Viewers: in countries Watching now:
Adobe Illustrator has long been a popular vector–based drawing program, but for many the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals, author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland shows users how to get in to the Illustrator mindset and overcome this learning curve. He covers the application's key features in a new way, making it simple and easy to master Illustrator. Deke teaches viewers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text, and the Pen tool. He also explains how to export and print. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this training can help make sense of it. Exercise files accompany the course.
In this exercise, we are going to take care of a problem that exists here inside of the tongue and mouth region. Basically we have an alignment issue going on. I'm working still inside the Calendar face.ai file that I opened at the beginning of the previous exercise and I'm going to go ahead and zoom in. We can't really see the problem when we were zoomed out but it starts appearing at around 1600%, then we see it very nicely at 2400%. Which may make you ask, is that really that important? I mean this little bit of alignment problem, you can see. As the tongue goes too high and goes into the lips, is that really going to show up in print? And the answer is very possibly not necessarily, but this is the kind of problem I have run into on a regular basis. I have encountered these a lot over the years and if you want them, if they are on purpose then great. If they are not on purpose, I think they look just absolutely rotten, I think they look amateurish and so I like to eliminate them if possible.
So basically, my take on it is let's address the problems as we see them. So here we are zoomed in on the tongue, what can we do about it? Well start now with the Black Arrow tool selected, because if you click on the tongue with the Black Arrow tool active, you will select this entire group including this little necklace below the tongue and so on. Say, what we want is the White Arrow tool here which you can get by pressing the A key. I'll click off then I'll Alt-click or Option-click on the tongue outline in order to select it. Now you can plainly see how this one- point stroke is writing half on the outside of the path and half on the inside of the path. You can change that from the Stroke palette with this Align Stroke option right there. So notice that you can move the stroke all the way out, if you want to or all the way in if you prefer. Now it might seem like in is the way to go for this guy. We are no longer having a problem with it going too high on the lips, but I really want it to be right there on the edge of the lips. So this is no good. I don't like this effect at all.
So what do we do about it? Well, let's leave it as it was, Align Stroke to Center, which also makes the tongue aligned better with the necklace elements, you might notice down here, and let's take a different approach to this problem. I'm going to click off of the path in order to de-select it and then I'm going to click just on this line segment between the two anchor points. So just click on that line segment to select it independently of the rest of the tongue and then press the Backspace key or the Delete key on the Mac in order to delete that segment.
Now, notice that Illustrator goes ahead and keeps the tongue filled with white, but it also, at the same time, gets rid of that offending segment. Now we have a problem, of course, with this white showing up in front of the lips, we will take care of that in a moment. But we have a larger problem, which is that the round joint goes up and over the point and so we can see just a sliver of it over the top of this lip intersection here. Don't want that, don't really need this cap at all in fact because both of the end points that are affected, are affected badly by it. So why don't we go over to the Stroke palette and click on the Butt Cap and that will shave that guy off right there. But we have this lip intersection line that is being cut by this white inside of the tongue but we need to fill for the tongue in order to cover up other objects. So we will just go ahead and switch back to the Black Arrow tool, click on this horizontal line and then press Ctrl+Right bracket or Command+Right bracket on the Mac to move it forward.
Still got a problem actually and that's that this little line right here is riding high as you can see. The cleft in the tongue is going up into that top lip right there in a way that I don't want it to. And what I could do, of course, is just grab these tongue elements and move them down. So for example, I could with the White Arrow tool Alt +drag or Option+drag like so at this location in order to select both of these tongue paths. The reason I had to marquee the paths is because they intersect each other because we have two paths on top of each other and the reason I press the Alt key or the Option key is to go ahead and select all of these two paths. And then I could move them both down by pressing the Down-arrow key like so and that would move the entire paths down, but let's say I didn't want to do that for whatever reason. The bottom of the cleft of the tongue was exactly where I wanted it to be. I just wanted to move that top point.
All right, I'll go ahead and move it back in a position here. So what you would do in that case, we have got two points that are on top each other. So you can't just click on one and Shift-click on another. They are coincident points. So we need to marquee around them, but if I do a little marquee like this without pressing the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac, notice I select a bunch of different paths. So I'm selecting the lips. I'm awfully zoomed in here but I think I'm selecting those rotated rectangles, remember those that are right behind the circle that makes up the face. Everything is coming at this intersection. It's like all this traffic right here at this one point, so it just can't get to that point. So what do I do? Well, it's a really great think inside of Illustrator. It's called the Isolation Mode. So you can enter a group isolated from the rest of the illustration. I'm going to go ahead and click on the Black Arrow tool to make it active and then I'll click on the tongue in order to select that entire group. I'll go ahead and zoom out here and recall that it is part of this larger group. If I double click on any portion, anything that is selected here, I'll enter this Isolation Mode. So notice that I have gone inside of this group and everything that's outside of the group has dimmed on me. I can no longer select those items. So if I click or drag out there, they are dead to me.
And this is a good Isolation Mode, by the way; this is the Isolation Mode that you want to be in, in order to modify this tongue. So go ahead and now get your White Arrow tool, marquee around the top of the tongue like so. Now you don't have a problem with grabbing everybody else and then I'll go ahead and press the Down-arrow key a couple of times in a row to make sure that we are bringing this stroke down far enough in order to avoid the top of this line. Now, you might have said, hey Deke, why didn't you just cleave off the top like you did with these guys? Why didn't you just get rid of that cap? Because if I had selected the Butt Cap then I'd ruin these end points too at the bottom of the cleft. That's why that was not an option. So I'll undo that modification.
We have to leave it nice and rounded. Now, let's check if we have done a good job. You can just press the Escape key in order to escape that Isolation Mode that's one way to work, or if you don't want to press the key, if that's not really your way of working, I'll just go ahead and double click again in order to enter it and notice, we are inside of this group, you can click on the next item over to go out to the paths. Now you are isolated to all the paths or you could click on this green arrow here, this left pointing arrow in order to exit the Isolation Mode and return to the larger illustration where everything is now available for modification.
All right, so pretty cool, that Isolation Mode. It works wonders actually in Illustrator. You can take advantage of it right, left, and center. In the next exercise, we are going to take care of this problem where we don't have rich blacks you may have noticed that; our new objects are not set to rich blacks, we need to take care of that. But the new thing that I'm going to show you is how to create a pattern fill, very exciting. Stay tuned!
Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals .
Here are the FAQs that matched your search "" :
Sorry, there are no matches for your search "" —to search again, type in another word or phrase and click search.
Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.
Search within course videos and transcripts, and jump right to the results.
Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.
Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.
Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.