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I've saved my progress as Nose and muzzle.ai. In this exercise, we are going to create some more symmetrical gradients, and the idea here is that we want to create gradients that go in the opposite direction of each other, and then gradients that go in reflective directions. I'll show you what I mean as we work our way through this exercise. Let's start things off using the Black Arrow tool by selecting both of the cheek shapes right here and then the two eyelids, which are the shapes outside of the white eye. So, all four of those shapes should be selected.
Then what I want you to do is grab the Gradient tool, which you can get by pressing the G key, of course. And notice we now have four annotators showing up inside of the Illustration window. If I want all four annotators to go in the same direction, then all I have to do, of course, is the same thing we did in the previous exercise. Just drag from a neutral location, and then I'll press the Shift key as I continue to drag so I get a vertical gradient. And I am creating my gradient from above the eye down to just below the cheek, like so, and then I'll go ahead and release, which works beautifully for the two cheek shapes but I actually want the eyelids to go in the opposite direction.
So I am going to grab my black arrow tool once again and I'm going to Shift+Click on one of the cheeks and Shift+Click on the other to deselect them so just the eyelids are selected now. Then I'll just go over here to the Gradient panel and reverse the direction by clicking on the reverse direction icon. And it's that simple. So, bear in mind that the Gradient tool and the annotator aren't your only ways of modifying gradients. You've got all these all these options in the Gradient panel as well, some of which are actually easier to work with than having to drag a bunch of annotators around. All right, next I am going to change the angle of the ear by clicking on this left ear up here.
Now, I could try to change the angle of both ears at the same time but that's not going to work and I'll just show you. Might as will go ahead and Shift+Click on the other ear shape right there and then I'll go ahead and grab my Gradient tool again. I want the tips of the ears to be bright and the base to be dark. So I am going to drag from about here down toward the head. This time I am not going to press the Shift key, I am just going to draw an angled gradient this time around. So, the Shift key is going to constrain the angle of the gradient annotator to the nearest 45 degrees, but again I don't need any constraints so I'll just drag to here.
That affects this ear beautifully but just wipes out the gradient inside the other ear and the whole thing is appearing black. So, then I could drag a new gradient. I'd have to deselect this ear and draw a new gradient inside the other ear. But how do I make sure that they are both exactly opposite of each other? Well, I could check the angle value over here and I could it to something like -45 degrees, for example. Then I could grab the other guy and notice we've got this gradient up here, this annotator way up here, for the other ear now.
So, we could grab it, then we could try to change it's angle so that it goes an presumably 45 degrees instead of negative, or you could try this instead. This is by far the simplest thing to do and it's a fairly obvious technique. But I'm going to switch back to the Black Arrow tool, click off ears, click on this guy to select it and get rid of it by pressing the Backspace key or the Delete key on the Mac. Click on this ear in order to select it. Go ahead and get yourself the Reflect tool, which you can select from a Rotate tool flyout menu, and then we need to reflect around the center of the illustration.
Now, I have marked the center using a guideline but that may not appear onscreen for you if your guides are hidden, as they are for me. So I am going to go to the View menu, choose Guides, and then choose Show Guides or just press Ctrl+Semicolon, Cmd+Semicolon on a Mac. Now, we have that guideline right through the center of the document. I'll press the Alt key or the Option key and click right at that location and I'll set Reflect to Vertical so that I'm reflecting across the vertical axis to create a horizontal reflection and then I'll click the Copy button in order to create that other ear.
And not only does the ear flip, but the gradient flips along with it. Then I'll press Ctrl+Semicolon, or Cmd+Semicolon on a Mac, in order to hide those guidelines. All right, the last thing I want to do in this exercise is assign a little bit of additional depth using some Drop Shadows. Drop Shadows are another form of gradient inside of Illustrator, it's just that you apply them using a command. They are dynamic effects that you can change anytime you like. And, instead of going from one color to another color, they go from one color to the same color but they fade away.
They go from Opacity or some level of translucency to absolute transparency. So what I'd like you to do if you are working along with me, is select the brow, then Shift+Click on the nose and Shift+Click on each one of the eyes using the Black Arrow tool, and those are the white eye shapes, not the eyelids, in order to select those four shapes. Then, go up to the Effect menu, choose Stylize, and choose Drop Shadow, or you can press my keyboard shortcut if you loaded dekeKeys. That's Ctrl+Alt+E or Cmd+Option+E on a Mac, and these are the values I want you to apply.
Mode should be set to Multiply, then Opacity is 100%, X Offset is 0, Y Offset is 5, and Blur is 5. And then the Color radio button should be selected and set to black. Darkness, by the way, is going to create a gradient variation that is some translucent level of the colors that are already found inside of your selected paths, so that becomes a more complicated operation for Photoshop. Anyway, I am going to turn on the Preview check box so we can see what we've done. There it is, looks great, click Ok, and we've now assigned even more depth to our cat.
In fact, we've gone a long distance toward creating this final effect, but we still have a lot of work to do, including creating this Gradient Backdrop, which is the topic of the next exercise.
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