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Duplicating entire groups of attributes

From: Illustrator CS6 One-on-One: Advanced

Video: Duplicating entire groups of attributes

In this movie I will show you how to duplicate an entire group of strokes or other attributes and then move the original and the duplicate in opposite directions, but equal distances. Now in our case, what we've got is a kind of old-fashioned monorail, which isn't what we want and it really doesn't make any darn sense. So we need to duplicate both the rail and the base plate. So with the path selected, click on the first stroke--the top stroke there in the Appearance panel--and then Shift+Click five strokes down in order to select the entire rail.

Duplicating entire groups of attributes

In this movie I will show you how to duplicate an entire group of strokes or other attributes and then move the original and the duplicate in opposite directions, but equal distances. Now in our case, what we've got is a kind of old-fashioned monorail, which isn't what we want and it really doesn't make any darn sense. So we need to duplicate both the rail and the base plate. So with the path selected, click on the first stroke--the top stroke there in the Appearance panel--and then Shift+Click five strokes down in order to select the entire rail.

As you can see Shift+Clicking selects a range of attributes. Then we need to jump over this white cover up layer and select the two base plates strokes. You do that by pressing the Ctrl key here on the PC or the Cmd key on the Mac and clicking to select the nonadjacent strokes. Now at this point there's two ways to duplicate the strokes. One is to drag them and drop them onto the little page icon down here at the bottom of the panel or if you prefer to work with the command, click on the flyout menu icon and then choose Duplicate Item.

Now this is where things get a little confusing, for a couple of reasons. First of all, it looks as if we just duplicated a single stroke, because only one stroke is left selected. But in fact we actually duplicated all seven of them. Also confusing, in my opinion, is where these two strokes have landed. That is, the two base plate strokes have landed in the midst of the original rail. So you need to go ahead and select them and then drag them down the stack underneath one 40-point white cover up stroke.

That'll put them where they need to be. Now, you can see we've got two combinations of 20 and 25 point strokes which represent the base plates. Then we have two combinations of these five strokes that represent the rails. Now we need to move these guys around. In a perfect world, there would be some tool that would allow me to drag strokes to new locations. But such a tool does not exist inside of Illustrator. So instead I'll go ahead and click on this 8-point stroke right here; this is the original rail line. If you twirl it open, you can see there is no Transform effect assigned to it.

Now make sure that the stroke is selected. You should see the line weight active like so, and then go up to the Effect menu, choose Distort & Transform, and choose the Transform command or if you have loaded Deke Keys you can press Ctrl+E or Cmd+E on the Mac. Now I want to stress something. You should not see that Apply New Effect warning. If you do, that indicates that Illustrator is going to apply the effect to the entire path outline. Cancel out and then click on that stroke again to make sure it's active. Now at this point I want to move the stroke 40 points downward.

So I am going to change a Vertical Move value to 40 points and turn on the Preview checkbox and that sends that stroke downward. Now I just need to keep in mind that everything else needs to move 40 points as well. So I will click OK in order to apply that change. Now let's do the same with these two shallow strokes below. I will go ahead and twirl them open and I'll click on Transform for the bottom of the two in order to bring up the Transformer Effect dialog box. I've got to add 40 to 2 points. So I just change it to 42, like so.

That's easy, and click OK. That goes ahead and moves this guy down. Now I will click on the other Transform effect, this one is a little tougher, because it's a negative value. All you've got to do though is click in front of the minus sign and enter 40 and then press the Tab key. 40 minus 2 is 38. So go ahead and click OK. Now let's go ahead and twirl these guys closed just to tidy things up so we can keep track of what in the heck we are doing. I will twirl these 2 points strokes open and I will click on Transform for the bottom of the two. And notice that the Vertical value is set to 4, so I will just change it 44 and then click OK.

That goes ahead and moves that guy down. Then I'll do the same for the white stroke. It's set to -4 so I am going to enter 40 before the minus sign and then press the Tab key. Illustrator does the math for me and figures out that I want 36 points. Click OK. All right! So you can see it's terribly exciting stuff. I will go ahead and twirl those two guys closed and I will click on the top 8-point stroke. Make sure it's active. Then go up to the Effect menu, choose the second command at the top of the menu, Transform, and change its Vertical value this time to -40 point and click the Preview checkbox to watch that guy move upward. Click OK.

Then let's modify the other ones here. I will twirl open the two top 10-point strokes. I will click on Transform for the top one. It's already set to -2. So I will just change it to -42. Click OK. Then go ahead and click on Transform for the bottom of the two strokes. It's set to two points. So you just want to click after the value and enter -40 and press the Tab key and you get -38. That goes ahead and scoots that guy up. Now we will do the same thing with the 2-point strokes by twirling each of them open.

I will click on the top one--set to -4-- change it to -44. Click OK. Click on the bottom of the two Transforms. It's set to 4. So I need to enter after it -40 in order to create a value of -36 and then click OK in order to move that guy as well. The same goes for the base plates. So I will just go ahead and twirl these guys closed and I will scroll down to the base plates here. These bottom two right here need to move down. So I'm going to twirl open my 8-point stroke, which is the bottom rail.

I'm going to click on its Transform effect in order to select it. Then press the Alt key or the Option key on a Mac and duplicate that effect by dragging it and dropping it onto the bottom 22-point dashed stroke. That will go ahead and automatically move it down. Then repeat that process for the 20-point strokes. So go ahead and click on Transform and make it active. Then Alt+Drag or Option+Drag it down to that second 20-point dashed stroke right there. You'll end up automatically moving that guy down in the place.

Now I will just go ahead and do it again, even though the other base plate has to move in the opposite direction. The easiest thing to do is click on Transform and Alt+Drag or Option+Drag it onto the first of the two 22-point dashed plates. That will move it on top of the other one. Then twirl this guy closed and twirl this one open. This is the one that we just transformed. Click on its Transform effect right there and change it from +40 to -40, click OK. That will go ahead and move it up and then with Transform selected, press the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac and drag and drop onto 20 point in order to duplicate that newest effect.

That'll move that base plate upward. One last thing I want to mention is that we now have a total of 20 different strokes that are assigned to this path. That's important because once you exceed 16 attributes assigned to a single object then you get some strange behavior here inside the Appearance panel. What happens is every attribute below the 16th attribute--this guy right there, so everything that was applied earlier in our case--ends up twirling open and staying twirled open.

Notice that I could go ahead and twirl these guys closed like that. No problem. However, if I make the slightest change, notice I will just go ahead and turn off say the rear stroke in the stack. Then the Illustrator goes ahead and not only twirls everything open as you can see here, but it also auto-scrolled me to a new location. So that's just something to be on watch out for. I just want you to know, because it's kind of a gotcha and if you get terribly ambitious with your attributes--as I have here--then it's something you are going to have to contend with.

In any case I will go ahead and turn my stroke back on. So that's how you go about duplicating entire groups of attributes and then modifying them, albeit one at a time. In the next movie I'll show you how to expand the attributes and simplify the results.

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This video is part of

Image for Illustrator CS6 One-on-One: Advanced
Illustrator CS6 One-on-One: Advanced

118 video lessons · 14351 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 43m 9s
    1. Welcome to One-on-One
      2m 9s
    2. Introducing my custom keyboard shortcuts
      6m 52s
    3. Installing my dekeKeys shortcuts on Windows
      4m 46s
    4. Installing my dekeKeys shortcuts on the Mac
      4m 18s
    5. Remapping your Macintosh OS shortcuts
      3m 10s
    6. Adjusting a few key Preferences settings
      8m 13s
    7. Understanding the color-managed workflow
      6m 51s
    8. Establishing the optimal Color Settings
      6m 50s
  2. 1h 11m
    1. Illustrator's oldest dynamic functions
      1m 28s
    2. Creating a multicolor blend
      7m 12s
    3. Establishing a clipping mask
      5m 40s
    4. Reinstating the colors of a clipping path
      8m 1s
    5. Editing individual blended paths
      4m 44s
    6. Adjusting the number of steps in a blend
      7m 15s
    7. Fixing problems with the Blend tool
      4m 2s
    8. Blending different levels of opacity
      4m 45s
    9. Editing the spine of a blend
      5m 3s
    10. Adding a custom spine to any blend
      5m 5s
    11. Advanced blending and masking techniques
      6m 18s
    12. Blending between entire groups
      3m 2s
    13. Adjusting the speed of a blend
      3m 21s
    14. Rotating objects in 3D space
      5m 36s
  3. 1h 0m
    1. Illustrator's logo-making features
      1m 8s
    2. Customizing a single character of type
      5m 25s
    3. Combining a letterform with a path outline
      7m 48s
    4. Creating logo type along an open path
      5m 3s
    5. Creating logo type around a closed circle
      3m 57s
    6. Vertical alignment, orientation, and spacing
      4m 55s
    7. Warping logo type around a circle
      6m 56s
    8. Creating a classic neon type effect
      5m 39s
    9. Adding random neon brightness fluctuations
      5m 19s
    10. Creating neon "block outs" between letters
      7m 44s
    11. Adding neon blur and bokeh in Photoshop
      6m 16s
  4. 46m 19s
    1. Generating colors using harmony rules
      1m 31s
    2. Introducing the Color Guide panel
      5m 16s
    3. The 23 color harmony rules, diagrammed
      8m 16s
    4. Mixing and matching color harmonies
      5m 59s
    5. Color groups and custom harmony rules
      6m 18s
    6. Working in the Edit Colors dialog box
      7m 4s
    7. Expanding on an existing harmony rule
      6m 51s
    8. Constraining colors to a predefined library
      5m 4s
  5. 32m 44s
    1. Changing lots of colors all at once
      1m 2s
    2. Introducing the Recolor Artwork command
      4m 58s
    3. Recoloring with the help of swatch groups
      4m 35s
    4. Changing the color-assignment order
      6m 44s
    5. Reducing the number of colors in your art
      5m 7s
    6. Applying tints and shades of a single swatch
      5m 37s
    7. Recoloring artwork that contains gradients
      4m 41s
  6. 1h 15m
    1. Painting with path outlines
      1m 24s
    2. Introducing the Brushes panel
      4m 25s
    3. Applying and editing a calligraphic brush
      7m 34s
    4. Applying and scaling an art brush
      6m 12s
    5. Applying and editing a scatter brush
      5m 31s
    6. Formatting and scaling brushed text
      5m 45s
    7. Designing a custom art brush
      7m 35s
    8. Creating (or replacing) an art brush
      6m 42s
    9. Refining a brush to fit ends and corners
      4m 11s
    10. Expanding, filling, and stroking a brush
      7m 4s
    11. Type on a path vs. text as an art brush
      7m 3s
    12. Distorting text with the Width tool
      8m 49s
    13. Infusing your artwork with a tile pattern
      3m 13s
  7. 58m 24s
    1. The many forms of transparency
      1m 38s
    2. Creating translucency with the Opacity value
      4m 21s
    3. Darken, Multiply, and Color Burn
      6m 15s
    4. Lighten, Screen, and Color Dodge
      5m 8s
    5. Overlay, Soft Light, Hard Light, Difference, and Exclusion
      4m 59s
    6. Hue, Saturation, Color, and Luminosity
      5m 12s
    7. Combining the effects of multiple blend modes
      6m 42s
    8. Isolating blending and Knockout Group
      7m 37s
    9. Combining blend modes with dynamic effects
      7m 25s
    10. Exporting transparency from Illustrator
      9m 7s
  8. 1h 39m
    1. The Layers panel for dynamic attributes
      1m 4s
    2. Applying attributes in the Appearance panel
      6m 15s
    3. Creating depth using translucent strokes
      5m 37s
    4. Adding, layering, and offsetting strokes
      6m 12s
    5. Duplicating entire groups of attributes
      7m 55s
    6. Turning stacked strokes into editable paths
      5m 43s
    7. Simplifying a multi-stroke effect
      6m 31s
    8. Applying the Convert to Shape effect
      7m 47s
    9. Adding aligned patterns and shadows
      8m 16s
    10. Drawing with arrowheads and angled strokes
      8m 49s
    11. Employing overlapping gradient strokes
      8m 25s
    12. Drawing circular stroke elements
      10m 13s
    13. Outlining an entire multi-stroke effect
      8m 39s
    14. Creating seamless wood grain in Photoshop
      8m 11s
  9. 1h 12m
    1. The best features in Illustrator
      1m 38s
    2. Repeating a series of transformations
      6m 18s
    3. Adjusting and updating a dynamic effect
      6m 37s
    4. Applying a stroke to an entire layer
      6m 24s
    5. Improving the performance of drop shadows
      5m 40s
    6. Applying a single effect multiple times
      6m 10s
    7. Creating an intricate Spirograph pattern
      7m 10s
    8. Adding scalloped edges with Pucker & Bloat
      4m 40s
    9. Applying a dynamic Pathfinder to a layer
      3m 56s
    10. Creating beveled ornaments
      6m 50s
    11. Creating a sculptural type effect
      5m 59s
    12. Subtracting editable text from a path
      7m 6s
    13. Editing text inside a dynamic effect
      4m 25s
  10. 27m 40s
    1. Never remember anything again, ever
      1m 41s
    2. The pixel-based Effect Gallery
      3m 53s
    3. Copying effects from one layer to another
      4m 44s
    4. Introducing the Graphic Styles panel
      4m 11s
    5. Correcting previews in the Effect Gallery
      4m 36s
    6. Adjusting the resolution of your effects
      4m 0s
    7. Combining and saving graphic styles
      4m 35s
  11. 1h 13m
    1. Two powerful graphics programs combine forces
      1m 5s
    2. Creating a perfectly centered star shape
      6m 52s
    3. Precisely scaling concentric circles
      7m 47s
    4. Adding reflective highlights with the Flare tool
      6m 23s
    5. Two ways to rasterize vector art for Photoshop
      7m 37s
    6. Importing vector art as a Smart Object
      6m 47s
    7. Creating a lens flare effect in Photoshop
      7m 56s
    8. Photographic texture and brushed highlights
      6m 26s
    9. Modifying a vector Smart Object in Illustrator
      6m 33s
    10. Converting Illustrator paths to shape layers
      6m 27s
    11. Assign layer effects to native shape layers
      5m 55s
    12. Completing a work of photorealistic art
      3m 46s
  12. 1m 5s
    1. Until next time
      1m 5s

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