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Deke's Techniques is a collection of short Photoshop and Illustrator projects and creative effects that can be completed in ten minutes or less. The series is taught by computer graphics guru Deke McClelland, and presented in his signature step-by-step style. The intent is to reveal how various Photoshop and Illustrator features can be combined and leveraged in real-world examples so that they can be applied to creative projects right away.
In the previous movie, I showed you how to create trendy swirls inside of Illustrator. In this movie, I'm going to show you how to create trendy ornaments, at least this is one approach. If you're working along with me, go ahead and zoom in to the upper-left corner of this document, and you'll see these gray shapes that are at work on the template layer, just so that we have some basic guidelines and we have a sense of where we're going. Then I've got three paths or looks like three paths on this flowers layer. I'd like you go ahead and click of the flowers layer in Layers panel to make it active. You'll notice, however, if you press Ctrl+Y or Command+Y on a Mac to switch to the outline mode, that there is one more path outline ready and waiting for you and that's the circle right here.
Go ahead and click on it with a Black Arrow tool to make it active. That circle currently has no fill or stroke. That's why we couldn't see it a moment ago. Press Ctrl+Y, or Command+Y on the Mac, to switch back to the Preview mode. Then I want you to go out to the Select menu, choose Object, and choose Direction Handles. By the way, if you don't have access to this document, just draw a circle and then go ahead and choose this command. What you'll do is select each one of the segments independently of the anchor points. Now I want you to select the Scale tool, which you can get by pressing the S key, and by default the origin point is smack dab in the center.
I want you to move your cursor 45 degrees away from that origin point and then drag inward while pressing the Shift key. Then notice what you'll do is you'll convert that circle into a kind of cloverleaf or propeller or for those of you working on a Mac, you'll convert it into a Command key symbol. Once you achieve this effect right here, go ahead and release the mouse button and then release the Shift key. Let's go ahead and fill the shape with black. My fill is active here in the Color panel, so I'll just go ahead and click on the black swatch in order to assign that fill. Next what I want you to do is switch to the Black Arrow tool by pressing the V key and then click on the shape to select it.
Now, double-click on the Rotate tool icon here in the toolbox, and I want you to enter an Angle value of 45 degrees and click on the Copy button in order to copy that shape. Now then we need to scale it, so go ahead and grab the Scale tool and press Ctrl+Y or Command+Y again in order to switch back to the outline mode, so you can see the template in the background. The origin is right there at the center. Start 45 degrees away. When I say 45 degrees I mean, exactly diagonal from that origin point. It can be down and to the right or up and to the right or wherever, and then drag inward once again while pressing the Shift key until you match that innermost cloverleaf propeller/Command key symbol.
You'll get this effect here. Go ahead and press Ctrl+Y or Command+Y on a Mac to switch back to the Preview mode. Press the V key to get the Black Arrow tool and Shift+Click on the larger shape, the one you just drew, to select it. Then go to the Window menu and choose Pathfinder in order bring up the Pathfinder panel, and I want you to click on this final icon in the first row, Exclude. That will go ahead and break up the path outlines. It doesn't look like it did; it looks like it created a hole right in the center, but it did more than that, as we're about to see. It went ahead and busted up the path outline into a bunch of pieces that are housed inside of this group here on the flowers layer.
To bust up the group, go up to the Object menu and choose Ungroup, or press Ctrl+Shift+G, Command+Shift+G on the Mac, and then you need to Shift+Click with your Black Arrow tool. Go ahead and Shift+Click on each of these outermost petals to deselect them so that you're just left with these innermost black objects selected. Then press the Backspace key, or the Delete key on the Mac, to get rid of them. Next, what I want you to do, notice there is this little spiral right there. Click on it in order to select it and send it to the front of the stack by right-clicking inside the illustration window and then choose the Arrange command and then choose Bring to Front, or you can take advantage of that keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Shift+Right Bracket, Command+Shift+Right Bracket on the Mac.
We need to create a bunch of copies of this object, so press Ctrl+Y, or Command+Y on the Mac, to switch back to the outline mode yet again so that we can see that center point that's at the center of this innermost circle. I want you to grab the Rotate tool and then Alt+Click or Option+Click on that center point, change the Angle value to 90 degrees, and click on the Copy button in order to copy that spiral to the 9 o'clock position. Now to repeat that process--and actually before we do that, because this is going to make our lives a lot easier, press Ctrl+Y, or Command+Y on a Mac, in order to return to the Preview mode.
I want you to grab the Black Arrow tool, Shift+Click on that first spiral, and let's change the color of the spirals to something like bright yellow, which appears nowhere else inside the document. Having done that, now go ahead and click on that most recent spiral, the one on its side, and repeat the transformation by pressing Ctrl+D, or Command+D on the Mac, twice in a row. Now we want to select all of the spiral shapes, and you can do that by going up to the control panel and clicking on Select Similar Objects. That should select all of those yellow spirals.
We want to go ahead and duplicate them by double-clicking on the Rotate tool, and I'll go ahead and change the Angle value to 45 degrees this time and click on the Copy button. Now we're going to go ahead and scale the spirals. Illustrator is very good at remembering your last specific transformations. So, for example, if you just double- click on the Scale tool, it's going to show you the last time you scaled anything you scaled it by this amount. That way you get an exact match to your inner petals. Go ahead and click OK in order to accept that transformation. You can switch back to the Black Arrow tool if you want to.
Go up to the control panel and click on that Select Similar Objects icon in order to select all the spirals. Then go to the Object menu, choose Compound Path, and choose Make. Or you can press Ctrl+8, or Command+8 on the Mac. Now we've got a single compound path that contains all the spirals. We need to do the same thing for the petals, so click on one of the petals to select it. Then go back up to the control panel, click on Select Similar Objects. That selects all the black shapes inside of the document, and thankfully, these are the only ones. Then go out to the Object menu, choose Compound Path, and choose Make once again in order to turn those guys into a compound path.
That way in so far as Illustrator is concerned, each one of these items spirals, all eight spirals and all eight flower petals, are one discrete path outline a piece. Now click on one of the flower petals to select it, Shift+Click on one of the spirals to select them, and bring up that Pathfinder panel again by choosing the Pathfinder Command from the Window menu. And I want you to click on the second icon in, Minus Front. Now we'll go ahead and subtract all the spirals from all of those petals, like so. Now go ahead and grab the Eyedropper tool, which you can get by pressing the I key, and click on one of those circles in order to color your shapes.
All right, that finishes off the trendy ornament. I'm also going to take this group. Notice here inside the Layers panel we've got this flowers layer, and I've twirled it open so that we can see the contents of the layer. We've got two groups, one for the petals with the spirals inset and one for that target that is the inset circles. Go ahead and grab that flower group and drag it into the circles group so that we have one group of flowers to work with here. Now I'm going to press Ctrl+0, or Command+0 on the Mac, in order to zoom out from my document. I'm going to select my Black Arrow tool.
Now what we're going to do is finish off this graphic just by taking these ornaments that we've created so far, the various swirls and the flower ornament, and we're going to flip them into the other quadrant location. So you might want to go ahead and turn off the template layer since we don't need it anymore. Then you know what, go ahead and twirl open your swirls layer and you'll see that those path outlines that we drew in the previous movie are outside the group. Now you should be able to just drag them and drop them into the group. The problem is, the reason it doesn't work is the group is locked. So unlock that group and then drag those path outlines into the larger group, like so.
Now we just have two groups to work with, one that contains all of the swirls and the other that contains all of the flower elements. Go ahead and marquee those objects in order to select them, using the Black Arrow tool. Then switch from the Rotate tool here to the Reflect tool, which you can get by pressing the O key, and then Alt+Click or Option+Click on that vertical guideline in order to bring up the Reflect dialog box. Make sure Vertical is selected. Even though we're really flipping the objects horizontally, we are reflecting them around the vertical axis. That's what we want. Click on the Copy button in order to copy those shapes.
Then go ahead and get your Black Arrow tool, Shift+Marquee those objects that were formerly selected, so everything besides the words You're Invited is select inside the document. Switch back to the reflect tool Alt+Click or Option+Click on the horizontal guideline. This time you want to select a horizontal axis and then click the Copy button in order to once again copy the objects. All right, I'm going to go ahead and zoom in to 120%, because that works for my screen. I'll press Ctrl+Semicolon, or Command+Semicolon on a Mac to hide those guidelines, and that is the final version of the document, complete with trendy swirls and trendy ornaments here inside the equally trendy Adobe Illustrator.
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