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In this installment of Illustrator Insider Training, author Mordy Golding shows how to create type that’s both beautiful and communicative, whether it’s destined for logos, brochures, signs, infographics, or simple documents. This course covers core typography concepts, such as working with Unicode and OpenType fonts, applying character and paragraph settings, managing text with styles and text threads, placing text along a path, and wrapping text around graphics.
Now that we have this information here on the page, let's go ahead and style some of it. I'm going to start over here by taking my Regular Selection tool. And we know that we can always go ahead and choose one piece of text and style it, but I know that for the typeface that I want to use for this entire flyer I want to use a font called Chaparral Pro. I'm actually going to choose Command+A. This is an important thing to note about working inside of Illustrator. You're able to change certain text settings across all text objects. It doesn't make a difference if some of them are Point Text objects and some of them are Area Text objects.
So I now have all these elements right here selected. I'm now going to go and choose Command+T or Ctrl+T on my keyboard to bring up my Character panel. Another way that I can do that is simply go to the Window menu, choose Type over here, and then choose Character. I'm doing that over here because I want to have this panel opened, because we are going to be changing a lot of text settings here. Normally, I may just use what's already available here inside of the Control panel, but at this point here I know I'm going to be working with some text. Again, I have all of these text objects selected, even though they are very different. They are all set right now to Myriad Pro Regular at 12 points.
Well, I don't know what point size I am going to use for them and if I am going to use different weights or italicize versions or bold. I know for sure that I want to change to Chaparral Pro, so I am simply going to go ahead now and just triple-click anywhere inside of this field right here and type in Chap and it will jump straight to Chaparral Pro. If you have additional fonts on your system you may need to continue typing arr to get there. Of course, you can always click on the little pop-up here and choose your font that way. I'm going to choose Chaparral Pro Regular.
Notice now that all my fonts have changed to Chaparral Pro Regular. Now, let's zoom in on just this text right over here. This is going to be our headline, and maybe I want this text to be a lot larger. Well, I could come over here and I could start to change this by either clicking on the pop-up menu here on 24 poin, I could type in a specific value if I wanted to, but many times when I'm working if I just quickly want to get my text to be just a little bit larger, I will use some keyboard shortcuts. If I go ahead now and I select this text object, it's selected now with the Regular Selection tool, so the entire type object is selected.
I can press on my keyboard Command+Shift+Period, although I like to think of it as Command+Shift+>, and that makes my point size 2 points larger at a time. If you are on Windows that would be Ctrl+Shift+> .If you want your text to be reduced in point size by two points at a time, use the same keyboard shortcuts on the left side of the keyboard, Command and Shift, but this time use the comma or the less than sign to go ahead and make that happen. So, I can easily make my text larger or smaller as I am working.
Now, in this case here, I know I really want this to be much larger, so I'm actually going to go ahead now and type in a value of maybe 80 point. I get some nice big text over here. I am just kind of move this over here on the screen. Don't worry about positioning it now because we're going to cover that later on. For now, we just want to get a better feel for where this text is going to be and at least from a pure, what we call the color-of-text perspective, so I can see some contrast, big text and small text, so that a person's eye is drawn to certain areas. Now, let's take a look at this text over here.
I could of course select the entire text object, but I can also go ahead and make text changes to the text inside of the Type object. So I'm going to double-click. It's a great shortcut, a great way to kind of jump into a text object. Notice that before I had my Selection tool active and then by double-clicking, Illustrator changed me now to be working with the Type tool, and now I am working with a type inside of that object. If I press Command+A or Ctrl+A, all the text inside of that frame becomes selected. Notice now that other text is not selected on my page.
I'm only now working with just this text inside of the frame. Here, I know that I want my text to be just a little bit bigger, so I can use Command+Shift+> a few times, maybe make it around 22 points. That looks pretty good. But since I'm dealing with text here that has multiple lines, we have to also pay attention to a different type setting inside of Illustrator. Not just the point size but the actual space that appears between each of the lines. So, right now I have one line to the next line to the next line, and there is white space that appears in between these lines.
We refer to that white space as Leading. Leading is the space that appears in between these lines. Some people who may be familiar with typewriters or traditional word processors call that line spacing. However, in the world of typography we refer to that space as leading. Now, if I go ahead now and I press Command+A again to select all of my text here, I can see the Leading setting right over here. This is my Leading setting or again, the amount of space in between each of the lines. Normally, Illustrator has this setting here called Auto.
What does Auto mean? Auto means Illustrator takes the actual point size of my text and then creates a value that's 120% of that size and uses that as the leading. We call that Auto Leading. So, in other words, the space between each of the lines is just a little bit larger than the actual point size itself. However, many times when working inside of Illustrator you want to set your own leading. You want specific values. So, for example, over here, instead of 26.4, which is the Auto Leading setting-- and again, it's easy to tell when Auto Leading is turned on because anytime you see values inside of Illustrator with parentheses around it, the parentheses indicate that that's a setting that Illustrator chose automatically, not that you chose.
But if I want to type in let's say 30 and then hit the Tab key to accept that value, you see how now there is more space between the lines? That's because I've added additional leading. I've specified 30 points of leading instead of what was there before, which was closer to 26. Now again, I may not figure that out just by typing in a value. I may want to use keyboard shortcuts to intuitively go ahead and adjust the leading. Again, with all my text selected right now, let me teach you another keyboard shortcut. Now, right now my focus here is inside the Character panel. I want to pull my focus out of that, so I'm going to click on this text over here and press Command+A so everything is selected.
Now, I'm going to choose Option+up arrow and Option+down arrow and you could see now how I'm adjusting the leading two points at a time inside of this text object. Now, I want it set to 30. So, I'm just going to use Option and then down arrow a couple of times and now just for a point of reference, I can now say that the text inside of this frame is set to 22 over 30. It's just a way that typographers use to describe how a type is set. 22 over 30 means that the point size is set to 22 on 30 Leading.
It's important to realize as you are working in design you may have something called Negative Leading or Closed Leading. Closed Leading are values where the leading is less than the type itself, and you may do that just because you want the text or the lines to actually run into each other. Open Leading is when you have a lot of space between each of the lines. And again, that's where the Leading value is greater than the actual point size itself. So we have styled some of the text here inside of our document and we're just getting started learning about everything there is to know about type inside of Illustrator.
We just discussed the concept of having space between lines in our body copy. We refer to that as leading. Well, in the next movie we're going to talk about a different kind of spacing. Those are the spacing between the characters themselves. We refer to that as kerning or tracking.
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