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Adobe Illustrator has long been a popular vector–based drawing program, but for many the learning curve is steep. In Illustrator CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals, author and leading industry expert Deke McClelland shows users how to get in to the Illustrator mindset and overcome this learning curve. He covers the application's key features in a new way, making it simple and easy to master Illustrator. Deke teaches viewers how to use the core drawing and shape tools, the transformation and reshaping features, text, and the Pen tool. He also explains how to export and print. Even if learning Illustrator has been a struggle in the past, this training can help make sense of it. Exercise files accompany the course.
In this exercise I'm going to show you how to create the enormous pupil inside of Zorble's gigantic eye. Along the way, we are going to see how to add a center point to an object and it's an obscure but very useful function inside of Illustrator. Now, ultimately we are going for this effect here where he has got this gigantic red head or whatever it is with the yellow eye in the middle of it, and all these eyelashes fringing his head. That might look utterly and completely ridiculous, but actually, I have to show you something. The only ridiculous thing I did was to give him buttons and lips; otherwise this is pretty much the Anastasi petroglyph. Notice that this eye does offer a variety of eyelashes here. There's the arms akimbo and the Mickey Mouse shoes and so on.
So I'm really not dreaming up much of this here, just the lips are really what I'm doing and this pupil that we are about to draw. All right anyway, I'm going to turn that Articulates layer back off. I'm working inside of a document called Snipped and spun.ai found inside of the 10_select_enhance folder. So if for some reason you need to catch up with me, that's how you do it. Open this file. I am still working on the Primitives layer. I would like you to be working on that layer as well. Now let's say I want to draw the pupil with the Ellipse tool so that it is centered on this ellipse right there, but we don't have a center point.
Now, if I were to go grab my Ellipse tool right here and draw with it, you may recall, we always get a center point with our ellipses. In fact, you get center points with all of your basic geometric shapes inside of Illustrator. All right. I'll go ahead and press Ctrl+Z, Command+Z on the Mac to undo the creation of that shape, but somehow I lost the center point that's associated with this ellipse. Well, here's the deal. You can add a center point back to any object. It doesn't have to be a geometric shape; it could be absolutely anything. You can add a center point to it.
From one of the most obscure, weird, little palettes in Illustrator, it's an old palette, and it's kind of a catchall, it's really a junk drawer of a palette, has features that don't really seem to go anywhere else. To get to it you go to the Window menu and you choose this guy right there, Attributes. It even has a keyboard shortcut, Ctrl+F11, Command+F11 on the Mac. It brings up this little palette right there and I'm going to go ahead and take these two palettes, Document Info and Attributes and I'm going to move them over. Actually, I want them to be right there in my grouping. All right, that's great! This guy right there is Attributes, so I'll click to bring it up. Then notice these options right there. There's Don't Show Center point, which is currently turned on, oops! There is Show Center point. If I click on that, then I get a center point, and again you can do that for any object. But here's the deal, by way of a caveat.
It's the center of the bounding box, so the center of the imaginary rectangle that's drawn around the object. Sometimes that's the real center of the object; sometimes it's not, as with a five- pointed star for example. It's going to be horizontally centered, but it's not going to be vertically centered. If you think about the bounding box, it makes sense. It doesn't make sense however in the context of the shape. Where an ellipse is concerned, everything is just hunky-dory. So I'm going to go ahead and close that Attributes palette. Then I'm going to get my Ellipse tool from the toolbox. I could get it by pressing the L key if I wanted to.
Then I'll start dragging from the center so that I'm making sure that these two shapes are going to be exactly aligned. I begin dragging outward from the center and I'll press and hold the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac so that I'm drawing the shape center out. And when I get it about this big, keep that Alt or Option key down, then release the mouse button in order to draw the shape and then release Alt or Option. Then what I would like you to do is get rid of the Stroke for this shape and make the Fill black. So in other words, we are going to reverse the Fill and the Stroke and you may recall you do that just by pressing Shift+X. It will take care of that for you, Shift+X, or you can click on this little Swap Fill and Stroke icon down here.
Either way it's going to work for you. That eye is a little big, I think, actually, now that I look at it. So I'm going to grab my Scale tool and the origin point is already in the center of the shape, by default. So I'll just go ahead and drag inward a little bit. I'm pressing the Shift key too, just to go ahead and constrain the proportions. All right. We now have a pupil set inside the eye. The problem is the pupil is exceeding the boundaries of the eye. That's no good. And that's the problem that we are going to be resolving in the very next exercise.
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