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Now that we've laid out the entire document, what if we decide at this point that we want to make some minor modifications to our text and then we want to apply those minor modifications across the entire poem. Well, we can do that using a paragraph style, as I'll demonstrate right now. I've gone ahead and saved my progress as Threaded text.ai inside the 08_type folder. And I'm going to switch to page 2 of this document over here and let's say I decide that the text is spaced a little close together in terms of the Leading. The Leading is too shallow and I want to expand it a little bit so that I can get the text away from the socks, ever so slightly.
So I'm going to use this text block right here as the guinea pig. I'm just going to go ahead and click on it with the Black Arrow tool to select it and then I'll press Ctrl+T or Command+T on the Mac to bring up the Character palette. And I'm going to experiment with a different Leading value. Let's just go ahead and try 28 points right there. It was 26.4 by virtue of auto leading. If I change it to 28 and press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac, notice that that moves these lines of text down ever so slightly. This is just by the way of a random approach to this text here.
Let's say I also decide that the Kerning shouldn't be Optical, it should be what Adobe says it should be Auto for this particular font and that does slightly adjust those characters right there. And then I could even say you know what, I want my type to be just slightly -- I'm really playing with fire here, but let's see what happens if I raise my type size to 22.5 and apply that. That does make the text ever so slightly larger and let's say I decide that's the way I want my text to be. All right, I just applied three formatting attributes to this text block right here. Let's go ahead and drag this out, this edge over here, just a little bit so that we have a little more wiggle room and I'm going to press Shift+up arrow a couple of times to nudge that text upward.
So I've applied three modifications to this text block. Now I've got to turn around and apply the same three modifications over and over again to the other text blocks. No, no, no, here's what you do. You go to the Window menu, this palette is pretty hard to get to, you choose Type and then you choose Paragraph Styles. And this allows you to create what are known as Style Sheets. Now they are groups of formatting attributes that you can apply over and over again. Now the difference between Paragraph Styles right here and Character Styles is that Paragraph Styles allow you to assign paragraph level formatting attributes and character level formatting attributes. So things like typeface and indent and basically everything that we're going to see.
Whereas Character Styles only do the character level stuff, Typeface, Size, Leading and so on, the stuff that we saw on the Character palette. So if you want all of the formatting attributes, you go with Paragraph Styles. So go ahead and choose that command to bring it up. Now notice that we're seeing a few Paragraph Styles that were created in advance. Normal and Table Body, they came over from Microsoft Word and they were applied completely randomly, thanks to my random approach to this document inside of Word. Then we have Poetry, which is one that I've created for you that represents more or less the formatting attributes that we had applied in the previous exercise. And you could just click on it to assign those settings if you wanted to. But let's create our own new Paragraph Style, and we're going to do that by pressing the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac and clicking on this little page icon.
Now the reason we're Alt-clicking or Option-clicking on the Mac is to bring up the Paragraph Style Options dialog box, so that we can name the style. We don't really care about all this junk that it's applying. Notice all of these formatting attributes that Illustrator is keeping track for us. If you're curious about one of them, if you go what is with Single World Justification, Full Justify, which means if the column is so narrow that only one word fits on it, what does Illustrator do? And it's going to go ahead and fully justify that word. Well, if you don't really want that, if you're not sure, maybe that's something you've assigned so far, by default, for example, but you don't want it to be part of the style, you can click on the word Justification right here because that was the category and you can say you know what, Single Word Justification? Go away. Ignore.
So that is not part of our formatting anymore. Then click back on General and now notice that it is gone. So Justification is empty. Anyway, don't really need to worry about that. What you really need to do at this point is name this style. And I'm going to call it Whole poem to indicate this is the style that we're applying to the entire poem, the entire text of the poem. And then I'm going to click OK in order to generate that poem right there. Just to make sure that we've assigned it to the text that we base the style on, I'm going to go ahead and click on Whole poem. And notice nothing changes.
That's fine, but we also get this little plus sign and that means that there were some differences between the styles that were already assigned to these three lines, which might have been Normal or Table Body, anybody's guess. There were some differences because we had just gone in and changed the formatting attributes. And those differences are not getting tracked. Those are considered to be overrides of the previous style. You can clear those overrides by going up to the palette menu right here and choosing Clear Overrides. So choose that command and then that plus sign will go away. So that's one way to work. Let me show you another way to work.
Let's go ahead and assign this Whole poem to everybody else. Notice, if I click on one of the other text blocks, its assigned Normal in this case, fine. Here's what we really want to do though, in order to get all of the text inside the story. I'm going to go ahead and actually switch over to the front page here, the first page so that you can see something about this page. Please excuse my random scrolling. I'm going to double click inside of, one of the words inside of the poem and I'm going to press Ctrl+A or Command+A on the Mac and notice that selects all of the text inside of this threaded story. So it's not selecting any of the title or the byline, just the threaded story text. And then you can click Whole poem and you are once again going to get a plus sign, because that indicates are overrides.
Notice nothing changed on screen. We didn't actually assign our new formatting attributes yet. Here's what you've got to do. You've got to press the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac and click again, and that will get rid of the plus sign and you may have also noticed that changed the formatting that's assigned to our text. Now, I'll go ahead and switch back to the Selection tool here. I'm going to press the Escape key, of course. Click off my text to deselect it. Now let's say no, you know what? That Leading is a little bit loose for my taste and actually you know what, we should just check that all the text still fits. Oh! Look at that. I mess things up because I changed the type size incrementally there. So sockie-poo went to the other line and everything else just went to heck in a handbag there.
So, in order to fix that, let's go ahead and change not the text, but the Whole poem style. Double click on it in order to bring up the Paragraph Sytle Options dialog box. Notice, no text is selected, this is very important, no text is selected inside the document, but we have a live link between the style and the text. Let's go to Basic Character Formats and say-- bad idea. Let's stick with 22 and then press Tab, and as long as Preview is turned on, we will see that text change there in the background, beautiful, wunderbar. Okay, thank you very much Illustrator that worked out nicely. Let's go and select this text, move it down a little bit, adjust the other text to taste. Everything is looking very nice.
In the next exercise -- and keep adjusting, I do this. I say everything is fine and then I keep adjusting it on screen while I talk to you. Well, you know what? Character Styles and Paragraph Styles, if you want to, if you want to keep them around, if you're going to use them, you can just go ahead and drag this dark gray area right there and drop it into the column, so that they are a part of your workspace, if you like. Let's say everything is basically fine, let's go ahead and check some things here. Yeah, I like it. I mean, this needs to move up a little bit and this probably needs to move down, that kind of stuff. What about the scribbly effect? Remember there were some Scribble assigned to this text, which allowed us to create something of a graphite text effect.
How did we achieve that? I'll show you in the next exercise.
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