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Applying basic paragraph settings

From: Illustrator CS4 Essential Training

Video: Applying basic paragraph settings

Now that we understand the character settings, let's take a look at some of the paragraph settings offered inside of Illustrator. Again I'm going to go the Window menu here, I'm going to go down to where it says, Type. I'm going to open up my Paragraph panel, not the Paragraph Styles. We will do that later. We will talk about paragraph right now. So these are the paragraph settings. Once again there are many options here. I can either choose this setting up here for Hide Options as we work or whenever you see this little up and down arrows inside of the title of any particular tab here. When you click on that that can simply go ahead and turn those settings or toggle between them as well. So I'm just going to make sure that all the settings here are visible. So I'm going to go ahead and click on this paragraph right here. You can see that this allows me to determine how my paragraph is aligned left, center, right.

Applying basic paragraph settings

Now that we understand the character settings, let's take a look at some of the paragraph settings offered inside of Illustrator. Again I'm going to go the Window menu here, I'm going to go down to where it says, Type. I'm going to open up my Paragraph panel, not the Paragraph Styles. We will do that later. We will talk about paragraph right now. So these are the paragraph settings. Once again there are many options here. I can either choose this setting up here for Hide Options as we work or whenever you see this little up and down arrows inside of the title of any particular tab here. When you click on that that can simply go ahead and turn those settings or toggle between them as well. So I'm just going to make sure that all the settings here are visible. So I'm going to go ahead and click on this paragraph right here. You can see that this allows me to determine how my paragraph is aligned left, center, right.

Justified settings mean that that left and the right are all going to be the same in a straight line. We will talk more about some of the nuances of those settings as well. This basically determines what the last line of the paragraph would be, so these are all justified settings. By this we mean justified last line is aligned left, this one a justified last line is centered, last line is right and here all lines are justified as well. Now we notice over here that these paragraphs all run into each other. Many times in a book when you have lots of paragraphs, each paragraph has a little indent, right the first line is indented. So if you look over here I see that this setting over here is called First-line indent by adjusting this particular setting here, you can see that the beginning of all the particular paragraphs are now indented, which makes it a little bit easier on the eye to identify where those paragraphs begin.

I also have a setting here called Space before. Space before basically automatically adds spaces before the beginning of each paragraph and again Illustrator identifies a paragraph as a hard Return. So if you have a Return or you press the Enter on a particular keyboard, that means, okay start with a new paragraph. There is also a setting for a Space after paragraph, you may want to be able to have some paragraphs that have Space before, some of them may have Space after, so on and so forth. Let me get into more complex usage for topography we will see where those would make sense to do so. There is also by the way the ability to just have left and right indents for your particular text as well. So for example, if I thought this was some kind of a quote, I could take this paragraph and maybe have an indent in this particular paragraph here this way and we will also do, let's say a right indent this way as well. Of course the text because this area text will just simply re-flow in that particular area.

So those are few of the settings that are available here. I'm going to point out -- by the way if you look to the far right here you see how the text even though it's set to be justified, doesn't really look like it's that straight and that's because there are commas and hyphens and so on and so forth. Well there is a setting inside of Illustrator, if you go to the fly out menu over here, over the Paragraph panel, something called a Roman Hanging Punctuation. When you choose that particular setting, it will basically align your text so that the punctuation actually hangs out beyond the margin. So the optical illusion basically is that you have a visual straight line as opposed to before where we really justified but didn't look that way. So that might be an interesting setting that you might want to use for some of your paragraphs.

Another important paragraph setting that's here, if you go to that fly out menu once again, is something called the Adobe Single-line Composer versus the Adobe Every-line Composer. This is important to know. The Single-line Composer basically looks at each line as it sets the type, tries to figure out how many words are in that line, how many words fit in that line, where the hyphenation might fall and then it puts the words on each line after that. However, if you use the Adobe Every- line Composer, what Illustrator tries to do is that even after it flowed entire paragraph of text, if it sees there are some things that, like for example, this line here let's say its a very loose line, it has lots of space in between each of the words. So if there maybe better ways to attribute that, the Every -line Composer will do a better job of avoiding those loose lines. So I can do that simply by clicking on this and choosing the Every-line Composer and the text now re-flows and I don't see that loose line anymore.

It does a nice job and I'm making it happen but it also means that text would re-flow as you are typing, which can be disconcerting to some people as you are working. It's something to know, you might want to test it out for the different paragraphs you are working on. So now you know how to apply settings to the character level and to the paragraph level inside of Illustrator, let's talk a little bit more though about working with area text, because as we see over here, the area text itself is basically encompassed within a certain frame and there maybe times when you want the text to flow from one frame into another frame. In the next movie we will discuss how that's done inside of Illustrator.

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This video is part of

Image for Illustrator CS4 Essential Training
Illustrator CS4 Essential Training

116 video lessons · 48483 viewers

Mordy Golding
Author

 
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  1. 59s
    1. Welcome
      59s
  2. 33m 17s
    1. Why use Illustrator?
      2m 22s
    2. What are vector graphics?
      8m 4s
    3. Understanding paths
      4m 13s
    4. Fill and Stroke attributes
      5m 32s
    5. Selections and stacking order
      8m 31s
    6. Isolation mode
      4m 35s
  3. 23m 43s
    1. The Welcome screen
      1m 11s
    2. New Document Profiles
      4m 36s
    3. Using multiple artboards
      7m 17s
    4. Libraries and content
      3m 52s
    5. Illustrator templates
      2m 56s
    6. Adding XMP metadata
      3m 51s
  4. 43m 55s
    1. Exploring panels
      4m 18s
    2. Using the Control panel
      5m 25s
    3. Navigating within a document
      5m 27s
    4. Using rulers and guides
      5m 23s
    5. Using grids
      2m 12s
    6. Utilizing the bounding box
      3m 3s
    7. Using Smart Guides
      4m 59s
    8. The Hide Edges command
      3m 31s
    9. Preview and Outline modes
      2m 18s
    10. Using workspaces
      7m 19s
  5. 38m 3s
    1. The importance of modifier keys
      1m 9s
    2. Drawing closed-path primitives
      7m 15s
    3. Drawing open-path primitives
      5m 5s
    4. Simple drawing with the Pen tool
      7m 28s
    5. Advanced drawing with the Pen tool
      10m 33s
    6. Drawing with the Pencil tool
      6m 33s
  6. 46m 37s
    1. Editing anchor points
      13m 7s
    2. Creating compound shapes
      5m 55s
    3. Utilizing Pathfinder functions
      5m 11s
    4. Joining and averaging paths
      5m 37s
    5. Outlining strokes
      3m 24s
    6. Simplifying paths
      5m 41s
    7. Using Offset Path
      2m 43s
    8. Dividing an object into a grid
      1m 41s
    9. Cleaning up errant paths
      3m 18s
  7. 35m 23s
    1. Creating point text
      4m 4s
    2. Creating area text
      4m 19s
    3. Applying basic character settings
      6m 27s
    4. Applying basic paragraph settings
      4m 4s
    5. Creating text threads
      5m 28s
    6. Creating text on open paths
      5m 18s
    7. Creating text on closed paths
      3m 57s
    8. Converting text to outlines
      1m 46s
  8. 20m 15s
    1. Using the basic selection tools
      7m 53s
    2. Using the Magic Wand and Lasso tools
      6m 34s
    3. Selecting objects by attribute
      2m 38s
    4. Saving and reusing selections
      3m 10s
  9. 40m 35s
    1. Using the Appearance panel
      6m 48s
    2. Targeting object attributes
      3m 26s
    3. Adding multiple attributes
      7m 6s
    4. Applying Live Effects
      8m 9s
    5. Expanding appearances
      4m 48s
    6. Appearance panel settings
      6m 51s
    7. Copying appearances
      3m 27s
  10. 37m 15s
    1. Defining groups
      7m 2s
    2. Editing groups
      5m 28s
    3. Working with layers
      8m 10s
    4. Layer and object hierarchy
      6m 57s
    5. Creating template layers
      2m 3s
    6. Object, group, and layer attributes
      7m 35s
  11. 44m 4s
    1. Applying colors
      3m 18s
    2. Creating solid color swatches
      4m 48s
    3. Creating global process swatches
      5m 1s
    4. Using spot color swatches
      4m 27s
    5. Creating swatch groups and libraries
      6m 50s
    6. Working with linear gradient fills
      6m 34s
    7. Working with radial gradient fills
      2m 19s
    8. Applying and manipulating pattern fills
      4m 51s
    9. Defining simple patterns
      5m 56s
  12. 22m 43s
    1. Moving and copying objects
      2m 1s
    2. Scaling objects
      4m 49s
    3. Rotating objects
      3m 14s
    4. Reflecting and skewing objects
      2m 27s
    5. Using the Free Transform tool
      2m 9s
    6. Aligning objects
      5m 15s
    7. Distributing objects
      2m 48s
  13. 25m 13s
    1. Using a pressure-sensitive tablet
      1m 38s
    2. Using the Calligraphic brush
      6m 10s
    3. Using the Scatter brush
      4m 0s
    4. Using the Art brush
      2m 26s
    5. Using the Pattern brush
      3m 21s
    6. Using the Paintbrush tool
      1m 41s
    7. Using the Blob Brush tool
      3m 42s
    8. Using the Eraser tool
      2m 15s
  14. 16m 36s
    1. Using symbols
      3m 9s
    2. Defining your own symbols
      2m 1s
    3. Editing symbols
      4m 4s
    4. Using the Symbol Sprayer tool
      2m 32s
    5. Using the Symbolism toolset
      4m 50s
  15. 35m 37s
    1. Minding your resolution settings
      6m 15s
    2. Applying basic 3D extrusions
      6m 43s
    3. Applying basic 3D revolves
      2m 31s
    4. Basic artwork mapping
      5m 9s
    5. Using the Stylize effects
      5m 35s
    6. Using the Scribble effect
      5m 43s
    7. Using the Warp effect
      3m 41s
  16. 21m 37s
    1. Placing images
      4m 51s
    2. Using the Links panel
      2m 47s
    3. The Edit Original workflow
      2m 0s
    4. Converting images to vectors with Live Trace
      5m 29s
    5. Rasterizing artwork
      1m 55s
    6. Cropping images with a mask
      4m 35s
  17. 10m 35s
    1. Saving your Illustrator document
      8m 18s
    2. Printing your Illustrator document
      2m 17s
  18. 6m 25s
    1. Exporting files for use in QuarkXPress
      1m 8s
    2. Exporting files for use in InDesign
      39s
    3. Exporting files for use in Word/Excel/PowerPoint
      45s
    4. Exporting files for use in Photoshop
      1m 25s
    5. Exporting files for use in Flash
      1m 15s
    6. Exporting files for use in After Effects
      19s
    7. Migrating from FreeHand
      54s
  19. 2m 23s
    1. Finding additional help
      2m 0s
    2. Goodbye
      23s

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