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In this movie, we're going to take those spirograph patterns that we created in the previous movie, and we're going to add a few more using Special Scale tool technique, and we're going to end up achieving this effect here. And then in the next movie, we'll go ahead and transform these patterns into an actual seal emblem. So let's start where we last left off. I am going to turn off the Circle 1 and Circle 2 layers for a moment and then I am going to turn on the Circle 3 layer, and I am going to select the path outline in order to make it active. Then, I will go up to the Object menu, choose the Path command and choose Add Anchor Points. And that's going to double the number of points associated with the circle from 4 to 8. We want twice that many, so I will go back to the Object menu, choose Path and then choose Add Anchor Points again. Next, we want to select the segments without selecting the anchor points and you do that by going up to the Select menu, choosing Object, and choosing Direction Handles. Now I know at this point, I am just asking you to work through a few steps, it will all make sense in just a moment. So as soon as you select direction handles, you can see all of the control handles in the path outline without any of the anchor points being selected. Now I want you to go to the Scale tool which you can get by pressing the S key, and you want to start dragging diagonally from the center of the shape. So I am going to start right about here. And then, while pressing the Shift key, go ahead and drag inward like so. Now if you end up having a problem with the points kind of snapping together, then go ahead and back off a little bit. I am going to take it down to about 25% as you see here. So my Width is 25%, my Height is -25%, that's very important that one is positive and the other is negative. You're not going to see those numbers in CS5 and earlier, so you're just going to have to wing it. Once you get an effect that looks something like this, then press the V key in order to switch back to the Black Arrow tool and click on the path outline in order to select the entire thing, and now we need to reduce its size a little bit. So I am going to turn on the Circle 2 layer, so I have something to measure my new path against. And then, I will double-click on the Scale tool in order to bring up the Scale dialog box, and I will try a uniform value of 30%, that's not big enough, so I am going to click in the value again, and press Shift+Up-arrow, and it looks to me like 62% works out nicely. Then I will click OK in the order to accept that new sort of hypotrochoid. I wouldn't really call it an official hypotrochoid, but it is a continuous path outline that wraps around evenly on itself. Let's try the same thing except even more so. I'm going to turn off that Circle 3 layer and turn on the Circle 4 layer. I will press the Ctrl key or the Command key on the Mac and click on it in order to select it. Then I will go up to the Object menu, choose Path and choose Add Anchor Points. That doubles the number of anchor points from 4 to 8. Let's go ahead and double them again by choosing Path and Add Anchor Points. And that now takes the number of points up to 16, and then if for a third time I go up to the Object menu, choose Path, and then choose Add Anchor Points, I'm left with a total of 32 points. The idea here is the more anchor points you have, the more segments you have to transform. Then go up to the Select menu, choose Object, and choose Direction Handles to once again select all the curving segments and leave the anchor points deselected, so that they don't move. And, now still armed with the Scale tool, I'm going to press the Shift key and I'm going to drag from below and to the right of that center point upward and inward like so. Until I bring all the segments into alignment with each other, they are in the center of the shape. Then I'll go ahead and release the mouse button and then release the Shift key. So it's very important that you have the Shift key down. Now we need to scale this path, so press the V key to switch to the Black Arrow tool, click on the path outline to make it active. I am going to turn on that Circle 2 layer again just so I can see how big this shape should be. You want to double-click on the Scale tool, but in all probability, Illustrator is going to get all mad at you and it's going to tell you oh boy! That big huge transformation you just applied, I can't replicate it; just click OK. And it may even complain to you a second time which is fine, just click OK a second time. And then change the Uniform value to something like let's say 20%. You want to have the Preview check box turned on, so you can see what you're doing, and then, I will just nudge that value upward to in my case 26% turns out to work. I will click OK in order to accept that change. I'll switch back to the Black Arrow tool with I can get by pressing the V key. I will go ahead and turn on the Circle 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 layers so that I can see all of them. I'm going to actually click on the outline of that Circle 5 item right there. It's in the background. If you can't get to it, you can just click in the upper-right corner of the Circle 5 layer there in the layers panel, and press Shift+X in order to swap the fill and stroke colors. So we now have a black circle with no stroke. I am going to resize the circle a little bit by double-clicking on the Scale tool yet again and I am going to change the Uniform value to 94%. I just know that happens to work out nicely. Then I will click OK in order to accept that change. Now we want to select everything but this black circle. So go up to the Select menu and choose the Inverse command which will select all of the other path outlines, that is, the various spirograph patterns that we've created so far. Go up to the Control panel and change that second swatch; go ahead and click on its down-pointing arrow, and change the stroke to white. That's not going to work for all of the strokes because a couple of them are set to the Multiply mode. So here in the Transparency panel, you want to go ahead and change the blend mode from Blank to Normal, so that you can see all of your strokes. And that's a little bit too much. They're too thick. So I am going to change the Line Weight value up here in the Control panel to 0.5 points, and then press the Enter key or the Return key on Mac. And then, I will switch back to my Black Arrow tool, click off the paths in order to see what I've come up with. That's obviously a stunning effect, but I wanted to take it a little bit farther. So I am going to click on the top path outline which is the item on the Circle 1 layer. If you can't get to it, then just go ahead and click in the upper-right corner of that Circle 1 layer to select it. And then I am going to scale it just like I did the circles by going up to the Select menu and choosing Object and then choosing Direction Handles. So the segments are selected but the anchor points are not. I will switch to the Scale tool. Once again, I can get that by pressing the S key. And now, I am going to move my cursor just up into left of the center of the shape, and I am going to drag down into the right while pressing the Shift key, and I am going to drag beyond the center point as you see me doing here until my Width and Height values are around 35%. I need one of them to be negative, in my case, it's the Width value. So as soon as you get an effect that looks something like this, you want to release the mouse button, and then release the Shift key, then you can press Ctrl+Shift+A or Command+Shift+A on the Mac in order to deselect the artwork. That is the final version of my Byzantine spirograph pattern. In the next movie, I will show you how to turn this pattern into an official money-like seal.
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