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Illustrator CS4 for the Web

Applying settings to slices


From:

Illustrator CS4 for the Web

with Mordy Golding

Video: Applying settings to slices

So we know how to create slices inside of Illustrator. We know that there is two types of slices. There are User and Auto Slices and that we can define slices either manually or using the object based method. But we haven't spoken about yet though is what to do with those slices once we have created them. So let's take a look at how we adjust the settings for each of our slices. In this document, I will start off by creating some object-based slices. I go to my Layers panel. Let's go ahead and show the Slices layer, again, those are the objects that I created into the grid and I will turn off all different layers right now. I will press Command+ A or Ctrl+A on Windows, to go ahead and select all my objects, then I will go to the Object menu, I will choose Slice and then Make to turn them all into slices.
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  1. 3m 22s
    1. Welcome
      1m 23s
    2. Understanding pixel- and vector-based web graphics
      1m 36s
    3. Using the exercise files
      23s
  2. 10m 27s
    1. Using the Web New Document Profile
      1m 56s
    2. Creating your own New Document Profiles
      1m 57s
    3. Taking advantage of web templates and content
      1m 48s
    4. Setting up a custom web workspace
      4m 46s
  3. 23m 42s
    1. Setting measurement preferences
      1m 11s
    2. Setting preview bounds
      2m 38s
    3. Setting grid preferences
      2m 18s
    4. Understanding Pixel Preview
      3m 54s
    5. Understanding anti-aliasing
      5m 3s
    6. Disabling anti-aliasing
      2m 35s
    7. Setting up color management
      6m 3s
  4. 9m 49s
    1. Comparing pixel dimension and resolution
      2m 26s
    2. Grid is good, grid is great
      4m 45s
    3. Working with multiple artboards
      2m 38s
  5. 10m 1s
    1. Understanding web-safe colors and hexadecimal
      4m 31s
    2. Pulling colors from Kuler
      1m 43s
    3. Using the Color Guide with web-safe colors
      1m 48s
    4. Converting art to web-safe or limited colors
      1m 59s
  6. 22m 5s
    1. Understanding slicing
      1m 36s
    2. Using manual slicing
      2m 16s
    3. Using object-based slicing
      2m 33s
    4. Comparing user slices and auto slices
      1m 57s
    5. Applying settings to slices
      4m 59s
    6. Defining an image map
      3m 46s
    7. Working with slices
      4m 58s
  7. 10m 45s
    1. Making text look good on the web
      2m 58s
    2. Adding reflections
      2m 42s
    3. Applying rounded corners
      1m 7s
    4. Creating dynamic text buttons
      3m 58s
  8. 19m 54s
    1. Optimizing web graphics
      2m 41s
    2. Comparing GIF, JPG, PNG, and WBMP files
      6m 38s
    3. Setting up transparency and matte
      2m 52s
    4. Adjusting image dimensions
      2m 7s
    5. Optimizing to a specific file size
      2m 27s
    6. Editing output settings
      3m 9s
  9. 4m 3s
    1. Understanding Illustrator and Flash workflows
      2m 42s
    2. Understanding SVG
      1m 21s
  10. 19m 14s
    1. Defining symbols in Illustrator
      5m 23s
    2. Editing symbols in Illustrator
      2m 19s
    3. Choosing a symbol type
      2m 7s
    4. Setting the Flash registration
      1m 23s
    5. Using 9-slice scaling
      4m 34s
    6. Defining static and input text
      3m 28s
  11. 14m 17s
    1. Setting preferences in Flash
      1m 27s
    2. Copying and pasting elements
      1m 50s
    3. Exporting entire files
      4m 35s
    4. The Save for Web & Devices dialog
      2m 58s
    5. Exporting SWF files
      3m 27s
  12. 16m 11s
    1. Converting layers to frames
      3m 17s
    2. Working with blends
      3m 11s
    3. Releasing to layers
      3m 44s
    4. Defining static layers
      2m 43s
    5. Adjusting timing
      3m 16s
  13. 11m 29s
    1. Working with Photoshop
      2m 18s
    2. Working with Acrobat Pro
      2m 54s
    3. Working with Dreamweaver
      2m 14s
    4. Working with Flash Catalyst
      4m 3s
  14. 42s
    1. Goodbye
      42s

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Illustrator CS4 for the Web
2h 56m Intermediate Jan 23, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Mordy Golding demonstrates how to be more productive, efficient, and creative by taking advantage of Adobe Illustrator to create pixel-perfect web graphics and interactive Flash content. Illustrator CS4 for the Web investigates the pros and cons of pixel- and vector-based web graphics, demonstrates efficient workflows, and explores the creative options available in Illustrator. Mordy also covers design techniques, such as creating typography that works well on screen, adding reflections, and making Flash animations. He discusses new Illustrator CS4 features, including using multiple artboards, bringing art into Dreamweaver, and utilizing Flash Catalyst. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Differentiating between pixel- and vector-based web graphics
  • Creating screen-friendly typography
  • Adding reflections
  • Creating Flash animations
  • Using multiple artboards
  • Bringing art into Dreamweaver
  • Utilizing Flash Catalyst
Subjects:
Web Web Graphics Prototyping Web Design
Software:
Illustrator
Author:
Mordy Golding

Applying settings to slices

So we know how to create slices inside of Illustrator. We know that there is two types of slices. There are User and Auto Slices and that we can define slices either manually or using the object based method. But we haven't spoken about yet though is what to do with those slices once we have created them. So let's take a look at how we adjust the settings for each of our slices. In this document, I will start off by creating some object-based slices. I go to my Layers panel. Let's go ahead and show the Slices layer, again, those are the objects that I created into the grid and I will turn off all different layers right now. I will press Command+ A or Ctrl+A on Windows, to go ahead and select all my objects, then I will go to the Object menu, I will choose Slice and then Make to turn them all into slices.

Let me deselect these objects right now. Let's go ahead and choose the settings from maybe this slice right here. I will click on it to select it and I go to the Object menu, I will choose Slice and then I will choose Slice Options. This brings up the Slice Options dialog box. Now the first thing you notice right here is where it says Slice Type. In Illustrator, you actually have the ability to choose that a slice itself is set to No Image, Image or HTML Text. So let's take a look at what each of those mean. No Image simply means that particular area of that particular cell has no artwork exported whatsoever. If I choose Image, which is really the standard for most slices, it simply means that whole area that's encompassed within that region gets turned into an image and gets exported when I save my web graphic.

Finally, there is an option here called HTML Text, this option is only available when you actually select a text object and turn that into a slice. With the HTML Text option chosen, when your table gets exported, that text actually is converted to live HTML text within that cell. In my opinion, though, I don't find that as useful because usually the live text that I am adding, comes later on a stage, for example, when I am inside of a Dreamweaver but for now, I will leave this slice set to Image. Next, I can choose to name my slice. When I export my artwork from Illustrator, as you can see here in this particular table, I have seven slices. That means that I will end up with an HTML file with a table inside of it and that table will reference seven different images. Each of those images, obviously, has a name. Now by default, Illustrator just adds its own name using the slice number but if I wanted to, I can actually go and give the slices specific name. As we learn about more ways to use slices inside of Illustrator, we will see where that comes into play.

Now that brings us to probably one of the most exciting parts about slices themselves; URL because the slice really, as a separate image, does have the ability to contain a link, meaning that I can click on that particular region and be taken to a different location or different web page, altogether. For example, if I want that a user goes to my web page and clicks anywhere in this region, and gets directed to another area, I can simply type in a URL, for example, I will type in http://www. lynda.com. I could also choose a target, meaning _blank, _self, _parent or _top, and if I am using different frames or if I want to be able to have this particular link open up in the new window, I can add that as well.

I can also specify a message and some Alt text. Alt text is actually very important if you are working with website that should be accessible. For example, people who are visually impaired, actually have the artwork that appears inside of website, read to them. Whatever you specify in the Alt text, it gets read to those people using the screen readers. Finally you have the option for a Background. Currently, the background is set to None but by clicking on this button here, I can actually choose any of the color that I want Illustrator a background for that slice. In reality, if the slice is an image, this really is not as useful because the image itself covers up the background. However, if elements inside of the slice are transparent, for example, if I save it out as a transparent GIF file or if I am working with a HTML Text slice, then the background does come into play.

Let me click Cancel here, and I will you there is one another important way that I work with slices inside of Illustrator. Sometimes, I take the grid, as you see it right here, and I use this as a basis for how I build my pages inside of Dreamweaver. If all I am looking to do is to build that a HTML base table, this is all that I need and I might be working with another designer who is working on the actual artwork that's going to go into this slices but using the Slice Option dialog box is not the only way to change the settings for each of the slices. I will click Cancel here. Now last you choose the option here under the File menu called Save for Web & Devices and doing so this brings up this particular feature and right over you will see there is slice select tool. I can actually double click in any of these slices and bring up that same Slice Options dialog box. In fact, when I am working inside of Illustrator and I want to change a setting for a lot of different slices in my layout, I find it much easier to do that right here on the Save for Web & Devices dialog box. I will make my settings here, click OK, double-click on the next slice, choose its settings, so on and so forth.

When I am done, I will go ahead and click on Done button and returns me back to my layout without exporting any graphics. Now that we know how to apply settings to our slices, we can explore many different ways to take advantage of all these features.

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Illustrator CS4 for the Web will be retired from the lynda.com library on April 24, 2014. Training videos and exercise files will no longer be available, but the course will still appear in your course history and certificates of completion. For updated training, check out Illustrator for Web Design in the lynda.com Online Training Library.


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