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Fixing strokes and isolating edits

From: Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals

Video: Fixing strokes and isolating edits

In this exercise, we are going to take care of a problem that exists here inside of the tongue and mouth region. Basically we have an alignment issue going on. I'm working still inside the Calendar face.ai file that I opened at the beginning of the previous exercise and I'm going to go ahead and zoom in. We can't really see the problem when we were zoomed out but it starts appearing at around 1600%, then we see it very nicely at 2400%. Which may make you ask, is that really that important? I mean this little bit of alignment problem, you can see. As the tongue goes too high and goes into the lips, is that really going to show up in print? And the answer is very possibly not necessarily, but this is the kind of problem I have run into on a regular basis. I have encountered these a lot over the years and if you want them, if they are on purpose then great. If they are not on purpose, I think they look just absolutely rotten, I think they look amateurish and so I like to eliminate them if possible.

Fixing strokes and isolating edits

In this exercise, we are going to take care of a problem that exists here inside of the tongue and mouth region. Basically we have an alignment issue going on. I'm working still inside the Calendar face.ai file that I opened at the beginning of the previous exercise and I'm going to go ahead and zoom in. We can't really see the problem when we were zoomed out but it starts appearing at around 1600%, then we see it very nicely at 2400%. Which may make you ask, is that really that important? I mean this little bit of alignment problem, you can see. As the tongue goes too high and goes into the lips, is that really going to show up in print? And the answer is very possibly not necessarily, but this is the kind of problem I have run into on a regular basis. I have encountered these a lot over the years and if you want them, if they are on purpose then great. If they are not on purpose, I think they look just absolutely rotten, I think they look amateurish and so I like to eliminate them if possible.

So basically, my take on it is let's address the problems as we see them. So here we are zoomed in on the tongue, what can we do about it? Well start now with the Black Arrow tool selected, because if you click on the tongue with the Black Arrow tool active, you will select this entire group including this little necklace below the tongue and so on. Say, what we want is the White Arrow tool here which you can get by pressing the A key. I'll click off then I'll Alt-click or Option-click on the tongue outline in order to select it. Now you can plainly see how this one- point stroke is writing half on the outside of the path and half on the inside of the path. You can change that from the Stroke palette with this Align Stroke option right there. So notice that you can move the stroke all the way out, if you want to or all the way in if you prefer. Now it might seem like in is the way to go for this guy. We are no longer having a problem with it going too high on the lips, but I really want it to be right there on the edge of the lips. So this is no good. I don't like this effect at all.

So what do we do about it? Well, let's leave it as it was, Align Stroke to Center, which also makes the tongue aligned better with the necklace elements, you might notice down here, and let's take a different approach to this problem. I'm going to click off of the path in order to de-select it and then I'm going to click just on this line segment between the two anchor points. So just click on that line segment to select it independently of the rest of the tongue and then press the Backspace key or the Delete key on the Mac in order to delete that segment.

Now, notice that Illustrator goes ahead and keeps the tongue filled with white, but it also, at the same time, gets rid of that offending segment. Now we have a problem, of course, with this white showing up in front of the lips, we will take care of that in a moment. But we have a larger problem, which is that the round joint goes up and over the point and so we can see just a sliver of it over the top of this lip intersection here. Don't want that, don't really need this cap at all in fact because both of the end points that are affected, are affected badly by it. So why don't we go over to the Stroke palette and click on the Butt Cap and that will shave that guy off right there. But we have this lip intersection line that is being cut by this white inside of the tongue but we need to fill for the tongue in order to cover up other objects. So we will just go ahead and switch back to the Black Arrow tool, click on this horizontal line and then press Ctrl+Right bracket or Command+Right bracket on the Mac to move it forward.

Still got a problem actually and that's that this little line right here is riding high as you can see. The cleft in the tongue is going up into that top lip right there in a way that I don't want it to. And what I could do, of course, is just grab these tongue elements and move them down. So for example, I could with the White Arrow tool Alt +drag or Option+drag like so at this location in order to select both of these tongue paths. The reason I had to marquee the paths is because they intersect each other because we have two paths on top of each other and the reason I press the Alt key or the Option key is to go ahead and select all of these two paths. And then I could move them both down by pressing the Down-arrow key like so and that would move the entire paths down, but let's say I didn't want to do that for whatever reason. The bottom of the cleft of the tongue was exactly where I wanted it to be. I just wanted to move that top point.

All right, I'll go ahead and move it back in a position here. So what you would do in that case, we have got two points that are on top each other. So you can't just click on one and Shift-click on another. They are coincident points. So we need to marquee around them, but if I do a little marquee like this without pressing the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac, notice I select a bunch of different paths. So I'm selecting the lips. I'm awfully zoomed in here but I think I'm selecting those rotated rectangles, remember those that are right behind the circle that makes up the face. Everything is coming at this intersection. It's like all this traffic right here at this one point, so it just can't get to that point. So what do I do? Well, it's a really great think inside of Illustrator. It's called the Isolation Mode. So you can enter a group isolated from the rest of the illustration. I'm going to go ahead and click on the Black Arrow tool to make it active and then I'll click on the tongue in order to select that entire group. I'll go ahead and zoom out here and recall that it is part of this larger group. If I double click on any portion, anything that is selected here, I'll enter this Isolation Mode. So notice that I have gone inside of this group and everything that's outside of the group has dimmed on me. I can no longer select those items. So if I click or drag out there, they are dead to me.

And this is a good Isolation Mode, by the way; this is the Isolation Mode that you want to be in, in order to modify this tongue. So go ahead and now get your White Arrow tool, marquee around the top of the tongue like so. Now you don't have a problem with grabbing everybody else and then I'll go ahead and press the Down-arrow key a couple of times in a row to make sure that we are bringing this stroke down far enough in order to avoid the top of this line. Now, you might have said, hey Deke, why didn't you just cleave off the top like you did with these guys? Why didn't you just get rid of that cap? Because if I had selected the Butt Cap then I'd ruin these end points too at the bottom of the cleft. That's why that was not an option. So I'll undo that modification.

We have to leave it nice and rounded. Now, let's check if we have done a good job. You can just press the Escape key in order to escape that Isolation Mode that's one way to work, or if you don't want to press the key, if that's not really your way of working, I'll just go ahead and double click again in order to enter it and notice, we are inside of this group, you can click on the next item over to go out to the paths. Now you are isolated to all the paths or you could click on this green arrow here, this left pointing arrow in order to exit the Isolation Mode and return to the larger illustration where everything is now available for modification.

All right, so pretty cool, that Isolation Mode. It works wonders actually in Illustrator. You can take advantage of it right, left, and center. In the next exercise, we are going to take care of this problem where we don't have rich blacks you may have noticed that; our new objects are not set to rich blacks, we need to take care of that. But the new thing that I'm going to show you is how to create a pattern fill, very exciting. Stay tuned!

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This video is part of

Image for Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals
Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals

182 video lessons · 38141 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
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  1. 42m 7s
    1. Welcome to One-on-One
      1m 58s
    2. The Welcome screen
      3m 2s
    3. Creating a new document
      5m 6s
    4. Advanced document controls
      4m 43s
    5. Saving a custom New Document Profile
      8m 46s
    6. Changing the document setup
      4m 21s
    7. Special artboard controls
      4m 58s
    8. Accepting artboard changes
      2m 19s
    9. Saving a document
      4m 33s
    10. Closing a document
      2m 21s
  2. 1h 0m
    1. Adobe Bridge
      56s
    2. Opening an illustration
      4m 45s
    3. Modifying an illustration
      6m 27s
    4. Saving changes
      4m 58s
    5. Introducing Adobe Bridge
      8m 41s
    6. The all-important file type associations
      3m 20s
    7. Navigating inside Bridge
      4m 23s
    8. Previewing and collecting
      5m 55s
    9. Using workspaces
      6m 41s
    10. Customizing a workspace
      6m 14s
    11. Cool Bridge tricks
      8m 17s
  3. 1h 4m
    1. Preferences, color settings, and workspaces
      35s
    2. Keyboard increments
      5m 12s
    3. Scratch disks
      3m 48s
    4. Changing the user interface and setting Appearance of Black
      4m 14s
    5. Best workflow color settings
      9m 17s
    6. Synchronizing settings across CS4
      3m 2s
    7. Working inside tabbed windows
      7m 14s
    8. Organizing palettes
      5m 4s
    9. Saving a custom workspace
      4m 12s
    10. Zooming and panning
      4m 19s
    11. Using the Zoom tool
      3m 3s
    12. Navigating the artboards
      5m 5s
    13. Nudging the screen image
      3m 3s
    14. Scroll-wheel tricks
      2m 8s
    15. Cycling between screen modes
      4m 39s
  4. 1h 22m
    1. The Wedjat (or Eye of Horus)
      55s
    2. The line tools
      2m 57s
    3. Introducing layers
      5m 10s
    4. Creating ruler guides
      6m 18s
    5. Creating custom guides
      5m 16s
    6. Snap-to points
      5m 25s
    7. Organizing guides
      5m 43s
    8. Making a tracing template
      3m 42s
    9. Drawing a line segment
      4m 29s
    10. Drawing a continuous arc
      5m 28s
    11. Drawing a looping spiral
      6m 5s
    12. Cutting lines with the Scissors tool
      6m 20s
    13. Joining open paths
      7m 31s
    14. Aligning and joining points
      6m 34s
    15. Drawing concentric circles
      4m 41s
    16. Cleaning up overlapping segments
      5m 34s
  5. 1h 4m
    1. The anatomy of a shape
      1m 1s
    2. Meet the shape tools
      3m 5s
    3. The traceable Tonalpohualli
      2m 52s
    4. Drawing circles
      4m 38s
    5. Enhanced Smart Guides
      4m 1s
    6. Aligning to a key object
      4m 29s
    7. Creating polygons and stars
      5m 4s
    8. Using the Measure tool
      3m 47s
    9. The Select Similar and Arrange commands
      3m 56s
    10. Rectangles and rounded rectangles
      6m 8s
    11. The amazing constraint axes
      5m 26s
    12. Grouping and ungrouping
      3m 35s
    13. Flipping and duplicating
      4m 12s
    14. Combining simple shapes into complex ones
      5m 24s
    15. Cutting and connecting with Scissors and Join
      3m 31s
    16. Tilde-key goofiness
      2m 53s
  6. 1h 41m
    1. The ingredients of life
      54s
    2. Fill and Stroke settings
      4m 22s
    3. Transparency grid and paper color
      5m 47s
    4. The None attribute
      5m 4s
    5. Color libraries and sliders
      3m 39s
    6. Industry-standard colors
      4m 38s
    7. Using CMYK for commercial output
      6m 39s
    8. Using RGB for the web
      7m 23s
    9. Color palette tips and tricks
      7m 18s
    10. Creating and saving color swatches
      4m 35s
    11. Trapping gaps with rich blacks
      6m 46s
    12. Filling and stacking shapes
      5m 38s
    13. Dragging and dropping swatches
      5m 0s
    14. Paste in Front, Paste in Back
      4m 54s
    15. Filling shapes inside groups
      5m 28s
    16. Pasting between layers
      4m 41s
    17. Joins, caps, and dashes
      6m 50s
    18. Fixing strokes and isolating edits
      7m 12s
    19. Creating a pattern fill
      4m 57s
  7. 1h 50m
    1. The power of transformations
      1m 20s
    2. From primitive to polished art
      2m 42s
    3. Using the Blob brush
      5m 46s
    4. Resizing the brush and erasing
      4m 15s
    5. Selection limits and methods of merging
      6m 39s
    6. Cloning and auto-duplicating
      6m 45s
    7. Customizing keyboard shortcuts
      3m 7s
    8. Moving by the numbers
      5m 15s
    9. Using the Reshape tool
      7m 47s
    10. Modifying, aligning, and uniting paths
      7m 14s
    11. Using the Offset Path command
      4m 43s
    12. Styling and eyedropping
      5m 28s
    13. Making a black-and-white template
      2m 27s
    14. Scale and clone
      4m 57s
    15. Enlarge and stack
      5m 46s
    16. Positioning the origin point
      6m 59s
    17. Using the Rotate tool
      3m 55s
    18. Using the Reflect tool
      4m 15s
    19. Series rotation (aka power duplication)
      6m 48s
    20. Rotating by the numbers
      6m 12s
    21. Transforming the tile patterns
      7m 52s
  8. 2h 4m
    1. Next-generation text wrangling
      55s
    2. Placing a text document
      5m 38s
    3. Creating a new text block
      6m 1s
    4. Working with point text
      3m 57s
    5. Selecting the perfect typeface
      5m 48s
    6. Scaling and positioning type
      8m 57s
    7. Leading, tracking, and lots of shortcuts
      5m 54s
    8. Adjusting pair kerning
      6m 55s
    9. Eyedropping formatting attributes
      3m 54s
    10. Flowing text from one block to another
      8m 28s
    11. Creating and applying a paragraph style
      7m 39s
    12. Rendering the text in graphite
      5m 55s
    13. Creating a scribbly drop shadow
      5m 17s
    14. Advanced formatting and bullets
      7m 43s
    15. Setting Area Type options
      4m 57s
    16. Justification and the Every-line Composer
      5m 52s
    17. OpenType and ligatures
      7m 19s
    18. Fractions, numerals, and ordinals
      9m 7s
    19. Swashes and small caps
      5m 40s
    20. The amazing Glyphs palette
      8m 12s
  9. 1h 18m
    1. Points are boys, handles are girls
      1m 20s
    2. Placing an image as a tracing template
      6m 56s
    3. Drawing a straight-sided path
      6m 8s
    4. Moving, adding, and deleting points
      6m 50s
    5. Drawing spline curves with Round Corners
      9m 7s
    6. Smooth points and Bézier curves
      8m 29s
    7. Defining a cusp between two curves
      6m 59s
    8. Replicating and reshaping segments
      8m 30s
    9. Converting anchor points
      7m 55s
    10. Deleting stray anchor points
      5m 1s
    11. Separating and closing paths
      5m 43s
    12. Eyedropping template colors
      5m 55s
  10. 1h 40m
    1. Paths never rest
      1m 34s
    2. Exploring the Appearance palette
      9m 54s
    3. Snip and Spin
      8m 3s
    4. Adding a center point
      4m 12s
    5. Keeping shape intersections
      3m 42s
    6. Lifting fills and selecting through shapes
      5m 54s
    7. Saving and recalling selections
      6m 20s
    8. Rotating is a circular operation
      8m 32s
    9. Lassoing and scaling points
      5m 28s
    10. Using the Transform Each command
      4m 11s
    11. Using the Magic Wand tool
      8m 1s
    12. Eyedropping live effects
      9m 58s
    13. Merging strokes with a compound path
      6m 50s
    14. Selecting and scaling independent segments
      7m 59s
    15. Scalloped edges with Pucker & Bloat
      5m 16s
    16. Expand before you merge
      4m 17s
  11. 1h 26m
    1. The new pleasures of printing
      44s
    2. Outlines and artboards in CS4
      7m 35s
    3. Setting trim size and bleed
      7m 17s
    4. Creating custom dynamic crop marks
      3m 41s
    5. Working with the Separations Preview palette
      7m 42s
    6. Trapping an object with an overprint stroke
      8m 20s
    7. Placing multiple artboards into InDesign
      5m 17s
    8. Working with the Print Tiling tool
      4m 55s
    9. Setting the General Print options
      6m 9s
    10. Setting printer marks
      5m 16s
    11. PostScript-only output and graphics
      9m 10s
    12. The Color Management options
      6m 56s
    13. Adjusting the Flattener settings
      7m 32s
    14. Setting the Raster Effects resolution
      5m 32s
  12. 1h 32m
    1. Illustrator does pixels
      51s
    2. Illustrator, PDF, and Save As formats
      8m 15s
    3. Saving an illustration for the web
      6m 13s
    4. Saving a continuous-tone JPEG image
      10m 1s
    5. Saving a high-contrast GIF graphic
      6m 26s
    6. The versatile PNG format
      4m 45s
    7. Saving a scaleable Flash (SWF) graphic
      11m 0s
    8. Opening and placing an Illustrator file in Photoshop
      12m 44s
    9. Exporting a layered PSD from Illustrator
      12m 57s
    10. Exporting to Microsoft Office and PowerPoint
      7m 24s
    11. Sharing with InDesign, Flash, and Photoshop
      12m 12s
  13. 1m 4s
    1. Until next time
      1m 4s

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