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In Illustrator CS5 One-on-One: Mastery, the third and final part of the comprehensive Illustrator One-on-One series, author and industry expert Deke McClelland shows how to take advantage of the wide array of dynamic effects in Illustrator CS5. Deke explores Illustrator’s powerful Gradient Mesh feature, great for creating photorealistic airbrushing effects. He also covers graphic styles, the liquify tools, envelope-style distortions, the new Bristle Brushes, 3D text, and perspective drawing. Exercise files accompany the course.
Now that we've created the base four- leaf clover, I want to show you how to create a reflective tile pattern. And I have tile pattern in quote fingers, because really we're creating a reflective pattern using the Transform effect. I've saved my progress as Overlapping leaves.ai. And I'm going to press Ctrl+0, or Command+0 to zoom out all the way, so that I'm fitting the illustration on-screen. And I'll press Ctrl+Semicolon or Command+Semicolon on the Mac in order to bring up my guides. Now you can see that I've used the guides in order to divide my artwork into eight areas.
So I'm dividing the artboard into two regions vertically and four regions horizontally. And that's because these are the regions into which I want to flip my fourleaf clover. But how I accomplish that? Because recall inside the Transform effect dialog box, one of the big limitations of that dialog box is that your only control over the origin is that little reference point matrix. So you can move the origin point to any of nine locations within the context of your selected artwork, but not outside of it. So one, if you want the origin point to be right there at the intersection of those two guidelines, what you do? Well, you add another anchor point and it can just be a floating anchor point all by itself.
So let me show you how that works. Make sure by the way that you're working on the new clovers layer that's very important if you're working along with me. You might just want to go ahead and meatball the leaf group, so that the point you create appears in front of that. And then go ahead and grab the Pen tool or press the P key and I want you to just go ahead and click at the intersection of those two guidelines. And that's it and you'll just add what's called a path right there, but it's really just a free-floating anchor point. And if you have any concerns that it's not exactly targeted to the proper location. You can grab your White Arrow tool and sort of move it around like so and then move it until it snaps into alignment with those two guidelines.
Anyway, I'm going to go ahead and rename this guy Point, because after all it is a floating point. You could even called it floating point, if you wanted to. And then I'm going to select all three of these objects that are on this new clovers layer by clicking on this little black wedge in the upper right corner of the layer, inside Layers panel of course. And then I'm going to group them altogether by pressing Ctrl+G or Command+G on the Mac. And now we have this group that includes the leaf, it includes the stem, and it also includes this little anchor point. All right, now I can go out to the Effect menu, choose Distort & Transform, and then choose the Transform command, or press Ctrl+E, Command+E if you got it.
And now go ahead and select the far left point on the matrix. It doesn't really matter whether it's a top left or the bottom left or the middle left point. Any of them will do. And then select Reflect X, 1 copy of course, and turn on the Preview check box just make sure you got it right. And it should look like this. It should look absolutely beautiful. All right, we can only do Reflect X. We can't do Reflect Y as well, or you'll just make a mess of things, like so. We have to reflect the leaves to the bottom portion of the illustration in a separate step. So go ahead and turn off that Reflect Y if you turned it on along with me.
So just 1 copy, Reflect X, side pointing the matrix. Click OK. And then we'll go back to the Effect menu choose Distort & Transform again, choose the Transform command. And this time after clicking on Apply New Effect of course. I want you to set the number of copies to 1. I want you to Reflect Y this time around. You want the bottom point in the matrix. Turn on the Preview check box to make sure everything looks the way it should and click OK. Now, what's remarkable about this, check this out, is that you can change your mind about exactly what the reference point is after having already applied the transformation.
And here is how it works. Click off of the shapes in order to deselect them, make sure you have your White Arrow tool selected, I'm going to click on that little point that I created and it is now a traveling origin point. You can move it anywhere you want outside the region. It has to be outside the area of the four-leaf clover. And for example, let's say, I decided to drag it over here to the intersection of the two middle guidelines, then I will go ahead and on-the-fly move those clover leaves to a totally different location, like so. So it gives you this amazing degree of control quite frankly.
Anyway, I'm going to go ahead and put that guy back because I want it to be there. And now I want to reflect this entire collection of four clover leaves. Well, I'm going to have to create a new origin point of course. Right there at the intersection of those two middle guidelines. And I'll do that by grabbing my Pen tool and I'll just go ahead and click at that location, or what I prefer to do, because I'm not always confident that when you click with the Pen tool you're exactly aligning to the guidelines. So the better thing to do in many cases is just to set the anchor point any old place and notice you should see a new Path on top of your group there inside the Layers panel.
Go ahead and once again and rename at point and then press the A key to get your White Arrow tool and drag it so that it snaps into alignment at the intersection of those guides. And this is a little complicated, because I have so much artwork going on. I'm going to go ahead and turn off some of these layers right here. Some of the pirate layers so white, black, and his head rag. I'm going to turn all those off and then I'm going to zoom in a little and drag that anchor point, until I am confident that it is intersecting those guidelines properly. All right, good.
The next step is the same step we saw before. You go ahead and Shift-meatball the group so that both the point and the group are selected. Go back up to the Object menu choose the Group command press Ctrl+G, Command+G on the Mac, to group them together. So that you have yet another group and then this time around you only have to apply one transformation by going up to the Effect menu, choosing Distort & Transform, choosing the Transform command, and I'm going to turn on that left-hand point in the matrix. I'll go ahead and raise the copies value to 1 of course. Turn on Reflect X, turn on Preview to make sure everything is working, and there it is.
And now click OK and you have created your own pattern of reflecting four-leaf clovers. Now, I'll go ahead and turn on the other layers like so, so that we can see the elements of the pirate flag. I'll press Ctrl+Shift+A, Command+ Shift+A on the Mac in order to deselect everything and then press Ctrl+ Semicolon or Command+Semicolon on the Mac to hide those guidelines, but now we're back to the same old problem. We're back to that original piece of artwork I showed you at the outset of the previous exercise, which means that we have a stylistic mismatch. What do we do about that? Well, we're going to apply the scribble effect and I'll show you how in the next exercise.
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