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Illustrator CS5 Essential Training
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Drawing open path primitives


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Illustrator CS5 Essential Training

with Mordy Golding

Video: Drawing open path primitives

As we know inside of Illustrator we can classify paths as being either open or closed. In this movie, I want to talk about some of the basic primitive tools that you can use to draw open shapes. They are grouped here with the Line Segment tool and cover the Arc tool, the Spiral tool, and kind of hybrid tools because as we'll soon see this creates a combination of both open and closed shapes, the Rectangle Grid tool and the Polar Grid tool. But we will start with a Line Segment tool and I will create a new print document. I will just go ahead and make sure that it's set to a landscape mode just to make it easier to fit in my screen, and I will click OK.
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  1. 3m 35s
    1. Welcome
      1m 18s
    2. What is Illustrator CS5?
      1m 46s
    3. Using the exercise files
      31s
  2. 12m 37s
    1. What are vector graphics?
      6m 3s
    2. Path and appearance
      3m 42s
    3. Stacking
      2m 52s
  3. 32m 6s
    1. The Welcome screen
      2m 23s
    2. Creating files for print
      6m 7s
    3. Creating files for the screen
      2m 55s
    4. Using prebuilt templates
      2m 40s
    5. Adding XMP metadata
      4m 18s
    6. Exploring the panels
      6m 33s
    7. Using the Control panel
      3m 11s
    8. Using workspaces
      3m 59s
  4. 43m 44s
    1. Navigating within a document
      9m 15s
    2. Using rulers and guides
      7m 26s
    3. Using grids
      3m 6s
    4. Using the bounding box
      3m 37s
    5. Using Smart Guides
      5m 56s
    6. The Hide Edges command
      3m 22s
    7. Various preview modes
      3m 47s
    8. Creating custom views
      4m 3s
    9. Locking and hiding artwork
      3m 12s
  5. 28m 46s
    1. Using the basic selection tools
      8m 50s
    2. Using the Magic Wand tool
      5m 22s
    3. Using the Lasso tool
      2m 28s
    4. Selecting objects by attribute or type
      3m 37s
    5. Saving and reusing selections
      2m 15s
    6. Selecting artwork beneath other objects
      2m 13s
    7. Exploring selection preferences
      4m 1s
  6. 1h 16m
    1. The importance of modifier keys
      1m 52s
    2. Drawing closed path primitives
      11m 38s
    3. Drawing open path primitives
      5m 47s
    4. Understanding anchor points
      3m 43s
    5. Drawing straight paths with the Pen tool
      7m 37s
    6. Drawing curved paths with the Pen tool
      9m 47s
    7. Drawing freeform paths with the Pencil tool
      5m 33s
    8. Smoothing and erasing paths
      3m 8s
    9. Editing anchor points
      7m 21s
    10. Joining and averaging paths
      10m 9s
    11. Simplifying paths
      4m 55s
    12. Using Offset Path
      2m 17s
    13. Cleaning up errant paths
      2m 32s
  7. 48m 26s
    1. The Draw Inside and Draw Behind modes
      7m 34s
    2. Creating compound paths
      5m 56s
    3. Creating compound shapes
      8m 0s
    4. Using the Shape Builder tool
      10m 28s
    5. Using Pathfinder functions
      8m 6s
    6. Splitting an object into a grid
      1m 16s
    7. Using the Blob Brush and Eraser tools
      7m 6s
  8. 49m 5s
    1. Creating point text
      4m 2s
    2. Creating area text
      8m 13s
    3. Applying basic character settings
      7m 44s
    4. Applying basic paragraph settings
      4m 28s
    5. Creating text threads
      8m 25s
    6. Setting text along an open path
      6m 29s
    7. Setting text along a closed path
      6m 24s
    8. Converting text into paths
      3m 20s
  9. 18m 55s
    1. Create a logo mark
      11m 26s
    2. Add type to your logo
      7m 29s
  10. 42m 42s
    1. Using the Appearance panel
      8m 21s
    2. Targeting object attributes
      4m 42s
    3. Adding multiple attributes
      4m 25s
    4. Applying Live Effects
      5m 18s
    5. Expanding appearances
      4m 42s
    6. Appearance panel settings
      4m 33s
    7. Copying appearances
      4m 51s
    8. Saving appearances as graphic styles
      5m 50s
  11. 34m 0s
    1. Applying color to artwork
      5m 57s
    2. Creating process and global process swatches
      8m 54s
    3. Creating spot color swatches
      3m 19s
    4. Loading PANTONE and other custom color libraries
      4m 49s
    5. Organizing colors with Swatch Groups
      3m 31s
    6. Finding color suggestions with the Color Guide panel
      4m 24s
    7. Loading the Color Guide with user-defined colors
      3m 6s
  12. 50m 23s
    1. Creating gradients with the Gradient panel
      8m 12s
    2. Modifying gradients with the Gradient Annotator
      4m 37s
    3. Applying and manipulating pattern fills
      5m 33s
    4. Defining your own custom pattern fills
      9m 13s
    5. Applying basic stroke settings
      5m 22s
    6. Creating strokes with dashed lines
      3m 41s
    7. Adding arrowheads to strokes
      2m 45s
    8. Creating variable-width strokes
      4m 35s
    9. Working with width profiles
      2m 36s
    10. Turning strokes into filled paths
      3m 49s
  13. 32m 46s
    1. Creating and editing groups
      8m 18s
    2. Adding attributes to groups
      12m 17s
    3. The importance of using layers
      5m 9s
    4. Using and "reading" the Layers panel
      7m 2s
  14. 12m 13s
    1. Creating and using multiple artboards
      7m 52s
    2. Modifying artboards with the Artboards panel
      2m 2s
    3. Copy and paste options with Artboards
      2m 19s
  15. 31m 10s
    1. Moving and copying artwork
      3m 55s
    2. Scaling or resizing artwork
      6m 47s
    3. Rotating artwork
      2m 44s
    4. Reflecting and skewing artwork
      2m 34s
    5. Using the Free Transform tool
      2m 15s
    6. Repeating transformations
      3m 39s
    7. Performing individual transforms across multiple objects
      2m 10s
    8. Aligning objects and groups precisely
      4m 27s
    9. Distributing objects and spaces between objects
      2m 39s
  16. 35m 40s
    1. Placing pixel-based content into Illustrator
      5m 14s
    2. Managing images with the Links panel
      4m 49s
    3. Converting pixels to paths with Live Trace
      8m 44s
    4. Making Live Trace adjustments
      6m 9s
    5. Controlling colors in Live Trace
      6m 4s
    6. Using Photoshop and Live Trace together
      4m 40s
  17. 14m 42s
    1. Managing repeating artwork with symbols
      4m 38s
    2. Modifying and replacing symbol instances
      3m 8s
    3. Using the Symbol Sprayer tool
      6m 56s
  18. 16m 57s
    1. Cropping photographs
      1m 59s
    2. Clipping artwork with masks
      3m 22s
    3. Clipping the contents of a layer
      3m 31s
    4. Defining masks with soft edges
      8m 5s
  19. 26m 2s
    1. Defining a perspective grid
      7m 48s
    2. Drawing artwork in perspective
      8m 46s
    3. Moving flat art onto the perspective grid
      9m 28s
  20. 25m 8s
    1. Printing your Illustrator document
      3m 26s
    2. Saving your Illustrator document
      6m 39s
    3. Creating PDF files for clients and printers
      7m 30s
    4. Exporting Illustrator files for use in Microsoft Office
      1m 4s
    5. Exporting Illustrator files for use in Photoshop
      2m 31s
    6. Exporting artwork for use on the web
      3m 3s
    7. Exporting high-resolution raster files
      55s
  21. 2m 18s
    1. Additional Illustrator learning resources
      1m 36s
    2. Goodbye
      42s

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Illustrator CS5 Essential Training
10h 37m Beginner Apr 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Illustrator CS5 Essential Training, author Mordy Golding explains the core concepts and techniques that apply to any workflow in Illustrator, whether designing for print, the web, or assets for other applications. This course includes a detailed explanation of the elements that make up vector graphics—paths, strokes, and fills—and shows how to use each of the Illustrator drawing tools. Also demonstrated are techniques for combining and cleaning up paths, organizing paths into groups and layers, text editing, working with color, effects, and much more. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Setting up a new document based on the output destination
  • Using rules, guides, and grids
  • Making detailed selections
  • Drawing and editing paths with the Pen and Pencil tools
  • Creating compound vector shapes
  • Understanding the difference between point and area text
  • Applying live effects
  • Creating color swatches
  • Transforming artwork with Rotation, Scale, and Transform effects
  • Placing images
  • Working with masks
  • Printing, saving, and exporting artwork
Subject:
Design
Software:
Illustrator
Author:
Mordy Golding

Drawing open path primitives

As we know inside of Illustrator we can classify paths as being either open or closed. In this movie, I want to talk about some of the basic primitive tools that you can use to draw open shapes. They are grouped here with the Line Segment tool and cover the Arc tool, the Spiral tool, and kind of hybrid tools because as we'll soon see this creates a combination of both open and closed shapes, the Rectangle Grid tool and the Polar Grid tool. But we will start with a Line Segment tool and I will create a new print document. I will just go ahead and make sure that it's set to a landscape mode just to make it easier to fit in my screen, and I will click OK.

To draw a line that's very simple, simply click and then drag in the direction you want that line to go. Now, you can use modifier keys to adjust the shape as you draw it. For example, holding down the Shift key constrains your line to an angle. I don't want to say that the Shift key allows you to a draw straight line because the line is always going to be straight from the point that you start to the point that you end. In other words, it's not a curved path, but the Shift key does allow you to constrain to an angle of 45 degrees. Notice as I move my cursor around here, my line is always going to be drawn on one of those angles. I can also use of course the Spacebar key to reposition that line and I could use the Option key to draw that line out from the center as well. If you know the exact dimensions of the line that you are trying to create, you can simply just click once on the artboard to bring up the Line Segment Tool Options dialog box where you could enter the exact length and angle of the line that you are trying to create.

I want to take a moment here to stop and talk about this dialog box because there is a very helpful feature that you have inside of Illustrator that many people overlook. You see right now the values that are being displayed in this dialog box are the values of the shape that I've just created. This can be helpful where sometimes you want to create a shape just by eyeballing it and you like that shape and you want to know exactly what settings it was. Simply click once to bring up the dialog box for that tool to see those settings. This really by the way works for all shape tools inside of Illustrator.

So as an example if I click Cancel right now and I hold my Shift key down and I drag upwards just like this to basically draw a line on a 90-degree angle, now if I launch that dialog box by clicking on my screen,I see that the line that I've just created is 85 points and was drawn at 90 degrees. It's just something to keep in mind when you are working with other tools inside of Illustrator as well. Let's click Cancel here. I'll delete these shapes and we will take a look at the next tool here which is the Arc tool. If I click and drag with the Arc tool, you can see that I create an arc. I can use the Modifier keys the up and down arrows on my keyboard to increase the radius of that arc or decrease it.

In fact I can also make a convex and concave, although I will tell you there is an easy way to simply flip an arc to be convex or concave and that's by tapping the X key on your keyboard. Finally, even though this is technically an open shape, you can type the C key on your keyboard to create a closed arc if you'd like to. It's almost the wedge of a pie chart for example. Though if you wanted specific dimensions remember you can always click once with the mouse and define that arc numerically. We will tell you, however, that later on in our training in this video title we will cover different ways to draw shapes inside of Illustrator and there is a method called shape building.

It's a way of drawing complex shapes in Illustrator by combining very simple shapes and using tools like the Shape Builder tool and a group of functions called Pathfinder. I only mention it because don't worry about creating shapes exactly with these tools right now. We may find it easier to create these types of pie wedges or other shapes using alternative methods. I'll delete this shape for now and let's now go back to the Tools panels and take a look at creating spirals. Almost as fun as using the Star tool, you can click and drag to create a spiral, use the up and down arrows to add or remove segments in your spiral, and you can control the decay of that spiral by using the Command key or that would be the Control key on Windows.

Release the mouse to commit that shape to be artboard and remember that you can always just click once to bring up the Spiral dialog box to draw spirals numerically. Now let's take a look at the two grid tools that come with Illustrator. Those are the Rectangular Grid tool and the Polar Grid tool. We will start with the Rectangle Grid tool and I will click and drag to draw it as if were creating a rectangle. Remember that I could use the Option key to drag out from the center. I could also use the Spacebar key to reposition it. But let's focus on the grid itself. As I hold the mouse button down, I can use the following modifier keys to adjust the grid. The up and down arrows will allow me to add or remove the number of rows in my grid and I could use the right and left arrows on my keyboard to adjust the number of columns in my grid.

I can also use the X and the C keys to skew the number of columns to the left and right of my grid and I can use the F and the V keys to skew the number of rows towards the top or bottom of my grid. Once I release the mouse however, I can no longer adjust the number of columns or rows using these methods. Again if you really know in advance how many rows and columns you need and exactly what size you need to create them at, just click once with the mouse anywhere on your artboard and specify the values numerically. We can use the same keyboard modifiers to create some really cool Polar Grids.

I'll choose the Polar Grid tool, I will click and drag to draw, and notice now by using the up and down arrows, I can add more concentric circles. The right and left arrows allow me to add more divisions. And I can skew all of these settings by using the X and C keys or the F and V keys. Releasing the mouse commits the shape to your artboard. So now that you know how to create the basic primitive shapes inside Illustrator, you can start drawing shapes inside of Illustrator. Remember that all these shapes automatically create the anchor points and paths for you and you're already well on your way to creating more customized shapes in Illustrator as well.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Illustrator CS5 Essential Training.


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Q: Despite clicking the rectangle icon on the toolbar, as shown in the video, the other tool shapes are not accessible in Illustrator. The rectangle is usable, but the star, ellipse, etc. are not, and do not appear anywhere in the toolbar. What is causing this problem?
A: These tools are grouped together, so to access them, click and hold the mouse for a second until the other tools appear. If that isn't happening, reset the Illustrator preferences file. To do so, quit Illustrator and then relaunch the application while pressing and holding the Ctrl+Alt+Shift keys. Once the Illustrator splash screen appears, release the keys and that will reset the preferences file.
Q: In the video “What are vector graphics,” the author states that if he creates a 1 inch x 1 inch Photoshop file at 300ppi image, there are 300 pixels in that image. Is that correct?
A: This statement is by the author was not totally correct. If the resolution is 300ppi, it means that there are 300 pixels across one inch, both vertically and horizontally. That would mean you'd have 90,000 pixels in a 1 inch x 1 inch image at 300 ppi.
 
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