator simple and easy. The training covers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text and gradients, and color management and printing features. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this time it is going to make sense. Exercise files accompany the training.

Subject:
Design
Software:
Illustrator
Author:
Deke McClelland

Fixing strokes and isolating your edits

I'm still working inside the Calendar face.ai document that I opened the inside of the previous exercise. Since opening the document I lowered the line weight associated with the mouth and the nose to 1 point thick, and I also went ahead and assigned rounded joins to the nose. In this exercise we need to fix the tongue. Notice that the tongue is too high to really go inside the mouth. So it looks like it's sitting on the mouth instead of going into the lips and we need to fix that problem.

Now, you may say, Gosh it's awfully subtle Deke. I mean here we are at the 2400% zoom level and we can barely see the problem. Well you would be surprised my friends, and I say this from experience, a lot of painful experience, I must say. When you print an illustration to a high resolution printer you'll be surprised the problems that show up. Basically these little teeny problems get magnified and the last thing you want is virtual egg on your face. When you see that printed document you want it to look its absolute best, right? So let's take care of the problems as we see them inside of Illustrator.

So here's what I'm going to have you do. I want you to go ahead and get the white arrow tool and I want you to click on the outline of the tongue. Now it should be selected. Why isn't it appearing selected on screen? Because I hid the edges in a previous exercise. Remember how I pressed Control+H, Command+H on a Mac and I told you that was a persistent setting, meaning it lasts from one object to the next. So you need to press Control+H or Command+H to bring those edges back. Now I can see my edges, that's good. Now I'm going to turn my attention to the Stroke palette because my stroke options are not available once again up here in the Control palette.

Notice this Align Stroke setting. Right now it's set to center, so that the stroke is centered on the path, so that half the stroke is on the inside of the path, and the other half of the stroke is on the outside of the path. You can move the stroke outside the path or inside the path using these other options. So this one moves it outside the path and this one moves it inside the path. That's one way to handle the problem because by moving the stroke inside the path, we ensure that we don't see the stroke going outside above the edge of the lip here, but I don't really like the way that the stroke moves down inside the tongue. It's not aligned with the edge of the lips the way it ought to be, so I consider this to be a bad solution, frankly. So I'm going to switch the stroke back to where it was because that looks better where the tongue and these little ornaments down at the bottom of the face are concerned.

Instead I'm going to click on this edge right there, on this line segment. Just click on it, don't Alt+click or Option-click or anything like that. Just click on it in order to make sure that that edge is selected. Then I want you to press the Backspace key or the Delete key on the Mac, in order to delete that edge. So we've changed the closed path to an open path. Now we've exposed, notice we've exposed some rounded caps right here. So let's go ahead and get rid of them by switching the caps from round caps to Butt Caps, and try not to snicker, we're all adults here.

We know that a Butt Cap means that the cap gets shaved off right here at the end of the line. All right, but and that's but, not tt. But now this line in the background is getting covered up, so I want you to grab your black arrow tool, click on that line to select it, and then press Control+ Right Bracket to move it forward. So it's covering up the tongue. Now we have a problem with the cleft of the tongue running down the center here. It's got a round cap as well. So you need to get your white arrow tool. The reason I'm having you use the white arrow tool to select these pieces of the tongue is because they're inside of a group. You may recall how we grabbed that entire group and pasted it in here.

So we're trying to select inside the group. Now you could go ahead and select, there's two paths, by the way that are making up this cleft, and the best way to select them is to press the Alt key, press and hold the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac and drag like this, right through this central portion, this area here, that way you won't select anything else, if you're careful, and so we've just selected the two lines that make up the tongue and if I now switch to the Butt Cap, I get rid of the caps down here as well, that's a problem. Boo Butt Caps. So let's switch back to the rounded cap here. So how do we deal with this? Well really all I'm going to do, all I want to do is I just want to move these points down. I could move the entire cleft down, but I don't want to. Let's say I'm totally happy with where these points are. I just want to move this point up here downward. So I could go ahead and marquee this region and I end up selecting 17, 000 items. Well several items anyway. I don't know how many.

But I'm selecting all kinds of things and I don't even know what they are. We're so far zoomed in I have no idea what I've selected. I think, based on what I'm seeing here, that I've selected the rotated, the angled rectangles. Remember them from a long time ago now. Well so what I do? They're right there on those edges. How do I select them? And they're on top of each other, so I can't like click on one and Shift-click on the other, cause they're coincident, they're right on top of each other. Well check this out, this really cool, weird function inside of Illustrator.

Go ahead and Alt drag or Option drag around this area once again just to select those two lines. Then I want to isolate them. So I'll do that by going out to the Object menu and choosing the Group command. So now they were already part of a group, but now we went ahead and grouped them together inside of that group, so they're part of a subgroup. Now we can isolate that subgroup by grabbing the Selection Tool, the black arrow tool and double-clicking on those selected items, and we now enter isolation mode. We have now isolated the entire group, the big group as it turns out, notice that, and you can see if we go ahead and zoom out. Only the black stroked items are isolated. Everything that appears grayed, and notice that we're covering up the nose. That doesn't matter, that's not really a problem. Everything that's grayed out is outside, the outer world, something that we're not going to monkey with at all, and notice now I'll get the white arrow tool and I'll drag, I'll drag over a bunch of things and I only select inside the group because we're in isolation mode, and it's a good isolation mode people. It's not like that kind of bad isolation mode, it's a good one, whatever that means.

Anyway, we decided we wanted to be isolated is what I mean by that. Now I'm going to drag around these points with my white arrow tool. I just select those two points, awesome, those two coincident points. I'm going to press the down arrow key a couple of times in order to move that point downward so that it's inside, so that this cap is fully inside of this horizontal line right there. Now I need to exit the isolation mode. Don't need to call the warden, all I need to do is go over to this left-pointing arrowhead and click on it to exit isolated group. Is that not cool? Now I have to tell you that feature was introduced in Illustrator CS2 but the way they introduced it, the way they implemented that isolation mode made it close to unusable. Now they fixed it inside Illustrator CS3, and it's really, really awesome.

Only one more exercise in this chapter to go people, and we're going to fix a little bit of a stroke problem that you may or may not see and then we're going to do this really special trick. We're going to fill something with the nose. Well you'll see, you'll see in that final exercise. Please join me, won't you?

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials.


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Q: When trying to synchronize color settings between all Creative Suite programs in Bridge, the Creative Suite Color Settings command either does not appear in the Edit menu or does not work. What is causing this?
A: If the Color Setting command is not available or does not function, it's because Bridge thinks that a single application (such as Photoshop or Illustrator), is installed and not one of the many versions of the Creative Suite.
If only Photoshop or Illustrator is installed, skip the exercise and move on.
If the entire Creative Suite is installed, then, unfortunately, there is no easy fix. Either contact Adobe or completely reinstall the Creative Suite.
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