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Adobe Illustrator has long been a popular vector–based drawing program, but for many the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals, author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland shows users how to get in to the Illustrator mindset and overcome this learning curve. He covers the application's key features in a new way, making it simple and easy to master Illustrator. Deke teaches viewers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text, and the Pen tool. He also explains how to export and print. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this training can help make sense of it. Exercise files accompany the course.
In the last exercise we drew a nose. In this one we are going to draw a mouth. We are going to do it using both the Scissors tool and the Join command working together. So we saw Scissors and Join in the previous chapter. Now we are going to see them joining forces, as it were. So I'm still working inside the Face time.ai file. All I have done is draw a nose so far. I'm going to Ctrl-click or Command-click on the eyeball in front of the My drawing layer, in order to switch this layer in particular, just this one layer, back to the Outline Mode and we are going to draw the mouth.
So again, we are using the Ellipse tool. I cannot stress how very, very useful the Ellipse tool is and I have this love affair with Ellipses in general inside of computer graphics applications, because they are very organic, and they end up doing a pretty good job of tracing a lot of the things we see in the real world. But anyway, I'm just going to go ahead and grab the Ellipse tool here. And this is a fairly, of course, simplified graphic. I think we can all agree on that. I am going to drag around this side of the mouth right there, and I'm Spacebar moving it into a place, and I'm going to press the Shift key to make sure that we get a circle. I think I have got this exactly where I want it to be. So I'm going to go ahead and release my mouse button and then release the keys.
Now let's go ahead and click on the Eraser tool and get the Scissors tool right there; I can press the C key. Go ahead and grab it. Click on this top point, click on the bottom point. That's one way to do it. Undo, Undo, Ctrl+Z, Ctrl+Z. That's Command+Z, Command +Z on the Mac of course. Here is another way to work. I'll click off the shape. I'll click on this top point. I'll Shift-click on the bottom point, so they are both selected. Now I can go to this guy right there that says Cut path at selected anchor points, cut, and now its cut at both of these points, so we have two separated halves of the circle. Now, I'm going to drag this guy over here like so.
They are separated from each other. I just love that function. That feature I just showed you up in the Control palette, that is not that old. I think it came around in the last version, in Illustrator CS3. Let's go ahead and marquee these two points to select them. Then I'm going to join them together by going up to this guy right there and clicking on Connect selected end points. Bang, they are connected. So that's how the Join command works. When you have two end points that are not coincident, that are not directly on top of each other, then it connects them with the straight segment.
Now at this point, I can Alt-click to select the entire path, or I can just go up to the Black Arrow tool and click on this path to select it, so I get the entire thing selected. I don't see that option anymore, but I can go up to the Object menu, I can choose Path, and I can choose Join, and it will automatically join the only two end points it could find. So every once in a while it gets kind of smart, which is kind of nice actually. Then let's draw the line between, right through the center of the mouth, and I'm going to do that using our old friend, the Line Segment tool. I'm going to start from here. This is one way to work. I'm going to start from this center point right there, and I'm going to drag out like so, and then I'm going to press and hold the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac and I'm going to press the Shift key as well, so I have both Shift and Alt or Shift and Option down, and then I'll snap into alignment right there. I drew a line right through the center of the mouth.
Let's see what it looks like. Ctrl- click on the eyeball, Command-click on the eyeball on the Mac. Nice! We have a nose and a mouth, thanks to not only our ability to draw geometric shapes, but also thanks to our ability to edit them, to modify them, to suit our purposes here inside Illustrator.
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