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Hey gang this is Deacon McClelland. Welcome to Deke's Techniques. Now you may recall a while back I showed you how to turn a photograph into an Andy Warhol style silk screen effect. Which got a lot of folks wondering, if you can do that, how do you create a Roy Lichtenstein Effect in the spirit of, Oh Jeff I love you too, but, which is why in this very movie, we're going to take this photograph in which this woman is just pretending to be sad, and we're going to turn it into this authentically sad Lichtenstein like comic panel.
This is not a half tone by the way, so you can't use a half tone filter. Instead, these are uniform Ben-Day dots, in which every dot is the same size. Here. Let me show you exactly how it works. Alright here is the final version of the Lichtenstein effect just so you can see it on screen. We're going to start off inside of this document which comes to us from the Fotolia image library about which you can learn more and get deals at www.fotolia.com/deke. Now, the first thing that we need to do is pop this image on a new layer. In fact, we're ultimately going to need three copies of this image.
So, what I'm going to do is back out a little bit and press Ctrl+A, or Cmd+A on the Mac to select the entire image, and then you want to press Ctrl+Shift+Alt+J, or Cmd+Shift+Option+J on the Mac. And what that does is move the selection to a new layer, and it also allows you to name that layer as you create it. And I'll go ahead and call this one original, and then press Enter or Return to accept that. I need two more copies, so I'm going to press Ctrl+Alt+J or Cmd+Option+J in order to create a copy of this layer and name it, and I'll call this one model.
And then I'll press Ctrl+Alt+J or Cmd+Option+J again, and I'll call this layer effect. And then I'll click Okay. You can turn off the original layer. That's just something we're going to come back to later. The mono layer, leave it on. And then to the effect layer, we're going to apply a couple of filters, so we need to convert it to a smart object. So I'll go ahead and zoom back in, right-click inside the image window with the rectangular marquee tool, and choose convert to smart object. Then go ahead and tap the D key in order to ensure that you have your default foreground and background colors.
Black and white, respectively. And then go up to the filter menu and choose the filter gallery. Now, the filter that we're interested in specifically here, I'll go ahead and zoom out from the preview. Is this guy right here. It's in the sketch group, and it's called photocopy. And you want to set the detail to 15 and the darkness to 20, at least where this image is concerned. And then go ahead and click Okay in order to accept that effect. Now we need to blur things up a little bit so that we have smoother lines, and you do that by going to the filter menu, choosing blur, and then choosing Gaussian blur.
And we're interested in a radius value of two pixels. Then click Okay. I don't have much room inside my layers panel, so I'm going to right-click on this filter mask thumbnail right there, the white thumbnail, and I'll choose delete filter mask to get rid of it. Now we need to increase the contrast of the effect, and you do that by dropping down to the little black white circle at the bottom of the layers panel, then press the Alt key or the Option key on a Mac and choose levels, because you have Alt or Option down, you can go ahead and name this layer as you create it. I'm going to call mine contrast, and click Okay.
Then inside the properties panel, you want to set this first value, the black point, to 70. Then tab over to the final value, which is the white point, and change it to 170 like so. And then you can go ahead and hide the properties panel. I forgot to do one thing, I meant to go ahead and clip the levels adjustment to the effect layer, but you can do that after the fact by Alt+clicking or Option+clicking on this horizontal line. Now, click on the effect layer to make it active. Go up to the blend modes in the upper left corner of the layers panel, and choose multiply in order to produce this effect here.
Now, we don't want this many lines, because it looks a little gooky at this point. So with the effect layer active, go ahead and click on the add layer mask icon at the bottom of the layers panel. And now switch to the brush tool, which you can get by pressing the B key. Make sure that you have a hard brush and you can confirm that by right clicking inside the image window and cranking the hardness value up to a 100%. Also you need to make sure that the foreground color is black. Assuming that it is you can go ahead and paint away all of the gook that offends you.
I might paint away some of this and this stuff here I"m not very happy with the stuff along the left edge of the nose, so I'll paint it away. Also we want to get rid of some of the gunk inside of the lips. So, I'll go ahead and make my cursor a little smaller by pressing the left bracket key and then I'll paint that stuff away. I also need to get rid of the darkness inside of the irises, and the easiest way to do that is to switch to the Lasso tool. I like to use the polygonal function, so I'm going to press the Alt key or the Option key on the mac. And just click inside of here like so, and you have to keep Alt or Option key down for this to work.
And then as soon as you release the Alt or Option key, you go ahead and create the selection, and assuming that your layer mask is still active, press Alt+Backspace, or Option+Delete in order to mask away the iris. Then, go over to the other iris, this guy over here, and press Ctrl+D, or Cmd+D on the Mac in order to deselect the image, and then just Alt+Click or Option+Click around this iris as well. And as soon as you release the key, then you'll create the selection. Then press Alt+Backspace or Option+Delete on a Mac in order to mask the iris away.
Now we need to paint back in the pupils and you can do that by grabbing the brush tool. So go ahead and select it and you want to press the X key in order to swap the foreground and background colors there. And in order to paint the pupil properly, you want to right-click inside the image. Change the size value to 25 pixels, keep that hardness value at a 100%. And then just go ahead and click at this location right there and scroll over to the other pupil and click on it as well. And you should just be able to immediately nail the pupil without too much work.
Now I'll go ahead and zoom back out so I can take in more of the image at a time. Now, at this point, we need to create those Ben Day dots that I was telling you about, so I'm going to click on the top layer in the stack, and then, we're going to switch over to Illustrator, which I have running the background here, and then, you want to go up to the file number, choose the new command, and just click Okay. It doesn't matter how big this illustration is. Then make sure your swatches panel's up on screen, if it isn't go to the Window menu up here and chose the Swatches command.
But assuming that you can see it go ahead and click on this little swatch library's menu icon in the lower left corner, choose Patterns, then choose Basic Graphics and then choose Basic Graphics Dots, in order to bring up this free floating panel here. Now I've gone ahead and change the thumbnails from small to large. So I can see what I'm doing. The pattern that we're interested in is this guy right here, 10 DPI, 50%, and in order to get access to it, all you have to do is click on it, and that will automatically add a little swatch here in the swatches panel.
Now you can close this floating panel, and then double click on that tiny little swatch in the swatches panel in order to enter the pattern generator mode. Now, I'm going to zoom on in, and what I want you to do, is select all these dots just by dragging around them. Then go up to the window menu. And choose the attributes command in order to bring up the attributes panel. Now, if it's all tiny like this, you'll need to expand it by clicking on this double arrow icon right there. And then you want to turn on this check box, show center, and the reason I'm doing this is we need to figure out how big our marquee is going to be inside of Photoshop, and you'll see what I mean in just a moment.
But for now just go ahead and hide that attributes panel, grab the rectangle tool, and then drag from this center. Right there, the center of this dot to the center of this dot down here. And you'll see, right there in that little heads up display next to the cursor, that the size of this rectangle's going to be 14.4 by 14.4 points. If you're working in points. So, that's just something I need to know. Now, press Ctrl+Z or Cmd+Z on the Mac, to undo the creasing of that rectangle. And I'll go up to the edit menu and choose the copy command, or you can just press Ctrl+C or Cmd+C on the Mac.
All right, now I'm going to switch back to Photoshop and I'll go up to the edit menu and choose the paste command, or press Ctrl+V or Cmd+V on the Mac. Inside the paste dialog box, you want to select shape layer and then click Okay. And we now have a new shape layer. I'm going to go ahead and rename it Ben-Day dots, because after all, that's the function that it serves. And then you can see the dots are right there. What you want to do is drag them off to the side, and the easiest way to do that is to press the Ctrl key, or the Cmd key on a Mac.
Don't drag directly on the dots, drag Someplace else, like here, and drag 'em up and over to this location let's say. So that's just a Ctrl+Drag, or a Cmd+Drag on the Mac. Then you want to zoom in of course, and we need to make a marquee that's equivalent to what we just did in Illustrator, and this involves math. Now I'm just going to tell you. How it reconciles but for those of you who want to know how to calculate this stuff. If you're working in points inside of illustrator why there's 72 points per inch, right? And inside this image, I'll go up to the image size command here on the image menu.
You can see that the resolution is 300 pixels per inch. So, what you do is you take 300, you divide it by 72 points per inch, and then you multiply it times that value we just saw in Illustrator, 14.4, then you'd see that the answer is 60. So we need a rectangular marquee that's exactly 60 pixels wide by 60 pixels tall, like this one right here. And then when you see those values, go ahead and release, and then you can nudge this selection into a better location, but really, anywhere is going to work out just fine, as long as it looks something along these lines right here.
Now, go up to the edit menu and choose Define Pattern. And then we'll go ahead and name this pattern Dark Dots, because that's the function it's going to serve, and then click Okay. And now you can turn off that Ben-Day dots layer, and you can also press Ctrl+D, or Cmd+D on the Mac in order to deselect the image. Now go ahead and turn off a couple of layers for a moment. Turn off the effect layer, and that will automatically turn off the contrast layer, so that if you zoom out. You can see the original image. Go ahead and click on it that model layer, and then go up to the select menu and choose the color range command.
And what you want to do is you want to click somewhere in the background with this eyedropper. And then change the fuzziness value to 15. And click Okay. So it's that easy, that's all you have to do. And that will go ahead and select everything but her. That's not what we want. So go up to the select menu and choose inverse in order to select just her. Right, now go ahead and turn that effect layer back on. Click on the contrast layer to make it active. Drop down to the black white icon. Down there at the bottom of the layers panel. And press the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac and chose pattern.
And the reason that I press the Alt or Option key is so that I can name this layer. I'm going to call it dark dots. And then click okay and you should automatically see the most recent pattern you just got done creating. If not you can select it from the list. And you can see that the dots line up perfectly. Thanks to that 60 pixel square. Now take the scale value down to 25% and click Okay. Now, at that point, things may look a little weird on screen, but that's just because you're zoomed out. If you zoom in, the dots will look great. Now we want to blend the dots, of course, with the image in the background, so go ahead and change the blend mode to multiply And now I want to colorize the dots, and you do that by clicking on the effects icon and choosing color overlay.
And the color that I'm interested in here has a hue value of 20 degrees, and then we've got a saturation value of 77%, and a brightness value of a100%. Then click Okay and now Change the blend mode to Screen. And that's going to turn the entire image orange, as you can see here. To address that, because I just want to colorize the dots not the image, I'll go ahead and click on Blending Options up here at the top of the list. And then turn on this checkbox Blend Interior Effects as Group. And we get this effect right there.
Now click Okay in order to accept that change. Now, naturally, I don't want these dots inside of the eyes, so I'm going to once again select the eyes, this time, you have a lot more latitude. Press the L key to switch to the lasso tool, and you can just Alt or Option+Click, so keep that Alt or Option key down, and click Inside of this black edge, like so. I don't have the layer mask selected, so that's something you gotta do, go ahead and click on that layer mask to select it, and make sure your foreground color is black, which it is not for me, so I'll press the X key, and then press Alt+Backspace or Option+Delete on the Mac in order to remove the dots from that eye.
Then press Ctrl+D, or Cmd+D on the Mac to deselect the image, and Alt+Click, or Option+Click around this second eye, so you keep the key down the entire time til you get to the end, and then you release the key, and then you press Alt+Backspace or Option+Delete in order to fill it with black like so. All right the final thing that I want to do in this movie anyway, is assign some color to the background and so I'm going to go down to the model lay right there and the first thing that I want to do is double click on that model layer. To bring up the layer style dialogue box you've got to double click in an empty area of the layer.
And now I want to basically make all the light colors go away. By dragging this white slider triangle that's associated with the top, this layer slider, down until the value above my cursor right there, that guy right there, is a 100. And notice that I got rid of a ton of the image, and I'm just leaving the darkest details. Now, in order to bring some of that stuff back and get rid of the jagged edges, you press the Alt key, or the Option key on a Mac, and drag the right half of that white slider triangle all the way up to 200.
You can see 200 after the slash there, and now we have some soft transitions, at which point you can go ahead and click Okay. Now we're going to fill in the background, and you do that by pressing the Ctrl key, or the Cmd key on the Mac and clicking on the layer mask that's associated with the dark dots layer there. And then you want to go up to the Select menu and choose Inverse, cause this time we want to effect the background, not protect it. And with your lasso tool still selected, go ahead and press the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac, and roughly drag around the eyes like so to deselect them.
Now scroll down, click on the background to make it active. Press Ctrl+Shift+N, or Cmd+Shift+N on the Mac in order to bring up the New Layer dialogue box. Name this layer blue. Click Okay. The shade of blue that I'm interested in has a hue value of 220, and then, you want to change the saturation value to a 100 and change the brightness value to 50. And then press Alt+Backspace or Option+Delete on the Mac in order to fill that background with blue. Then you can press Ctrl+D or Cmd+D on the Mac to deselect the image. And scroll up the list here if you've got access to my exercise file and turn on the hand painting layer which contains a handful of layers three in all.
That I painted using a wacom syntique, and you end up with this effect here. And that, friends, is how you employ uniform Ben-Day dots to create a Roy Lichtenstein effect here inside Photoshop. If you're a member of the lynda.com online training library, I have a follow up movie, in which I show you how to take what we've got so far. And we're going to add some color to the hair and some light dots to the background, and the eyes and the lips. And we'll even add a talk balloon in which she says, Oh Biff, I thought that had ended.
If you're waiting for next weeks free movie I'll show you how to draw this entirely from scratch. Is it an eye? Is it a fish? It's a fish eye, complete with these flecks inside the iris. And fish go blub. Deke's techniques each and every week, keep watching.
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