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Enlarge and stack

From: Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals

Video: Enlarge and stack

In this exercise, I'm going to show you how to create a couple of more circles around the perimeter of our calendar using the Scale tool. Now I'm still working inside that same Ready to work. ai file that I opened in the previous exercise. I am going to go ahead and zoom out a couple of clicks here and you may notice, if you look really super carefully, that there are a couple of rings outside of the calendar that represent those banded shadows. They are really hard to see in the template layer. To make them easier to see, so that we can more easily track them, go ahead and Ctrl-click or Command-click on the eyeball here in front of the calendar layer. Then you will see both of those circles rendered in the Outline mode.

Enlarge and stack

In this exercise, I'm going to show you how to create a couple of more circles around the perimeter of our calendar using the Scale tool. Now I'm still working inside that same Ready to work. ai file that I opened in the previous exercise. I am going to go ahead and zoom out a couple of clicks here and you may notice, if you look really super carefully, that there are a couple of rings outside of the calendar that represent those banded shadows. They are really hard to see in the template layer. To make them easier to see, so that we can more easily track them, go ahead and Ctrl-click or Command-click on the eyeball here in front of the calendar layer. Then you will see both of those circles rendered in the Outline mode.

Then I want you to click this beige circle right there in order to select it and we are going to be basing both of these circles, both these really large circles on this moderately sized one, really. You might wonder why in the world we don't work from the outer green circle and scale that one out. The reason is it's a got a drop shadow. So it has a dynamic effect applied to it. We would just have to turn around and delete that dynamic effect later since of course shadows don't have their own drop shadows. That won't make any sense. Anyway, this guy doesn't have a drop shadow and you can see this in the Appearance palette. All it has is a stroke and a fill. If you were to twirl open the stroke and the fill attributes, you wouldn't see anything special applied to them either, just these default opacity values, which means they are 100% opaque. I'll go ahead and twirl those guys closed and switch back to the Layers palette for a moment because there is one other change I want to make.

I am seeing my selection edges, that is, my anchor points and my segments here, represented in blue, which is a little bit confusing because there is a lot of blue inside of this artwork. You are better off using a color that's not in the artwork at all, such as in my case, red. So I'm going to go ahead and double-click on the progress layer in order to open up the Layer Options dialog box and then I'll just switch over to red. Then click OK in order to accept that modification. Now you might have noticed there was no Preview check box inside of that dialog box. If after you get done applying a new color, you decide you don't like it, then you can undo those layer attributes just by pressing Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac. Anyway, I'm happy with what I have done here.

So I'm going to switch over to the Scale tool once again. I'm going to begin dragging this time around this location right here. That is to say up and to the left of my transformation origin, which is right there in the center of the circle. Again, you want to make sure you start your drags somewhere in the neighborhood of 45 degrees away, so diagonally, in any direction diagonally, any of the four directions from that center. I am going to start here. I should revise that. I need to start farther in because if I start this far out, I'm going to run out of room as I drag away from the center of this circle. So I'm going to give myself a little more leeway by starting about here. So again, if I drag away, I'll enlarge the circle. If I drag inward, I'm going to reduce the size of the circle. If I cross that center point, go the other direction, I start enlarging it again.

All right, but let's just go in a single direction here. I'll go up and to the left. I'll press the Shift key in order to ensure that I'm scaling the object proportionally and then when I get it aligned with that outer ring. Then on the Template layer, I'll press and hold the Alt key. So I have Shift and Alt down. That would be Shift and Option on the Mac. Release the mouse button and then release the keys. The Scale tool goes ahead and creates a clone of the object, as we have done here, creates that clone in front of the previous version of the object, in front of the original. So that means that we are covering up most of the artwork inside of the illustration. Not all of it, but a good deal of it.

So in order to take care of that problem, you want to press Ctrl+Shift+Left bracket or Command+Shift+Left bracket on the Mac. Or if you don't like working that way, you would right-click or Ctrl -click on the Mac, choose Arrange, and choose Send to Back. Either is going to work for you. Now this is the wrong color. Of course, we have got a fill and a stroke; we don't need a stroke on a shadow. So let's go up to the Stroke icon, up here in the Control palette, click on it and choose None. Then I'm going to click on the Fill icon and I'm going to choose this color right there, Light clay. Now you may wonder at this point why in the world did I scale all the way out. So I didn't scale to the second object there, I scaled to the final object, to the final circle.

The reason is because each clone circle appears in front of the original. So, now I can make this one smaller and have it appear in front of its predecessor. That way we are not going to have to adjust the stacking order afterwards. So we save ourselves a step, in other words; but we have, sort of, covered up the template at this point. So I'll go ahead and Ctrl-click or Command-click on the eyeball in front of the progress layer. That ends up making for a fairly complex network of paths but that's okay, we can see what we are doing. I have got this animal circle selected. I'm going to begin my drag right about there. It's still selected by the way. I'll begin my drag right there, click and drag inward, press the Shift key and the Alt keys or the Shift and Option keys on the Mac in order to ensure a proportional scaling and to clone the object. Then release the mouse button, then release the keys, and you now have a smaller cloned version of the circle.

In order to see it, I'm going to go ahead and press Ctrl+Y or Command+Y on the Mac. That's a keyboard shortcut for the preview command under the View menu. Notice that when I do press Ctrl+Y or Command+Y, I change both of my little orthogonal eyeballs here to filled eyeballs, like so. So I switch everybody to the preview mode, which is just fine. All right, so I now have this object selected, I'm going to go up to the Control palette, click in order to bring up my swatches, and then select the medium clay swatch, nice. All right, now I'll go ahead and press the Escape key to hide that palette. I'll press Ctrl+ Shift+A, Command+Shift+A on the Mac in order to deselect everything inside this illustration.

That's it for the circles. In the next exercise, we are going to switch to the square here and I'm going to show you how to scale objects with more precision by setting a transformation origin.

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This video is part of

Image for Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals
Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals

182 video lessons · 37879 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
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  1. 42m 7s
    1. Welcome to One-on-One
      1m 58s
    2. The Welcome screen
      3m 2s
    3. Creating a new document
      5m 6s
    4. Advanced document controls
      4m 43s
    5. Saving a custom New Document Profile
      8m 46s
    6. Changing the document setup
      4m 21s
    7. Special artboard controls
      4m 58s
    8. Accepting artboard changes
      2m 19s
    9. Saving a document
      4m 33s
    10. Closing a document
      2m 21s
  2. 1h 0m
    1. Adobe Bridge
      56s
    2. Opening an illustration
      4m 45s
    3. Modifying an illustration
      6m 27s
    4. Saving changes
      4m 58s
    5. Introducing Adobe Bridge
      8m 41s
    6. The all-important file type associations
      3m 20s
    7. Navigating inside Bridge
      4m 23s
    8. Previewing and collecting
      5m 55s
    9. Using workspaces
      6m 41s
    10. Customizing a workspace
      6m 14s
    11. Cool Bridge tricks
      8m 17s
  3. 1h 4m
    1. Preferences, color settings, and workspaces
      35s
    2. Keyboard increments
      5m 12s
    3. Scratch disks
      3m 48s
    4. Changing the user interface and setting Appearance of Black
      4m 14s
    5. Best workflow color settings
      9m 17s
    6. Synchronizing settings across CS4
      3m 2s
    7. Working inside tabbed windows
      7m 14s
    8. Organizing palettes
      5m 4s
    9. Saving a custom workspace
      4m 12s
    10. Zooming and panning
      4m 19s
    11. Using the Zoom tool
      3m 3s
    12. Navigating the artboards
      5m 5s
    13. Nudging the screen image
      3m 3s
    14. Scroll-wheel tricks
      2m 8s
    15. Cycling between screen modes
      4m 39s
  4. 1h 22m
    1. The Wedjat (or Eye of Horus)
      55s
    2. The line tools
      2m 57s
    3. Introducing layers
      5m 10s
    4. Creating ruler guides
      6m 18s
    5. Creating custom guides
      5m 16s
    6. Snap-to points
      5m 25s
    7. Organizing guides
      5m 43s
    8. Making a tracing template
      3m 42s
    9. Drawing a line segment
      4m 29s
    10. Drawing a continuous arc
      5m 28s
    11. Drawing a looping spiral
      6m 5s
    12. Cutting lines with the Scissors tool
      6m 20s
    13. Joining open paths
      7m 31s
    14. Aligning and joining points
      6m 34s
    15. Drawing concentric circles
      4m 41s
    16. Cleaning up overlapping segments
      5m 34s
  5. 1h 4m
    1. The anatomy of a shape
      1m 1s
    2. Meet the shape tools
      3m 5s
    3. The traceable Tonalpohualli
      2m 52s
    4. Drawing circles
      4m 38s
    5. Enhanced Smart Guides
      4m 1s
    6. Aligning to a key object
      4m 29s
    7. Creating polygons and stars
      5m 4s
    8. Using the Measure tool
      3m 47s
    9. The Select Similar and Arrange commands
      3m 56s
    10. Rectangles and rounded rectangles
      6m 8s
    11. The amazing constraint axes
      5m 26s
    12. Grouping and ungrouping
      3m 35s
    13. Flipping and duplicating
      4m 12s
    14. Combining simple shapes into complex ones
      5m 24s
    15. Cutting and connecting with Scissors and Join
      3m 31s
    16. Tilde-key goofiness
      2m 53s
  6. 1h 41m
    1. The ingredients of life
      54s
    2. Fill and Stroke settings
      4m 22s
    3. Transparency grid and paper color
      5m 47s
    4. The None attribute
      5m 4s
    5. Color libraries and sliders
      3m 39s
    6. Industry-standard colors
      4m 38s
    7. Using CMYK for commercial output
      6m 39s
    8. Using RGB for the web
      7m 23s
    9. Color palette tips and tricks
      7m 18s
    10. Creating and saving color swatches
      4m 35s
    11. Trapping gaps with rich blacks
      6m 46s
    12. Filling and stacking shapes
      5m 38s
    13. Dragging and dropping swatches
      5m 0s
    14. Paste in Front, Paste in Back
      4m 54s
    15. Filling shapes inside groups
      5m 28s
    16. Pasting between layers
      4m 41s
    17. Joins, caps, and dashes
      6m 50s
    18. Fixing strokes and isolating edits
      7m 12s
    19. Creating a pattern fill
      4m 57s
  7. 1h 50m
    1. The power of transformations
      1m 20s
    2. From primitive to polished art
      2m 42s
    3. Using the Blob brush
      5m 46s
    4. Resizing the brush and erasing
      4m 15s
    5. Selection limits and methods of merging
      6m 39s
    6. Cloning and auto-duplicating
      6m 45s
    7. Customizing keyboard shortcuts
      3m 7s
    8. Moving by the numbers
      5m 15s
    9. Using the Reshape tool
      7m 47s
    10. Modifying, aligning, and uniting paths
      7m 14s
    11. Using the Offset Path command
      4m 43s
    12. Styling and eyedropping
      5m 28s
    13. Making a black-and-white template
      2m 27s
    14. Scale and clone
      4m 57s
    15. Enlarge and stack
      5m 46s
    16. Positioning the origin point
      6m 59s
    17. Using the Rotate tool
      3m 55s
    18. Using the Reflect tool
      4m 15s
    19. Series rotation (aka power duplication)
      6m 48s
    20. Rotating by the numbers
      6m 12s
    21. Transforming the tile patterns
      7m 52s
  8. 2h 4m
    1. Next-generation text wrangling
      55s
    2. Placing a text document
      5m 38s
    3. Creating a new text block
      6m 1s
    4. Working with point text
      3m 57s
    5. Selecting the perfect typeface
      5m 48s
    6. Scaling and positioning type
      8m 57s
    7. Leading, tracking, and lots of shortcuts
      5m 54s
    8. Adjusting pair kerning
      6m 55s
    9. Eyedropping formatting attributes
      3m 54s
    10. Flowing text from one block to another
      8m 28s
    11. Creating and applying a paragraph style
      7m 39s
    12. Rendering the text in graphite
      5m 55s
    13. Creating a scribbly drop shadow
      5m 17s
    14. Advanced formatting and bullets
      7m 43s
    15. Setting Area Type options
      4m 57s
    16. Justification and the Every-line Composer
      5m 52s
    17. OpenType and ligatures
      7m 19s
    18. Fractions, numerals, and ordinals
      9m 7s
    19. Swashes and small caps
      5m 40s
    20. The amazing Glyphs palette
      8m 12s
  9. 1h 18m
    1. Points are boys, handles are girls
      1m 20s
    2. Placing an image as a tracing template
      6m 56s
    3. Drawing a straight-sided path
      6m 8s
    4. Moving, adding, and deleting points
      6m 50s
    5. Drawing spline curves with Round Corners
      9m 7s
    6. Smooth points and Bézier curves
      8m 29s
    7. Defining a cusp between two curves
      6m 59s
    8. Replicating and reshaping segments
      8m 30s
    9. Converting anchor points
      7m 55s
    10. Deleting stray anchor points
      5m 1s
    11. Separating and closing paths
      5m 43s
    12. Eyedropping template colors
      5m 55s
  10. 1h 40m
    1. Paths never rest
      1m 34s
    2. Exploring the Appearance palette
      9m 54s
    3. Snip and Spin
      8m 3s
    4. Adding a center point
      4m 12s
    5. Keeping shape intersections
      3m 42s
    6. Lifting fills and selecting through shapes
      5m 54s
    7. Saving and recalling selections
      6m 20s
    8. Rotating is a circular operation
      8m 32s
    9. Lassoing and scaling points
      5m 28s
    10. Using the Transform Each command
      4m 11s
    11. Using the Magic Wand tool
      8m 1s
    12. Eyedropping live effects
      9m 58s
    13. Merging strokes with a compound path
      6m 50s
    14. Selecting and scaling independent segments
      7m 59s
    15. Scalloped edges with Pucker & Bloat
      5m 16s
    16. Expand before you merge
      4m 17s
  11. 1h 26m
    1. The new pleasures of printing
      44s
    2. Outlines and artboards in CS4
      7m 35s
    3. Setting trim size and bleed
      7m 17s
    4. Creating custom dynamic crop marks
      3m 41s
    5. Working with the Separations Preview palette
      7m 42s
    6. Trapping an object with an overprint stroke
      8m 20s
    7. Placing multiple artboards into InDesign
      5m 17s
    8. Working with the Print Tiling tool
      4m 55s
    9. Setting the General Print options
      6m 9s
    10. Setting printer marks
      5m 16s
    11. PostScript-only output and graphics
      9m 10s
    12. The Color Management options
      6m 56s
    13. Adjusting the Flattener settings
      7m 32s
    14. Setting the Raster Effects resolution
      5m 32s
  12. 1h 32m
    1. Illustrator does pixels
      51s
    2. Illustrator, PDF, and Save As formats
      8m 15s
    3. Saving an illustration for the web
      6m 13s
    4. Saving a continuous-tone JPEG image
      10m 1s
    5. Saving a high-contrast GIF graphic
      6m 26s
    6. The versatile PNG format
      4m 45s
    7. Saving a scaleable Flash (SWF) graphic
      11m 0s
    8. Opening and placing an Illustrator file in Photoshop
      12m 44s
    9. Exporting a layered PSD from Illustrator
      12m 57s
    10. Exporting to Microsoft Office and PowerPoint
      7m 24s
    11. Sharing with InDesign, Flash, and Photoshop
      12m 12s
  13. 1m 4s
    1. Until next time
      1m 4s

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