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In this movie we'll elaborate on our initial spirograph in order to create this more intricate pattern here. And notice in addition to adding lines to the main spirograph pattern, I've also created a smaller inset spirograph to fill in the hole at the center of the design; and here's how it works. I still have my circle selected and I'm working inside the Appearance panel. I'm going to go ahead and twirl close all the attributes except the top Stroke, just to cut down on the confusion. And speaking of confusion, when you have multiple iterations of a single effect applied to an attribute in this case, it can be difficult to tell exactly who's who.
So what you have to bear in mind is that unlike everything else in Illustrator, dynamic effects are shown in opposite order. So in other words, whereas the top layer in the Layers panel is the top layer in the stack; and the top attribute in the Appearance panel is the top attribute in the stack; the first transform, the one at the top here, that's the first one we applied; and the one at the bottom is the most recent one we applied. So if you click on that bottom transform, you'll see it's the one that creates 19 copies rotated 9 degrees, which is the last effect we applied.
And the order does matter. If I cancel out of here and then I grab this transform and drag it in between the other two, then we end up with a bunch of ellipses stacked on top of each other. Because first Illustrator is scaling the entire circle 97%; and then it's creating 19 duplicates of a rotated circle, which doesn't do us any good; and then it goes ahead and scales all those duplicates to an ellipse. Which of course is not what we want, but it helps to demonstrate how things work inside of this panel, and it's going to help us with this next step.
So I'll go ahead and press Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac to undo that change. What I want to do is create these slightly wider versions of the ellipses. So in other words, I want to scale every single one of these and create a copy, and I can do that by applying yet another variation on the Transform effect. So what I'll do is click on that top Stroke to make sure it's active. And you'd think you'd be able to say, okay, I want to put this Transform effect right at this location-- so after this one and before this one--so you should be able to click on Transform and then go up to the Effect menu and choose that second command to apply transform again and it would land at this location. But it doesn't. It's going to land at the end; but having Transform selected is just fine.
Anyway, I'll see that alert message and click Apply New Effect, and this is what I'm looking for incidentally. I want the Width of the ellipses to be scaled to 140%, so change the Horizontal Scale value to 140, the Vertical Scale value should be set to 100. We don't want any Rotation, so go ahead and set that to 0 degrees. We don't want to Scale the Strokes and Effects. We want to make sure the center point is selected, we want exactly 1 Copy. And then you turn on the Preview checkbox and it appears as if we've ruined the effect entirely.
Not so--I mean, well, so far we have, but we'll change in the second. Go ahead and click on OK. What you need to do is take that newest transform, the one at the bottom of the stack---which is by the way the one we just applied--and then you want to drag it before the one that creates 19 rotated copies, and drop it right at that location. And you'll end up with this much more desirable effect here. All right! Now let's create another one by clicking on the top Stroke to make it active and then click on the little Page icon at the bottom of the panel and that will create a copy of that Stroke, which remains expanded while Illustrator automatically collapses the original Stroke.
All right! This time around I'm going to change the Line Weight to 0.5, and I'm also going to change the color of the Stroke by Shift+Clicking on the little swatch right there in order to bring up my CMYK values, and I'll change the M value to 48 and the Y value to 62; C and K should be left to 0. It's very important in fact that they'e left at 0, or else this effect won't quite work. Now what you want to do is click on the final transform there, the one at the bottom of the stack, in order to bring up the one that applies 19 rotated copies. And you want to change the Angle value to 3 this time around, which is one third of 9, and therefore 1/60th of 180 degrees.
Turn on the Preview checkbox and you'll see that we fill out just part of that circle. Click in the Copies button and press Shift+ Up Arrow until you get to 60 Copies, and then press the Down Arrow Key to create just 59 Copies, because that's all we need. We need a total of 60 of these things, so we have one original and then 59 Copies. Now click OK. Now, I think that's too much, and what I want to do is get rid of that second to last transform, the one I just got done applying where it scales horizontally to 140%. That one I don't want.
So I'm just going to click on the Eye icon in order to turn it off, and that way I can keep it around if I decide I want it later. Now, finally what you want to do is click on Opacity and let's change the Blend mode from Normal to Multiply. And thanks to the fact that my orange Strokes employ just Magenta and Yellow and my red Strokes are 100% Magenta and Yellow, you don't see the overlaps, so it appears as if the red Strokes are in front. And of course I could have just changed the order of them, but anyway I might as well use the Blend mode since I've already done it. All right! Next, I want to fill in the circle.
Now, strictly speaking you don't have to, because there's going to be this black bar in front of it; but let's say you're creating some other design and you don't have a black bar in the middle and you don't want this hole showing up there. why then, one solution is to go ahead and click on the New Stroke to make it active, click on the little Page icon to make a copy of it. Go ahead and change the Blend mode back to Normal this time around, and let's change the color of the Stroke back to that red. I'm going to click in the first occurrence of transform, the one at the top of the stack, and I'm going to change both the Horizontal and Vertical Scale values to 10%. Turn on the Preview checkbox, and you can see that, that ends up filling in the hole quite nicely.
And then I'll click OK in order to accept that change. Now, if I zoom in, I can see that I've got some interesting stuff going on here, but not enough of it. In other words, I can't see enough white. So I'll change the Line Weight of this top Stroke to 0.3 and we end up letting some of that white in. But we now have just a pinprick of a hole in the center here, and to fill it in, the best way to go is to add a new Fill. So I'll click on the Add New Fill icon in order to add a Fill to the top of the stack. I'll change the color to CMYK Red.
And then with that Fill selected, I'll go up to the Effect menu, choose the second occurrence of transform in order bring up the Transform dialog box, and I'm going to change both the Horizontal and Vertical Scale values to 1%. We don't want any Copies this time around. We don't want any Angle for the Rotation. Turn on the Preview checkbox, and that goes ahead and exactly fills in that hole. Now click OK in order to apply that change, and then I'll go ahead and zoom out so we can take in the entire pattern.
And that's how you create a more elaborate spirograph pattern, complete with a filled in center, here inside Illustrator.
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