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Adobe Illustrator has long been a popular vector–based drawing program, but for many the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals, author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland shows users how to get in to the Illustrator mindset and overcome this learning curve. He covers the application's key features in a new way, making it simple and easy to master Illustrator. Deke teaches viewers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text, and the Pen tool. He also explains how to export and print. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this training can help make sense of it. Exercise files accompany the course.
In this really, truly final exercise of this chapter, I'm going to show you how to preserve the scalloped edges around this outermost circle, and still be able to combine all of these paths together into a single compound path. I am working in this final catch-up document called Live scallops.ai found inside the 10_select_enhance folder and you may recall I was telling you this problem is new to Illustrator CS4 and that's technically true, but it's actually a good thing. What Illustrator CS4 has done with its effects is really a terrific thing.
So I'm going to go ahead and click on this outermost circle, and it might take you a few seconds to find it because you got to look for that little square next to the Arrow icon. So I'll click off it again. So bear in mind that this is not a real effect. It's still a circle here because it's a live effect. So, if you were to press Ctrl+Y, or Command+ Y on the Mac, you can see this circular edge right there, and the reason we are seeing the scalloping as well is because if I go to Layers palette, that's because we have this Final lace layer that's also showing up. What I should have done, I'll press Ctrl+Y or Command+Y again to switch back to the Preview mode, I should have Ctrl- clicked or Command-clicked on the eyeball for Just circles and now we can see that it is just the circle right here.
Click on it to make it active, and if you want to see the live effect, you would Ctrl-click or Command-click on the eyeball again to bring it back up. I just want you to see that that is still a circle and that's what's throwing everything. Prior to CS4, there used to be two menus right here, one was called Filter and one was called Effect, and Filter provide the exact same commands, many of the same commands we have in the Effect menu, except that they were static, which was actually a bad thing. It's much better to have these dynamic effects until you get ready to start combining different paths together and then it can prove to be a problem. And that's the point at which you have to convert the dynamic effect into a static effect and you do it like so.
You go up to the Object menu and you choose Expand Appearance. So expanding any dynamic effect inside of Illustrator goes ahead and renders it out as a static effect to the best of its ability using static paths. Go ahead and choose Expand Appearance. That's all you have to do, and notice now we have a path outline that's actually tracing the scallops like so. And then, you want to Alt-click or Option-click a neutral portion of the Just circles layers in order to select all of the shapes on the layer. Then go on to the Object menu and choose Compound Path and choose Make, or of course, press Ctrl+8, Command+8 on the Mac, and we get a single path as we are seeing here, and if I click off of it in order to deselect it, we can see how all of the strokes are merged together.
So we have one system of white strokes, with one system of red strokes behind it, and you can even confirm that we have got one path here in the Just circles layers by twirling it open, sure enough, we have one path that is called Compound Path. We can't twirl it open or anything, you can by the way, still access each one of the sub paths as they are now called using the White Arrow tool. So you could click on one of these guys in order to select a part of it like so, or another way to work I believe, let's check this out, is to double-click on any one of those paths in order to isolate it in the Compound Path Mode. But if you do that, let's see what happens here. Yes, you can access each one of these sub paths independently using the Black Arrow tool. All right, I want to return to the larger illustration and I can do that just by pressing Escape key to leave that Isolation Mode and notice this path is still selected.
So I could still drag it with the Black Arrow tool, even though its part of this larger path here, because it was a left over selection, I could still move it around if I wanted it to with the Black Arrow tool. Anyway, I don't, just interesting to note. I'm going to press Ctrl+Z, Command+Z to undo that movement. Click off the shapes to deselect them and then I'm going to turn-on all objects, the All objects layer in order to complete the effect. This is the completed lace making illustration. Thanks to our ability to select all kinds of things in Illustrator, including individual paths, independent points, independent segments. We can select up and down the stack. We have seen the Transform Each command, which is incredibly useful inside of Illustrator. We have seen how to merge multiple strokes together, and we took our first look at compound paths inside the program.
In the next chapter, we are going to see how to print your illustrations, stay tuned.
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