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Adobe Illustrator has long been a popular vector–based drawing program, but for many the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals, author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland shows users how to get in to the Illustrator mindset and overcome this learning curve. He covers the application's key features in a new way, making it simple and easy to master Illustrator. Deke teaches viewers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text, and the Pen tool. He also explains how to export and print. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this training can help make sense of it. Exercise files accompany the course.
In this exercise, I'm going to show you how to create a couple of more circles around the perimeter of our calendar using the Scale tool. Now I'm still working inside that same Ready to work. ai file that I opened in the previous exercise. I am going to go ahead and zoom out a couple of clicks here and you may notice, if you look really super carefully, that there are a couple of rings outside of the calendar that represent those banded shadows. They are really hard to see in the template layer. To make them easier to see, so that we can more easily track them, go ahead and Ctrl-click or Command-click on the eyeball here in front of the calendar layer. Then you will see both of those circles rendered in the Outline mode.
Then I want you to click this beige circle right there in order to select it and we are going to be basing both of these circles, both these really large circles on this moderately sized one, really. You might wonder why in the world we don't work from the outer green circle and scale that one out. The reason is it's a got a drop shadow. So it has a dynamic effect applied to it. We would just have to turn around and delete that dynamic effect later since of course shadows don't have their own drop shadows. That won't make any sense. Anyway, this guy doesn't have a drop shadow and you can see this in the Appearance palette. All it has is a stroke and a fill. If you were to twirl open the stroke and the fill attributes, you wouldn't see anything special applied to them either, just these default opacity values, which means they are 100% opaque. I'll go ahead and twirl those guys closed and switch back to the Layers palette for a moment because there is one other change I want to make.
I am seeing my selection edges, that is, my anchor points and my segments here, represented in blue, which is a little bit confusing because there is a lot of blue inside of this artwork. You are better off using a color that's not in the artwork at all, such as in my case, red. So I'm going to go ahead and double-click on the progress layer in order to open up the Layer Options dialog box and then I'll just switch over to red. Then click OK in order to accept that modification. Now you might have noticed there was no Preview check box inside of that dialog box. If after you get done applying a new color, you decide you don't like it, then you can undo those layer attributes just by pressing Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac. Anyway, I'm happy with what I have done here.
So I'm going to switch over to the Scale tool once again. I'm going to begin dragging this time around this location right here. That is to say up and to the left of my transformation origin, which is right there in the center of the circle. Again, you want to make sure you start your drags somewhere in the neighborhood of 45 degrees away, so diagonally, in any direction diagonally, any of the four directions from that center. I am going to start here. I should revise that. I need to start farther in because if I start this far out, I'm going to run out of room as I drag away from the center of this circle. So I'm going to give myself a little more leeway by starting about here. So again, if I drag away, I'll enlarge the circle. If I drag inward, I'm going to reduce the size of the circle. If I cross that center point, go the other direction, I start enlarging it again.
All right, but let's just go in a single direction here. I'll go up and to the left. I'll press the Shift key in order to ensure that I'm scaling the object proportionally and then when I get it aligned with that outer ring. Then on the Template layer, I'll press and hold the Alt key. So I have Shift and Alt down. That would be Shift and Option on the Mac. Release the mouse button and then release the keys. The Scale tool goes ahead and creates a clone of the object, as we have done here, creates that clone in front of the previous version of the object, in front of the original. So that means that we are covering up most of the artwork inside of the illustration. Not all of it, but a good deal of it.
So in order to take care of that problem, you want to press Ctrl+Shift+Left bracket or Command+Shift+Left bracket on the Mac. Or if you don't like working that way, you would right-click or Ctrl -click on the Mac, choose Arrange, and choose Send to Back. Either is going to work for you. Now this is the wrong color. Of course, we have got a fill and a stroke; we don't need a stroke on a shadow. So let's go up to the Stroke icon, up here in the Control palette, click on it and choose None. Then I'm going to click on the Fill icon and I'm going to choose this color right there, Light clay. Now you may wonder at this point why in the world did I scale all the way out. So I didn't scale to the second object there, I scaled to the final object, to the final circle.
The reason is because each clone circle appears in front of the original. So, now I can make this one smaller and have it appear in front of its predecessor. That way we are not going to have to adjust the stacking order afterwards. So we save ourselves a step, in other words; but we have, sort of, covered up the template at this point. So I'll go ahead and Ctrl-click or Command-click on the eyeball in front of the progress layer. That ends up making for a fairly complex network of paths but that's okay, we can see what we are doing. I have got this animal circle selected. I'm going to begin my drag right about there. It's still selected by the way. I'll begin my drag right there, click and drag inward, press the Shift key and the Alt keys or the Shift and Option keys on the Mac in order to ensure a proportional scaling and to clone the object. Then release the mouse button, then release the keys, and you now have a smaller cloned version of the circle.
In order to see it, I'm going to go ahead and press Ctrl+Y or Command+Y on the Mac. That's a keyboard shortcut for the preview command under the View menu. Notice that when I do press Ctrl+Y or Command+Y, I change both of my little orthogonal eyeballs here to filled eyeballs, like so. So I switch everybody to the preview mode, which is just fine. All right, so I now have this object selected, I'm going to go up to the Control palette, click in order to bring up my swatches, and then select the medium clay swatch, nice. All right, now I'll go ahead and press the Escape key to hide that palette. I'll press Ctrl+ Shift+A, Command+Shift+A on the Mac in order to deselect everything inside this illustration.
That's it for the circles. In the next exercise, we are going to switch to the square here and I'm going to show you how to scale objects with more precision by setting a transformation origin.
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