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Adobe Illustrator has long been the most popular and viable vector-drawing program on the market but, for many, the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS3 One-on-One: The Essentials , author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland teaches the key features of Illustrator in a way that anyone can understand. He also goes beyond that, showing users how to get into the Illustrator "mindset" to make mastering Illustrator simple and easy. The training covers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text and gradients, and color management and printing features. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this time it is going to make sense. Exercise files accompany the training.
All right let's go ahead and draw this Anasazi hand. Hopefully you have open in front of you the Anasazi stop.ai file that's available to you inside of the 06_Edit_transform folder. If so go ahead and turn off the big unite layer at the top the Layers palette and then turn on the elements layer down here at the bottom of the Layers palette. And as you may recall, if you saw the previous exercise, you know that we have two lines. One is a straight line drawn with the Line Segment tool, and the other is a spiral drawn with the Spiral Tool. That's all that's going on.
Both objects are stroked with a 24 point line weight and they're black strokes of course. And notice that there's no fill. So I'm going to start by working with this line here, which represents the thumb in this perspective hand and we're going to use this thumb in order to create the other fingers in the hand. Now note that the fingers are going to be a finger width away from each other. So we're going to use this thumb here not only need to define the fingers but also to determine the space between the fingers. You'll see what I mean in just a moment.
Now I want you to make sure that you have this straight line selected, so go ahead and click on it with the black arrow tool. Then go up to the Object menu, choose the Path command, and I want you to choose this command right here, Outline Stroke, and what that command does is it goes ahead and draws a path around what was formerly the stroked path. So notice that this is now a filled shape, and you can see that up here in the Control palette, we now have a black fill, no stroke and no stroke weight either. So we just have a filled path that's in the same shape as that stroked line we had a moment ago. Now why in the world would I do this? Well it's easier to create this thumb as a stroked line. It's easier to modify it as a filled shape and you'll see what I mean, as we work along here. Now, I was telling you that we want to duplicate this thumb in order to create the fingers, but we also want to use the thumb in order to define the space between the fingers, and I'm going to do that by moving and cloning the thumb. Now transformations, in case you're curious, transformations, which are the subject of this chapter of course, are operations that affect entire paths at a time and transformations take many forms: there's rotation, there's scaling, there's reshaping, there's this thing called the Reshape Tools, we'll see in upcoming exercise here, there's skewing, there's different kinds of distortions that are available to you, but the simplest form of transformation is the simple movement. So here's what I'm going to do and I want you to do this is well with your black arrow tool. I want you to start dragging from this point here, well actually one of the left point s. You can go with this bottom left one if you want to. I'm going to start with the top left point, but definitely drag from the point.
And I want you to drag this shape over to the right until it snaps into alignment with its own right points. That's right, you can snap a shape to itself if you want to, inside of Illustrator. What a flexible program. So go and drag it to the right until it snaps to its own right point, you can press the Shift key if you want to, to ensure that you are dragging exclusively horizontally. And then go ahead and press and hold the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac, and notice as soon as you press that Alt or Option key, you get a double cursor, or a double arrowhead cursor to show that you're creating a clone of the first shape and then release. So by virtue of the fact that you're seeing that white arrowhead, that means you've got a snap and that double white arrowhead means that you're creating a clone.
And notice what we have now. We have two popsicle sticks right next to each other. Now I want you to change the color of one of those popsicle sticks, and I'm going to do that by Shift- clicking on the fill icon up here in the Control palette, and I'm going to reduce the K value to nothing and I'm going to increase the magenta and yellow values to 100%, so that we have a red item right there, sort of a red finger in the illustration window. And the reason is I want to be able to easily delete these spacers. These red objects are going to be spacers where the black objects are going to be the thumbs and the fingers and so forth.
So you'll see, there's a total method to my madness here. Now, go ahead and marquee both of these items like so, and then I want you to drag from the left point once again all the way over to the right point in the red popsicle stick shape here, and then I want you to press and hold the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac, release the mouse button in order to create a clone of those two shapes. So we've created yet another clone here. Now at this point I just want to duplicate the cloning process over and over again, and I'm going to do that by going up to the Object menu, choosing Transform and choosing this command called Transform Again. That reruns the last transformation and if the last transformation includes a cloning operation, it reruns that as well. And notice my keyboard shortcut is Control+D, or Command+D on the Mac. What's the D? The D is duplicate. So it makes sense right? I'm going to go ahead and choose that command and notice it created another instance of both of the popsicle sticks.
Now I'll go ahead and press the keyboard shortcut Control+D, or Command+D, to replay transform again and again and then I'll press Control+D or Command+D a second time in order to create a fifth pair of popsicle sticks. As I was saying, I really only want to keep the black shapes here. I want to get rid of the red shapes. So I'm going click off the shapes for a moment. Then I'll click on any one of the red popsicle sticks, and then I'll go up to that little Select Similar icon up here in the Control palette, and I'll click the down pointing arrowhead and I'll choose Fill Color, in order to select all the objects that are filled with red and then I'll just press the Backspace key on the PC or the Delete key on the Mac, and now I have my five fingers all good to go. In the next exercise we're going to move the fingers into the proper positions.
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