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Deke's Techniques is a collection of short Photoshop and Illustrator projects and creative effects that can be completed in ten minutes or less. The series is taught by computer graphics guru Deke McClelland, and presented in his signature step-by-step style. The intent is to reveal how various Photoshop and Illustrator features can be combined and leveraged in real-world examples so that they can be applied to creative projects right away.
In the previous movie, we managed to successfully get rid of the unwanted people in the scene. In this movie, I'll show you how to reinstate the wanted people. We're going to do so by adjusting this layer mask so that we transform our progress so far into this final composition. We'll manage the task primarily with the help of multiple applications of the Color Range command. All right! I'm going to go ahead and switch to my image in progress. We'll start off by fixing the details on the right side of Mary's head. And so I'm going to Shift+Click on that layer mask thumbnail there in the Layers panel to deactivate the mask and make sure that the image thumbnail is selected.
That's very important. Then go ahead and marquee the small area right here that just includes the top strap of her white dress. And then go up to the Select menu and choose the Color Range command, and make sure that the Fuzziness value is set to 40, as by default, both the Localized Color Clusters and Invert checkboxes are turned off. Then click inside of this white area and Shift+Drag around until you select everything, as you can see here inside the Color Range dialog box. We're going to be using this command a lot, so bear in mind that anything that appears white inside the dialog box, assuming these settings, assuming Selection is turned on down here at the bottom and Selection Preview is set to None, anything that appears white will be selected, anything that appears black will be deselected.
Go ahead and click OK in order to select that region. Click on the layer mask thumbnail to once again turn it on and to make it active. And then I want you to press the D key to instate your default colors here. So with white as the foreground color, press Alt+Backspace or Option+Delete to fill that area with white. Now it may seem like we haven't done much, but it's going to turn out to work nicely. Shift+Click on that layer mask thumbnail again to turn it off, click on the layer thumbnail to make it active, and now we need to select this region right here all the way from about the midsection of her ear and into her neck, as you can see, all the way down to the intersection of her neck and then going into her collarbone area right there, intersecting the dress, so that we're taking the white zone out of the equation. All right! With this area selected--and you may recall that the Color Range command only selects inside of the selected region of the image--then you go up to the Select menu and choose Color Range again.
And this time I want you to click in this area of flesh right there and then Shift+Drag up her neck. Do not drag over the hair. So once you get to about this region, stop dragging and then Shift+Drag around the base of the ear like so. Keep an eye on that selection: make sure it doesn't jump into his jacket. Then I want you to Shift+Click a few times in the earring in order to select these regions right there. Once your selection looks like that-- I went too far, by the way--I'll press Ctrl+Z, Command+Z on the Mac.
Once it looks like that, is what I'm looking for, then go ahead and click OK in order to create that selection outline. Click on the layer mask thumbnail once again to select it and then press Alt+Backspace or Option+Delete on the Mac in order to fill that area with white. All right! We need to do some additional filling, so I'll go ahead and click off the selection and deselect the image. You want to grab the Brush tool now, so go ahead and click on it to make it active, right click inside the image window, and crank that Hardness value up to a 100%. All right! Then press the Enter key a couple of times in order to hide that panel--that would be the Return key on the Mac--and then go ahead and click right about here in order to fill in that region that needs to be selected.
If you want to view the mask by itself, you can, by Alt+Clicking or Option+Clicking on it like so. I'm going to Alt+Click or Option+ Click again to switch back to the image. Now I'm going to click right about here. Actually this is very important, by the way. I want to show you something. Go up to the Window menu and choose the Brush command, or you can press the F5 key. By default, your Spacing value is going to be set to 25. Notice what happens at a Spacing value of 25. You get this lumpy sort of caterpillar of a brushstroke. That's not what we want. We need smooth brushstrokes, so take that Spacing value down to 10.
And then go ahead and close the Brush panel and click right about there at that corner underneath the ear and Shift+Click right there in order to fill in that missing region of neck and hair, by the way. And then you can paint some inside of the ears. We're staying well inside of the masked zone of course. If you want to smooth things out a little bit, you can. One way to work, and probably the best way, is to go ahead and grab the Lasso tool. This area is pretty choppy, so I'm going to select it like so, and then you can go up to the Filter menu and choose the Noise command and then choose Median.
And go ahead and take the Median Radius value up to about 4 pixels actually looks pretty darn good for this effect, and click OK in order to smooth out that region, and then click off the selection in order to deselect it. All right! That looks good. These are by no means perfect details here, but they're good enough for what we got. For this kind of candid portrait, I think it's going to work just fine. All right! Now let's try out the next easiest details inside of this image, which are the shirt collar going down into the shoulder region.
Shift+Click once again on the layer mask thumbnail to turn it off, click on the image thumbnail to make it active, make sure your Lasso tool is selected. Here is the region I want you to select. Press the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac and keep that key down as you go ahead and enclose this region right here. Notice this, which is this area of white of his shirt. You want to make sure that the guy in the background, his shirt is not the least bit selected, so you don't want to grab this area in here. Then go ahead and Shift+Drag around this portion of the image, which contains the other strap of Mary's dress as well as the ring for what little that matters.
We might as well try to grab that earring as long as we're here, but again, don't get any of the white inside the man's shirt. Then go to the Select menu, choose the Color Range command. Make sure that Fuzziness is set to 40, click, Shift+Drag up the shirt. You will see the man's shirt becomes selected. However, that's not actually accurate because Color Range only works in the selected region of the image. Now let's Shift+Drag inside of her earring and see if we can pick up some of those details. We're also going to get this sort of edge artifact that's associated with her neck and jaw line.
We'll have to resolve those problems later, but click OK. Now with this region selected, go ahead and click inside the layer mask once again to make it active and press Alt+ Backspace or Option+Delete to fill those selected regions with white. And then I clicked off the selection in order to deselect that area. All right! Let's try again. Shift+Click on the layer mask to turn it off. Go ahead and click on the image thumbnail to select it. This time, I want you to grab this area right there, so that we have the flesh of the neck selected. I want you to Shift+Drag around the shoulder like so, and then I want you to Shift+Drag down from the ear like so into the hands and along the jaw line and so forth.
But we don't want to get any of the gentleman's flesh in the picture. We're going for the flesh this time, by the way. Actually, I'm going to Shift+Drag around this region as well, to select it. All right! Now let's bring up that command again by going to the Select menu and choosing the Color Range command. This time I'm going to click inside Mary's face, Shift+Drag around inside there, Shift+Drag around in the hands as well, make sure to Shift+Drag in her shoulder, and then notice that the neck flesh here is a different color in so far as Color Range is concerned. So we're going to have to Shift+Drag inside of it as well in order to pick it up.
And then go ahead and click OK in order to select those regions of the image, click on the layer mask thumbnail to make it active once again, and press Alt+Backspace or Option+Delete on the Mac in order to fill those areas with white. All right! Now we've got to clean up the mask manually, so Alt+Click or Option+Click on the layer mask thumbnail to view it independently of the image. Let's go ahead and get the Brush tool. Press the X key for starters here to switch to black. I'm just going to go ahead and click there for the meantime. Then I'll press the X key to switch back to white and paint that little area away.
We're going to have to resolve the shoulder manually in just a moment. I'm just going to paint inside of these areas to fix things up. Now we need to see the image again, so I'll Alt+Click or Option+Click on that layer mask thumbnail in order to see that image. We've got a problem right there, so press the X key and I'll paint that away like so. And then I might click and Shift+ Click to do that number where I'm kind of carving off these little sort of straight-line details here. We'll take care of some of the lumpiness in just a moment. All right! Now I want to smooth off some of these details, and I'm going to do that by grabbing my Rectangular Marquee tool and selecting some of these regions like that.
Then I'll go up to the Filter menu and just choose Median--that's all you have to do, from the top; or you could press Ctrl+F or Command+F on the Mac--to solidify those details just a little bit. I might also--I'm going to Alt+Click or Option+Click here. Actually, this looks pretty good. This is very sharp detail. I'll go ahead and Alt+Click or Option+ Click again to switch back to the image. I'm seeing a little bit of a line right there, so I'm going to use the Smudge tool. This is a tool I just grabbed there in order to tuck that in just a little bit. Now we have to build the shoulder manually, this area, because our detail, if I Shift+Click on the layer mask, you'll see, we've got white on white.
That's just not going to be something we can preserve very easily. However, we can trace the line using the Brush tool pretty darn easily actually. So I'll Shift+Click on the layer mask to turn it back on. Make sure it's active. Go ahead and grab that Brush tool. And I'm going to press the X key so my foreground color is white. I'm just going to click right there to find where the shoulder is. It's at that location, essentially, the center of the missing region of shoulder. So I'll align my brush with it like so. Then I'll press Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac in order to undo that brushstroke.
Then I'll click right there, and I will Shift+Click right about there in order to fill in that detail, and then I'll click there and I'll Shift+Click up here to fill in that little bit of detail. That looks pretty good to me. Now it might be a little too harsh, so I'll just smear it a little using the Smudge tool. All right! And same here, on her shoulder, these areas can be smudged just a little bit. Notice I'll sometimes, by the way, smudge back and forth. I'm not brushing right now, I'm just showing you. I'll sometimes smudge back and forth just to soften the detail ever so slightly. All right! Notice now over here in her fingers we've got some very rough details going on.
And we have some problems where the earring is concerned. We've obviously got some missing details inside of Mary's face, and we're going to have to get those hairs that are coming into the region occupied by the man in the background, which we can see now that I Shift+Clicked on the layer mask to turn it off. Now so far, we've been able to fill in a lot of our mask using the automation of the Color Range command. From this point on, however, we're going to have to rely on a lot of manual painting, and I'll show you how that works in the next movie.
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