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Deke's Techniques is a collection of short Photoshop and Illustrator projects and creative effects that can be completed in ten minutes or less. The series is taught by computer graphics guru Deke McClelland, and presented in his signature step-by-step style. The intent is to reveal how various Photoshop and Illustrator features can be combined and leveraged in real-world examples so that they can be applied to creative projects right away.
In this movie, I'll show you how to apply dynamic effects to independent attributes, that is fills and strokes. And as a result, we'll take this waving line pattern here, which goes in a consistent direction throughout this illustration. And we'll change it, so that it splits off in different directions as it emanates away from the center of the document. And then we'll create a lighter version of this pattern and put it inside these radiant lines. And then we'll slowly rotate the pattern around this dotted stroke.
So for starters here, I'm going to twirl open the waves layer. And you notice that the selected object is called temp. And that's because it's just a temporary place holder. I'm going to turn on this back object here, which is this rectangle right here, and I'll click on it to select it. And then, I'll switch over to the Appearance panel and I'll click on the add new fill icon. Down in the bottom left corner of the Appearance panel. Go ahead and drag this guy down to below the stroke, and I will change this top fill to that pattern that we created in the previous movie, Dark waves.
And so far, everything looks exactly the same, but just to make it clear what's going on, I'll go back to the layers panel and turn off that temp layer. And you can see, we just have a quarter of a pattern now. Now, I want you to return to the Appearance panel, make sure that fill is still selected, and we're going to perform a kind of weird step, that's not going to make that much sense. I want you to go up to the Effect menu, choose Distort & Transform, and choose Transform. And then, turn off Transform Objects, and that will automatically turn on Transform Patterns, and that should be the only check box that's on, and then I want you to just click OK.
Even though we haven't done anything, that's going to serve as a placeholder, for an operation, that we're going to perform in just a moment. Now click on path. To select the entire path, and return to the Effect menu and choose Transform..., to bring up the dialog box. And now, I want you to turn on Transform Objects, so that both of these check boxes are on. Click on the left-hand reference point in this little matrix here, and turn on Reflect X. Then, turn on the Preview check box, and you'll see the pattern flip in the opposite direction.
Now, let's restore the original by raising the Copies value to 1, and then click OK. Alright, now I want you to click on that Transform, that we just created. And next, click on the little page icon, at the bottom of the panel, to create a copy of it. Now, click on the new Transform, which is the bottom one of the two. Turn off Reflect X, and turn on Reflect Y. Go ahead and select the bottom point in this little reference point matrix. Turn on the Preview check box, and you can see, the deed is done. And now that we have our radiant pattern that's going out in all directions, go ahead and click OK.
Now this is where this little transform comes in. So, I'm going to press Ctrl+H or Cmd+H on the Mac, that leaves that rectangle selected, but it hides the edges, so that we can see what we're doing. We want to make sure that we like the way this pattern is traveling through both the sides here, and through this area, so this sort of vertical line and this horizontal line. And so by clicking on Transform, and turning on Preview check box, you can now click in the Horizontal option, for example, and press the up-arrow key in order to raise that value.
And you'll see these lines kind of separate away from each other, and at about 8 points, I decided that I liked the effect. But if you don't, you can go with something else, you know, you can come up with whatever value pleases you. Now I'll click inside the Vertical value, and we want to watch this seem this time, and I'll press the up-arrow key, and you'll see things moving toward each other, and again, at about 8 points, I liked what I saw. So, this just gives us the opportunity to make this decision on the fly. Now I'll go ahead and click OK, in order to accept that change.
Alright, now to create those bright lines through the artwork. I'm going to switch back to the Layers panel, and I'm going to turn on this object that's called bar. And it's just a skinny vertical rectangle, as you can see. Now we can't see it very well, so let's go ahead and turn off the wheel and text layers, so that we can focus on this bar. And I'll click on it, in order to select it here. Now I can't see the edges, because, I hid em, so I'll press Ctrl+H or Cmd+H on the Mac to bring it back. And I'll zoom out a little bit, so that we have a better feel for what's going on.
Alright, now switch over to the Appearance panel, and click on that white fill. And let's make a duplicate of it, by clicking on the little page icon, at the bottom of the panel. And now we're going to transform it by going up to the Effect menu, choosing Distort & Transform and then choosing the Transform command. And I'm choosing the command from the submenu this time, just so that we clear out all the settings. Now we don't need to transform patterns, because obviously, there are none. But we do need to scoot this guy out and I'm not going to know how much, until I turn on the Preview checkbox. And I'm going to start by moving it to the left.
Which means that I click inside the Horizontal value and press Shift+down-arrow a few times in a row, and then the down-arrow keys some more until I get a value of negative 35 points. You can see that that goes ahead and scoots that new fill a little bit over to the left. Then I decided I wanted to make it skinnier. So I clicked inside the Horizontal scale value and press Shift+down-arrow, to take it down to 90%. And then I clicked in the Rotate value and pressed up-arrow key three times, in order to rotate that bar three degrees.
Alright now we want to a few copies. So click inside the Copies value and press Shift+up-arrow a couple of times and then press the up-arrow key five more times, so that we have a total of 25 copies, which doesn't look like enough, but its going to turn out to be plenty. Then click OK. Alright now we want to do the same thing in the other direction. So go ahead and click on that fill, to select it. And click on the little page icon at the bottom of the panel, to create a copy. And click on Transform, to bring up the Transform Effect dialog box. Turn on the Preview check box, so we can see what we are doing.
And, go ahead and set the Horizontal value to a positive version, of its former self. So just get rid of the negative value and we end up getting this wonderful swoop here, which I think is really great, but it's not the effect I want. So, I'll click inside the Angle value and change it to negative, in this case negative 3, and we end up with this giant fan. Now click OK. Now I want to fan it even farther, so, I'm going to click on the path in order to select the entire thing. And then, I'll go up to the Effect menu, choose Warp, and I never know which one of these warps I want, so I usually just select Arc.
The great thing about this, once you're inside the Warp Options dialog box, is now you can see tiny little previews, of what each one of those warp patterns look like. And this is the effect I'm going for, I want to splay the fan out even more, so I'll choose Shell Upper. And that looks tragic, something's gone horribly wrong. Well here's the deal, I'm going to click OK to accept the effects so far. What we need to do is grab warp shell upper and drag it to the bottom of the list, below the last fill, and we end up getting this effect here.
Now we want some more spread, so I'll click on that little guy, in order to restore the Warp Options dialog box. And I'm going to take the Bend value up to its maximum, of 100%. And I'm also going to take the Vertical Distortion value down to it's minimum of negative 100%, and that produces this effect here. Alright now click OK, obviously the effect is too high. The black line is the bottom of the artboard and red line is the bottom of the bleed. So, I need to scoot things down. And I'm going to do so, of course, dynamically, by going up to the Effect menu, choosing Distort & Transform, and lo and behold, a big surprise, I'll choose the Transform command.
And, I'm going to turn on the Preview checkbox and click inside the Vertical value and press Shift+up-arrow twice in a row. To nudge this effect down. So positive vertical values nudge things down in this world, and so I'll click OK. Just go and center my zoom here by pressing Ctrl+0, Cmd+0 on the Mac, and I'll press Ctrl+Shift+A or Cmd+Shift+A on the Mac, in order to deselect those bars. Now the question becomes, how do I fill those bars with this kind of pattern? I can fill it with a standard pattern easily enough but, how do I fill it with a reflecting pattern like we have going in the background? Well, what we do is create a new pattern first of all, because we need to create a light version, by selecting Dark waves here inside the Swatches panel, and then click on the little page icon, in order to create a copy of it.
And I'll call this one Light Waves, of course, and then I'll click OK. And now, I'll double-click on this little swatch, in order to switch over to the pattern generator. And I'll click on any one of these lines. Notice they're now rendered out. And I'll go up to the control panel, and click Select Similar Objects, that icon there. And now I'll change the color of the stroke by Shift+Clicking, on this little swatch, that'll bring up my CMYK values. And I'll change the C to 25, and I'll change the M value to 75, in order to brighten up those strokes.
And then, I'll select the square in the background there and I'll just click on the fill icon this time and select this swatch, which is C=50 M=100 Y=0 K=0. And we get this brighter version of the pattern. So now, go ahead and press the Escape key in order to update the pattern. We're too far zoomed in, so go ahead and press Ctrl+0, or Cmd+0 on Mac, in order to zoom out. Switch to the Layers panel. Click on this back item right there and press the Alt key, or the Option key on the Mac, and drag it up like so.
So that it lands at the top of the stack. And that should select it as well, as you're seeing here. Now return to the Appearance panel, and click on that top-fill swatch and change it to our new pattern, which is Light Waves. And you may also want to change this bottom fill. It's just kind of filling things in. And change it to a lighter color, although it's already pretty light. So, I guess might as well leave it the way it is. Make sure the path is active, that's very important and then if your Transparency panel is up on screen, go ahead and change the blend mode to Multiply.
And that is going to fill in those white bars, with the new light pattern. Back to the Layers panel we go. I'll go ahead and twirl close the waves layer because, we're done with all the background stuff, and turn back on the two layers above. Alright, now what we want to do, is to get to work on this stroke right here. So, go ahead and select the circle by clicking on it some place. And then return to the Appearance panel, and click on the Stroke, the existing dash stroke. And click on the little page icon at the bottom of the panel, to create a copy of it. Then reduce the line wave value to 15.
And go ahead and change the color of the Stroke to the Dark pattern, Dark waves. And note that that's going to fill in the interior of those dots, with that waves pattern. But also note that it's going in a consistent direction the whole time. It's not rotating around, as I promised. Well, here's how we solve that problem. I'm going to click on Stroke, in order to bring up the panel here. And I'm going to change the gap value to its maximum of 1,000, and that's going to give us one and only one pattern dot, over here on the right-hand side.
Alright, now we need to transform it into a better position. So make sure the Stroke is active. I just love this part. And then go up to the Effect menu, and choose Distort & Transform, and choose Transform, because we want to start over again. And go ahead and change the Angle value to 50 degrees, and turn on the Preview checkbox, and that'll move that guy right there. And the reason I want it there is because now we're going to have an opportunity to rotate it around and we want this as a starter position. So go ahead and click OK.
And now select the Stroke again. Actually, click on the word Transform, won't you? And, click on the little page icon at the bottom of the panel. And that goes and moves that guy 50 more degrees, which is not what we want. We're going to override those settings, by clicking on the word Transform. And we'll change the angle value to just 20 degrees. And turn on the Preview checkbox, and you can see, that it goes and scoots them up like so. And now we definitely want to transform the patterns so turn that check box on. And now we want more copies.
So press the up-arrow to restore the original, and then press the up-arrow a bunch more times in order to fill things out like so. And notice, every single time, it's rotating around, until we get back to there. So that's 17 copies, by the way, 20 degrees, 17 copies, Transform Patterns on, click OK. We want to fill in the other ones, with the light pattern this time. So grab that stroke and then create a copy of it, by clicking on a little page icon at the bottom of the panel. Then, change the color of the stroke to Light waves and that'll just cover up the Dark waves which is, of course, not what we want.
So click on the first transform. And change the value to 40 degrees, and then turn on the Preview checkbox, and you see that does the trick, that's all there is to it. Now click OK, and go ahead and press Ctrl+Shift+A or Cmd+Shift+A on the Mac, in order to deselect the artwork. So there you have it, friends, one way, one of many ways I imagine to dynamically transform independent fill and stroke attributes, here inside Illustrator.
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