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In this installment of Illustrator Insider Training, author Mordy Golding shows how to create type that’s both beautiful and communicative, whether it’s destined for logos, brochures, signs, infographics, or simple documents. This course covers core typography concepts, such as working with Unicode and OpenType fonts, applying character and paragraph settings, managing text with styles and text threads, placing text along a path, and wrapping text around graphics.
We just learned about the three kinds of type object that can exist inside of Illustrator, and before we go further, I want to take a moment to focus on what may seem like an insignificant feature, but it could cause a lot of confusion inside of Illustrator, especially when working with text. We know that when we create some artwork inside of Illustrator--for example, I'm just going to go ahead now and take my Ellipse tool and I will draw a circle right here on my screen. And if I take my regular Selection tool and I select it, I see that there's a bounding box that appears around the boundary of this object.
Now this bounding box allows me to have these handles where I can resize this artwork if I want to, very easily. I can do that without having to switch to a different tool, like for example the Scale tool. Now there are many people who don't like that feature, so they go to the View menu and they turn that setting off by choosing Hide Bounding Box, and you can see now that bounding box goes away. So the only way for me to really scale this is to use the Scale tool specifically. Now I'm going to go back for a moment here and turn the bounding box back on again. The keyboard shortcut for that is Command+Shift+B or Ctrl+Shift+B on Windows.
And you can see that I right now I'm using my regular Selection tool, but if I were to switch to my Direct Selection tool, the bounding box goes away. You see, when working with Illustrator, the bounding box is only active when I have the Selection tool active. However, whenever I am using the Direct Selection tool, the thought process is I am probably looking to work with individual anchor points, so I don't want to see the bounding box at all. Now there is another keyboard shortcut here at play. We know that when I'm working inside of Illustrator, the Command key always takes me to the last selection tool that I have used.
So I am working now with this selection tool. The last one I used was Direct Selection tool, so pressing Command or Ctrl on my keyboard changes me temporarily to be working with the Direct Selection tool, which turns off the bounding box because, the bounding box does not work with the Direct Selection tool. When I release the key on my keyboard the bounding box comes back and my tool goes back to the Selection tool. Now why are we talking about bounding boxes here at all? Well, let's take a look at these two type examples here. I am working with a file called bounding.ai.
And I'm going to go ahead now and click on this shape right here. And you can see that I have a bounding box surrounded, and if you click on this one down over here, you can see that I also have a bounding box around it. And they may look similar to you. Now the question you might ask yourself is, are these point text objects or are these areas type objects? Now if we take a closer look at the one on the bottom here, I can tell you this is the area type object, because it has those in ports and out ports right, these little big box that appear over here on the left side and on the right side.
That's a quick indicator to me that what I'm seeing right there is the frame itself. However, when I select list this, this happens to be just a point text object. Why does it have the big box or frame around it? It's not really the frame; that's the bounding box. If I go to the View menu and I turn the bounding box off, you will see now that goes away. So now when I click on this, this is an area type object. This is a point type object. You can see just a single point right over here. But I'm only seeing it this way because I've turned off the bounding box.
Now of course, if I go back to the View menu, let's turn Show Bounding Box back on, and switch to my Direct Selection tool, then I can easily see the difference between these two. Now when I am working though, I may not actually be paying that close attention. So if I do have the bounding box turned on and I click on this shape and I might think that by dragging on this, I am actually making the frame larger, you can actually see that I am stretching the text. Whereas if I click on this one over here and I click to enlarge the frame, only the frame is becoming larger but the text of course stays inside of it.
So if this ever happens to you, now you know why. In this case here, you may have thought you were working with a frame, but this was simply the bounding box for an object. I am going to click Undo a few times to go back to the way the text was before. And another way to make sure that the text you are dealing with is point text and not area text, is if I do click on it and my bounding box is active, simply press the Command key or the Ctrl key on your keyboard for a moment. That switches you to the Direct Selection tool and if it's simply the bounding box, that will disappear. So I can very easily see oh, this right here what I'm dealing with, this piece of text is a point text object.
Whereas if I come down here and I click on this to select it, even if I press the Command key, I'm so going to see that frame around the object and more importantly, the in and the out ports of that text frame.
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